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Australian Biological Resources Study

Checklist of the Lichens of Australia and its Island Territories
Introduction | A–D | E–O | P–R | S–Z | Oceanic Islands | References
Cladonia sarmentosa (Hook.f. & Taylor) C.W.Dodge
  B.A.N.Z. Antarct. Res. Exped. 1929–31 Repts, ser. B 7: 129 (1948); Cenomyce sarmentosa Hook.f. & Taylor, London J. Bot. 3: 651 (1844); Cladonia squamosa var. sarmentosa (Hook.f. & Taylor) Müll. Arg., Flora 71: 18 (1888). T: Auckland Is., N.Z., 1844, J.D.Hooker 1569; lecto: BM, fide T.Ahti et al., Muelleria 7: 175 (1990); isolecto: FH. *****Cladonia gracilis var. chordalis subvar. campbelliana Vain., Acta Soc. Fauna Fl. Fenn. 10: 113 (1894); C. gracilis var. campbelliana (Vain.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 4: 542 (1927); C. campbelliana (Vain.) Gyeln., Rev. Bryol. Lichénol. 6: 174 (1933). T: Campbell Is., N.Z., 1874, H.Filhol; lecto: TUR-V 17645, fide T.Ahti, Ann. Bot. Fenn. 17: 238 (1980); isolecto: BM, H-NYL 39328, PC, PC-Hue, TUR-V 17644.  
  Basal squamules evanescent or persistent, 2–4 mm long, 1–2 mm diam., with irregular narrow lobes. Podetia growing from basal squamules, 1.5–4, rarely to 6 cm tall, 1–3 mm diam., mainly simple, rarely branching, esorediate, corticate at base and apices and below apothecia, remainder ecorticate and partly coarsely granulose or partly warted-corticate; ecorticate areas becoming brown in older specimens, with coarse squamules 0.5–2, rarely to 4 mm long; scyphi either marginal and 1.5–2.5 cm tall or terminal and narrow, 2–4 mm diam., with or without short marginal proliferations 1–3 mm long. Apothecia pedicellate or sessile on margins of scyphi, large, conspicuous, 2–6 mm diam., convex, brown. CHEMISTRY: K-, KC-, P+ red. Fumarprotocetraric (major) and protocetraric (trace) acids.
  Occurs in south-eastern N.S.W., A.C.T and Tas.; also in Heard Is., Macquarie Is., New Zealand, South America and Antarctica; grows on dead or decayed wood.  
  Archer (1992b)  

Checklist Index
Introduction | A–D | E–O | P–R | S–Z | Oceanic Islands | References

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