Checklist of the Lichenicolous Fungi

Patrick M. McCarthy
23 October 2012

Australian Biological Resources Study, GPO Box 787, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 2601

Patrick.McCarthy@environment.gov.au

 

Thanks to Chris Dunk, Jack Elix, Tom May, Val Stajsic and an anonymous reviewer.

 

Cite as: P.M.McCarthy (2012). Checklist of Australian Lichenicolous Fungi. Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra. Version 23 October 2012. http://www.anbg.gov.au/abrs/lichenlist/Lichenicolous_Fungi.html

 

* = based on an Australian type specimen

Total: 98 spp. [22 endemic]

 

References

Lichenicolous Fungi

ABROTHALLUS de Not.; incert. sed.

Abrothallus parmeliarum (Sommerf.) Arnold, Flora 57: 102 (1874)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

ARTHONIA Ach.; Arthoniaceae

Arthonia anjutii S.Y.Kondr. & Alstrup, in Kondratyuk, Botany and Mycology for the Next Millennium: Collection of Scientific Articles Devoted to the 70th Anniversary of Academician K.M.Sytnik 311 (1996) *

VIC

Hosts: Teloschistes velifer f. nodulosus (Kondratyuk, 1996b)

Arthonia intexta Almq., Kongl. Svenska Vetensk-Akad. Handl. 17(6): 60 (1880)

AUST, Extra-Aust.

Hosts: Lecidella sp. (Coppins & Aptroot, 2009)

Arthonia pseudocyphellariae Wedin, Lichenologist 25: 301 (1993)

NSW, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Host: Pseudocyphellaria glabra (Wedin, 1993; Wedin & Hafellner, 1998)

Arthonia subconveniens Nyl., Flora 50: 440 (1867)

= Arthonia ricasoliae Müll.Arg., Flora 70: 424 (1887)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Host: Lobaria hartmannii (Wedin & Hafellner, 1998)

Arthonia sytnikii S.Y.Kondr., Botany and Mycology for the Next Millennium: Collection of Scientific Articles Devoted to the 70th Anniversary of Academician K.M.Sytnik 309 (1996) *

WA, SA, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Host: Xanthoria ligulata (Kondratyuk 1996b, 2002)

BIATOROPSIS Räsänen; Platygloeales

Biatoropsis usnearum Räsänen, Ann. Bot. Soc. Zool.-Bot. Fenn., "Vanamo" 5(9): 8 (1934)

WA, QLD, NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Hosts: Usnea spp. (Diederich & Christiansen, 1994; Diederich, 1996)

BUELLIELLA Fink; Dothideales, incert. sed.

Buelliella inops (Triebel & Rambold) Hafellner, in Hafellner et al., Mycotaxon 84: 298 (2002) *

= Karschia inops Triebel & Rambold, in Santesson, Thunbergia 21: 7 (1994)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Host: Caloplaca cinnabarina (Santesson, 1994)

CECIDIOMYCES M.P.Zhurbenko & U.Braun; Hyphomycetes

Cecidiomyces santessonii M.P.Zhurbenko & U.Braun, Lichenologist 44: 802 (2012) *

MI

Host: Stereocaulon spp. (Zhurbenko & Braun, 2012)

CERCIDOSPORA Körb.; incert. sed.

Cercidospora trypetheliza (Nyl.) Hafellner & Obermayer, Cryptogamie, Bryol. Lichénol. 16: 180 (1995)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Host: Arthrorhaphis sp. (Hafellner & Obermayer, 1995)

CHAENOTHECOPSIS Vain.; Mycocaliciaceae

Chaenothecopsis kalbii Tibell & K.Ryman, Nova Hedwigia 60: (1995)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Host: Lecanora caesiorubella (Tibell & Ryman, 1995)

CHOREOSPORA O.Constant. & R.Sant.; Hyphomycetes, incert. sed.

Choreospora tibellii O.Constant. & R.Sant., Lichenologist 19: 177 (1987) *

QLD

Host: ?Echinoplaca sp. (Constantinescu & Santesson, 1987)

CORNUTISPORA Piroz.; Coelomycetes, incert. sed.

Cornutispora ciliata Kalb, in Gierl & Kalb, Herzogia 9: 632 (1993) *

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Host: "Dibaeis cretacea" (Gierl & Kalb, 1993; Kalb et al., 1995)

Cornutispora lichenicola D.Hawksw. & B.Sutton, in Hawksworth, Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 67: 51 (1976)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Hosts: Haematomma africanum, H. persoonii, H. stevensiae (Kalb et al., 1995)

CORTICIFRAGA D.Hawksw. & R.Sant.; incert. sed.

Corticifraga fuckelii (Rehm) D.Hawksw. & R.Sant., Biblioth. Lichenol. 38: 125 (1990)

VIC, Extra-Aust.

DACTYLOSPORA Körb.; Dactylosporaceae

Dactylospora australis Triebel & Hertel, in Triebel, Biblioth. Lichenol. 35: 205 (1989)

NSW, TAS, MI, Extra-Aust.

Dactylospora lobariella (Nyl.) Hafellner, Beih. Nova Hedwigia 62: 118 (1979)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Host: Pseudocyphellaria rubella

ENDOCOCCUS Nyl.; incert. sed.

Endococcus alpestris D.Hawksw., Bot. Not. 132: 287 (1979)

VIC, Extra-Aust.

Host: Usnea sp. (Diederich & Christiansen, 1994)

Endococcus propinquus (Körb.) D.Hawksw., Bot. Not. 132: 287 (1979)

VIC, Extra-Aust.

Endococcus rugulosus Nyl., Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 3: 193 (1855)

= Microthelia macquariensis C.W.Dodge, B.A.N.Z. Antarct. Res. Exped. 1929–31 Repts, ser. B, 7: 48 (1948) [*]

MI, Extra-Aust.

ENDOHYALINA Marbach; Physciaceae

Endohyalina insularis (Arnold) Giralt, P.P.G.Boom & Elix, Mycol. Progr. 9: 44 (2010)

= Rinodina insularis (Arnold) Hafellner, Beih. Nova Hedwigia 62: 87 (1979)

WA, NSW, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Hosts: Lecanora rupicola and L. swartzii (Elix, 2011b); also developing into an independent lichen

FELTGENIOMYCES Diederich; incert. sed.

Feltgeniomyces physciae Etayo & Breuss, Oesterr. Zeit. Pilzk. 7: 208 (1998) *

VIC

Host: Physcia sp. (Etayo & Breuss, 1998)

GLOBOSPHAERIA D.Hawksw.; Sordariales, incert. sed.

Globosphaeria jamesii D.Hawksw., Lichenologist 22: 303 (1990) *

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Host: Normandina pulchella (Hawksworth, 1990)

HEMIGRAPHA (Müll.Arg.) R.Sant. ex D.Hawksw.; Parmulariaceae

Hemigrapha asteriscus (Müll.Arg.) D.Hawksw., Kew Bull. 30: 191 (1975) *

= Melanographa asteriscus Müll.Arg., Flora 65: 519 (1882)

NSW, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Host: Peltigera spp. (Diederich & Wedin, 2000)

Hemigrapha nephromatis Wedin & Diederich, in Diederich & Wedin, Nordic J. Bot. 20: 210 (2000)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Host: Nephroma australe (Diederich & Wedin, 2000)

Hemigrapha tenellula (Müll.Arg.) R.Sant. ex Matzer, Mycol. Pap. 171: 110 (1996)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Hosts: Porina epiphylla, P. impressa, P. similis, P. virescens (Matzer, 1996; Lücking et al., 2001)

ILLOSPORIUM Mart.; anamorphic Ascomycetes

Illosporium carneum Fr., Syst. Mycol. 3: 259 (1822)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Host: Peltigera sp. (Kantvilas et al., 2008)

KARSCHIA Ach. ex Flot.; Dothidiomycetes, incert. sed.

Karschia talcophila (Ach. ex Flot.) Körb., Parerga Lichenol. 459 (1865)

= Buellia talcophila (Ach. ex Flot.) Körb., Syst. Lich. Germ. 230 (1855)

VIC, Extra-Aust.

Host: unknown (Elix, 2011a)

KERATOSPHAERA H.B.P.Upadhyay; Pseudoperisporiaceae

Keratosphaera porinae Matzer, Mycol. Pap. 171: 126 (1996)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Host: Porina cf. similis (Matzer, 1996)

LAUDERLINDSAYA J.C.David & D.Hawksw.; Verrucariaceae

Lauderlindsaya borreri (Tul.) J.C.David & D.Hawksw., Sydowia 41: 116 (1989)

WA, Extra-Aust.

LEPTORHAPHIS Körb.; Naetrocymbaceae

Leptorhaphis haematommatum Hafellner & Kalb, in Kalb et al., Biblioth. Lichenol. 59: 204 (1995)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Host: Haematomma africanum (Kalb et al., 1995)

LICHENOCONIUM Petr. & Syd.; Coelomycetes, incert. sed.

Lichenoconium echinosporum D.Hawksw., Persoonia 9: 173 (1977) *

NSW

Host: Cladia muelleri (Hawksworth, 1977, as Heterodea muelleri)

Lichenoconium laevisporum Kalb & Hafellner, in Kalb et al., Biblioth. Lichenol. 59: 207 (1995)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Host: Haematomma africanum, H. stevensiae (Kalb et al., 1995)

LICHENODIPLIS Dyko & D.Hawksw.; incert. sed.

Lichenodiplis poeltii S.Y.Kondr. & D.Hawksw., in Kondratyuk, Botany and Mycology for the Next Millennium: Collection of Scientific Articles Devoted to the 70th Anniversary of Academician K.M.Sytnik 313 (1996) *

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Host: Xanthoria parietina (Kondratyuk, 1996b, 2002)

LICHENOPELTELLA Höhn.; Mycrothyriaceae

Lichenopeltella epiphylla R.Sant., Thunbergia 6: 5 (1988) *

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Hosts: Mazosia phyllosema, Porina impressa (Santesson, 1988; Matzer, 1996)

Lichenopeltella pseudocyphellariae Diederich, in Aptroot et al., Biblioth. Lichenol. 64: 97 (1997)*

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Host: Pseudocyphellaria neglecta (Aptroot et al., 1997)

LICHENOSTIGMA Hafellner; Arthoniaceae

Lichenostigma cosmopolites Hafellner & Calat., Mycotaxon 72: 108 (1999)

WA, SA, NSW, ACT, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Host: Xanthoparmelia spp. (Hafellner & Calatayud, 1999)

Lichenostigma elongatum Nav.-Ros. & Hafellner, Mycotaxon 57: 213 (1996)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Host: Aspicilia sp. (Navarro-Rosinés & Hafellner, 1996)

Lichenostigma hyalospora Kalb & Hafellner, in Kalb et al., Biblioth. Lichenol. 59: 208 (1995)

WA

Host: Haematomma eremaeum (Kalb et al., 1995)

Lichenostigma rugosum G.Thor, Lichenologist 17: 269 (1985)

NSW, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Hosts: Diploschistes actinostomus, D. scruposus (Thor, 1995)

LLIMONIELLA Hafellner & Nav.-Ros.; Helotiales, incert. sed.

Llimoniella pyrenulae Diederich & Etayo, Lichenologist 32: 454 (2000)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Host: Pyrenula sp. (Diederich & Etayo, 2000)

Llimoniella ramalinae (Müll.Arg.) Etayo & Diederich, in Diederich & Etayo, Lichenologist 32: 454 (2000) *

= Patellaria ramalinae Müll.Arg., Flora 66: 79 (1893)

= Scutula ramalinae (Müll.Arg.) Vouaux, Bull. Soc. Mycol. France 29: 430 (1913)

= Skyttea ramalinae (Müll.Arg.) Triebel, Biblioth. Lichenol. 48: 169 (1992)

WA, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Hosts: Ramalina celastri (Diederich & Etayo, 2000); R. unilateralis (Diederich et al., 2010)

MELASPILEA Nyl.; Melaspileaceae

Melaspilea diplasiospora (Nyl.) Müll. Arg., Mem. Soc. Phys. Hist. Nat. Genève, 29: 22 (1887)

AUST, Extra-Aust.

Host: unknown (Sanderson et al., 2009)

MINUTOEXCIPULA Atienza & D.Hawksw.; Deuteromycetes

Minutoexcipula tuckerae Atienza & D.Hawksw., Mycol. Res. 98: 587 (1994)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Host: Pertusaria thiospoda (Hafellner, 1994, as P. schizostomella)

MONEROLECHIA Trevis.; Physciaceae

Monerolechia badia (Fr.) Kalb, Biblioth. Lichenol. 88: 312 (2004)

WA, NSW, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Hosts: Species of Aspicilia, Caloplaca, Diploschistes, Physcia and Xanthoparmelia (Elix, 2011c); also developing into an independent lichen

MUELLERELLA Hepp; Verrucariaceae

Muellerella erratica (A. Massal.) Hafellner & Volk.John, Herzogia 19: 155 (2006)

= Muellerella pygmaea var. athallina (Müll.Arg.) Triebel, Biblioth. Lichenol. 35: 166 (1989)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Host: Lecidea ochroleuca (Triebel, 1989)

NESOLECHIA A.Massal.; Lecideaceae

Nesolechia coccocarpiae Müll.Arg., Flora 70: 397 (1887) *

QLD

Host: Coccocarpia sp. (Müller, 1887).

OPEGRAPHA Ach.; Roccellaceae

Opegrapha ectolechiacearum Matzer & R.Sant., Mycol. Pap. 171: 66 (1996)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Host: Sporopodium flavescens (Matzer, 1996)

Opegrapha epiporina Matzer, Mycol. Pap. 171: 69 (1996)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Host: Porina sp. (Matzer, 1996)

Opegrapha melanospila Mull.Arg., Flora 60: 474 (1877)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Host: Parmotrema sp. (Diederich, 2003)

Opegrapha phylloporinae Müll.Arg, Flora 73: 193 (1890)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Host: ?Porina spp. (Allen et al., 2001)

Opegrapha strigulae R.Sant. ex Matzer & R.Sant., Mycol. Pap. 171: 85 (1996)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Host: Strigula sp. (Matzer, 1996)

PERIGRAPHA Hafellner; Arthoniales, incert. sed.

Perigrapha nitida Ertz, Diederich, Christnach & Wedin, in Ertz et al., Biblioth. Lichenol. 91: 136 (2005)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Host: Pseudocyphellaria glabra (Ertz et al., 2005)

PHACOPSIS Tul.; Parmeliaceae

Phacopsis oxyspora Triebel & Rambold, Nova Hedwigia 47: 300 (1988) var. oxyspora

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Host: Punctelia subrudecta (Santesson, 1998)

Phacopsis oxyspora var. defecta Triebel & Rambold, in Triebel et al., Bryologist 98: 79 (1995)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Host: Parmelia tenuirima (Triebel et al., 1995)

Phacopsis oxyspora var. fusca Triebel & Rambold, in Triebel et al., Bryologist 98: 80 (1995)

WA, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Hosts: Xanthoparmelia spp. (Triebel et al., 1995)

Phacopsis rufa (Müll.Arg.) Triebel & Rambold, Biblioth. Lichenol. 48: 169 (1992) *

= Nesolechia rufa Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 1: 47 (1893)

SA, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Host: Punctelia subrudecta (Triebel et al., 1995)

PHAEOPYXIS Rambold & Triebel; Helotiales, incert. sed.

Phaeopyxis australis Rambold & Triebel, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 46: 381 (1990) *

NSW

Host: Paraporpidia leptocarpa (Rambold & Triebel, 1990)

Phaeopyxis punctum (A.Massal.) Rambold, Triebel & Coppins, in Rambold & Triebel, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 46: 384 (1990)

VIC, Extra-Aust.

Host: Cladonia sp. (Rambold & Triebel, 1990)

PHOMA Sacc.; Pleosporales, incertae sedis

Phoma cytospora (Vouaux) D.Hawksw., Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 67: 56 (1976)

AUST, Extra-Aust.

Host: Parmeliaceae

PLECTOCARPON Fée; Roccellaceae

Plectocarpon bunodophori Wedin, Ertz & Diederich, in Ertz et al., Biblioth. Lichenol. 91: 25 (2005)

NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Host: Bunodophoron patagonicum (Ertz et al., 2005)

Plectocarpon gallowayi (S.Y.Kondr.) Ertz & Diederich, in Ertz et al., Biblioth. Lichenol. 91: 47 (2005)

= Melaspilea gallowayi S.Y.Kondr., in Kondratyuk & Galloway, Biblioth. Lichenol. 57: 335 (1995), as gallowayii *

VIC, Extra-Aust.

Host: Pseudocyphellaria dissimilis (Kondratyuk & Galloway, 1995; Ertz et al., 2005)

Plectocarpon pseudosticta (Fée) Fée, Essai Crypt. écorc. Suppl.: 147 (1837)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Host: Pseudocyphellaria glabra (Ertz et al., 2005)

POLYCOCCUM Sauter ex Körb.; Dacampiaceae

Polycoccum crespoae Váczi & D.Hawksw., Lichenologist 33: 513 (2001) *

VIC, Extra-Aust.

Host: Xanthoparmelia semiviridis (Váczi & Hawksworth, 2001)

Polycoccum jamesii D.Hawksw., Lichenologist 17: 298 (1985) *

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Host: Degeliella versicolor (Hawksworth, 1985)

Polycoccum kaernefeltii S.Y.Kondr., Ukrayins'kyi Bot. Zhurn. 65: 565 (2008) *

SA, VIC

Host: Teloschistes chrysophthalmus (Kondratyuk, 2008)

Polycoccum rugulosarium (Linds.) D.Hawksw., in Pegler et al., Kew Bull. 35: 315 (1980)

= Didymosphaeria macquariensis C.W.Dodge, B.A.N.Z. Antarct. Res. Exped. 1929–31 Repts, ser. B, 7: 263 (1948) *

MI, Extra-Aust.

Host: Caloplaca inclinans (Dodge, 1948; Hawksworth & Iturraiga, 2006)

PRONECTRIA Clem.; Hypocreaceae

Pronectria leptaleae (J.Steiner) Lowen, Mycotaxon 39: 462 (1990)

WA, Extra-Aust.

Host: Physcia nubila (Santesson, 2008)

PYRENIDIUM Clem.; Bionectriaceae

Pyrenidium actinellum Nyl., Flora 48: 210 (1865)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Host: Peltigera pulverulenta (Alstrup, 2004)

RHYNCHOMELIOLA Speg.; Rhynchostomataceae

Rhynchomeliola lichenicola Henssen & Kantvilas, Lichenologist 17: 96 (1985) *

TAS

Host: Wawea fruticulosa (Henssen & Kantvilas, 1995)

RIMULARIA Nyl.; Trapeliaceae

Rimularia insularis (Nyl.) Rambold & Hertel, in Hertel, Lecideaceae Exsicc. 8: [159] (1985)

SA, NSW, ACT, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Host: Lecanora rupicola aggr. (Rambold, 1989); possibly capable of developing into an independent lichen

ROSELLINIELLA Vain.; Sordariales, incert. sed.

Roselliniella cladoniae (Anzi) Matzer & Hafellner, Biblioth. Lichenol. 37: 59 (1990)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Host: Cladonia floerkeana (Matzer & Hafellner, 1990)

Roselliniella epiphylla Matzer & Hafellner, Biblioth. Lichenol. 37: 71 (1990)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Host: Sporopodium sp. (Matzer & Hafellner, 1990)

Roselliniella heterodeae Matzer & Hafellner, Biblioth. Lichenol. 37: 77 (1990) *

SA, NSW

Host: Cladia muelleri (Matzer & Hafellner, 1990, as Heterodea muelleri)

ROSELLINULA R.Sant; incert. sed.

Rosellinula kalbii (Hafellner) R.W.Rogers & Hafellner, Lichenologist 20: 168 (1988)

QLD

Hosts: Haematomma africanum, H. collatum, H. persoonii, H. stevensiae (Kalb et al., 1988)

Rosellinula lopadii (Vouaux) D.J.Galloway, New Zealand J. Bot. 42: 117 (2004)

AUST, Extra-Aust.

Host: Brigantiaea sp.

SAGEDIOPSIS (Sacc. & D.Sacc.) Vain.; Adelococcaceae

Sagediopsis dissimilis Triebel, Sendtnera 1: 276 (1993) *

QLD, NSW, VIC

Host: Paraporpidia leptocarpa (Triebel, 1993)

SKYTTEA Sherwood, D.Hawksw. & Coppins; Helotiales, incert. sed.

Skyttea mayrhoferi Diederich & Etayo, Lichenologist 32: 440 (2000)

SA, Extra-Aust.

Host: Pertusaria melanospora (Diederich & Etayo, 2000)

SPHAERELLOTHECIUM Zopf; Mycosphaerellaceae

Sphaerellothecium gallowayi Diederich, Biblioth. Lichenol. 95: 165 (2007)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Host: Heterodermia cf. japonica (Diederich, 2007)

SPIROGRAPHA Zahlbr.; Helotiales, incert. sed.

Spirographa fusisporella (Nyl.) Zahlbr., in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 1, 1(1): 96 (1903)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Host: Haematomma africanum (Kalb et al., 1995)

STIGMIDIUM Trevis.; Mycosphaerellaceae

Stigmidium calopadiae Matzer, Mycol. Pap. 171: 157 (1996)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Host: sterile thallus (Matzer, 1996)

Stigmidium epixanthum Hafellner, in Hafellner et al., Mycotaxon 84: 217 (2002)

NT, QLD, Extra-Aust.

Host: Acarospora sp. (Hafellner et al., 2002)

Stigmidium porinae Matzer, Mycol. Pap. 171: 161 (1996)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Host: Microtheliopsis uleana (Lücking et al., 2001)

Stigmidium schaereri (A.Massal.) Trevis., Consp. Verruc.: 17 (1860)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Host: Caloplaca (Sipman & Streimann, 1998)

Stigmidium schizosporum Matzer, Mycol. Pap. 171: 163 (1996) *

QLD

Host: Porina similis (Matzer, 1996)

STROMATOPOGON Zahlbr.; incert. sed.

Stromatopogon baldwinii Zahlbr., Ann. Naturhist. Hofmus., Wien 12: 99 (1897), as baldwini

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Hosts: Usnea cf. oncodes, U. subalpina, U. xanthopoga (Diederich, 1992)

STYGIOMYCES Coppins & S.Y.Kondr.; Coelomycetes

Stygiomyces galliformis Coppins & S.Y.Kondr., Edinburgh J. Bot. 52: 229 (1995) *

TAS

Host: Pseudocyphellaria faveolata (Coppins & Kondratyuk, 1995)

TREMELLA L.; Basidiomycota, Tremellaceae

Tremella stevensiana Diederich, in Diederich & Christiansen, Lichenologist 26: 57 (1994)

QLD

Hosts: Usnea cf. confusa, U. undulata (Diederich & Christiansen, 1994; Diederich, 1996)

VERRUCARIA A.Massal.; Verrucariaceae

Verrucaria buelliicola P.M.McCarthy, Australas. Lichenol. 52: 3 (2003) *

NSW

Host: Buellia albula (McCarthy, 2003); also developing into an independent lichen

Verrucaria compacta (A.Massal.) Jatta, Syll. Lich. Ital.: 501 (1900)

NSW

Host: Buellia albula (McCarthy, 2003); usually an independent lichen

VOUAUXIOMYCES Dyko & D.Hawksw.; Dothideales, incert. sed.

Vouauxiomyces brattii S.Y.Kondr., Muelleria 9: 96 (1996) *

TAS

Host: Pseudocyphellaria faveolata (Kondratyuk, 1996a)

WEDDELLOMYCES D.Hawksw.; Dacampiaceae

Weddellomyces gasparriniae (C.W.Dodge) D.Hawksw. & Iturr., Antarctic Sci. 18: 297 (2006) *

= Phaeospora gasparriniae C.W.Dodge, B.A.N.Z. Antarct. Res. Exped. 1929–31 Repts, ser. B, 7: 262 (1948)

MI

Host: Gasparrinia macquariensis (Dodge, 1948, a name of uncertain application; Hawksworth & Iturriaga, 2006)

WENTIOMYCES Koord.; Pseudoperisporiaceae

Wentiomyces tatjanae S.Y.Kondr., Muelleria 9: 96 (1996) *

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Host: Pseudocyphellaria coronata (Kondratyuk, 1996a)

XANTHORIICOLA D.Hawksw.; incert. sed.

Xanthoriicola physciae (Kalchbr.) D.Hawksw., in Hawksworth & Punithalingam, Trans. Br. Mycol. Soc. 61: 67 (1973)

AUSTRALIA

Host: Physcia sp. (Galloway, 2007)

XENONECTRIELLA Weese; Nectriaceae

Xenonectriella streimannii (S.Y.Kondr., Coppins & D.J.Galloway) Rossman, in Rossman et al., Stud. Mycol. 42: 170 (1999) *

= Pronectria streimannii S.Y.Kondr., Coppins & D.J.Galloway, Muelleria 9: 93 (1996)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Host: Sticta cyphellulata (Kondratyuk, 1996a)

ZWACKHIOMYCES Grube & Hafellner; Xanthopyreniaceae

Zwackhiomyces cladoniae (C.W.Dodge) Diederich, in Aptroot et al., Biblioth. Lichenol. 64: 210 (1997) *

= Didymella cladoniae C.W.Dodge, B.A.N.Z. Antarct. Res. Exped. 1929–31 Repts, ser. B, 7: 262 (1948)

MI, Extra-Aust.

Host: Cladonia cervicornis subsp. mawsonii (Dodge, 1948; Aptroot et al., 1997; Hawksworth & Iturraiga, 2006)

Zwackhiomyces kantvilasii S.Y.Kondr., Muelleria 9: 98 (1996) *

TAS

Host: Parmotrema perlatum (Kondratyuk, 1996a)

Zwackhiomyces lecanorae (Stein) Nik.Hoffm. & Hafellner, Biblioth. Lichenol. 77: 124 (2000)

AUST, Extra-Aust.

Host: Lecanora sp. (Hoffmann & Hafellner, 2000)

Zwackhiomyces sulcatus Pérez-Ortega & Etayo, in Pérez-Ortega et al., Nova Hedwigia 93: 396 (2011) *

WA

Host: Austroparmelina macrospora (Pérez-Ortega et al., 2011)

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