Quick search (1 word):


Flora of Australia Online

Acacia kempeana F.Muell., Australas. Chem. Druggist , Suppl. 5(51): 26 (1882)
Witchetty Bush, Wanderrie Wattle.

Racosperma kempeanum (F.Muell.) Pedley, Austrobaileya 2: 350 (1987). T: Finke R., N.T., [F.A.H.]Kempe ; lecto: MEL, fide L.Pedley, Austrobaileya 1: 154 (1978).

Acacia sibirica S.Moore, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 34: 189 (1899). T: Siberia Rock, Western Australian Goldfields [75 km NW of Kalgoorlie], W.A., Jan. 1895, S.Moore ; holo: BM.

Illustrations: F.J.H. von Mueller, Iconogr. Austral. Acacia dec. 10 [pl. 9] (1888); A.A.Mitchell & D.G.Wilcox, Arid Shrubland Pl. Western Australia 276 & 277 (1988); D.J.E.Whibley & D.E.Symon, Acacias S. Australia 2nd edn, 258 & 259 (1992).

Shrub or tree to 5 m high, spreading. Bark furrowed, usually grey or brown. Branchlets terete except at apices, grey or brownish, slightly scurfy, glabrous. Phyllodes narrowly elliptic to very narrowly elliptic, sometimes ±oblanceolate to narrowly oblanceolate, flat, straight or very slightly curved, 3–7.5 (–9) cm long, 4–15 (–25) mm wide, with obtuse and often mucronulate apices, coriaceous, grey- or blue-green, glabrous, resinous when young, very finely multistriate, non-anastomosing, sometimes with 1–3 nerves slightly more prominent; gland ±basal. Peduncles 5–12 mm long, glabrous. Spikes 1 or 2 per upper axil, 1–2.5 cm long, dense, bright golden. Flowers 5-merous; calyx cupular, dissected to 1/3, hairy mostly at base; corolla 1.3–2 mm long, 2–2.5 times as long as calyx. Pods oblong to narrowly oblong, flat, 2–7 cm long, 1–1.6 (–2) cm wide, chartaceous, finely transversely reticulate, glabrous, often slightly resinous. Seeds transverse to slightly oblique. Fig. 60D–I.

Occurs in all mainland States except Vic. and N.S.W. Widely distributed in arid areas, where it occurs usually on stony hillsides or in coarse textured alluvial soils; often abundant in mulga woodlands on red sandy loam plains. Probably flowers whenever temperature and soil moisture are high. Fruiting mainly Aug.–Nov. Map 394.

W.A.: Berringarra Stn HS, J.S.Beard 6626 (NSW, PERTH). N.T.: Mt Gillen, Alice Springs, M.J.Barritt 373 (CANB, DNA, K, MEL, NSW). S.A.: 104 km N of Oodnadatta, P.L.Milthorpe 3061 (NSW). Qld: c. 155 km NW of Windorah, May 1973, [D.E.]Boyland (BRI), fide L.Pedley, Austrobaileya 1: 154 (1978).

It is closely allied to A. stowardii and A. duriuscula . Also related to A. aprepta .

Aborigines obtained witchetty grubs from the roots, as well as the bush providing edible gum and seed (A.Urban, Wildflowers & Pl. Centr. Australia 84, 1990). Details on fire tolerance and Aboriginal use of A. kempeana are given by P.Latz, Bushfires & Bushtucker 102 (1995).

Since publication of the Flora of Australia the Australian Plant Census recognises Acacia sibirica (placed in synonymy in the Flora of Australia ) as an accepted species. Acacia kempeana remains as an accepted name.



Data derived from Flora of Australia Volumes 11A (2001), 11B (2001) and 12 (1998), products of ABRS, ©Commonwealth of Australia