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Flora of Australia Online

Cynometra iripa Kostel., Allg. Med.-Pharm. Fl. 4: 1341 (1835)
Wrinkle Pod Mangrove

T: Iripa Rheede, Hort. Malab. 4: t. 31 (1673).

[Cynometra ramiflora var. bijuga auct. non Span.: G.Bentham, Fl. Austral. 2: 296 (1864)] 

Illustration: G.M.Wightman, Mangroves N. Terr. 63, fig. 18 (1989).

Shrub or straggly tree to 8 m tall; branches with lenticels, glabrous or rusty-pubescent. Leaves with petiole to 0.4 cm long, shortly pubescent; rachis 0.9–2.7 cm long, shortly pubescent. Leaflets usually in 2 pairs; upper pair much larger than the lower, obliquely ovate- or obovate-oblong to oblong or elliptic, 1.5–10 cm long, 0.9–5.5 cm wide, coriaceous; apex obtuse, emarginate or sometimes mucronate. Flowers in short, axillary racemes or clusters or borne on the branchlets, on pubescent pedicels to 9 mm long. Sepals 4 or 5, 2–3.5 mm long. Ovary densely rusty-pubescent externally, ±appressed-pubescent internally; style slanting away from the centre of the flower. Fruit obliquely subcircular, with a laterally displaced beak, 2.5–3.6 cm long, 2–3 cm wide, to 2 cm thick, rugose, shortly pubescent, 1-seeded, indehiscent. Fig. 92.

Occurs on Inglis Is., N.T., and in northern Qld from Cape York to Mackay and on some of the islands in the Great Barrier Reef; also widespread in the Indomalesian and Pacific regions. Found in or along the edge of mangrove swamps in the transitional area between mangroves and riparian forest. Map 183.

N.T.: Inglis Is., C.R.Dunlop 7510 (BRI, CANB, DNA, MEL). Qld: Marmoss Ck, Weipa concession, A.W.Dockrill 853 (QRS); Meunga Ck, B.Hyland 8873 (QRS); Barrett Ck, 3.3 km NE of NW boundary of Cooktown aerodrome, A.K.Irvine 2182 (QRS); Marrett R., Princess Charlotte Bay, J.A.Elsol & T.D.Stanley 654 (BRI).

Formerly but incorrectly referred to in Australian literature as C. ramiflora var. bijuga .

(J.H.Ross)

 

Data derived from Flora of Australia Volume 12 (1998), a product of ABRS, ©Commonwealth of Australia