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Flora of Australia Online

Cardwellia sublimis F.Muell., Fragm. 5: 24 (1865)
Northern Silky Oak, Bull Oak, Golden Spanglewood, Oongaary

T: Rockingham Bay, Qld, J.Dallachy s.n. ; holo: MEL.

Illustrations: K.A.W.Williams, Native Pl. Queensland 2: 71 (1984); J.W.Wrigley & M.Fagg, Banksias, Waratahs & Grevilleas 126 (1989).

Tree at least 30 m tall. Seedling leaves simple. Adult leaves imparipinnate, to 65 cm long; petiole 6–11 cm long; leaflets ±opposite, ovate to oblong, c. 9–18 cm long, 4–7 cm wide, usually 3–10 pairs; base usually attenuate; apex acute or obtuse; veins 7–15 pairs; petiolules 9–22 mm long. Conflorescence 9–16 cm long. Tepals 10–18 mm long, cream, hoary appressed-pubescent, with inflexed hairs abaxially but woolly or villous, with reflexed hairs adaxially. Anthers 1.4–1.7 mm long. Ovary 1.2–2 mm long; style 5–11 mm long; pollen presenter 2–3 mm long. Fruits ovoid-ellipsoidal, 8–11 cm long, 5–6 cm diam. Seeds 8–12, 6–7 cm long, 2.5–3 cm wide; embryo 4.5–5.5 cm long, 1.5–2 cm wide. Seed wing marginal, c. 5 mm wide. n = 14, fide L.A.S.Johnson & B.G.Briggs, Austral. J. Bot. 11: 24 (1963). Fig. 164A–E.

Occurs between Cooktown and Townsville, north-eastern Qld. Grows in rainforest from near sea level to 1000 m alt. Map 408.

Qld: Timber Reserve 176, Monkhouse, B.P.M.Hyland 12143 (QRS); Jagan, Malanda–Millaa Millaa road, B.Gray 2299 (QRS); Dotswood Holding, Paluma Ra., B.P.M.Hyland 7252 (QRS).

Now used primarily for high quality cabinet timber and veneer, formerly also used for structural timber.

(B.P.M.Hyland)

 

Data derived from Flora of Australia Volumes 16 (1995), 17A (2000) and 17B (1999), products of ABRS, ©Commonwealth of Australia