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Flora of Australia Online

Lomatia fraseri R.Br., Suppl. Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. 34 (1830)
Tree Lomatia, Forest Lomatia, Silky Lomatia

Tricondylus fraseri (R.Br.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 582 (1891). T: near Port Jackson, N.S.W., 1818, C.Fraser ; holo: BM? n.v.

Lomatia fraseri var. pinnatipartita F.Muell., Fragm. 5: 153 (1866). T: Guy Fox [Guy Fawkes] Waters, N.S.W., Beckler ; syn: MEL? n.v. ; Annes River, N.S.W., Beckler ; syn: MEL? n.v.

Lomatia fraseri var. velutina F.Muell., Fragm. 5: 153 (1866). T: Bellinger River, N.S.W., C.Moore ; syn: MEL? n.v. ; Clarence River, N.S.W., C.Moore ; syn: MEL? n.v.

Illustrations: N.C.W.Beadle, Students Fl. NE New South Wales 2: 240, fig. 111A (1972); G.J.Harden in G.J.Harden (ed.), Fl. New South Wales 2: pl. 2 opp. 11, 29 (1991); J.W.Wrigley & M.Fagg, Banksias, Waratahs & Grevilleas 455 (1989).

Shrub or small tree to 8 (–11) m tall. Leaves simple and shallowly to deeply toothed, sometimes entire, lobed or pinnatisect; petiole to 2 cm long; lamina usually narrowly elliptic to elliptic, sometimes ovate or obovate, (4–) 6.5–15 (–18) cm long, (1–) 1.5–3 (–5) cm wide, cuneate to ±attenuate at base, obtuse to acute at apex, glabrous to sparsely hairy above, densely pale to ferruginous silky tomentose below; venation more prominent below. Conflorescence axillary, solitary or aggregated, to 12 (–15) cm long, not exceeding leaves; peduncle and pedicel with dense appressed, sometimes ferruginous hairs; pedicel 5–10 mm long. Perianth 7–9 mm long, white to cream, densely externally pubescent (sometimes hairs ferruginous). Gynophore 4–7 mm long. Style 4–6 mm long. Follicle 15–30 mm long, grey-black. Seeds c. 4 mm long; wing 9–11 mm long. 

A disjunct distribution. Occurs in the New England area of N.S.W., and from the Budawang National Park, N.S.W., to the Otway Ranges in Vic. In tableland and montane areas. Flowers Dec.–Feb.; fruits Apr.–Oct. Map 425.

N.S.W.: Pikes Saddle, Deua Natl Park, P.Ollerenshaw 1791 (CBG, NSW); c. 5 km along Point Lookout road from Armidale–Dorrigo road, A.Richards 234 (CBG); 1 km NE of Woolpack Rocks, Cathedral Rocks Natl Park, I.R.Telford 10774 (BISH, CBG, MEL). Vic.: c. 8 km S of Harrietville on Alpine Hwy, L.A.Craven 1556 (CANB, K, MEL, NSW); Macleod Rd, 2 km N from Reservoir Rd, Buffalo Plateau, N.G.Walsh 766 (CBG, MEL).

This species hybridises with L. silaifolia in the northern part of its range in the New England area, producing plants with leaves densely hairy on the underside and ranging from narrowly elliptic to deeply lobed to bipinnatisect, sometimes all on the same plant. It may also hybridise with L. myricoides where they co-occur, producing plants with leaves less densely hairy than those of L. fraseri , and with L. ilicifolia , producing plants with leaves variably hairy and variably prickly. Bentham (1870) considered L. fraseri synonymous with L. ilicifolia .

(A.J.G.Wilson, Helen J.Hewson, J.Mowatt)


Data derived from Flora of Australia Volumes 16 (1995), 17A (2000) and 17B (1999), products of ABRS, ©Commonwealth of Australia