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Flora of Australia Online

Xylomelum scottianum (F.Muell.) F.Muell., Fragm. 5: 174 (1866)
Peg-Tree

Helicia scottiana F.Muell., Fragm. 4: 107 (1864). T: Rockingham Bay, Qld, 8 Feb. 1874, J.Dallachy ; holo: MEL.

[Xylomelum salicinum auct. non (Meisn.) A.Cunn. ex Benth.: G.Bentham, Fl. Austral. 5: 408 (1870) p.p. , as to J.Dallachy collection] 

Shrub or small tree to 10 m tall. Leaves with petiole 1–3.5 cm long; lamina elliptic to lanceolate, 7–20 cm long, 1.5–4 cm wide, apiculate, ±glaucous beneath, sometimes slightly curved; margin entire. Conflorescence 5–13 cm long, densely pale brown-tomentose. Tepals 5–7 mm long, cream, pale brown-tomentose. Ovary densely pale brown-tomentose; pollen presenter ellipsoidal or style terminating in a small, mushroom-shaped hood. Fruit 6.5–8.5 cm long, ±ovoid; apex recurved, glabrous. Seeds 6.8–7.5 cm long, pale to mid-brown. Fig. 174L–M.

Widespread in the drier areas of Cape York Peninsula and Thursday Is., Qld. Particularly common in sandy soils in open forests; at altitudes to 440 m. Flowers Oct.–May. Map 454.

Qld: Browns Ck, Pascoe R., L.Brass 19633 (BRI); Thursday Is., J.Clarkson 3798 (BRI); between Emerald Ck and Davis Ck, B.P.M.Hyland 7943 (BRI); 23.5 km ENE of Weipa Mission, R.Specht & R.Salt W185 (BRI).

Coppice leaves are sometimes found on plants which have recently been burnt. These leaves are often prickly-toothed, ±oblong and have a short petiole. Carpels with an ellipsoidal pollen presenter invariably show no signs of fruit development. An infusion of the bark and leaves was drunk by Aborigines to relieve internal pains.

(D.B.Foreman)

 

Data derived from Flora of Australia Volumes 16 (1995), 17A (2000) and 17B (1999), products of ABRS, ©Commonwealth of Australia