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Flora of Australia Online

Grevillea striata R.Br., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 10: 177 (1810)
Beefwood, Silver Honeysuckle

Grevillea striata var. typica Domin, Biblioth. Bot. 89: 36 (1921), nom. illeg . T: 'In Novae Hollandiae ora septentrionale; Carpentaria [Qld or N.T.]: prope littora' [protologue]; type not found (possibly BM?).

Grevillea lineata R.Br., in C.Sturt, Exped. Central Australia 2: App. 87 (1849); Grevillea striata var. lineata (R.Br.) Domin, Biblioth. Bot. 89: 36 (1921). T: 'it takes the place of the Gum tree in the creeks in about Lat 29º30' S', [S.A.], s.d. , [C. ]Sturt 31 ; holo: BM.

Illustrations: D.J.McGillivray & R.O.Makinson, Grevillea 127 (1993); A.A.Mitchell & D.G.Wilcox, Arid Shrubland Pl. Western Australia 442, 443 (1994); P.M.Olde & N.R.Marriott, Grevillea Book 3: 187 (top right & 152A, B) (1995).

Regenerates from seed, some epicormic shooting capability.

Erect spindly shrub or robust tree 3–15 m tall. Leaves dorsiventral, entire, linear to broadly so or strap-like, often wavy, 10–45 cm long, 2–15 mm wide; margins flat or shortly recurved; surfaces rather similar; lower surface longitudinally 5–13 striate, sericeous especially in grooves. Conflorescence usually terminal, erect, paniculately 4–12-branched or rarely simple; unit conflorescence cylindrical, 5–8 cm long, subsynchronous or weakly basipetal or acropetal. Flowers ±acroscopic. Flower colour: perianth and style white to cream or pale yellow. Perianth subsericeous to tomentose outside, pilose inside near ovary. Nectary minute, arcuate. Pistil 6–10 mm long, glabrous; pollen-presenter basally transverse to oblique, erect-conical. Follicle compressed obloid to ovoid, shortly subapically beaked, 13–21 mm long, glabrous, almost smooth, not viscid. 

Occurs in all mainland States except Vic.; widespread in dry inland areas, occasionally extending to near the coast in drier northern areas. Grows in open mixed Acacia and Eucalyptus woodland, Triodia -shrubland communities, in a range of soil types including red sands, gravelly loams, and occasionally black soils or calcareous clays. Flowers mainly Aug.–Dec., also opportunistically. Map 354.

W.A.: near Mt Marmion, W.V.Fitzgerald 1151 (PERTH). N.T.: 16 km W of Borroloola, J.R.Maconochie 857 (AD, DNA, NSW, PERTH). S.A.: 66 km E of Everard Park Stn and on Granite Downs Stn, D.E.Symon 3352 (AD, CANB, HUJ n.v. , K, NSW). Qld: 1.6–2.4 km N of Yabulu, L.S.Smith T. 170 (A n.v. , BRI, CANB). N.S.W.: Calindry Stn, P.Martensz 252 (CANB, NSW).

Fairly uniform throughout most of the range. A 'narrow-leaved form' occurs in W.A. from Wiluna to the Gascoyne R. area; this has leaves usually < 5 mm wide, with fewer (usually c. 5) nerves; flowering material of this form has not been seen.

Grevillea striata may occasionally be confused with G. parallela or G. coriacea , which have longer pistils (> 13 mm long), thicker-walled fruits (pericarp 1–2 mm thick), and more strongly dissimilar upper and lower leaf surfaces.

A sheet at BM with a label 'No 6 spie Carpentaria Island c Nov 19 - 1802', while not a mixed collection, also bears a label with conflicting [Qld] localities, and bears only budding material; in describing G. striata Brown clearly saw mature flowers. The sheet may nevertheless be part of the type material.

(R.O.Makinson)

 

Data derived from Flora of Australia Volumes 16 (1995), 17A (2000) and 17B (1999), products of ABRS, ©Commonwealth of Australia