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Flora of Australia Online

Hakea salicifolia (Vent.) B.L.Burtt, Bull. Misc. Inform. 33 (1941)

Embothrium salicifolium Vent., Desc. Pl. Nouv. species 8, t. 8 (1800). T: ex horto D.Cels, 1799, Distr[ibuted] D.Ventenat 1800; syn: P-JU.

Conchium salicifolium C.F.Gaertn., Suppl. Carp. 217, t. 219 (1807). T: in Nova Hollandia prope Port Jackson [N.S.W.]. Ex collectione Banksiana; holo: not located.

Hakea salicifolia Sweet ex Meisn., in A.L.P.P. de Candolle, Prodr. 14: 416 (1856) pro syn. under Hakea saligna

Illustration: J.W.Wrigley & M.Fagg, Banksias, Waratahs & Grevilleas 386 (1989).

Upright tall shrub or small tree 3–5 m high, ?non-lignotuberous. Branchlets with several prominent longitudinal ribs, ±deep red, lenticellate, glabrous. Leaves narrowly elliptic, 8–15 cm long, 4–17 (–27) mm wide, narrowly attenuate, usually acute or acuminate, more rarely obtuse, blackened apically but scarcely mucronate, moderately appressed-sericeous with white and ferruginous hairs when young, rapidly glabrescent; young leaves darker. Involucral buds 3 mm long, subglabrous externally. Inflorescence a single umbel of 16–28 white flowers in upper axils (possibly also on older wood in subsp. angustifolia ); rachis 1–1.5 mm long; pedicels 4.5–7 mm long. Perianth 2–3.5 mm long, glabrous, glaucous; inner surface of tepals sometimes with dense glandular-verrucose covering above ovary. Pistil 6–6.5 mm long. Fruit obliquely ovate, 2.3–3.5 cm long, 1.3–2.3 (–3) cm wide in median view, basally attenuate, with raised black pusticules or 1–5 mm high blunt and black-topped warts; beak smooth or with blunt-topped warts; horns often eroded; red-brown wood zone 2.5 mm wide. Seed 17–20 mm long. 

Widespread on the coast and ranges of N.S.W. from the Qld/N.S.W. border south to Jervis Bay, extending to Springbrook in the Macpherson Ra. in south-eastern Qld. 

Two subspecies are recognised.

(R.M.Barker, L.Haegi, W.R.Barker)

Leaves more than 7 mm wide (coast and ranges of Qld & N.S.W. from Springbrook to Jervis Bay)

subsp. salicifolia

Leaves 4–7 mm wide (river systems between Hornsby and Helensburgh in the Sydney region)

subsp. angustifolia


Data derived from Flora of Australia Volumes 16 (1995), 17A (2000) and 17B (1999), products of ABRS, ©Commonwealth of Australia