Quick search (1 word):

 

Flora of Australia Online

Banksia marginata Cav., Anales Hist. Nat. 1: 227 (1800)
Silver Banksia

Banksia microstachya var. marginata (Cav.) Domin, Biblioth. Bot. 89: 44 (1921). T: between Port Jackson and Parramatta, N.S.W., Mar.–Apr. 1793, L.Née ; lecto: MA, fide A.S.George, Nuytsia 3: 291 (1981).

Banksia microstachya Cav., Anales Hist. Nat. 1: 224 (1800); Banksia marginata var. microstachya (Cav.) Sims, Bot. Mag. 45: t. 1947 (1818); Sirmuellera microstachya (Cav.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 582 (1891). T: between Port Jackson and Parramatta, N.S.W., Mar.–Apr. 1793, L.Née ; lecto: MA, fide A.S.George, Nuytsia 3: 292 (1981).

Banksia australis R.Br., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 10: 205 (1810). T: Port Dalrymple, [Tas.], Jan. 1804, R.Brown ; lecto: BM, fide A.S.George, Nuytsia 3: 291 (1981); possible syn: BM.

Banksia depressa R.Br., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 10: 205 (1810); Banksia australis var. depressa (R.Br.) Hook.f., Fl. Tasman. 329 (1857). T: 'Anna Maria's R.', [Tas.], ?1804, R.Brown ; lecto: BM, fide A.S.George, Nuytsia 3: 291 (1981)

Banksia insularis R.Br., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 10: 206 (1810). T: King Is., Bass Strait, [Tas.], Apr. 1802, R.Brown ; lecto: BM, fide A.S.George, Nuytsia 3: 292 (1981).

Banksia patula R.Br., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 10: 205 (1810). T: Bay X [Port Lincoln, S.A.], Mar. 1802, R.Brown ; lecto: BM, fide A.S.George, Nuytsia 3: 292 (1981); syn: E, S, UPS.

Banksia marcescens Bonpl., Descr. Pl. Malmaison 116, t. 48 (1816), nom. illeg. non R.Br. T: A.J.A.Bonpland, Descr. Pl. Malmaison 116, t. 48, fide A.S.George, Nuytsia 3: 292 (1981).

Banksia ferrea Vent. ex Spreng., Syst. Veg. 1: 485 (1824), nom. inval. – in synonymy under Banksia marginata.  

Banksia marginata var. diffusa Endl., Gen. Pl. Suppl. 4, 2: 88 (1848), nom. nud.  

Banksia marginata var. humilis Meisn., in A.L.P.P. de Candolle, Prodr. 14: 455 (1856), based on Banksia marginata var. γ R.Br., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 10: 204 (1810). T: Port Jackson, N.S.W., R.Brown ; lecto: BM, fide A.S.George, Nuytsia 3: 292 (1981)

Banksia gunnii Meisn., in A.L.P.P. de Candolle, Prodr. 14: 456 (1856). T: George Town, [Tas.], 28 Jan. 1843, R.C.Gunn 1233 ; lecto: K, fide A.S.George, Nuytsia 3: 292 (1981)

Banksia depressa var. subintegra Meisn., in A.L.P.P. de Candolle, Prodr. 14: 456 (1856). T: Mt Wellington, [Tas.], 8 May 1839, R.C.Gunn 1234 ; lecto: K, fide A.S.George, Nuytsia 3: 291 (1981); syn: K.

Banksia marginata var. cavanillesii Endl., in A.L.P.P. de Candolle, Prodr. 14: 455 (1856), nom. illeg. , based on Banksia marginata

Illustrations: C.E.Rosser & A.S.George, Banksias I: pl. 10 (1981); A.S.George, Banksia Book 58, 59, fig. 4, pl. 24 (1984).

Shrub or tree 1–12 m tall, with or without lignotuber, sometimes suckering. Bark smooth becoming finely tessellated, grey. Stems hirsute and tomentose, glabrescent. Leaves alternate; petiole 2–5 mm long; lamina linear, oblong or narrowly cuneate, 15–60 mm long, 3–13 mm wide, commonly truncate or emarginate, sometimes obtuse, rarely acute; margins slightly recurved to revolute, entire or occasionally serrate; upper surface hirsute to tomentose, glabrescent; lower surface white-tomentose. Inflorescence commonly 5–10 cm long; involucral bracts to 10 mm long, tomentose, commonly persistent. Flowers pale yellow, often grey-tinged in late bud; style pale yellow. Perianth 16–24 mm long including limb of 2.5–3.5 mm, pubescent outside, glabrous inside. Pistil straight or curved downwards, slender, 20–31 mm long, glabrous; pollen presenter 0.7–1 mm long, scarcely thickened. Old flowers usually persistent, sometimes falling. Follicles up to 150, narrowly elliptic, 7–17 mm long, 2–5 mm high, 2–4 mm wide; valves semi-elliptic, rather thin, smooth, hirsute, glabrescent. Seed obovate-cuneate, 9–15 mm long; seed body cuneate-falcate, 5–8 mm long, 3–4 mm wide, smooth to finely rugose on both sides. Fig. 25F.

Widespread in south-eastern Australia from Eyre Peninsula, S.A., through Vic. and eastern N.S.W. north to Baradine and Guyra; throughout Tas.; also on Kangaroo Is. and the islands of Bass Strait. Often locally common. Grows in sandy loam, clay loam, shale, peaty loam and rocky soil (quartzite, sandstone, limestone and granite); occurs in shrubland, woodland and forest, sometimes in swamps and on coastal dunes. Flowers mainly Feb.–July. Map 187.

S.A.: Waitpinga, Fleurieu Penin., H.M.Cooper AD97323130 (AD). N.S.W.: Mt Coricudgy, E of Rylstone, E.F.Constable 27332 (NSW, W). A.C.T.: Gibraltar Falls, H.Reeve 659 (CANB). Vic.: Mt Beckworth, c. 6 km SW of Clues, 13 Jan. 1955, J.H.Willis (MEL). Tas.: near L. Dobson, Mt Field Natl Park, A.S.George 14256 (PERTH).

Follicles typically opening when mature but in some variants needing fire. Closely related to B. integrifolia which differs in its larger, whorled leaves and larger flowers; also resembles B. canei which has pungent leaves, stouter flowers and larger follicles that remain closed for some years and from which the spent flowers fall very early. Presumed hybrids with B. conferta subsp. penicillata have been recorded near the Clarence–Newnes road, N.S.W. (George, 1981). A highly variable species that should be studied more thoroughly.

(A.S.George)

 

Data derived from Flora of Australia Volumes 16 (1995), 17A (2000) and 17B (1999), products of ABRS, ©Commonwealth of Australia