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Flora of Australia Online

Banksia canei J.H.Willis, Muelleria 1: 118 (1967)
Mountain Banksia

T: Mt Seldom Seen track, near Wulgulmerang, Vic., 27 Nov. 1962, J.H.Willis ; holo: MEL; iso: AD, K, MEL, NSW.

Illustrations: A.S.George, Banksia Book 60, 61, fig. 5, pl. 25 (1984); C.E.Rosser & A.S.George, Banksias III: pl. 61 (in press).

Shrub to 3 m tall, without lignotuber. Bark smooth. Stems villous, rusty, glabrescent. Leaves alternate; petiole 2–4 mm long; lamina narrowly elliptic, obovate, cuneate or linear, commonly 2–5 cm long, 5–20 mm wide, acute or obtuse, pungent; margins recurved, entire to serrate; upper surface hirsute, glabrescent; lower surface hirsute on nerves, glabrescent, with tomentose pits. Inflorescence 5–15 cm long; involucral bracts to 10 mm long, tomentose, commonly falling by flowering. Flowers pale pink-mauve in bud, pale yellow at flowering; limb often grey or blue; style pale yellow. Perianth usually 18–20 mm long including limb of 3–4 mm, silky-pubescent outside, glabrous inside. Pistil gently curved, slender, 17–28 mm long, glabrous; pollen presenter 1 mm long, scarcely thickened. Old flowers soon falling. Follicles up to 150, elliptic, 12–18 mm long, 3–8 mm high, 4–9 mm wide; valves semi-elliptic, smooth, villous, glabrescent. Seed obovate, 13–18 mm long; seed body lunate, 6–8 mm long, 2–4 mm wide, slightly rugose. 

Eastern Vic. and south-eastern N.S.W., in subalpine areas between the Snowy Ra., Gippsland, and the Tuross R., usually between 750 and 1500 metres. Naturalised near Albany, W.A. Grows in rocky, granitic or sandstone soil on slopes and in gullies, in low open-woodland and open heath. Flowers Jan.–June. Map 188 (native), 189 (naturalised).

W.A.: 4.5 km N of Napier R. bridge on road to Jerramungup, G.J.Keighery 11031 (PERTH). N.S.W.: Talbingo, 15 Feb. 1974, G.W.Althofer (NSW); Bumberry Ck, c. 14 km SE of Countegany, L.A.S.Johnson 7060 & A.N.Rodd (NSW); Kydra Peak, SE of Cooma, 11 Jan. 1970, J.H.Willis (MEL). Vic.: between Mt Wellington & Mt Selma, Gippsland, 9 Jan. 1963, W.Cane (MEL); Brumby Point, Nunniong Plateau, E Gippsland, 13 Nov. 1964, J.H.Willis & K.C.Rogers (MEL).

Some follicles open spontaneously after several years but most remain closed until burnt. Related to B. saxicola which is easily distinguished by its larger, whorled leaves and larger habit, and to B. marginata which usually has truncate or emarginate leaves, finer persistent styles and smaller follicles. Highly variable especially in leaf morphology (A.Salkin & N.D.Hallam, Austral. J. Bot. 26: 707–721, 1978). The naturalised occurrence in W.A. was already established in 1988 and is the first record of an indigenous species of Proteaceae becoming established in Australia outside its natural range. In the mild, near-coastal climate, the seeds would rarely be stratified, a stage needed for germination in its natural range.

(A.S.George)

 

Data derived from Flora of Australia Volumes 16 (1995), 17A (2000) and 17B (1999), products of ABRS, ©Commonwealth of Australia