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Flora of Australia Online

Banksia saxicola A.S.George, Nuytsia 3: 297 (1981)
Grampians Banksia

T: Mt William, The Grampians, Vic., 17 Feb. 1977, A.S.George 14398 ; holo: MEL; iso: AD, BRI, HO, K, MEL, NSW, PERTH.

[Banksia integrifolia auct. non L.f.: J.H.Willis, Handb. Pl. Victoria II: 58 (1973)] 

Illustrations: A.S.George, Banksia Book 62, 63, fig. 6, pl. 26 (1984); C.E.Rosser & A.S.George, Banksias III: pl. 64 (in press).

Shrub without lignotuber, to 3 m tall and very spreading or, in sheltered situations, erect and to 13 m tall. Bark smooth becoming somewhat rough, grey. Stems densely tomentose, pink, becoming glabrous and brown. Leaves whorled, coriaceous; petiole 5–10 mm long; lamina lanceolate, elliptic or obovate, 4–10 cm long, 1–3.5 cm wide, obtuse; margins recurved, entire or with a few short lobes; upper surface dark green and shining, hirsute, glabrescent; lower surface white-tomentose. Inflorescence 3.5–8 cm long; involucral bracts 5–10 mm long, velvety, persistent. Flowers yellow, often grey-tinged; styles yellow. Perianth 19–22 mm long including limb of 3.5–4 mm, closely pubescent outside, glabrous inside. Pistil gently curved, slender, 23–31 mm long, glabrous; pollen presenter 1.5 mm long, slightly thickened. Old flowers soon falling. Follicles up to c. 60, elliptic, 12–20 mm long, 4–7 mm high, 5–7 mm wide; valves semi-elliptic, smooth, velvety, glabrescent. Seed obovate, 14–19 mm long; seed body lunate-obovate, 9–11 mm long, 3–4 mm wide, smooth to slightly rugose. Fig. 25J.

Occurs in Vic., in The Grampians and on Wilsons Promontory. In The Grampians occurs among sandstone rocks on exposed upper slopes in scrub and in sheltered gullies in woodland, and on Wilsons Promontory among granite boulders in forest. Flowers Jan.–Mar. Map 190.

Vic.: near Mt Thackeray, Victoria Ra., The Grampians, A.S.George 11814 (MEL, PERTH); inland from Sealer Cove, Wilsons Promontory, 14 Mar. 1968, B.Greer (MEL, NSW); Jimmy Ck, The Grampians, R.Melville 1979 (K, MEL).

Killed by fire and regenerates from seed. Most follicles remain closed until burnt. Related to B. canei which has scattered, smaller, pungent leaves, and B. integrifolia which is a coastal tree with thick bark, thinner leaves, pale yellow flowers in autumn and winter, and smaller, thinner follicles that all open spontaneously within a year of flowering.



Data derived from Flora of Australia Volumes 16 (1995), 17A (2000) and 17B (1999), products of ABRS, ©Commonwealth of Australia