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Flora of Australia Online

Banksia aemula R.Br., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 10: 209 (1810)
Wallum Banksia

T: Port Jackson, N.S.W., June 1801, R.Brown ; lecto: BM, fide A.S.George, Nuytsia 3: 323 (1981); isolecto: BM, E, K.

Banksia elatior R.Br., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 10: 209 (1810). T: Sandy Cape, [Qld], R.Brown ; holo: BM.

[Banksia serratifolia auct. non Salisb.; N.C.W.Beadle et al. , Fl. Sydney Region revised edn 220 (1972)] 

Illustrations: C.E.Rosser & A.S.George, Banksias I: pl. 24 (1981); A.S.George, Banksia Book 95–97, fig. 17, pl. 37 (1984).

Robust shrub or tree to 8 m tall, fire tolerant. Bark thick, verrucose, orange-brown. Stems tomentose, glabrescent. Leaves: petiole 0.5–1.5 cm long; lamina narrowly obovate to oblong, 3–22 cm long, usually 1–2 cm wide, truncate; margins not recurved, serrate; upper surface tomentose, rusty, glabrescent; lower surface tomentose, with nerves glabrescent, and pits woolly. Inflorescence terminal, 4–20 cm long; involucral bracts tomentose, soon falling. Flowers pale yellow to greenish cream, including styles. Perianth 35–45 mm long including limb of 5 mm, appressed-pubescent outside, glabrous inside. Pistil curved, 35–45 mm long, papillose in lowest third, otherwise glabrous; pollen presenter clavate-conical, 1 mm long, faintly ribbed. Old flowers persistent. Follicles up to 25, massive, elliptic, 30–45 mm long, 20–35 mm high, 20–35 mm wide; valves semi-circular, smooth, tomentose. Seeds obovate, 40–47 mm long; seed body cuneate, 10–15 mm long, 11–16 mm wide, smooth both sides or the outside pitted; wing curved, 20–32 mm wide. Fig. 26D, E.

Occurs from Bundaberg, Qld, south to Sydney, N.S.W. Occurs on near-coastal consolidated sand dunes, in swales, on flats and sometimes on sandstone, in low woodland or tall shrubland (Wallum). Flowers Mar.–June. Map 194.

Qld: Sunshine Beach, ESE of Noosa Heads, 21 May 1968, B.A.Lebler & P.Baxter (BRI); 2 km N of Coolum Beach, P.R.Sharpe 1975 (BRI); mouth of Burrum R., Traverston, C.T.White 6386 (BRI). N.S.W.: 6.4 km SE of Nabiac, R.Coveny 6027 (NSW); Hat Head, L.A.S.Johnson NSW138349 (NSW).

Follicles opening spontaneously or with fire. Very similar to B. serrata which is easily distinguished by the longer, narrow pollen presenter and which has broader leaves, longer hairs on the branchlets, creamy grey flowers and smaller follicles.

(A.S.George)

 

Data derived from Flora of Australia Volumes 16 (1995), 17A (2000) and 17B (1999), products of ABRS, ©Commonwealth of Australia