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Flora of Australia Online

Banksia menziesii R.Br., Suppl. Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. 36 (1830)
Menzies' Banksia, Firewood Banksia

Sirmuellera menziesii (R.Br.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 582 (1891). T: Swan River, [W.A.], Mar. 1827, C.Fraser ; lecto: BM, fide A.S.George, Nuytsia 3: 327 (1981); isolecto: BM, K.

Illustrations: A.S.George, Banksia Book 101–103, fig. 19, pl. 39 (1984); C.E.Rosser & A.S.George, Banksias II: pl. 28 (1988).

Tree to 10 m with fire tolerant stems, or shrub to 3 m with lignotuber. Bark thick, verrucose, friable, greyish pink or pale brown. Stems pubescent, glabrescent. Leaves: petiole 8–17 mm long; lamina oblong, 8–25 cm long, 1–4 cm wide, truncate; margins recurved, shallowly dentate; both surfaces tomentose, glabrescent except pits in lower surface. Inflorescence terminal, 4–12 cm long; involucral bracts tomentose, falling early. Flowers pale to deep pink or red with silvery indumentum, sometimes cream or brown; style similar to perianth but pale in lower half. Perianth 29–38 mm long including limb of 5–6 mm, silky pubescent outside, glabrous inside. Pistil curved, 37–41 mm long, glabrous but minutely papillose in upper half; pollen presenter narrowly fusiform, 2–2.5 mm long, 8-ribbed. Old flowers usually soon falling. Follicles up to 25, prominent, narrowly obovate, 25–35 mm long, 10–15 mm high, 10–15 mm wide, beaked, smooth, closely pubescent, mottled. Seed obovate, 23–30 mm long; seed body obovate, 10–11 mm long, 11–14 mm wide, pitted near margin outside, muricate inside. Fig. 27A.

Occurs in W.A. near the west coast from the Murchison R. to Pinjarra, mostly on the coastal plain but with a few outliers farther inland, e.g. near Brookton. Grows in deep sand in low woodland and tall shrubland. Flowers Feb.–Aug. Map 198.

W.A.: Jandakot, 10 May 1961, A.S.George s.n. (PERTH); c. 25 km SW of Eneabba, A.S.George 14419 (CANB, PERTH); 17 km due NE of Brookton, R.J.Hnatiuk 790124 (PERTH); Watheroo Natl Park, G.J.Keighery 6963 (PERTH); c. 10 km ESE of Kalbarri, P.G.Wilson 6758 (PERTH).

No species closely resembles B. menziesii . The nearest relative appears to be B. speciosa from the south coast of W.A. which has long leaves with deep triangular lobes, pale yellow flowers and large, unmottled follicles with the old flowers persisting. Follicles usually opening when mature. Fire-tolerant, sprouting from the trunk or lignotuber.

(A.S.George)

 

Data derived from Flora of Australia Volumes 16 (1995), 17A (2000) and 17B (1999), products of ABRS, ©Commonwealth of Australia