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Flora of Australia Online

Banksia hookeriana Meisn., Hooker's J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 7: 119 (1855)
Hookers' Banksia

Sirmuellera hookeriana (Meisn.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 582 (1891). T: S of Irwin R., W.A., 1850–51, J.Drummond 6: 202 ; lecto: NY, fide A.S.George, Nuytsia 3: 342 (1981); isolecto: BM, CGE, FI, K, LD, MEL, NSW, P, U.

Illustrations: A.S.George, Banksia Book 121–123, fig. 26, pl. 46 (1984); C.E.Rosser & A.S.George, Banksias II: pl. 42 (1988).

Shrub to 3 m tall and broad, without lignotuber. Bark smooth. Stems tomentose. Leaves: petiole 5–15 mm long; lamina linear but gradually widening upwards, 6–16 cm long, 5–12 mm wide, truncate; margins ±flat, deeply lobed; both surfaces tomentose, glabrescent except pits in lower surface. Inflorescence 7–12 cm long; involucral bracts densely hirsute, persistent. Flowers orange with pale pink hairs; styles golden orange. Perianth 32–35 mm long including limb of 6–7 mm, pubescent to hirsute outside, glabrous inside. Pistil curved, 39–45 mm long, glabrous; pollen presenter narrow with slight swelling at centre, 4–5 mm long. Old flowers persistent, concealing follicles. Follicles up to 20, narrowly elliptic, c. 20 mm long, 5–7 mm high, 10 mm wide, smooth, hirsute. Seed obovate, c. 24 mm long; seed body cuneate, 8–14 mm long, 8–12 mm wide, smooth inside, rugose or pitted outside. Fig. 28D–G.

Restricted to an area between Arrowsmith Lake and Eneabba, W.A. Grows in deep white or yellow sand, in tall shrubland; locally common. Flowers Apr.–Oct. Map 203.

W.A.: near Eneabba, A.M.Ashby 1663 (AD, PERTH); N of Arrowsmith L., A.S.George 9776 (PERTH); Allanooka, 25 Aug. 1965, A.Kessell (PERTH).

Related to B. burdettii which has broader, shortly dentate leaves and flowers in late summer and autumn. Killed by fire and regenerates from seed. A presumed hybrid with B. menziesii has been reported by K.Dixon, Protea News 4: 35 (1986).

(A.S.George)

 

Data derived from Flora of Australia Volumes 16 (1995), 17A (2000) and 17B (1999), products of ABRS, ©Commonwealth of Australia