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Flora of Australia Online

Banksia elegans Meisn., Hooker's J. Bot. Kew Gard. Misc. 7: 119 (1855)

Sirmuellera elegans (Meisn.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 582 (1891). T: between Moore and Murchison Rivers, W.A., 1850–51, J.Drummond 6: 200 ; lecto: BM, fide A.S.George, Nuytsia 3: 366 (1981); isolecto: CGE, K, LD, MEL, P, U.

Illustrations: A.S.George, Banksia Book 152, 153, fig. 39, pl. 60 (1984); C.E.Rosser & A.S.George, Banksias II: pl. 43 (1988).

Shrub to 4 m tall, with fire-tolerant rootstock and stout trunk, suckering. Bark tessellated, grey. Stems tomentose-hirsute, glabrescent. Leaves: petiole 2–4 cm long; lamina flexuose, broadly linear, 20–45 cm long, 12–18 mm wide, acute; margins flat, dentate with many triangular teeth; both surfaces tomentose-hirsute, glabrescent except fine pits on lower surface. Inflorescence terminal, ±spherical, 6–7 cm wide; involucral bracts villous, falling early. Flowers pale yellow, including styles. Perianth 32–33 mm long including limb of 4–5.5 mm, closely pubescent outside, pubescent on margins inside; limb glabrous. Pistil straight, 31–32 mm long, glabrous except a few hairs on ovary; pollen presenter narrow, 1 mm long, usually not properly formed, irregularly ribbed and muricate. Old flowers soon falling. Follicles 1–5, obliquely ovate, curved, 20–25 mm long, 9–13 mm high, 11–14 mm wide, warted, tomentose, glabrescent. Seed obliquely ovate, 17–20 mm long; seed body ±triangular, 7–10 mm long and wide, rugose. 

Occurs in W.A. near the west coast between Walkaway and Mt Peron. In deep yellow sand in low woodland and in tall shrubland. Flowers Oct.–Nov. Map 225.

W.A.: near Walkaway, C.Burns 27 (PERTH); Three Springs, N of Diamond of the Desert, C.A.Gardner 8486 (PERTH); N of Arrowsmith Lake, A.S.George 9775 (PERTH).

Fire-tolerant, sprouting from the stems and rootstock; follicles usually opening with fire, splitting from stylar point; foliage dull blue-green. No close relative. It is uncertain where the relationships of B. elegans lie.

(A.S.George)

 

Data derived from Flora of Australia Volumes 16 (1995), 17A (2000) and 17B (1999), products of ABRS, ©Commonwealth of Australia