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Flora of Australia Online

Banksia caleyi R.Br., Suppl. Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. 35 (1830)

Sirmuellera caleyi (R.Br.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 582 (1891). T: inland from King George Sound, [W.A.], 1829, W.Baxter ; lecto: BM, fide A.S.George, Nuytsia 3: 383 (1981); isolecto: BM, K, L, NSW.

Banksia caleyi var. sinuosa Meisn., in A.L.P.P. de Candolle, Prodr. 14: 462 (1856). T: south-western W.A., J.Drummond 4: 301 ; lecto: NY, fide A.S.George, Nuytsia 3: 383 (1981); isolecto: BM, CGE, FI, G, K, P.

Illustrations: A.S.George, Banksia Book 171–173, fig. 47, pl. 70 (1984); C.E.Rosser & A.S.George, Banksias II: pl. 32 (1988).

Shrub to 2 m tall, without lignotuber. Bark finely fissured, grey. Stems tomentose, glabrescent. Leaves: petiole 5–10 mm long; lamina undulate, narrowly cuneate, 5–14 cm long, 13–24 mm wide, truncate; margins ±recurved, pungently dentate-serrate with many teeth, teeth 4–6 mm long; both surfaces tomentose, glabrescent except wool in pits in lower surface. Inflorescence 5–9 cm long; involucral bracts tomentose, persistent. Flowers cream at base, deep pink to red in upper half; styles cream. Perianth 30–33 mm long including limb of 8–9 mm, glabrous on both sides. Pistil straight, 30–32 mm long, glabrous; pollen presenter narrowly fusiform, c. 6 mm long, finely ribbed, muricate. Old flowers persistent. Follicles up to 25, elliptic-ovate, 35–40 mm long, 22–25 mm high, 15–25 mm wide; valves convex, slightly rugose, tomentose. Seed obovate, 43–47 mm long; seed body cuneate, 14–15 mm long, 16–17 mm wide, smooth inside, ridged outside. Fig. 34E–H.

Near the south coast of W.A., from South Stirling to the West R. and inland to Pingrup. Found in white-grey sandy loam on plains, in mallee shrubland. Flowers late Oct.–Dec. Map 228.

W.A.: SW of Pingrup, A.M.Ashby 2745 (AD); Fitzgerald R., Feb. 1959, C.A.Gardner s.n. (PERTH); c. 125 km W of Ravensthorpe, A.S.George 1864 (PERTH); c. 1 km S of Jerramungup, A.S.George 16209 (PERTH).

Killed by fire, regenerating from seed. Related to B. aculeata which has channelled leaves with larger, triangular lobes and angular sinuses, larger flowers that are red in the lower half and cream above, and larger follicles. Banksia aculeata occurs only in the Stirling Ra. and flowers in late summer. Also related to B. lemanniana , a larger shrub with shorter, dentate leaves, all-yellow flowers and rugose follicles.

(A.S.George)

 

Data derived from Flora of Australia Volumes 16 (1995), 17A (2000) and 17B (1999), products of ABRS, ©Commonwealth of Australia