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Flora of Australia Online

Banksia coccinea R.Br., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 10: 207 (1810)
Scarlet Banksia

Sirmuellera coccinea (R.Br.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 582 (1891). T: King George Sound, [W.A.], Dec. 1801, R.Brown ; lecto: BM, fide A.S.George, Nuytsia 3: 389 (1981); isolecto: BM, MEL.

Banksia purpurea Schnizl., Iconogr. Fam. Regn. Veg. 2: t. 113, figs 33–36, 38 (1849). T: not cited.

Illustrations: C.E.Rosser & A.S.George, Banksias I: pl. 15 (1981); A.S.George, Banksia Book 176, 177, fig. 49, pl. 72 (1984).

Erect shrub or small tree to 8 m tall, without lignotuber. Bark ±smooth, thin, grey. Stems tomentose. Leaves: petiole 3–5 mm long; lamina broadly oblong, cordate or obcordate, 3–9 cm long, 2–7 cm wide, truncate; margins shortly dentate, not or slightly recurved; upper surface tomentose, glabrescent; lower surface white-tomentose. Inflorescence erect, cylindrical but squat, 3–6 cm long; bud pattern retained until anthesis; involucral bracts hirsute, persistent. Flowers grey or hairs in upper flowers brown; style scarlet, rarely dark red or orange. Perianth 30–32 mm long including limb of 3–4 mm, densely villous outside, glabrous inside; tepals not awned. Pistil looped before anthesis, afterwards straight, 40–48 mm long, glabrous; pollen presenter narrowly conical, 1.5 mm long. Old flowers soon falling. Follicles elliptic, 6–8 mm long, 1–2 mm high, 2–3 mm wide, tomentose. Seed 11–14 mm long; seed body cuneate, 5–7 mm long, 4–7 mm wide, rugose inside and outside; wing notched. Fig. 34K–O.

Occurs in W.A., from Albany to the Stirling Ra. and east to the Young R.; locally common. In deep white or grey sand, in tall shrubland and in low woodland Flowers June–Jan. Map 233.

W.A.: road to East Mt Barren from Hopetoun, E.M.Bennett 2554 (PERTH); c. 8 km W of Young R., Ravensthorpe–Esperance road, N.N.Donner 2815 (PERTH); c. 3 km E of King R. on Albany–Manypeaks road, R.Melville 4421 & R.D.Royce (BRI, MEL, NSW); Chester Pass, 4 Sept. 1947, J.H.Willis (MEL).

A distinctive species with no close relatives. Killed by fire and regenerates from seed. A number of populations have been destroyed by Phytophthora (dieback disease).

(A.S.George)

 

Data derived from Flora of Australia Volumes 16 (1995), 17A (2000) and 17B (1999), products of ABRS, ©Commonwealth of Australia