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Flora of Australia Online

Banksia ericifolia L.f., Suppl. Pl. 127 (1782), as B. ericaefolia

Banksia phylicaefolia Salisb., Prodr. Stirp. Chap. Allerton 51 (1796), nom. superfl. ; Sirmuellera ericifolia (L.f.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 582 (1891); Isostylis ericifolia (L.f.) Britten, in J.Banks & D.Solander, Ill. Austral. Pl. Cook's Voy. 3: 83 (1905). T: Botany Bay, [N.S.W.], Apr.–May 1770, J.Banks ; lecto: LINN 162.5, fide A.S.George, Nuytsia 3: 398 (1981); isolecto: E, NSW, US.

Shrub to 6 m tall, without lignotuber, sometimes a small tree. Bark smooth with lenticels, becoming corky. Stems sparsely hairy. Leaves alternate, crowded; petiole 1–2 mm long; lamina narrowly linear, 9–20 mm long, 0.7–1 mm wide, truncate but mucronate; margins revolute, with a tooth each side of apex; upper surface sparsely hirsute, glabrescent; lower surface tomentose. Inflorescence 7–22 cm long; involucral bracts narrow, pubescent, persistent. Flowers golden brown to pale yellow, often mauve at base; styles golden, orange or orange-red. Perianth 19–22 mm long including limb of 2.5–3 mm, pubescent outside, hirsute inside along margins. Pistil hooked, 30–35 mm long, glabrous; pollen presenter ovoid, 0.5 mm long. Old perianths persistent but styles soon falling. Follicles numerous, oblong to rhombic, 13–22 mm long, 6–10 mm high, 4–13 mm wide, ridged along each side and convex on top, hirsute. Seed obovate, 17–20 mm long; seed body cuneate, 9–10 mm long, 4–5 mm wide, smooth outside, swollen and somewhat ridged inside. 

Occurs in N.S.W. in two disjunct areas; one on the north coast of N.S.W., the other on the central coast and adjacent ranges. 

Killed by fire and regenerates from seed. Follicles usually opening with fire. Distinguished by the short, entire adult leaves, short perianth and broad follicles. Related to B. spinulosa which has longer, less crowded leaves, a longer perianth and smaller follicles.

There are two subspecies.

(A.S.George)

Seedling leaves with 2–6 teeth on each margin; perianth 19–22 mm long; pistil 30–35 mm long

subsp. ericifolia

Seedling leaves with 1, rarely 2, teeth on each margin; perianth 26–28 mm long; pistil 46–48 mm long

subsp. macrantha

 

Data derived from Flora of Australia Volumes 16 (1995), 17A (2000) and 17B (1999), products of ABRS, ©Commonwealth of Australia