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Flora of Australia Online

Dryandra fraseri R.Br., Suppl. Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl. 39 (1830)

Josephia fraseri (R.Br.) Kuntze, Revis. Gen. Pl. 2: 578 (1891). T: Swan R., [W.A.], 1827, C.Fraser ; holo: BM; iso: K.

Sprawling shrub to 1 m with lignotuber, or erect to 6 m without lignotuber. Stems hirsute and tomentose, glabrescent. Leaves: petiole to 3 cm long; lamina broadly linear, pinnatisect, 5–10 cm long, 8–40 mm wide, acute to obtuse but mucronate; margins revolute; lobes 4–18 each side, linear to narrowly triangular, decurrent, acute, pungent, glabrous. Inflorescence on short lateral branchlet or terminal; involucral bracts subulate to narrowly triangular, to 16 mm long, variably tomentose-hirsute to ±glabrous, with hairs often black or dark brown; flowers 80–100 per head. Perianth 24–28 mm long, curved (outer) or straight (inner), pink to cream, glabrous, sparsely appressed-pubescent, pubescent or hirsute; limb 3.5–4 mm long, cream-green, loosely hirsute to almost glabrous. Pistil incurved to straight, 30–42 mm long, cream, hirsute at very base, glabrous above; pollen presenter slightly thickened, 2–2.5 mm long, finely ribbed. Follicles several to many, ±cuneate, commonly curved, 14–20 mm long, loosely hairy. 

Occurs from Kalbarri to Cranbrook and inland to Kellerberrin, W.A. 

The follicles are prominent, remaining closed for some years. The prominent glabrous apices of the floral bracts are distinctive. A variable species, here divided into three varieties. with another two varieties described since publication of the Flora of Australia treatment.

Since publication of the Flora of Australia the Australian Plant Census accepts A.R.Mast & K.R.Thiele's transfer of Dryandra to Banksia in Austral. Syst. Bot. 20: 63–71 (2007). As a result this taxon is treated under Banksia fraseri .


1 Perianth claws pubescent to hirsute; sprawling shrub to 1 m, with lignotuber

var. fraseri

1: Perianth claws glabrous or sparsely pubescent


2 Pistil 30–35 mm long; sprawling shrub to 1 m, with lignotuber

var. ashbyi

2: Pistil 38–42 mm long; erect shrub to 6 m, without lignotuber

var. oxycedra

3 Published since the Flora of Australia treatment

var. crebra

3 Published since the Flora of Australia treatment

var. effusa


Data derived from Flora of Australia Volumes 16 (1995), 17A (2000) and 17B (1999), products of ABRS, ©Commonwealth of Australia