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Flora of Australia Online

Dryandra subulata C.A.Gardner, J. Roy. Soc. W. Australia 47: 59 (1964)

T: near Hill R., W.A., 17 Sept. 1959, C.A.Gardner 12175 ; holo: PERTH.

Illustrations: R.Erickson et al. , Fls Pls W. Australia 101, t. 296 (1973); R.M.Sainsbury, Field Guide Dryandra 105 (1985).

Prostrate shrub to 0.5 m across, without lignotuber. Stems ±glabrous. Leaves: petiole to 1 mm long; lamina linear, 15–35 cm long, 2–2.5 mm wide, entire, obtuse but mucronate, loosely appressed-hirsute with upper surface becoming finely scabrid-verrucose; margins closely revolute. Inflorescence sessile, with many leaf-like, subulate, sparsely hirsute 'bracts' 3–8 cm long, passing into involucral bracts; involucral bracts lanceolate, acuminate, appressed-hirsute; innermost bracts 10–12 mm long; flowers 65–75 per head. Perianth 22–24 mm long, pale yellow-green, villous above base; claws filiform, glabrous; limb 4–4.5 mm long, smooth, reddish, glabrous except loose curled hairs that fall before anthesis. Pistil 22–24 mm long, cream, with hairs above ovary, otherwise glabrous; pollen presenter scarcely thickened, 1.7–2 mm long, finely ribbed, purple. Follicles orbicular with basal notch, 11 mm long, ?glabrous. 

Occurs between Eneabba and the Hill R., south-western W.A. Grows in sand over laterite in low kwongan. Flowers Sept.–Oct. Map 352.

W.A.: Alexander Morrison Natl Park, B.Barnsley 899 (CANB, PERTH); junction of Coorow–Greenhead road and Tootbardi Rd, A.S.George 16778 (NSW, PERTH); c. 3 km W of Dinner Hill, K.Newbey 2864 (PERTH); Badgingarra, 11 Sept. 1960, L.Steenbohm (PERTH).

Very distinctive in the long entire leaves, rigid pungent 'bracts' subtending the inflorescence, and perianth with villous base and filiform glabrous claws. At the late bud stage the perianth limb is deep red. The flowers are almost at ground level.

Since publication of the Flora of Australia the Australian Plant Census accepts A.R.Mast & K.R.Thiele's transfer of Dryandra to Banksia in Austral. Syst. Bot. 20: 63–71 (2007). As a result this taxon is treated under Banksia subulata .


Data derived from Flora of Australia Volumes 16 (1995), 17A (2000) and 17B (1999), products of ABRS, ©Commonwealth of Australia