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Flora of Australia Online

Elattostachys xylocarpa (A.Cunn. ex F.Muell.) Radlk., Act. Congr. Bot. Amsterdam 112 (1877), =Sapind. Holl-Ind. 42 (1879)
White Tamarind.

Cupania xylocarpa A.Cunn. ex F.Muell., Trans. & Proc. Philos. Inst. Victoria 3: 27 (1859). T: Brisbane River, Qld, A.Cunningham ; lecto: K, fide S.T.Reynolds, Fl. Australia 25: 199 (1985); Clarence River, N.S.W., H.Beckler ; syn: MEL 98816.

Cupania bidwillii Benth., Fl. Austral. 1: 460 (1863); Elattostachys bidwillii (Benth.) Radlk., Act. Congr. Bot. Amsterdam 112 (1877), = Sapind. Holl.-Ind. 42 (1879). T: Wide Bay, Qld, J.C.Bidwill ; holo: K.

Tree to 10 m. Branchlets and leaf axes pubescent, becoming glabrous. Leaf rachis 1.5–5 cm long; leaflets 2–6, elliptic, obovate or oblong, obtuse to acute, remotely serrate, rarely entire, obtuse to acute at base, 4–8.5 cm long, 1–4.5 cm wide, puberulous or glabrous each side; domatia usually prominent, along midrib, hairy; petiolules 1–7 mm long; petiole 2–4 cm long. Inflorescence 1–10.5 cm long; peduncle pubescent; pedicels 2.5–4 mm long. Calyx lobes narrowly ovate 3–4 mm long, crispate-tomentose. Petals ovate or subhastate, 4–5 mm long, acute, shortly clawed. Filaments 3–4 mm long, glabrous. Fruit obovoid or ellipsoidal, 1.5–2 cm long, 1.5–2.2 cm diam., hairy outside, yellow-green with pink sutures. Aril white to purple. Fig. 13 I–M.

Occurs from Rockhampton, Qld, to Orara River, N.S.W. Grows in softwood scrub or scrub remnants, usually on hillsides and ridges in sandy rocky soil. Map 88.

Qld: Worlds End Pocket, NW of Ipswich, Dec. 1979, L.H.Bird (BRI); 9 km E of Gayndah, P.I.Forster 1536 & 1537 (BRI); Upper Brookfield Brisbane, L.W.Jessup 47 (BRI); Mt Kiangarow, L.S.Smith 6258 (BRI). N.S.W.: Glenugie Park, J.Pickard & D.F.Blaxell 243 (NSW).

Distinguishable from other species of the genus in Australia by the hairy domatia in the axils of lateral nerves.

(S.T.Reynolds)

 

Data derived from Flora of Australia Volume 25 (1985), a product of ABRS, ©Commonwealth of Australia