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Flora of Australia Online



Xerolirion A.S.George, Fl. Australia 46: 229 (1986); from the Greek xeros (dry) and lirion (a lily), in reference to the dry habit and habitat of this member of the Liliales.

T: Xerolirion divaricata A.S.George

Dioecious perennial herbs, caespitose, with short rhizomes, erect divaricately-branched stems, and wiry roots. Leaves sessile, alternate, distichous, linear, the bases closely sheathing the stem, caducous. Flowers small, terminal. Male flowers in small cymes; sepals and petals shortly united, petaloid, almost equal, opening moderately widely; stamens inserted on perianth; anthers short; gynoecium reduced. Female flowers solitary, pedicellate; sepals and petals shortly united, persistent about fruit; stamens rudimentary; ovary 3-locular; stigma 3-lobed; ovule 1 per locule. Capsule ±globular, 1–3-seeded, smooth. Seeds ±obovoid. 

A monotypic genus endemic in southern W.A. 

Related to Lomandra but distinguished by the divaricate habit, caducous leaves and terminal flowers, the male in small cymes, the female solitary. Also resembles Acanthocarpus which has clustered, bisexual flowers and persistent pungent leaves.

The Australian Plant Census treats this genus within the family Lomandraceae.



Data derived from Flora of Australia Volume 46 (1986), a product of ABRS, ©Commonwealth of Australia