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Flora of Australia Online

Macropiper hooglandii I.Hutton & P.S.Green, Kew Bull. 48: 316 (1993); named in honour of Dr Ruurd (Ru) Dirk Hoogland who, since 1963, has contributed extensively to our knowledge of the flora of these Islands.

T: Lord Howe Is., I.Hutton 621 ; holo: K.

Illustration: P.S.Green, Kew Bull. 48: 317, fig. 3B (1993).

Shrub 2 (–4) m tall, branching from base. Leaves strongly aromatic and peppery; petiole ±rounded, 3–9 (–12) cm long; lamina cordate, (7–) 10–14 (–18) cm long, (8–) 12–16 (–20) cm broad, cordate at base passing through a distinct ‘V’-shape onto petiole, rounded at apex with a short somewhat obscure point; principal nerves 7–9 (–11). Spikes 1–3; male to 10 cm long; female 4–6 cm long. Ovary ovoid; stigmas 3 (rarely 4); subtending peltate scales c. 3 mm diam. Fruiting spike 0.7–1 cm diam., red. Fruit fleshy, not coalescing, rounded-conical at apex. Seeds globose, slightly 3-angled, 1.5 mm long, hard, pungent-peppery. 

Lord Howe Is. Endemic and locally common. Occurs as an understorey plant in damp, shaded conditions, on basaltic soil, from the summits of the mountains down to c. 50 m in creeks. 

L.H.Is.: terraces on Mt Lidgbird, above Round Face, J.Pickard 1445 (NSW); Mt Lidgbird, corner of SW spur in NW facing cliff base, A.N.Rodd 1781 (NSW); Waterfall Run, J.Pickard 3393 (NSW); Mt Gower track, I.Hutton 621 (K); summit of Mt Gower, 1908, C.Hedley & W.S.Dunn (NSW).


Data derived from Flora of Australia Volume 49 (1994), a product of ABRS, ©Commonwealth of Australia