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Flora of Australia Online


Chionanthus L., Sp. Pl. 1: 8 (1753), Gen. Pl. 5th edn, 9 (1754); from the Greek chion (snow) and anthos (a flower), because of the snowy white flowers in the first species described.

Type: Chionanthus virginica L.

Evergreen or deciduous trees or shrubs. Leaves opposite, simple, entire or dentate, ±coriaceous. Inflorescence axillary or terminal, dichasial or paniculate. Flowers bisexual. Calyx ±campanulate, 4-lobed. Corolla tube obsolete or extremely short; lobes 4, linear or shortly oblong, usually divided to base and united by bases of filaments, induplicate-valvate. Stamens 2 or rarely 4; filaments short; anthers globose to elliptic. Ovary globose-conical, with 2 ovules per locule; style short; stigma 2-lobed to subcapitate. Fruit a fleshy drupe; endocarp hard or crustaceous. 

A genus of c. 100 species from tropical America, Africa and Asia, with a few species in Australia and the Pacific, and a very few in temperate North America and China; 1 species endemic on Lord Howe Is. 



Data derived from Flora of Australia Volume 49 (1994), a product of ABRS, ©Commonwealth of Australia