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Flora of Australia Online

*Orobanche minor Sm., in J.E.Sowerby, Engl. Bot. 6: t. 422 (1797); the epithet is Latin for smaller or lesser, contrasting the plant with the species Orobanche major. .
Broomrape

T: England, C.Sutton ; holo: LINN; IDC microfiche 5073.501/4.

Illustrations: S.Ross-Craig, Drawings Brit. Pl. 23: t. 28 (1966); N.C.W.Beadle, Students Fl. NE New South Wales 5: 834, fig. 365 (1984); B.A.Auld & R.W.Medd, Weeds 194 (1987).

Perennial with erect annual shoots to c. 40 cm tall, with crisped, glandular hairs, dull brownish purple, sometimes tinged yellowish. Scale leaves ovate to lanceolate, 1–2 cm long; upper leaves remote. Spike dense, becoming lax below after flowering; bracts lanceolate, acuminate. Flowers sessile. Calyx 8–15 mm long, deeply split into 2 lateral, unequally bifid segments. Corolla 10–16 mm long with crisped margins, externally glandular-hairy, dull brownish mauve or yellowish, veined; back of tube curved; upper lip notched; lower lip ±equally 3-lobed. Ovary obloid-ellipsoidal, 5 mm long; style c. 1 cm long, curved under upper corolla lip; stigma purplish or yellowish. Capsule 8–9 mm long. Seeds very numerous. 

Norfolk Is. Not common on the Island. A native of Europe and the Mediterranean region, parasitic on a wide range of hosts but particularly clover, and presumably introduced with fodder plants. 

N.Is.: Anson Bay, W.R.Sykes NI 145 (CHR); loc. id. , 1962, P.Ralston (CHR); Captain Cook Monument, 1967, D.M.Henderson (E); s. loc. , J.D.McComish 107 (K).

 

Data derived from Flora of Australia Volume 49 (1994), a product of ABRS, ©Commonwealth of Australia