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Flora of Australia Online

Callitris columellaris F.Muell., Fragm. 5: 198 (1866)

Frenela columellaris (F.Muell.) Parl., in A.L.P.P. de Candolle, Prodr. 16(2): 451 (1868). T: near the mouth of the Richmond River, N.S.W., J.Henderson ; holo: MEL; iso: K, NSW.

Frenela moorei Parl., in A.L.P.P. de Candolle, Prodr. 16(2): 449 (1868). T: Richmond River, N.S.W., 1861, C.Moore ; syn: MEL.

Callitris arenosa A.Cunn. ex R.T.Baker & H.G.Sm., Res. Pines Australia 157 (1910), nom. illeg.  T: Moreton Bay, Qld, 1829, A.Cunningham ; lecto: BM, fide J.Garden, Contr. New South Wales Natl Herb. 2: 366 (1957).

Illustrations: J.H.Maiden, Forest Fl. New South Wales 50, pl. 47 (1907); R.T.Baker & H.G.Smith, Res. Pines Australia 36, 158, 160, 161 (1910), as C. arenosa ; T.D.Stanley & E.M.Ross, Fl. SE Queensland 3: 457, fig. 63 (1989); G.J.Harden & J.Thomson in G.J.Harden (ed.), Fl. New South Wales 1: 86 (1990).

Erect, columnar tree to 30 m tall. Branches erect or fastigiate. Leaves 1–3 mm long on ultimate branchlets, dark green; dorsal surface rounded. Male cones solitary or clustered, cylindrical, to 5 mm long. Female cones solitary on slender fruiting branchlets, ovoid or depressed-globular, 15–20 mm diam., shedding seeds and deciduous shortly after maturity; cone scales 6, thin, separating almost to the base and spreading widely after opening; dorsal point below the apex small or absent; alternate scales reduced; larger scales apically sharply inturned; columella variable, usually thick and 3-angled, 5–7 mm high. Seeds numerous, chestnut-coloured; wings 2 or 3, c. 4 mm wide. Fig. 196C–D.

Locally abundant on deep coastal sands, from around Maryborough, south-eastern Qld, south to the Clarence River, north-eastern N.S.W. Map 505.

Qld: Maryborough, Mar. 1909, J.H.Maiden (NSW). N.S.W.: Brunswick Heads, R.Schodde 3556 (CANB, NSW); Maclean Lookout, H.S.McKee 5691 (NSW).

(K.D.Hill)

 

Data derived from Flora of Australia Volume 48 (1998), a product of ABRS, ©Commonwealth of Australia