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Flora of Australia Online

Anigozanthos flavidus DC., in P.J.Redouté, Les Liliacees 3: t. 176 (1807)
Tall Kangaroo Paw, Evergreen Kangaroo Paw.

Anigozanthos grandiflorus Salisb., Parad. Londin. 2: t. 97 (1808); Anigosia flavida (DC.) Salisb., Trans. Hort. Soc. London 1: 327 (1812); Schwaegrichenia flavida (DC.) Spreng., Pl. Min. Cogn. Pug. 2: 58 (1815). T: King George Sound, W.A., 1801, Baudin, Guichenot & Riedlé ; iso: P n.v. , fide D.Geerinck, Bull. Jard. Bot. État 40: 269 (1970).

Anigozanthos flavidus var. bicolor Lindl., Bot. Reg. 24: t. 64 (1838). T: Swan R., W.A., Apr. 1837, J.Mangles ; holo: CGE.

Anigozanthos coccineus Lindl. ex Paxton, Mag. Bot. 5: 271, cum tab. (1839). T: cultivated in England, from Swan River colony, W.A., per R.Mangles ; n.v.

Illustrations: C.A.Gardner, Wildfl. W. Australia 16 (1959); R.Erickson et al. , Fl. Pl. W. Australia fig. 178 (1973); S.D.Hopper & N.A.Campbell, Austral. J. Bot. 25: 523–544, figs 2–4 (1977).

Leaves 35–100 cm long, 5–20 mm wide. Scape 1–3 m tall, glabrous almost to the panicle, otherwise similar to A. rufus. Floral hairs dull yellowish green, sometimes partly or entirely brownish red. Perianth straight or ±falcate, 30–45 mm long; lobes 7.5–12 mm long. Anthers 2–4 mm long; outer filaments 3–6 mm long; central filaments 2–5 mm long. Style 30–40 mm long. Seeds 1.5–2 mm long. n = 6, J.W.Green, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales 85: 338 (1961); S.D.Hopper, no voucher. Fig. 49L.

Endemic in W.A. from Augusta E to Two Peoples Bay and N to Waroona. Grows in well-watered sandy loam and gravel along drainage lines, fringing wetlands and along roadside gutters. Associated vegetation is usually forest dominated by Eucalyptus marginata , E. diversicolor , E. megacarpa or E. patens , but may also grow in low Melaleuca woodland and in heath. Flowers mainly Nov.–Jan. Map 121.

W.A.: Harvey district, Dec. 1900, Miss Lambert (PERTH); between Cowaramup and Margaret River, 33°54'S, 115°04'E, D.J.E.Whibley 5076 (AD, PERTH); Neanup Swamp, c. 20 km SW of Pemberton, 34°32'S, 115°49'E, A.E.Orchard 4355 (AD, AK, PERTH); E of Yallingup, 3.2 km W of Bussel Hwy along Marybrook Rd, S.D.Hopper 809 (PERTH); King George Sound, Dec. 1898, R.Helms (PERTH).

Distinguished by its long evergreen leaves, tall branched stems with tubular dull-green flowers, and orange-backed anthers. Populations around Margaret River have predominantly brownish red flowers. Occasional plants with yellow, orange or pink flowers occur. Rare natural hybrids with Anigozanthos preissii , A. bicolor , A. viridis and A. manglesii have been recorded. The species germinates readily and its vigorous foliage is resistant to snail attack and fungal pathogens that devastate other Anigozanthos . It has been used often as a pollen parent in interspecific hybridisation programs aimed at developing cultivars, e.g. S.D.Hopper, Austral. Pl. 10: 211–217 (1979). Probably a relict species, having several features in common with some Conostylis .

(S.D.Hopper)

 

Data derived from Flora of Australia Volume 45 (1987), a product of ABRS, ©Commonwealth of Australia