Copyright and Disclaimer Statement

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Use of data and information from Australia's Virtual Herbarium

FITNESS FOR PURPOSE: The data presented in Australia's Virtual Herbarium is generally the most current and authoritative scientific information available on the taxonomy of the Australian flora. Botanists of the herbaria of Australia update name and specimen records, images and descriptive text daily.

While participating herbaria aim to ensure that the information in their databases is validated on entry, maintained, updated and corrected, errors can still occur, so please read the Disclaimer of Liability below.

Much of the data provided through the AVH has been acquired for use in plant taxonomy and systematics and while suitable for these purposes may not be suitable for related or more specialised activity such as geographic information systems where high levels of precision are required. The AVH data and its representation is provided as a reference or guide and should be checked for accuracy and precision before use.

The Convention on Biological Diversity noted the need to make biodiversity data available despite the presence of imperfections, rather than holding back information until more polished products were completed. We support this view and therefore make these datasets available in their present form as a reference service for users.

Errors of locality. The most common significant errors will be the misidentification of specimens and incorrect locality geocodes, and together with missing or imprecise data will be most apparent when inspecting the distribution maps generated from specimen databases.

The precision of locality records affects their suitability for use at particular scales. Localities that show meaningful distribution patterns at a national or state level are not necessarily precise enough for use at local levels and should be filtered out in these cases.

Errors of identification. Other inconsistencies may occur due to the process of taxonomic change and differences in taxonomic interpretation between herbaria and may be apparent particularly in the descriptive information for recently re-circumscribed taxa. However, core descriptive data for each taxon is maintained, and we believe our current systems are a major improvement on the static nature of books.

Note that differences in taxonomy exist between botanical institutions and that care will be needed in framing queries to take into account differing views of the taxa represented by a plant name.

Feedback. We would encourage AVH users to notify custodial herbaria of errors they have found, and contribute vouchered specimens where gaps in our documentation of species distributions are obvious to them.

There are feedback and correction links for the AVH data on the AVH web pages. Please send us any comments about the information and how it is presented via these links and correction forms

COPYRIGHT STATUS: © 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002 Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria, State and Territory Governments of Western Australia, Northern Territory, South Australia, Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, Australian Capital Territory, Commonwealth of Australia, Environment Australia, Australian Biological Resources Study, Australian National Botanic Gardens, Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization, Geosciences Australia and others.

These and other Australian Government agencies, non-government agencies and individuals have certain rights in this material.

Individual documents or Internet services on or accessed by this server may have different intellectual property and copyright conditions, and this will be noted in those documents or services.

PUBLIC ACCESS: Information and data on this server have NOT been placed in the public domain, but are provided for the personal research and non-commercial use of educators, students, scholars and the public.

Permission is granted to make internet hypertext and other electronic links to any part of these resources. Unless otherwise stated, material presented on this server may be copied for personal, research or non-commercial use, or published for non-commercial educational purposes, provided the source and custodians of any extracts are fully acknowledged.

Use of text, data, images for non-commercial web sites is allowed on condition that credit is given to the custodial institutions and Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria and these words are hot-linked to the home pages of these institutions.

Any commercial use or publication of these resources without permission of the custodians is strictly prohibited.

DISCLAIMER OF LIABILITY: No guarantees or warranty, expressed or implied, including warranties of merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose, are made as to the currency, accuracy, quality, completeness, availability or usefulness of data, information, apparatus, product, or process disclosed, provided through this service, and no responsibility or legal liability is assumed for any damages or inconvenience arising from its use.

DISCLAIMER OF ENDORSEMENT: The views, opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed on this service are those of the author(s) and data custodian(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Australian Commonwealth Government, any Australian State or Territory Government, any Australian regional government, or any other Australian Government agency.

Reference on this service to any specific commercial products, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise, does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favouring by the Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria or any Australian Government agency and shall not be used for advertising or product endorsement purposes.

NOTICE: Information from this service resides on a computer system funded by the Commonwealth State and Territory Governments of Australia. The use of this system may be monitored for computer performance and security purposes. In line with privacy legislation any user information collected by the system administrator will be treated as private and confidential and will not be made available to third parties. Any unauthorized access to this system is prohibited and is subject to various Australian criminal and civil laws.

For further information, contact

National Herbarium of New South Wales
Royal Botanic Gardens Sydney Herbarium of the Northern Territory
Parks & Wildlife Commission NT Australian National Herbarium
Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research Queensland Herbarium
Environmental Protection Agency Western Australian Herbarium
Conservation and Land Management Tasmanian Herbarium
Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery National Herbarium of Victoria
Royal Botanic Gardens Melbourne State Herbarium of South Australia
Plant Biodiversity Centre Australian Biological Resources Study Australian Government
Updated 21 August, 2003