Eucalyptus aspratilis L.A.S. Johnson & K.D. Hill, Telopea
4: 572 (1992).
Eucalyptus occidentalis Endl. var. stenantha Diels ex
Blakely, Key Eucalypts 110 (1934). T: near Lake Cowan,
1 Nov. 1901, L.Diels 5245; holo: NSW.
Eucalyptus occidentalis Endl. var. grandiflora Maiden,
Crit. Revis. Eucalyptus 4: 149 (1919); Eucalyptus eremophila
(Diels) Maiden var. grandiflora (Maiden) Maiden, Crit. Revis.
Eucalyptus 7: 22 (1923). T: Kurrawang, W.A., Sep. 1915, J.B.Cleland
8161/15; holo: NSW.
Mallee to 5 m tall. Forming a lignotuber.
Bark rough for up to 2 m of trunks, loose, flaky to ribbony,
grey to blackish brown, sometimes smooth throughout, silvery grey
to pale brown-grey.
Branchlets with oil glands in the pith.
Juvenile growth (coppice or field seedlings to 50 cm):
stems rounded in cross-section; juvenile leaves always petiolate,
alternate, ovate to lanceolate, 2.5-7 cm long, 1.5-2.5 cm wide, dull,
blue-grey (not glaucous).
Adult leaves alternate, petioles 0.7-2 cm long; blade lanceolate,
5.5-10.5 cm long, 1-2.2 cm wide, base tapering to petiole, margin
entire, apex pointed, concolorous, dull and bluish green to slightly
glossy and green, side-veins at an acute or wider angle to midrib,
reticulation sparse, clear, intramarginal vein present or obscure,
oil glands numerous, island, rounded.
Inflorescences axillary unbranched, pendulous, peduncles narrowly
angled to flattened and widest apically, 1.5-4.7 cm long; buds 7,
pedicellate, elongated to asymetrically fusiform, scar present (outer
operculum shed early), inner operculum horn-shaped, 2 to 3 times the
length of the hypanthium, stamens erect, anthers oblong, versatile,
dorsifixed, dehiscing by longitudinal slits, style long and straight,
stigma blunt, locules 4(5), the placentae each with 4 vertical rows
of ovules; flowers cream to pale yellow.
Fruit down-turned, pedicellate, usually cylindrical or less
commonly obconical, 0.7-1.2 cm wide, disc level at first then descending,
valves 4(5), held at rim level.
Seed blackish brown, 1-2 mm long, ovoid to flattened-ovoid,
dorsal surface shallowly reticulate, hilum ventral.
Cultivated seedling (measured at node 10): cotyledons Y-shaped
(bisected); stems rounded in cross-section;
leaves always petiolate, opposite for 3 or 4 nodes, ovate to lanceolate,
5.5-9 cm long, 1.5-2.5 cm wide, dull, grey-green.
Eucalyptus aspratilis (Latin, aspratilis, rough, scaly,
referring to the bark).
A mallee endemic to Western Australia, occurring in the southern Goldfields
from Coolgardie to the Norseman district and westwards towards Forrestania.
The bark is rough on the stems and the adult leaves glossy green.
Eucalyptus aspratilis belongs in Eucalyptus subgenus
Symphyomyrtus section Bisectae sub-section Glandulosae
because the buds have an operculum scar, cotyledons are bisected and
branchlets have oil glands in the pith. Within this large sub-section
(ca 80 species) Eucalyptus aspratilis is closely related to
a group of mallees and mallets (series Erectae subseries Pedicellatae)
recognised by the glossy green leaf surface, leaves with many oil
glands but not obscuring the secondary venation, peduncles long and
flattened or terete, inflorescences spreading to pendulous and buds
with a long operculum and erect stamens arising from a narrow staminophore.
Eucalyptus aspratilis is closely related to the more southerly
rough-barked tree species E. occidentalis and differs from
it in mallee habit, buds never in clusters of more than 7, cylindrical
(not campanulate) fruit. Other closely related species are E. sporadica
which is a smooth barked mallee with buds in 7s and more obconical
fruit, found to the south of E. aspratilis in heath, and E.
sargentii , a partly rough-barked tree with smaller buds in clusters
of 7s on terete peduncles, restricted to saline depressions.
Within its natural range E. aspratilis might be confused with
species of the E. eremophila group, viz. E. eremophila
, E. tenera , E. tephroclada , E. incerata
and E. depauperata , but these are always
smooth-barked and have leaves so crowded with oil glands that the
venation is obscured.