R. H. Groves
Ph.D., University of Melbourne, Australia, 1964
Phone (+61) 02 6246 5109
Fax: (+61) 02 6246 5249
CSIRO Plant Industry & CRC Australian Weed Management
GPO Box 1600
Canberra ACT 2601
My current research interests focus on different stages of the
invasion process for plant species introduced to a region such as
Australia. New incursions of plants continue, despite the effectiveness
of quarantine measures. Many of the plants that naturalise were
introduced deliberately to Australia years ago and have been grown
since in gardens or as pasture species. A proportion of these then
naturalise and spread to become major weeds. Some other species
may remain naturalised for many years before apparently commencing
to spread to become weeds. The latter are the so-called 'sleeper
weeds' about which little is known currently. Weed management could
become much more cost-effective (in terms of either money spent
or in prevention of biodiversity loss) if such plant species could
be identified and eradicated or contained before they became major
weeds. Research in progress attempts to define some biological characteristics
of 'sleeper weeds' that may enable more effective management of
these species in the Australian naturalised flora.
Another current research interest is to review some selected case
histories of eradication of certain plant species that are known
to be major weeds outside Australia. Certain criteria that may favour
successful eradication of such species from Australia may provide
a basis for constructing a decision tree for weed eradication or
effective containment. The latter aspect is being done collaboratively
with colleagues in the Weeds CRC.
A long-standing interest in quantifying the impact of 'environmental
weeds' on plant diversity continues, especially as it relates to
Bitou bush and Bridal creeper and their biological control in coastal
heathlands and Cumberland Plain woodlands, respectively.
Hull, V.J. and Groves, R.H. 1973. Variation in Chondrilla
juncea L. in south-eastern Australia. Aust. J. Bot. 21: 113-135.
Groves, R.H. and Williams, J.D. 1975. Growth of skeleton
weed (Chondrilla juncea L.) as affected by growth of subterranean
clover (Trifolium subterraneum L.) and infection by Puccinia
chondrillina Bubak & Syd. Aust. J. Agric. Res. 26: 975-983.
Burdon, J.J., Groves, R.H. and Cullen, J.M. 1981. The
impact of biological control on the distribution and abundance
of Chondrilla juncea in southeastern Australia. J. Appl. Ecol.
Groves, R.H. (Ed.). 1981. Australian Vegetation. Cambridge
Groves, R.H. 1986. Invasion of Mediterranean ecosystems
by weeds. In: Resilience in Mediterranean-type Ecosystems (eds
B. Dell et al.), pp. 129-145, Dr W. Junk Publishers, The Hague.
Groves, R.H. 1989. Ecological control of invasive terrestrial
plants. In: Biological Invasions. A Global Perspective (eds
J.A. Drake et al.), pp. 437-461, Wiley, Chichester.
Humphries, S.E., Groves, R.H. and Mitchell, D.S. 1992.
Plant invasions of Australian ecosystems: a status review and
management directions. Kowari 2: 1-134.
Adair, R.J. and Groves, R.H. 1998. Impact of environmental
weeds on biodiversity: a review and development of a methodology.
National Weeds Program, Environment Australia Special Publication,
Groves, R.H. 1999. Present vegetation types. In: Flora
of Australia, Vol. 1, 2nd edn (ed. A.E.Orchard),
pp. 369-401, CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne.
Groves, R.H. and Willis, A.J. 1999. Environmental weeds
and loss of native plant biodiversity: some Australian examples.
Aust. J. Env. Management 6: 164-171.
Groves, R.H., Panetta, F.D. and Virtue, J.G. (Eds).
2001. Weed Risk Assessment. CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne.
Groves, R.H. 2002. The impacts of alien plants in Australia.
In: Biological Invasions: Economic and Environmental Costs of
Alien Plant, Animal and Microbe Species (ed. D. Pimentel), in
press, CRC press LLC, Boca Raton, Florida.
Groves, R.H. and Whalley, R.D.B. 2002. Ecology of the
major Australian grass genera and the grasslands in which they
occur. In: Flora of Australia, Vol. 43 (ed. K. Mallett), in
press, CSIRO Publishing, Melbourne.
Groves, R.H. and Catling, P.C. 2002. Heaths and low
open-forests. In: Ecology An Australian Perspective (eds
P.M. Attiwill and B. Wilson), in press, Oxford University Press,
CURRENT RESEARCH PROJECTS
Biological attributes of sleeper weeds