The objective of the Australian National Botanic Gardens (ANBG) is to increase knowledge, appreciation and enjoyment of Australia’s plant heritage by establishing, as an integrated resource, a national collection of living and herbarium specimens of Australian and closely related plants for study, interpretation, conservation and display.
The Gardens occupy 90 ha on the slopes of Black Mountain in Canberra, with an annexe of 80 ha in the Jervis Bay Territory on the New South Wales south coast. The Gardens were officially opened in 1970 and now grow about 95,000 plants representing about 6000 species. The ANBG receives about 350,000 visitors each year.
A ceremony to commemorate the proclamation of golden wattle (Acacia pycnantha) as the national floral emblem was held at the Gardens on 1 September 1988. The ceremony was performed by the then Minister for Administrative Services, the Hon. Robert Ray and Mrs Hazel Hawke, wife of the Prime Minister. The ceremony was attended by about 200 guests.
The Gardens held open days on 29 and 30 October 1988. All sections were involved in presenting displays and lectures and demonstrating much of the ‘behind the scenes’ activities of the Gardens. A number of outside organisations ranging from the ACT Society for Growing Australian Plants to the Monaro Folk Music Society also participated. An estimated 5300 visitors attended
The Jervis Bay Environment Fair, sponsored by the Australian Bicentennial Authority, and organised by the Jervis Bay Bicentenary Committee and the ANBG, was held at the Annexe in October 1988. The Fair was supported by a wide range of groups and attracted about 13 500 visitors.
The Australian National Botanic Gardens are part of the Department of the Arts, Sport, the Environment, Tourism and Territories. The Gardens form a Section within the Natural History Branch of the Natural Environment Division.
Substantial reorganisation of the Gardens and the Natural History Branch was begun during the year, resulting in a changed emphasis in some areas within the Gardens.
The entire staff of the Natural History Branch are to be located at the Gardens. Plans to accommodate the staff and work of the Australian Biological Resurces Study were developed during the year.
.During the year the Gardens’ Administrative Section was incorporated into that of the Natural History Branch under the direction of George Brandt.
As part of the overall reduction of staff resources in the Department, the Gardens were required by Government to reduce staff numbers by 12.5 per cent. The consequent staff reductions meant the curtailment of some functions previously undertaken by the Gardens. Planning was done to best accommodate these changes.
Retirement of the Director
The first Director of the Gardens, Dr Robert Boden, retired on 6 April 1989, after 10 years as Director and a career in the Australian Public Service spanning 34 years.
In his term as Director, Dr Boden worked to develop the Gardens as an institution with a national role in the study, display and interpretation of Australia’s flora. Major developments during Dr Boden’s directorship included the construction of the Rockery, the opening of the Banskia Centre, with its facilities for people with disabilities and the opening of the Visitor Information Centre.
Dr Boden’s conservation interests were instrumental in developing the Gardens’ leading role in the cultivation and research into Australian plants which are rare or threatened by human activities.
Dr Roger Hnatiuk took up the position as Acting Director from April.
The ANBG Advisory Committee provided advice to the Minister on Committee matters concerning the role and function of the Gardens. Membership of the Committee is given in Appendix 1.
The Committee met three times during the year. Issues considered included legislation for the Gardens, the proposed siting of the John Dedman Parkway, the establishment of a Friends group, the integration of the Gardens in the Department’s Natural Environment Division, a review of the Research Unit and a national focus for the Gardens.
The Gardens were allocated $1177 000 for ongoing operational expenditure, $1 905 000 for wages and salaries, and $125 000 for the purchase of plant and equipment.
An amount of $210 000 was spent on property operating expenses and minor new works.
Donations and Sponsorships
Donations to the Gardens and sponsorships of projects are listed in Appendix 2.
The Gardens have an average staffing level of 76.7. At 30 June 1989 the staff consisted of:
• 11 Professional staff;
• 25.3 Technical staff and Garden Overseers;
• 11 Administrative Service Officers; and
• 29 Exempt staff (Gardening and Trades).
During the year 33 horticulture and greenkeeping apprentices worked at the Gardens as part of the ACT Government Apprenticeship Scheme. Staff at 30 June 1989 are listed in Appendix 3.
Occupational Health and Safety
Occupational health and safety issues at the Gardens were included in the agenda of the departmental OHS committee. Tim Mulcahy, represented the Australian Workers’ Union and John Pike the Association of Draughting, Supervisory and Technical Employees on the Committee. An OHS sub-committee is to be established at the Gardens in 1989-90.
In addition to participation in the Departmental Industrial Democracy Committee, the Gardens conducted a number of programs in keeping with the ideas of Industrial Democracy. These included monthly meetings between representatives of staff associations and management, Unit leaders meetings, staff awareness programs and a fortnightly newsletter.
Security in the Gardens was monitored by the Rangers, Kurt Thaler and John Jervis. During the year the Rangers began implementing a new system for the issue of keys for gates and buildings to help protect ANBG assets and developed a filing system to record security arrangements. The Rangers provided security assistance at a number of after- hours events organised by ANBG staff, provided general assistance to visitors and assisted in the issue of permits. Kurt Thaler was responsible for vermin control at the Gardens.
Rohan McElwee prepared guidelines for safety and security at the ANBG.
The Living Collections Unit is responsible for the acquisition and management of the National Collection of living plants. The Unit includes the Nursery, Seed Store and the Jervis Bay Annexe.
The Living Collections staff maintain a collection of about 95,000 plants representing over 6000 taxa in Canberra and at the Jervis Bay Annexe. Plants are grown in a number of different conditions:
Number of Specimens
Number of Taxa
During 1988-89 work continued on several programs including field collections and plant-outs. Over 8500 specimens were added to the open ground collections during the year.
The Grassland. and Open Forest Habitat area, just inside the main gates, was planted with a variety of species. The area displays grassland and open forest plants from the Canberra region, as well as from other subalpine and semi-arid woodland areas. It also includes a display of terrestrial orchids.
Field collections were also made for the Sydney Basin Flora area with special attention given to collections for the Blandfordia Swamp area. This area will be planted out in 1989-90.
Major field collections were made in early 1989 for the Tasmanian section of the Ra inforest Gully. These collections involved two field trips. The first included collections throughout Tasmania, except for the west and south-western zones. Mr R. Burns, who has donated a large amount of propagation material to the ANBG, accompanied the Gardens’ staff for part of the trip.
The second trip included some joint work between the ANBG and the Tasmanian Department of Lands, Parks and Wildlife in a World Wildlife Fund project. This project involved surveying and collecting threatened plant species in the World Heritage Area in Tasmania’s south-west. The two main species collected were Milligania johnstonii and Oreoporanthera petalifera. The remainder of the field trip involved the collection of a wide variety of plants from the Wild Rivers National Park and the west coast.
Over 600 collections were made on these trips and by April 1989, a large number had been successfully propagated.
Work also continued on the Gardens’ ex situ conservation program. This included the addition of a number of new species to the Endangered Species Collection, such as Corchorus cunninghamii and Ranunculus prasinus. Most work, however, has concentrated on the repropagation and consolidation of the current collection.
Following the ‘Survey of Rare and Threatened Australian Plants in Cultivation’ completed in 1987, a field trip was made to inspect Mr David Gordon’s extensive collection of native plants at Myall Park in south-east Queensland. The collection contains many rare and threatened species. A paper based on the survey was also presented by Lyn Meredith at the Second International Botanic Gardens Conservation Congress held at the IUCN Botanic Gardens Conservation Secretariat’s Conference at Ile de la Reunion in April 1989.
The Gardens propagated and donated plants of the endangered species Allocasuarina portuensis to the Sydney Harbour National Park, enhancing the natural population and increasing the species’ chances of survival.
An article by Mark Richardson, published in Australian Natural History, on an endangered Zieria species growing near Nowra, NSW alerted a local conservation group to the existence of the plants. Their work led to the Shoalhaven City Council reviewing plans for a road which would have destroyed the only known population of the species.
A new propagation glasshouse at the Nursery was partially completed and the fog section was successfully used with some of the collections made on the Tasmanian field trips. Other improvements at the Nursery included preparation for the humidification of Glasshouse 4 and improved temperature controls for Glasshouses 1—5. The reorganisation of the permanent pot collections into habitat groups has resulted in improved maintenance and utilisation of the collection.
Plant material was donated to the Gardens by 15 individuals and organisations and the Gardens donated plant material to a number of kindred organisations in Australia and overseas (see Appendix 2).
Paul Ziesing attended an Ecofest course on ra inforest plants in Armidale in April 1989 and Barrie Hadlow attended the International Plant Propagators’ Society Conference in June 1989
Jervis Bay Annexe
The Jervis Bay Annexe provides an area in which to grow plants which would not survive in the open in the Canberra climate and is a valuable scientific and recreational facility for the South Coast region of NSW
Developments over the year have included the installation of a fuel storage facility, expansion of the public car park, placement of a car counter at the entrance and the completion of improvements to the staff amenities area. Planned improvements to roadworks and drainage were deferred until next year because of unfavourable weather conditions. Plans for public toilets for the lower area of the Gardens were received and are being assessed.
A waratah bed (Telopea species) was developed near the picnic area and an extension of a cultivar area was prepared for planting in 1989—90. A number of mature frost-sensitive plants were transferred to the Annexe from Canberra, a practice which freed space in the Canberra glasshouses by utilising the climatic advantages of the Jervis Bay region. Plants grown from material collected on ANBG field trips were also planted at the Annexe.
Two field trips were held in conjunction with Canberra staff. Plants were collected from the Beecroft Peninsula (part of Jervis Bay) and Bass Point, near Shelharbour. Collections included many littoral ra inforest species not represented at the Annexe. About 50 collections were made. Propagation facilities at the Annexe will be used for material collected by Jervis Bay Annexe staff.
An interpretive trail around Lake McKenzie, designed by a volunteer, Anne Burgess, was used for the first time during the Environment Fair.
The Annexe hosted two secondary work experience students from Bomaderry High School and an Aboriginal Trainee sponsored by a Department of Employment, Education and Training program. The Canberra College of Advanced Education used Lake McKenzie as part of water ecology studies and the Bureau of Mineral Resources monitored the lake in a water resource study.
The Development Unit is responsible for the coordination of planning and construction of new works, the redevelopment of planting areas in the Gardens and repairs and maintenance of facilities. The unit is also responsible for the Gardens’ involvement in major overseas horticultural expositions.
A number of works funded through the National Capital Development Commission which were commenced last year were completed during 1988—89. These were:
• the service road on the eastern boundary;
• a roof drench for the Herbarium;
• an emergency alarm system for the Banksia Centre;
• a propagation glasshouse for the Nursery; and
• design work for the extension of the Ra inforest Gully.
New works were initiated this year by Australian Construction Services. Most have been to provide better control of the glasshouse environments in the Nursery and for Research. These works were
• improved temperature controls for Nursery glasshouses;
• humidification of the glasshouse which contains collections from lowland tropical collections;
• humidity and heated benches for the Nursery propagation glasshouse;
• erection of a portable building for the Rçsearch Unit to house growth cabinets and provide further office accommodation; and
• design of bridges in the higher part of the Gardens to reroute the the Blue Arrow Walk through areas of interest to visitors.
Works carried out by staff of the Development Unit included:
• further path and wall construction in the Sydney Basin Flora area
• continuation of work on the development plan for the Jervis Bay Annexe; and
• participation in preliminary planning for an Australian exhibit at the International Garden and Greenery Exposition to be held in Osaka, Japan, in 1990
Leslie Lockwood attended an International Symposium on Botanical Gardens in Nanjing, The People’s Republic of China, in September 1988. The purpose of the symposium was to strengthen the mutual contact and cooperation between botanical gardens through the exchange of experiences in plant conservation, horticulture, scientific research and education.
Substantial advances were made in the area of data processing over the year. Anticipating planned improvements in the overall information system, fieldnote data were entered onto a microcomputer by Sara York. This data will be transferred to the main institutional database, the Integrated Botanical Information System (IBIS), in the 1989—90 financial year. Preparations were made to transfer the living collections data from the ACT Administration computer to the ANBG.
The ANBG purchased a computer in May 1989 to replace reliance on the computer system of the ACT Administration. A Unix-based machine, the SUN 3/260, powered by a Motorola 68020 processor, and with 16MB of RAM and 327 MB of disk storage forms the basis of the IBIS system. The machine will be configured with 16 terminals; some existing microcomputers will serve as terminals where the need arises. A SUN 360 work station with a large graphics screen was purchased for database and software development as well as six microcomputers to serve as user work stations and stand-alone word processors. Also purchased were six data entry terminals, and four laser printers to service the system.
A prototype relational data base, developed in 1987-88, based on ORACLE software was used as the basis for system development and a multi-user Unix licence for ORACLE was purchased. Greg Whitbread was employed as a consultant in May and June 1989 to facilitate the transfer of living collections data from the ACT Administration computer and to develop data input and inquiry interfaces to the SUN/ORACLE system.
Approval was granted during the year to appoint a database manager and the position is expected to be filled in the latter half of 1989. The database manager will be responsible for the maintenance and development of IBIS and other aspects of information management at the ANBG.
The Herbarium of the Australian National Botanic Gardens (CBG) provides the scientific authentication of plants grown in the Gardens and for taxa investigated in various research programs. In addition, the Herbarium acquires and curates botanical specimens of all groups of plants relevant to the Australian and associated floras. It provides a resource for the scientific community for the taxonomic and systematic study of the Australian flora
The Herbarium is part of a national and international network of kindred institutions and takes part in specimen and information exchange programs.
As part of the overall administrative reorganisation, the Herbarium reported to the Director of Botany. Functionally the relationship of the Herbarium to the rest of the ANBG did not change, and the close affiliation of the herbarium functions and the living collections continues.
The Herbarium consists of three areas of activity: the vascular herbarium, the avascular or cryptogamic herbarium, and the preparation and support area.
The holdings of the Herbarium at 30 June 1989 are estimated as:
Total herbarium specimens 199 600
Total type specimens 382
Vascular plants 129,200
type specimens 210
type specimens 4
type specimens 206
Cryptogams (excluding pteridophytes) 70,390
type specimens 168
type specimens 14
type specimens 31
type specimens 122
type specimens 1
type specimens nil
Activity in the Collection
The activities of the Herbarium are summarised:
Vascular Plant Specimens
..accessioned this year 1840
..collected this year 920
..replicates sent 407
..replicates received 2891
..loans sent 992
..loans received 8390
..specimens mounted/incorporated 500
Cryptogams (excluding pteridophytes)
..collected this year 2030
..replicates sent 2646
..replicates received 771
..loans sent 3336
..loans received 952
..specimens prepared/incorporated 3990
Major working visitors to the Herbarium are listed in Appendix 4.
Assistance to Other Organisations
Herbarium staff assisted hospitals and members of the public with identification of edible and poisonous fungi, as well as with other miscellaneous poisonous plant inquiries.
A group of undergraduate students from the ANU Department of Geography visited the Herbarium to inspect it as aresource for biogeographical studies, and to learn of the collection, preservation and storage of voucher specimens.
Two groups of students from the Canberra CAE visited the Herbarium to learn aspects of the preservation of biological specimens.
Courses, Conferences and Meetings
Jim Croft attended the Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria meeting Conferences in Hobart in October and three courses in ORACLE programming and database administration, in anticipation of the transfer of the Gardens’ database onto the ANBG’s own computer. Judith Curnow attended a bryology workshop in Hobart in December.
The Herbarium and Living Collections staff undertook combined field trips to collect propagation material that is also scientifically vouchered in the Herbarium. The close association between the living and preserved collections is seen as fundamental to botanical activity at the ANBG.
Faye Davies and Peter Ollerenshaw spent two weeks collecting throughout the north and east of Tasmania. This trip yielded over 540 preserved specimens and over 400 living collections for propagation. Mark Richardson and Jim Croft spent a similar time collecting on a joint trip with the Tasmanian Department of Lands, Parks and Wildlife. Approximately 400 herbarium collections and 250 living collections for propagation were made.
Other trips for vascular material included:
• Margaret Winsbury, Tony Barbaro and Roger Hart to Beecroft Peninsula collecting for the Jervis Bay Annexe;
• Muriel Rafferty, Fred Howe and Rebecca Rudd to Bass Point, near Shell Harbour collecting for the Jervis Bay Annexe;
• Mark Richardson and Faye Davies on the Shoalhaven River establishing the extent of populations of the endangered species Typhonium eliosorum;
• Faye Davies, Margaret Winsbury and Stuart Donaldson to the Eastern Highlands and Gippsland regions of Victoria collecting rare and endangered plants;
• Stuart Donaldson and Paul Zeising to Tianjara Falls collecting for the Sydney Basin Flora section; and several one-day local trips collecting propagating material for the Gardens.
Extensive cryptogamic collections were made mostly for scientific purposes and involved only herbarium staff. Selected species are also being placed in the wetter parts of the Gardens and appear to be establishing themselves. Most field work in this area is conducted in conjunction with Dr Jack Elix, a lichenologist with the Australian National University
Heinar Streimann was invited by the Darwin Herbarium to undertake a survey of bryophytes at sites at Kakadu, Katherine and Melville in the Northern Territory. He worked with Jeremy Russell-Smith who is investigating the moist forests of the area. At least four lichen genera previously unknown in the Northern Territory were collected.
The Australian Pacific Biological Foundation supported Heinar Streimann for one month. collecting bryophytes and lichens in New Guinea. The bulk of the collections were made in New Britain with other collections being made around Lae and Bulolo. Approximately 1700 specimens were collected. This expedition was combined with one by Fred Essig of the University of Southern Florida to collect palms.
Taking advantage of her attendance at a bryophyte workshop in Tasmania, Judith Curnow made valuable collections of cryptogams from that state.
Minor collecting trips were made locally.
The objective of the Unit is to provide opportunities for people of all ages, backgrounds and abilities to learn about and enjoy Australia’s plant heritage through appropriate education, recreation and interpretation programs. The Unit was newly formed during the latter part of the year. It combines the former Visitor Services and Educational and Therapeutic Horticulture Sections.
The loss of some staff resulted in the need for reassessment of the functions that the Unit would be able to provide, particularly in the education area. The new education program is to be developed in the coming year.
Effle Mullins retired in July 1988 after almost 17 years service at the Gardens, much of that time in the Public Programs area. Effie pioneered much of the Gardens’ early work with primary school programs and later undertook the role of Horticultural Adviser answering public enquiries for many years.
Anne Boden retired in April 1989 after seven years service at the Gardens. The services offered to educational institutions increased markedly during her years at the Gardens.
Jan Dean transferred from the position of Education Assistant in October 1988 and Michael Robbins left the Education Section in August 1988 to take up full time studies.
Visitor Services aim to provide a favourable environment for people to enjoy and understand the national collection in the Gardens, and Australia’s plant heritage, through appropriate promotion, publications, exhibitions and interpretive programs.
Visitor Services staff underwent a first round of Participative Work Design in December 1988. This resulted in a restructuring of duties and positions to provide a career structure and a more efficient use of resources, which was implemented in May 1989. It was also decided to operate the information desk in the Visitor Information Centre with a part-time weekend staff position. This position is to be filled in the coming year.
The developnent and promotion of the Visitor Information Centre remained an important part of the program for the year. Rodney Harvey and Ron Hotchkiss coordinated the preparation of exhibitions which were staged in the Centre.
The special bicentennial exhibition, ‘The Art and Science of Botany in Australia’ remained on display until 16 October. The display featured aspects of the development of botanical science and its relationship to botanical art.
Due to the overwhelming response to the ‘B for Banksia’ school’s competition, organised as a bicentennial activity by the Gardens’ Education Service, it was decided to exhibit the entries in the Information Centre from 22 October. The display was well received by the public and many schools visited to see their entries.
The display ‘Ra inforest—a world of difference’ was set up on 9 December, timed to coincide with Australia’s successful nomination of the Wet Tropics Ra inforests for World Heritage listing. The resulting publicity ensured the success of the display. It explained the different types of ra inforest in Australia, where they occur and the features that make ra inforest vegetation different. It portrayed some of the ra inforest animals by means of models and video..
Smaller displays were mounted in the Information Centre from time to time. These included
• Botanical paintings by Mrs Delysia Dunckley featuring plants of the ACT;
• Australia’s national floral emblem, Acacia pycnantha;
• About the Gardens’, the roles of tradespeople within the Gardens;
• ‘Jervis Bay’, the ecology of this Commonwealth Territory on Australia’s east coast;
• ‘Finding your way’, a guide to the walks and information services at the Gardens; and
• a display of embroidery featuring Australian flora and fauna by members of the ACT Embroiderers Guild.
Use of the Visitor Information Centre continued to be high with 46 per cent of visitors to the Gardens using the facilities. Over the year 149 000 people visited the Centre. On week days, Wendy Dossetor provided general information on the Gardens and its features and coordinated bookings for visiting groups. Other Gardens’ staff provided services on weekends.
The Theatrette, associated with the Information Centre, was used by community groups, botanical organisations and government authorities; 38 bookings were made throughout the year. Staff awareness programs were held regularly in the Theatrette as was a series of consultative staff meetings to discuss accommodation and branch reorganisation.
With the retirement of Effie Mullins, the Horticultural Advisory Service was much reduced. Many of the enquiries were referred to the Horticultural Services Unit oL the ACT Government. Wendy Dossetor coordinated the referral of appropriate botanical, horticultural and plant identification enquiries from the public to staff within the Gardens and assisted visitors by referring them to reference materials available in the institution.
Herbarium staff continued to add specimens to the Public Access Herbarium located in the Information Centre. This facility is almost completed and should be ready for use in Spring 1989
Promotion and advertising this year was aimed at interstate and overseas tourists and to encourage local people to attend special events. Some advertising was directed toward coach and tour operators and an increase in coach visits was observed. Local and interstate press agencies were informed of events at the Gardens through press releases and the network of local media contacts was further developed. The supply of promotional material to community organisations, kindred institutions and professional contacts was improved through the use of computer generated mailing lists and ‘personalised’ mail.
Several radio interviews were given during the year as part of the Gardens’ promotional program:
• Anne Boden on the topic of floral emblems in October
• Robert Boden on the Gardens’ Open Days in October;
• Murray Fagg on the Ra inforest display, twice in January; and
• Rodney Harvey on the Ra inforest display in January and on the Gardens as a recreational facility in February.
The Gardens were represented by an indoor display at the very successful Floriade festival of spring bulbs held as a bicentenary event in Canberra from 17 September to 9 October 1988. The Gardens benefited from the increased tourism generated by this garden festival.
Exhibition material was also prepared by the Gardens for use away from Canberra:
• the ‘Floral Emblems of Australia’ display was exhibited at the Jervis Bay Annexe;
• the Floral Emblem display then went to the North Coast Regional Botanic Gardens at Coffs Harbour for their official opening;
• a display on the Australian Cuitivar Registration Authority also went to Coffs Harbour;
• a poster promoting the Gardens was sent to China for the International Symposium on Botanical Gardens; and
• a poster ‘Australia—its flora and botanic gardens’ was sent to the Second International Botanic Gardens Conservation Congress in lie de la Reunion.
Assistance with display material was also provided to the Australian Garden History Society, the University of the Third Age and the Wreck Bay Aboriginal Community.
New photometal signs were produced for the Aboriginal Trail to keep the labels consistent with the revised leaflet produced last year. Aluminium posts and supports were used to overcome the problem of termite damage suffered by the previous wooden system.
Work continued on an interpretation program for the Ra inforest Gully. Tenders were called in November 1988 for the supply of signs incorporating coloured photographs to be placed at various places throughout the Gully and a contract was awarded to design and manufacture a pair of environment monitoring stations to be located inside and outside the Gully. Installation of these is expected to take place early next year. A leaflet explaining the layout of the Gully is also in production.
As a contribution to ACT Heritage Week activities, the Gardens arranged an evening public lecture and a technical seminar on the topic ‘The Ra inforest Factor in Australia’s World Heritage Areas’ by Peter Hitchcock on 20 April. Mr Hitchcock has been at the forefront of activities involving ra inforest conservation in Australia. Both of these activities were most successful, attracting people to view the ra inforest display and capacity audiences in the Theatrette
The Gardens played an active role in the Australian Photographic Society’s APSCON 88 convention from 18—24 September. The emphasis of the convention was natural history photography. Dr Heather Angel, a leading photographer in that field, held workshops at the Gardens and slides entered in their annual competition were shown daily in the Theatrette for visitors.
Mrs Joyce England continued to provide valuable voluntary service to Gardens’ visitors with her weekly newsletter ‘In Flower This Week’. This newsletter is now in its fourth year and continues to be very popular with between 100 and 200 copies being distributed each week. Mr Leon Horsnell assisted Mrs England in the final weeks of the year as she sought a change to her volunteer work for the Gardens.
The Gardens has a collection of 17 600 35mm colour slides, of which Collection 8000 are habit or close-up photos of Australian native plants and 5000 are field trip records of these plants. Over 1300 slides were added to the collection during the year.
The collection was used extensively by staff for the preparation of lectures, displays and interpretive signs, with 560 slides borrowed during the year. A further 300 duplicates were supplied for use in government and non-government publications, on a cost recovery basis. Demand for images from the slide collection for publications continued to increase over the year.
Work continues on the incorporation of the photographic collection on the Gardens’ automated data base.
The schedule for the year included the publication of a corrected reprint Publications of Growing Native Plants No. 5, and a new number of the series, Growing Native Plants No. 14. Papers presented by education and interpretation staff from a number of Australian botanic gardens at the 1988 ANZAAS Centenary Congress were published in the Gardens Occasional Publication series and distributed, on an exchange basis, to kindred institutions.
A new leaflet, A Garden of Australian Plants, was produced and a number of existing leaflets were reprinted with minor corrections. An information folder containing seeds of the national floral emblem Acacia pycnantha was designed and produced for the Department of Administrative Services and design work for a leaflet on the Gardens’ Ra inforest Gully and a new promotional flyer was initiated.
The objective of the Gardens’ Education Service is to provide opportunities for people to learn about Australian plants and their horticulture through appropriate education programs. Emphasis is placed on the provision of educational material to increase the access of teachers and students to the Australian flora. Educational institutions are encouraged to use the Gardens as a teaching resource.
In March discussions were held with representatives of the ACT Schools Authority and the ACT Institute of TAFE on future directions with educational activities at the Gardens and the potential for cooperative arrangements. The Gardens resolved to focus its limited Education Service resources upon education at the national level, as well as provision of..materials and facilities for the use of the Gardens by educators.
The Education Service arranged a workshop, several visits by groups of delegates and a Youth Forum for the International Conference of Associations for Science Education (ICASE) held in Canberra during July 1988.
The video ‘Trees’ scripted by Anne Boden and produced in conjunction with Film Australia was entered in the ‘Double M Award’, an ACT competition of media and music. The director, Steve Christiansen, was awarded ‘Best Documentary, Video or Film’ for 1988 for this video. There has been a high demand for loan copies of the video from the Gardens and many copies have been purchased directly from Film Australia
A ‘simple English’ leaflet, A Garden of Australian Plants, was prepared by the Education Service for children and visitors with limited English skills. The leaflet was released in February 1989.
The Banksia Centre provides programs for people with disabilities and for people undergoing rehabilitation. Volunteers assist with programs, and are listed in Appendix 5.
The services provided by the Centre include rehabilitation and assessment programs, in-service workshops for therapists, teachers and other health professionals, advice on garden design and tools for people with disabilities, consultations and work experience for both people with disabilities and students.
About 2080 people with disabilities attended programs and utilised other services throughout the year. An additional 705 people sought advice, assistance with training or visited the Centre. The Banksia Centre was unable to meet all requests for programs.
The Centre continued to run programs for the Life Skills Program of the Woden Community Service to stimulate the senses of the participants and improve communication and motor coordination skills. Interaction with staff and visitors provided valuable opportunities to allow people with disabilities to mix with the community and, at the same time, increase community awareness of disabled people.
Consultation and advising occurred with a number of institutions including:
• The Horticultural Therapy Centre of the Orange Botanic Gardens, NSW.
• (The Banksia Centre provided design and fit-out advice, conducted a workshop for health care workers and volunteers on therapeutic horticulture programs, and provided training for staff at the Centre);
• Orange Hospital Apex Rehabilitation Unit;
• Adamshurst Day Care Hospital, Albury, NSW;
• Burnley Campus of the Victorian College of Agriculture and Horticulture;
• Cumberland College, School of Health Sciences, Sydney, NSW;
• Horticultural Therapy Association of NSW;
• St John of God Hospital, Confused and Disturbed Elderly Units, Goulburn, NSW; and
• Macarthur Disabled People’s Resource Centre, Campbelltown, NSW.
Training workshops were held for ACT TAFE Special Care students and Recreation, Health and Fitness students from the University of Queensland. John Pike also gave talks on gardening and therapeutic horticulture to a number of local and interstate groups.
Research at the Gardens concerns the systematic botany and plant biology of the Australian and related floras. Systematic botany provides the phylogenetic and taxonomic framework upon which plant science is based. Plant biology research includes horticultural research, which is essential to the successful introduction, propagation and long term maintenance of plants in cultivation, and research on the breeding mechanisms, genetic diversity and mycorrhizal associations of threatened plant populations—the information base on which conservation strategies can be formulated.
During the year an external review of research at the Gardens was conducted by Prof D.J. Anderson, University of NSW and Dr R.W. Johnson, Director of the Queensland Herbarium. The report cited national and international recognition of the high quality of research carried out by the Gardens. Strong support was given for a continuing role in defining and solving problems of national significance. Suggestions were made for improvements to the organisational structure, level of support and staff classifications; these were endorsed and are in the processes of implementation.
Jim Armstrong resigned in February to take up the position of Curator of the Western Australian Herbarium after seven years at the Gardens. Research staff are involved in a number of collaborative projects with kindred institutions. These projects are listed in Appendix 6.
Taxonomic research at the Gardens is concerned with the systematicsof the Australian and related floras. It seeks to understand how plants are related to one another through evolution (phylogeny) and how their distribution patterns reflect events in the history of the earth (biogeography). Generic revisions and flora treatments are published as a result of this work. Research is centred on two diverse and economically important flowering families: the legumes (Fabaceae) and orchids (Orchidaceae). Other projects concern the Cucurbitaceae, Epacridaceae, Myrtaceae, Pittosporaceae and Rutaceae.
Previous phylogenetic studies in the Australian tribe Mirbelieae by Michael Crisp in collaboration with Peter Weston of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Sydney, have led to reclassification of some existing genera, as well as recognition of some which are new. This year, taxonomic and phylogenetic studies were made on two of the new genera, one with five species related to Dillwynia and the other with six species allied to Aotus, and manuscripts were prepared for publication. Work continued towards revisions of the genera Chorizema (by Joan Taylor) and Daviesia (by Michael Crisp). A paper revising the Daviesia squarrosa group and recognising three new species was submitted for publication. Morphometric studies were made on relationships within the D. latifolia group. Treatments of Daviesia were completed for the Flora of New South Wales and the Flora of the Kimberley Region (WA) by Micheal Crisp.
A major study on phylogeny of orchid taxa in the Australian region continued. Previously named taxa have been documented by Mark Clements in a five-year study in Australia and overseas, and as a result the Catalogue of Australian Orchidaceae was submitted for publication this year. Revisions of several genera by Mark Clements and David Jones proceeded, and initial studies into the status of Genoplesium were completed.
In Cucurbitaceae, a paper describing two new species of Mukia from tropical Australia was completed by Ian Telford. Additionally, he submitted for publication a revision of Sicyos in Hawaii as a precursor for the Manual of the Flowering Plants of the Hawaiian Islands.
A recently discovered new species of Rupicola (Epacridaceae) from the Blue Mountains was incorporated into the previously completed revision of the genus by Ian Telford prior to submission for publication.
Michael Crisp and Joan Taylor, in collaboration with Dr Eleanor Bennett of Kings Park and Botanic Garden, Perth, continued their cladistic analyses into generic relationships in the Pittosporaceae, an old east Gondwanan family. Results were presented in a paper at the Australian Systematic Botany Society forum on Gondwanan Elements in the Australian Flora at Sydney University in June 1989. This paper, including a description of the new genus discovered by Join Taylor in Western Australia, was submitted for publication.
Jim Armstrong completed and submitted his PhD thesis on pollination and systematics of the Rutaceae.
Contributions to the Flora of Australia project continued. Work for Volume 50 ( Oceanic Islands), particularly on the Cocos (Keeling) Islands was completed by Ian Telford. Flora treatments of genera Agastachys, Cenarrhenes and Symphionema (Proteaceae) were submitted and work advanced on families Hernandiaceae, Plumbaginaceae and Surianaceae.
Plant Biology Research
Plant Biology research is concerned with the investigation of laboratory based procedures for studying the biology and horticulture of Australian and related plants. Work has focused on the study of the propagation, breeding systems and pollination biology of rare and endangered plant taxa and on other taxa in which the Unit specialises.
Rare and Endangered Plant Studies
Seeds of a new rare species Trachoma stellatum (Orchidaceae) from Cape York were successfully germinated, based on knowledge from previous studies of the biology of mycorrhizal fungi associated with orchids. Seeds of the newly described very rare eucalypt, Eucalyptus recurva, were also germinated and six seedlings in vitro were given to the Victorian Department of Agriculture for tissue culture research.
Karen Groeneveld completed a report for the World Wildlife Fund on the endangered Philip Island hibiscus, Hibiscus insularis
Staff harvested, dried and packed large quantities of plant material of Zieria species for transport to Glasgow, Scotland as part of a joint research project on the essential oils of this genus.
Further isoenzyme investigations were made into populations of Hibiscus insularis. These investigations were used to determine the degree of heterogeneity of the species. This information is of importance in planning the long term survival of the species. Analyses based on leaf material showed little variation between two populations, however, variation was shown to exist using seed material and may indicate outcrossing between different clones.
Fieldwork and Conferences
Field trips were held to collect material and conduct field observations in relation to current research programs.
Mark Clements and David Jones travelled to south-west Western Australia (October 1988) and the Atherton Tablelands (May 1989) to collect orchids and other plant material
David Jones travelled to the Torres Strait Islands (February 1989) to survey the orchids of the region on a field trip funded by the Australian Orchid Foundation and the Queensland National Parks and Wildlife Service. A population of Muellerargia timorensis, previously thought to be extinct, was discovered on this trip
David Jones and Gillian Savage travelled to the Blue Mountains (January 1989) to collect orchids and leaf material of Zieria adenophora.
David Jones, Mark Clements and Gillian Savage travelled to Bungonia Gorge State Reserve, NSW in April 1989 to collect orchids.
Michael Crisp and Ian Telford undertook field studies of Daviesia and Rupicola in the Blue Mountains, NSW.
Michael Crisp, Joan Taylor and Ian Telford attended the Australian Systematic Botany Society symposium on Plant Systematics in the Age of Molecular Biology and forum on Gondwanan Elements in the Australian Flora at Sydney University in June 1989. A paper on the family Pittosporaceae by Michael Crisp, Joan Taylor and Eleanor Bennett was presented. Michael Crisp also attended the Council meeting of the Australian Systematic Botany Society Inc
The Library aims to provide access by staff and others to the literature of botany, horticulture and other areas relevant to the goals of the ANBG. The Library is staffed by a librarian from the Corporate Management Division of the Department of the Arts, Sport, the Environment, Tourism and Territories. Peter O’Rourke transferred to another portfolio in May 1989, after 18 months at the Gardens, and Betty Collins maintained the library services pending recruitment to the librarian position. Roz Saunders provided much needed clerical assistance in the library from March—June 1989.
The activities and holdings of the Library are summarised:
Monographs 5000 volumes
Maps 6000 sheets
Serials 600 titles
Microfiche 2000 sheets
Items catalogued 362
Items acquired 1934 paid and exchange
Inter-library loans 256
Reference requests 546 includes
132 advanced reference enquiries
During the year development and establishment of a number of special collections continued. These collections included the èx ciscati catalog collection, a deposit collection of ANBG publications, ANBG archival materials, rare and historic botanical collections field trip reports, published works by members of staff, vertical file material and the Index Seminum collection. The Gardens large map collection was also transferred to vertical storage.
The volume of reference and interlibrary loan requests increased markedly during the year, as did the number of requests for horticultural and botanical information from the public and students of botany. Use of the information services of the library has continued to increase as a result of reducing the Gardens’ horticultural advisory service.
The ANBG Periodicals Exchange System (APES) became operational during the year to assist in the library’s periodical exchange system and the Index Seminum. APES is also used to control the status of loan agreements, produce current lists of serial holdings and produce address labels
The Librarian attended the trade exhibition of the Third Australian Online Information Conference in Sydney in January 1989 and held discussions with Ms Christine Ellerton, Botany Librarian of the British Museum (Natural History) in February 1989.
Ms Janet Chant, a librarianship student from the Canberra College of Advanced Education undertook a 15-day placement in the Library.
he Australian Cultivar Registration Authority Inc (ACRA) was established in 1963 to register cultivars derived from the Australian flora. It has been based at the Gardens since 1973 and was incorporated under the ACT Incorporations Legislation in April 1989. The ACRA has members representing botanic gardens, the Australian Nursery Industry Association, the Australian Institute of Horticulture, Associations for Growing Australian Plants and some private members. Members are listed in Appendix 7.
Fifteen new cultivars were registered at the Annual Meeting in October 1988; these are listed in Appendix 7. A further eight new applications were received during the year. Mrs Joyce England worked as a volunteer with the ACRA, registering the backlog of cultivars.
Sales of the booklet Garden Varieties of Australian Plants, published by the ACRA in April 1988 have been consistent. Marketing is to be handled by a commercial firm
As a result of discussion with the Plant Variety Rights Office, the ACRA agreed to examine Australian plant cultivars and provide advice to the Plant Variety Rights examiner. Four such cultivars have been examined this year. The cooperation between the Plant Variety Rights Office and the ACRA is expected to continue for the foreseeable future.
Armstrong, J.A. (1988), ‘The Evolution of Floral Syndromes in the Australian Rutaceae’, Australian Pollination Ecologists’ Society Newsletter, 1/88
Armstrong, J.A. (1989), ‘Studies on Pollination and Systematics in the Australian Rutaceae’, PhD Thesis, University of New South Wales.
*Bevalot F., Armstrong, J.A., Gray, A.l. and Waterman, P.G. (1988), ‘Coumarins from three Phebalium species’, Systematics and Ecology, 16(7/8): 631—633.
Boden, A. (1989), ‘Botanic Gardens Education—its History and Some Thoughts on its Future’, in Harvey, R. (ed) ‘Botanic Gardens Education’, Australian National Botanic Gardens Occasional Publication No. 11, Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
Briggs, J.D. & Crisp, M.D. (1989), ‘Eucalyptus cadens (Myrtaceae), a new swamp gum from the Warby Range, North-East Victoria’, Muelleria, 7(1): 7—13.
Canning, E (1989), ‘ Arthur Court retires’, note in Austral. Syst. Bot.Newsletter, 59: 8.
Clements, M.A. (1989), ‘Orchids Common to S.E. Asia and Australia’,in Proceedings of the 6th Asean Orchid Congress, Bangkok, Thailand, November 1986.
Clements, M.A. (1989), ‘Recent developments in the symbiotic germination and propagation of orchids: possible impact on the horticultural trade’, in Proceedings of the 6th Asean Orchid Congress Seminar, Bangkok, Thailand, November 1986.
Crisp, M.D. (1989), ‘The rarest gum tree’, Australian Natural History, 22:556.
Crisp, M.D., Taylor, J.M. and *Bennett, E.M. (1989), ‘Pittosporaceae— an old past Gondwanan family’, in ,Abstracts of the Australian Systematic Botany Society on Gondwanan elements in Australian flora, Sydney, June 1989.
Groeneveld, K.M. & Armstrong, J.A. (1989), ‘World Wildlife Fund ( Australia) Project 65: Conservation Biology of the Endangered Species Hibiscus insularis Final Report January 1989.
Fagg, M. (1989), ‘Robert Boden retires’, note in Austral. Syst. Bot.Newsletter, 59: 7.
Harvey, R. (ed) (1989), ‘Botanic Gardens Education’, Australian National Botanic Gardens Occasional Publication No. 11, Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
Harvey, R. & Fagg, M. (1989), ‘Inside Out—Integrating Indoor and Outdoor Interpretation’, in Harvey, R. (ed.) ‘Botanic Gardens Education’, Australian National Botanic Gardens Occasional Publication No. 11, Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
Jones, D.L. (1988), ‘New fern species from northern Australia’, Austrobaileya, 2(5): 469—480.
Jones, D.L. (1988), ‘New orchid taxa from south-eastern Queensland’, Austrobaileya, 2(5): 547—553.
Jones, D.L. & Clements, M.A. (1988), ‘A new Australian Corybas (Orchidaceae) previously misdetermined as C diemenicus (Lindley) H.G. Reichb.’, Kew Bull., 43(1): 135—137.
Maslin, B.R. & Court, A.B. (1989), ‘Acacia caerulescens, a new species of Acacia Section Phyllodineae from Victoria’, Muelleria, 7(1): 131—134.
Meredith, L.D. (1988), ‘Plant Conservation in Botanic Gardens’, Australian Garden Journal, 8(1): 26—27.
Meredith, L.D. (1988), ‘A Curious and Diverse Flora Under Threat’, Canadian Plant Conservation Bulletin, 3(2): 4—6.
Meredith, L.D. (1989), ‘Towards an Australian Botanic Gardens Conservation Secretariat’, in Abstracts of the Second International Botanic Gardens Conservation Congress April 1988
Mullins, E. (1989), Growing Native Plants No. 14, Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
Pate, J.S.,Kuo, J., Dixon, K.W. and Crisp, M.D. (1989), ‘Anomalous secondary thickening in roots of Daviesia (Fabaceae) and its taxonomic significance’, Bot. J. Linn. Soc., 99: 175—193.
Richardson , M.M. (1988), ‘“Extinct” Plants Rediscovered’, Australian Natural History, 22(11).
Richardson, M.M. (1988), ‘The role of Botanic Gardens in Wildlife Management’, in Abstracts of the Australian Wildlife Management Society Inaugural Conference, September 1988.
Richardson, M.M. and Meredith, L.D. (1988), ‘Survey of Australian Botanic Gardens’, Botanic Gardens Conservation News, 1(2).
Sharma, I.K. and Ollerenshaw, P.J. (1989), ‘The rooting response of terminal and stem cuttings of five Boronia species subjected to varied auxin treatments’, Australian Horticulture, April—May. 1989: 32-35.
Streimann, H. (1988), ‘The moss genus Papillaria (Meteoriaceae) in New Guinea’. The Bryologist, 91: 341—344.
Streimann, H. and Curnow, J.A. (1989), ‘Catalogue of Mosses of Australia and its External Territories’, Australian Flora and Fauna Series, No. 10: 1-478, Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
Telford , I.R. ‘Rediscovery of Muellerargia timorensis (Cucurbitaceae)’, Austral. Syst. Bot. Newsletter, 59: 4.
Professor D.P. Craig, AO, FRS, FAA, Emeritus Professor of Physical and Theoretical Chemistry, Australian National University.
Dr R.W. Boden, Director, Australian National Botanic Gardens (until 6 April 1989)
Dr L.T. Evans, AO, FRS, FAA, CSIRO Division of Plant Industry and former President of the Australian Academy of Science
Dr R. Hnatiuk, Acting Director, Australian National Botanic Gardens (from 7 April 1989)
Miss P.M. McDonald, BEM, Head of Education, Australian Museum, Sydney
Sir Rupert Myers KBE, FTS
Formerly Vice Chancellor of the University of New South Wales.
Mrs S.G. Parsons, Gardening correspondent and book reviewer for the Canberra Times.
Professor L.D. Pryor, AO, Emeritus Professor of Botany, Australian National University
Mr G.V. Brandt (062) 67 1811
• ex officio
Donations and Sponsorships made to the ANBG
BP Australia Pty Ltd Sponsored the printing of the leaflet ‘A Garden of Australian Plants’.
Mrs D. Dunckley Watercolour painting of Anigozantho
Australian Academy of Science, ACT Books
Victoria College Books
Royal Botanic Gardens, Sydney Books
Miss E. M. Canning Books
Dr R. Hnatiuk Books
Mr R. King Books
Mr & Mrs O’Brien Brian O’Brien bequest, used to purchase botanical and horticultural publications.
L. Adams Wolffia australiana
Association of Societies for Growing Australian Plants (Grevillea Study Group) Grevillea sericea
Australian National Parks and Wildlife Service Phalaenopsis sp. and Grammatophyllum scriptum
Mr L Bird, Queensland Decaspermum sp. nov., Bosistoa medicinalis
Mr R. Burns Wide range of Tasmanian species, including rare and endangered species.
Mr J. Carter Rutaceae
P. Forster Acacia eremophiloides, Newcastelia
velutia, Hovea sp aff pannosa
N. Hoy Decaspermum sp nov
M. Jahn Acacia sp nov
Kings Park and Botanic Garden Nuytsia floribunda, Vellia trinervis
North Coast Regional Botanic Gardens Gardens Olearia flocktoniae
Royal Botanic Gardens, Sydney Proteaceae, Toona australis
Western Australian Herbarium Ordinea purpurea
J. West Viola hederacea
Mr C. Wheeler Zieria spp.
Mr Evan Williams Zieria spp. Nymphea gigantea
Donations made by the ANBG
Propagation Material ( Australia)
ACT Law Counci Variety of ornamental plants
Agriculture and Fisheries Department, NSW Homoranthus flavescens
Australian National University, ACT Alocasia macrorrhizos
CSIRO, ACT Acacia spp.
CSIRO, ACT Palms
CSIRO, ACT Rainforest species
Mr David Gordon, QLD Proteaceae
Wagga Wagga City Council, NSW Orchids
Waite Institute, SA Telopea spp.
Wollongong Botanic Gardens,NSW Rhododendron spp.
Yarralumla Nursery, ACT Correa spp.,Grevillea spp.
Propagation Material (Overseas)
University of Arhus, Denmark Shrubs
Institute of Pharmacology and Biology, West Germany Microcorys ericifolia
University of Umea, Sweden Acacia spp., Banksia spp.,Hakea spp. Callistemon spp., Melaleuca spp., Epacris spp.,
University of Padua, Italy Pandorea spp.
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kçw, United Kingdom Helichrysum bracteatum ‘Princess of Wales’Brachycome spp.
National,Trust, United Kingdom Mixed seed
Abbostbury Gardens, United Kingdom Eucalyptus spp., Callistemon spp.
Kumming Institute of Botany,
Peoples’ Republic Of China Eucalyptus spp., Hakea spp.
Bejing Botanic Gardens, Peoples’ Republic Of China Asteraceae
University of Senegal, Senegal Eucalyptus spp., Callistemon spp.,
Acacia spp., Gaspedia spp.,
Hymenanthera spp., Casuarina spp
Plant Material for research or education purposes
Australian National University Pandorea spp., Clematis spp.
Birrigai Environment Centre, ACT Mixed species
Roger Hnatiuk (a)
George Brandt (a)
Geoff Butler (a)
Plant Assessment Officer
Ruth Hallett (a)
Plant Assessment Assistant
Supervisor (Horticultural Maintenance)
David Mallinson (a)
Overseers (Horticultural Maintenance)
Terry Conway (a)
Jim Hewat (a)
Tim Mulcahy (a)
Paul Ziesing (a)
Manager, Jervis Bay
Overseer, Jervis Bay
Rebecca Rudd (a)
Gardeners, Jervis Bay
Plant Operator, Jervis Bay
Senior Development Officer
Paul Schumack (a)
Clerk of Works
Helen Hadobas [part time]
Margaret Winsbury (a)
Extension Services Officer
Therapeutic Horticulture Officer
Therapeutic Horticulture Assistant
Maryanne Traill (a)
Senior Research Botanist
Botanical Research Assistant
Botanical Research Officer
Plant Biology Research
Senior Research Biologist
Senior Research Biologist
G. Savage (a)
Laurie Adams, CSIRO, Canberra Acacia
Elizabeth Ashby & David Keith,
New South Wales National Parks
and Wildlife Service Rare species
Barbara Barnsley, Canberra Northern Territory collections
Dr Tony Brown & Dr Jim Grace,CSIRO Glycine
Jeremy Bruhl, RSBS, ANU Cyperaceae
Dr Dorothy Catling, Jodrell Laboratories, Kew, United Kingdom Proteaceae
Fiona Coates, Lands, Parks and Wildlife, Hobart Rhamnaceae
Lyn Craven, CSIRO, Canberra Myrtaceae
Isobel Crawford, Canberra Australian Capital Territory and Bass Strait coastal collections
Dr Hugh Dawson, FBA River Laboratory, United Kingdom Crassula
Drs Jane and Jeff Doyle, Bailey Herbarium, New York, United States of America Legumes
Dr Don Foréman, National Herbarium of Victoria Herbarium databases
Dr Fred Gaile, Armitage, United States of America Ilex
Phil Gilmour, Canberra Australian Capital Territory flora, Norfolk Island flora and Lauraceae
Dr Toshiro Hibato, Tokyo University of Agriculture, Japan Dioscorea, medicinal plants
Dr Mike Hopkins, University of Papua New Guinea Herbarium databases
Dr Steven Hopper, Department of Conservation and Land Management, Perth Orchidaceae
Joe Kamminga, Australian National University Aboriginal use of timbers
Peter Lavarach, Queensland
National Parks and Wildlife
Service, Townsville Orchidaceae
Dr Terry Macfarlane, Western Australian Herbarium Legumes, Herbarium databases
Effie Mullins, Canberra Poisonous plants
Margaret Parris, Merimbula New South Wales southern coast collections
Dr G. Poinar, University of California, United States of America Agathis
Geoff Power, James Cook University Acmena
Dr Kevin Thiele, University of Melbourne Banksia
Lin Thompson, CSIRO
Doug Verdon, Australian National University Programming, cryptogams
Dr Neville Walsh, National Herbarium of Victoria Pomaderris, Poaceae
Dr Gordon White, University of New England Ecology and Herbarium databases
Dr David Williams, CCAE Cocos (Keeling) Islands
Richard Wmgfield CSIRO Seed collecting information
Dr Elizabeth Brown, Auckland University, New Zealand Liverworts and mosses
Dr Jack Elix, Chemistry Department, ANU Lichens
K.T. Kull, Tartu, Estonia Bryophytes
Hieno Lepp, Canberra Fungi
Dr D. Lucas, Darwin, Northern Territory Bryophytes
Dr H. Mayrhofer, Graz, Austria Bryophytes
Dr U. Milutinovic, Maribon,Austria Bryophytes
Dr H.P. Ramsay, University of New South Wales Mosses
Dr Jeremy Russel Smith, Darwin, Northern Territory Bryophytes
Jervis Bay Annexe
Australian Cultivar Registration Authority Inc .
Phylogenetic analysis of supra-generic taxa of Fabaceae
Dr J. Chappill, Harvard University, USA; P. Weston, National Herbarium of NSW and Michael Crisp.
Cladistic and biogeographic analysis of the subtribe Embothrunae
Dr P. Weston, National Herbarium of NSW; Dr S. Feuer, De Paul;
University, Chicago, USA and Michael Crisp.
Description of a new species of Pultenaea (Fabaceae)
Mr J.D. Briggs, CSIRO Division of Plant Industry and Michael Crisp
Description of two new genera of Fabaceae
Dr P. Weston, National Herbarium of NSW and Michael Crisp
Phenetic analysis and revision of Telopea (Proteaceae)
Dr P. Weston, National Herbarium of NSW and Michael Crisp
Phylogenetic analysis of the Pittosporaceae
Dr E.M. Bennett, Kings Park and Botanic Garden, Perth; Joan Taylor and Michael Crisp
Revision of Australasian Oreocallis (Proteaceae)
Dr P. Weston, National Herbarium of NSW and Michael Crisp
Dr Ben Wallace (Chairperson),
Royal Botanic Gardens
Mrs Macquarie’s Rd
Sydney NSW 2000
Mr Arthur Court (Secretary)
71 Miller Street
O’Connor ACT 2601
Mr George Brown
Darwin Botanic Gardens
PC Box 4341
Darwin NT 0800
Mr Geoff Butler (Secretary/Treasurer)
Australian National Botanic Gardens
GPO Box 1777
Canberra ACT 2601
Ms Jan Davis
(Representing the Australian Nursery Industry Association and the
Australian Institute of Horticulture)
P0 Box 282
Parramatta NSW 2150
Dr Laurie Haegi
The Botanic Gardens of Adelaide
Adelaide SA 5000
Mr David Hockings
(Representing the Society for Growing Native Plants)
41 Oxford Street
Wavell Heights Qld 4012
Dr Bob Johnson
Indooroopilly Qld 4068
Mr Tony May
Royal Tasmanian Botanical Gardens
Hobart Tas. 7000
Mr Bill Payne
(Editor, Australian Plants)
860 Henry Lawson Drive
Picnic Point NSW 2213
Mr John Wrigley, AM
P0 Box 1639
Coffs Harbour NSW 2450
Dr Paul Wycherly, OBE
Kings Park and Botanic Garden
West Perth WA 6005
(B) CULTIVARS REGISTERED 1988-89
Cultivar: Submitted by:
Anigozanthos ‘Spence’s Spectacular’ J. Hickman, Perth Zoo Social Club, WA
Anigozanthos ‘Unity K.R. Oliver, WA
Anigozanthos ‘Velvet Harmony’ K.R. Oliver, WA
Bauera rubioides ‘Luina Gem’ H. Murray, Tas.
Boronia megastigma ‘Heaven Scent’ W. & V. van de Horst, Vic.
Correa ‘Mannii’ W. R. Elliot, Vic.
Correa ‘Marion’s Marvel’ W. R. Elliot, Vic.
Crowea ‘Cooper’s Hybrid’ N. Kirby, Yellow Rock Native Nursery, NSW
Epacris impressa ‘Cranbourne Bells’ W.R. & G. Elliot, Vic.
Grevillea ‘Bronze Rambler’ P. & M. Goldup, Vic.
Grevillea ‘Brookvale Letitia’ W. L. Miller, Qld
Grevillea ‘Crimson Glory’ P. Baker, Vic.
Grevillea ‘Eileen Rose’ J. Sked, Qld
Grevillea ‘Winpara Gem’ K. Bartlett, SA
Kennedia nigricans ‘Minstrel’ P. & M. Goldup, Vic.