Flora of Australia, vol. 54 (various contributors). AGPS, 1992. (348 pp.). [The first of five volumes that will cover lichens in this series; this volume contains introductory chapters on history of Australian lichenology, physical structure of lichens, photobionts, chemistry, ecology and biogeography, uses, and collection techniques. These are followed by a systematic schema (down to generic level), keys to all the Australian genera, and the first few family treatments (incl. Cladiaceae and Cladoniaceae)].
McCarthy, P.M. Checklist of Australian lichens (4th edn). National Herbarium of Victoria, Dept of Cons. & Env't, Melbourne, 1991. [Catalogue of the species in Australia, with references to original publication of the names, and some synonymy.]
Rogers, R.W. The genera of Australian lichens (lichenized fungi). Univ. of Queensland Press, 1981. [Catalogue of the genera in Australia, with keys to genera, generic descriptions, and references. No diagrams.]
Filson, R.B. & R.W. Rogers Lichens of South Australia. Gov't Printer, S.A., 1979. [Keys to, and descriptions of, arid area lichens with introductory notes on lichen structures and ecology. Some illustrations.]
Galloway, D.J. Flora of New Zealand - Lichens. Gov't Printer, Wellington, N.Z., 1985. [Keys to and descriptions of the N.Z. lichen flora, many of which have affinities to the Australian taxa. Organised into structural groups, e.g. fruticose taxa.]
Hale, M.E. How to know the lichens (2nd edn). (The Pictured Key Nature Series) Wm C. Brown & Co, Dubuque, Iowa, USA, 1979. [A beginners guide to identifying non-crustose lichens. Numerous black and white photos and line ilustrations.]
Hale, Jr, M.E. & M. Cole Lichens of California. (Calif. Natural History Guides: 54) Univ. of California Press, Berkeley, 1988. [Keys to and descriptions of Californian lichens (many genera in common with Australia), with introductory notes on lichen structure, ecology, and collecting. Organised into structural groups, e.g. fruticose taxa.]
Kershaw, K.A. & K.L. Alvin The Observer's book of lichens. Frederick Warne & Co., Ltd, London, 1963. [Structure & biology of lichens, key to genera, descriptions of genera and species, with some paintings and photographs. British Isles coverage, but many genera in common with Australia.]