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Flowers and buds. Copyright CSIRO
Leaves and Flowers. Copyright CSIRO
Flower, bird's-eye view, petals, stamens with hairy filaments. Copyright CSIRO
Flower, Anthers, hairy filaments & hairy petals. Copyright CSIRO
Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, epigeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Scientific NameFlindersia schottiana F.Muell.
Mueller, F.J.H. von (1862) Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae 3: 25. Type: In silvis humidioribus Australiae orientalis a fluvio Hastings, usque ad sinum Repulse Bay.
Ash; Mountain Ash; Stavewood; Southern Silver Ash; Wyageri; Silver Ash; Northern Silver Ash; Floppy Leaf Ash; Cudgerie; Ash, Southern Silver; Ash, Northern Silver; Ash, Bumpy; Ash, Silver; Bumpy Ash; Ash, Mountain; Flindosy Beech
Leaflets sessile or with very short stalks. Lateral leaflet blades about 8-22 x 1.6-6.3 cm. Hairs, if present, on the underside of the leaflet blade, stellate. Leaflets with about 15-30 lateral veins on each side of the midrib.
Cotyledons much wider than long, about 2-4 x 15-20 mm, bilobed. Oil dots numerous, clearly visible with a lens. First pair of leaves ovate, hairy on both the upper and lower surfaces. Trifoliolate leaves often produced after the first pairs of leaves. At the tenth leaf stage: lateral leaflets shortly stalked, elliptic, apex acute, base oblique; terminal leaflet stalked, obovate, apex acuminate, base cuneate; leaflets hairy on the upper surface along the midrib; oil dots numerous, visible to the naked eye; petiole and rhachis of compound leaf densely hairy. Seed germination time 6 to 14 days.
Distribution and Ecology
Occurs in CYP, NEQ, CEQ and southwards to north eastern New South Wales. Altitudinal range from near sea level to 1000 m. In CYP and NEQ this species grows in drier, more seasonal rain forest and is often associated with Kauri Pine (Agathis robusta). Also occurs in New Guinea.
Natural History & Notes
Food plant for the larval stages of the Orchard Butterfly. Common & Waterhouse (1981).
Formerly used in the manufacture of barrels (cooperage), cricket stumps, billiard cues and tool handles. Swain (1928).
Produces a very pale high quality cabinet timber which takes a high polish.
Wood specific gravity 0.67. Cause et al. (1989).
SynonymsFlindersia schottiana F.Muell. var. schottiana, Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae 1: 65(1858). Flindersia pubescens F.M.Bailey, Queensland Agricultural Journal 3(5): 353(1898), Type: The above description refers to trees now (October) flowering on Wickham Terrace. Raised from seed from tropical Queensland. Flindersia schottiana var. pubescens F.Muell., Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae 5: 143(1865), Type: ad sinum Rockinghams Bay.
CC-BY Australian Tropical Herbarium unless otherwise indicated in the images.