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Habit and flowers. Copyright B. Gray
Scale bar 10mm. Copyright CSIRO
Cotyledon stage, hypogeal germination. Copyright CSIRO
10th leaf stage. Copyright CSIRO
Vine stem bark and vine stem transverse section. Copyright CSIRO
Scientific NameRourea brachyandra F.Muell.
Mueller, F.J.H. von (1874) Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae 8: 6. Type: In silvis udis umbrosis pone Rockinghams Bay; Dallachy.
Vine, Water; Water Vine
Usually 3-7 leaflets in each compound leaf. Leaflet blades 4.5-14 x 2-6.5 cm, lateral leaflet stalks about 0.2-0.6 cm long, transversely wrinkled. 'Stalk' of the middle or terminal leaflet longer than those of the lateral leaflets. Pulvinus present only on the stalk of the middle or terminal leaflet.
Flowers strongly perfumed, the odour resembling that of bee stings. Male flowers: Flowers about 4 mm diam. at anthesis. Sepals about 2 mm long. Petals about 5 mm long, narrower than the sepals. Stamens 10, alternately long and short, the shorter stamens opposite the petals. Short stamens with filaments about 1 mm long. Long stamens with filaments about 1.5 mm long. Carpels 8, sterile, each about 0.3 mm long. Female or hermaphrodite flowers: Sepals about 2 x 1 mm. Petals obovate, about 5 x 2 mm. Stamens 10, 5 short and 5 long. Carpels 5, each about 0.5-0.7 mm long. Stigmas sessile.
Fruits about 13-15 x 6 mm, surface longitudinally striated. Calyx remnants persistent at the base of the fruit. Aril bright red, enveloping the seed. Testa brown. Seed ellipsoid, about 9-10 x 5 mm. Cotyledons thick, about 6 mm long. Radicle about 0.5 mm diam.
First leaves unifoliolate, broadly lanceolate to ovate, apex acute, base cordate. At the tenth leaf stage: leaf or leaflets ovate, apex acuminate to acute, base obtuse to cordate. Upper and lower surfaces of the leaf or leaflet blades clothed in dark-coloured glands which are visible with a lens. Lateral veins forming loops inside the blade margin. Terminal bud densely clothed in pale brown erect hairs. Seed germination time 20 to 49 days.
Distribution and Ecology
Natural History & Notes
This species appears to be poisonous but it may also have medicinal properties.
SynonymsSantaloides brachyandrum Schellenb., Beitrage zur Vergleichden Anatomie und Systemak der Connaraceen 50: 50(1910). Aegiceras minus Gaertn., Fruct. 1: 216(1788), Type: Ind. or. Rourea minus (Gaertn.) Leenh., Flora Malesiana Series I 5: 514(1958).
CC-BY Australian Tropical Herbarium unless otherwise indicated in the images.