Australian Plant Name Index
Introduction to the original 1991 printed version
The Australian Plant Name Index was published in four volumes (totalling
3055 pages) in 1991. The Publication is available from the Australian
Government Publishing Service, GPO Box 84, CANBERRA ACT 2601, AUSTRALIA.
The Index is maintained as a database and can be queried electronically.
Enquiries should be addressed to:
Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research
GPO Box 1600,
Canberra, ACT 2601
Telephone: +61 2 6246 5108
Facsimile: + 61 2 6246 5249
or preferably by email at : email@example.com
Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra
Australian Flora and Fauna Series - Number 12
Australian Plant Name Index
Arthur D. Chapman
An AGPS Press publication
Australian Government Publishing Service Canberra
(c) Commonwealth of Australia 1991
This work is copyright. Apart from any use as permitted under the
Copyright Act 1968, no part may be reproduced by any process without
written permission from the Australian Government Publishing Service.
Requests and inquiries concerning reproduction and rights should be
addressed to the Manager, AGPS Press, GPO Box 84, Canberra, ACT 2601.
The views expressed in this publication are not necessarily those
of the Minister for the Arts, Sport, the Environment, Tourism and Territories,
or of the Commonwealth Government.
National Library of Australia Cataloguing-in-Publication entry
Chapman, Arthur D. 1947-.
Australian plant name index.
ISBN 0 644 13367 8 (no. 12).
ISBN 0 644 13368 6 (no. 13).
ISBN 0 644 13369 4 (no. 14).
ISBN 0 644 13370 8 (no. 15).
1. Botany - Australia - Nomenclature - Indexes I. Australian Biological
Resources Study. II. Title. (Series : Australian flora and fauna series
; no. 12- 15).
Cover Design: by Diana Boyer
Illustration: J.J. Labillardiere, Novae Hollandiae Plantarum Specimen
Mimosa suaveolens Smith [Acacia suaveolens (Smith) Willd.]
Australian Biological Resources Study
GPO Box 1383, Canberra, ACT 2601, Australia
Better Printing Service, 1 Foster Street, Queanbeyan N.S.W. 2620
This work is dedicated to the late Dr Nancy Tyson Burbidge, A.M. (1912-1977).
Nancy was a tireless proponent of Australian botany (including the proposal
for a new Flora of Australia and an active conservationist, ever ready
to advise and assist others. She led the Australian Plant Name Index
project in its early years.
Taxonomists and others spend an inordinate amount of time searching
literature for the names that have been given to plants since 1753.
The present International Code of Botanical Nomenclature demands this,
if plant taxonomy is to be done thoroughly. For Australia, as for most
countries, that literature is enormous, in many languages, and not all
readily available even in the large libraries overseas.
The Australian Plant Name Index has been prepared in order to assist
those needing this information. Begun in 1973, it lists all scientific
names - more than 62 000 - used for Australian vascular plants in the
literature. Almost all have been checked back to the original place
of publication. That reference, together with the author of the name,
the type citation and supplementary information, is given for each entry.
The Index will save taxonomists many hours of searching, and in that
way alone should lead to an increase in their productivity. It should
ensure that all names are accounted for in revisionary studies, and,
because there can be few names not found, will assist the stabilisation
of Australian botanical nomenclature.
As explained in the Introduction, several people shared the compilation
of the Index in its early years and others the final stages of editing.
Since 1974, however, it has been the principal task of Arthur Chapman.
He is to be commended for his perseverance through the hours, days,
weeks and months spent both searching literature and editing the data
Publication of the Index marks the culmination of a project begun
under the auspices of the Australian Academy of Science and transferred
in 1976 to the Australian Biological Resources Study. The funds for
the initial stages, organised by the late Sir Maurice Mawby have paid
Australian Biological Resources Study March 1991
Foreword - vii
Introduction - xi
Layout of the Index - xxiii
Acknowledgements - xvi
Institutions consulted - xvii
References - xx
Index to families and their genera - APNI vol. Q- Z
(Flora & Fauna series no. 15)
I am a little flower,
Many an age agone,
Before man walked on earth,
I was. ... Man came,
Evolutional upstart one!
With the gift of giving a name
To everything under the sun.
What have I done? Man came,
Looked at me with eyes of blame,
And called me "Squinancy-wort".
Perhaps in his infinite mercy God will remove this Man!
Edward Carpenter (1844-1929).
Since early in the 19th Century, attempts have been made to compile
lists of the names of plant taxa. The most comprehensive of these Index
Kewensis was prepared in the 1880s and 1890s by Benjamin Daydon Jackson,
then Secretary of the Linnean Society, under the direction of Joseph
Dalton Hooker at the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Stafleu, 1966; Meikle,
1971). It first appeared as a two-volume work and has since been updated
in 18 supplements. It has become an authoritative index to published
angiosperm plant names for the world. Few indexes have attempted to
supply more than the name and original place of publication, and occasionally
(Chase & Niles, 1962; Farr et al., 1979, 1986) some information on the
type. Very few indexes have been based wholly on the original sources,
often relying on subsequent publications for early references. Jackson,
in the early volumes of Index Kewensis, for example, accepted references
given by De Candolle, Pfeiffer, Bentham and other eminent authorities,
admitting that he did not trace every name published prior to 1850 back
to its source (Meikle, 1971). Many errors have been perpetuated as a
result of such practices.
The only previous comprehensive indexes covering Australian plants
have been Index Kewensis which lists all angiosperm (flowering plant)
names, A. Chase & C.D. Nile's Index to Grass Species which lists all
grass names along with information as to their status and type, and
C. Christensen's Index Filicum which lists fern names along with their
status. In addition N.T. Burbidge's Australian Plant Genera and E.R.
Farr et al.'s Index Nominum Genericorum (Plantarum) are indexes to generic
There have been three censuses of Australian plants (Mueller, 1882,
1889; Hnatiuk, 1990). These give accepted names along with their distribution
but were not intended to be bibliographic works.
The Australian Plant Name Index supplies information associated with
the original publication of all vascular plant names that have been
used in the literature for plants occurring or thought to occur in Australia,
as well as information on their treatment in later revisions. The Index
lists infra-generic/supra-specific names and infra-specific names as
well as generic and species names and has relied exclusively on original
sources for its information.
An essay written for the first volume of the Flora of Australia (George,
1981) gives a comprehensive history of the Flora of Australia project.
The early history of the Australian Plant Name Index is intimately linked
with that of the Flora.
From discussions held in 1971 there emerged general support for an
index to Australian plant names as a preliminary work which would lead
towards a new Flora. In November 1971 the Australian Academy of Science
Standing Committee for a Flora of Australia decided to initiate the
project using the funds made available to the Academy through one of
its Fellows, Sir Maurice Mawby. The Australian Plant Name Index project
commenced in April 1973 with the appointment of Penelope Hack as bibliographer.
She was succeeded in January 1974 when Arthur Chapman was appointed
botanist/bibliographer. Nancy Burbidge was released from her duties
as Curator of the CSIRO herbarium to lead the project while at the same
time she brought up to date her earlier list of taxonomic literature
available in Australian libraries (Burbidge, 1951, 1978). In the early
stages of the project, both Nancy and Ruurd Hoogland undertook many
literature searches. The Academy continued to administer the project
until 1976. CSIRO contributed to the project by making available both
research and library facilities in the Divisions of Plant Industry and
Land Use Research.
In 1976 the financial support for the Australian Plant Name Index
organised by Sir Maurice Mawby and the Australian Academy of Science
was exhausted. Following an approach to the Government and the Australian
Biological Resources Study (ABRS), funding for the project was taken
over by ABRS.
Preparation of the Index
The Australian Plant Name Index includes the names of taxa at all levels
from genus downwards for the flowering plants, gymnosperms and ferns.
It has been compiled from primary sources. All literature known or
thought likely to contain new names for Australia or references to plants
occurring in Australia has been checked page by page. Indexes such as
those mentioned above have been perused for names that may have been
Searches began in the libraries of CSIRO in Canberra and were extended
to other libraries in Australia and eventually overseas.
During research for the Index all major libraries and herbaria in
Australia have been consulted and the literature available in them exhaustively
studied. Much of the literature required for compilation of the Index
is, however, not available in Australia. During the 18th and 19th Centuries
English, French, Spanish, Russian and German scientific expeditions
visited Australia and most of the collections from these expeditions
were sent back to Europe. Other collectors living and working in Australia
sent or sold their plant collections to individuals and institutions
in Europe. Subsequently, European botanists published many new taxa
in European books and journals. Many collectors took or sent back seeds
or live plants for growing by nurseries and botanic gardens. Some of
the larger nurseries in Europe sponsored collectors living in Australia
and commissioned them to send live material back for cultivation. Again,
many new plants were discovered and these were described in European
horticultural journals, nursery catalogues, newspapers or seed lists
issued by botanic gardens.
Major Australian libraries did not begin to appear until the second
half of the 19th Century, and were unable to acquire much of the relevant
early literature. It is largely due to private collections such as those
of J.A. Ferguson, T. Mitchell and J. MacArthur that Australia has any
of this literature at all.
By December 1982 about 50 000 names had been recorded for the Index.
Forty one libraries in 34 institutions had been consulted in Australia,
but still much literature had not been seen or obtained. Current library
practice throughout the world is such that pre-1900 literature is not
available for loan through inter-library loan services. It was against
this background that two visits were made to institutional libraries
in Europe and the United States of America in 1983 and 1987. Literature
not available in Australia was studied and photocopies made where possible.
Secondary references such as Index Kewensis (Hooker & Jackson, 1893
et seq., Davies & Lloyd, 1987-1989) were not examined until late in
the project as a check for literature that may have been missed and
for differences in pagination etc. Where any differences did occur,
these were checked against the protologue. Any differences between the
Australian Plant Name Index and Index Kewensis etc., are noted in the
At various times portions of the Index have been distributed to the
major Australian herbaria, partly to obtain feedback on the Index and
partly to provide access to some of the data. The first part was distributed
in 1976 (Chapman, 1976), and covered entries up to Akania excepting
Acacia. The second part, distributed in 1979, covered Abarema to Acacia
(Chapman, 1979). In 1980 A-C was distributed on microfiche (Chapman,
1980). In all cases, the layout of the text was primitive, the data
then being in the process of being converted from 8 by 5 inch cards
into a computer data base. Feedback from all those preliminary publications
was used in improving both the scope and layout of the Index.
In nearly all cases (over 99.8%) the protologue has been seen. Where
this has not been the case the reference is cited with a note that the
reference has not been seen. This is followed by a secondary reference
which cites the name.
Literature entries have been completed up until 31 December 1989.
No entries published after that date have been entered with the exception
of Volume 18 of the Flora of Australia.
The Index includes over 62 350 names. Of these 4870 are generic names;
37 900 are species names; 5340 are infrageneric and 14 000 are infraspecific
(including 1500 subspecies names and 11 350 varietal names). Of the
species names, 1780 (4.7%) show some difference from the citation given
in Index Kewensis. The compilers of Index Kewensis were notified of
some of the errors in citation and corrections were notified in Supplement
18 of Index Kewensis.
The Australian Plant Name Index is purely a nomenclatural work and
makes no taxonomic judgment other than the placement of the name within
a family. No formal nomenclatural actions such as new combinations,
lectotypifications, substitute names or change of status etc. are intended
in this work. If any nomenclatural change has inadvertently been made
to the status of a name or its typification, then it is to be regarded
as not validly published in this Index.
The geographical area covered by the Index includes the six Australian
States, the Northern Territory, the Australian Capital Territory, immediate
offshore islands, Lord Howe Island and Norfolk Island. Records for Norfolk
and Lord Howe Islands were not included in the Index until well into
the project. Coverage of names for these islands, therefore, is not
as complete as for the continent.
The Future of the Index
The Australian Plant Name Index is published here in hard copy. The
Index has, however, been compiled into a proprietary computer data base
system (Oracle), being run under UNIX and maintained by the Australian
National Botanic Gardens. On completion of the Index, responsibility
for maintenance of the data base and for its continual updating will
transfer to the Australian National Botanic Gardens.
Those who detect errors or omissions are invited to advise the Gardens
Director, Australian National Botanic Gardens, GPO Box 1777, Canberra,
A.C.T. 2601, Australia. In addition, it would be appreciated if authors
publishing names in obscure or less readily available works could forward
a copy to the Gardens Director. This will help maintain the data base
in as complete a form as possible.
It is planned to make the Index available in electronic form in the
Layout of the Index
The Index is arranged alphabetically according to the generic name.
Each genus name is followed by infra-generic names in alphabetical order
regardless of rank. Where the same name is listed in more than one rank
they are arranged in order of decreasing rank. Specific and infra-specific
names follow and are listed alphabetically. Where the same infra-specific
name is listed in more than one rank, the records are arranged in order
of descending rank. In all cases homonyms are listed chronologically
in order of publication. A fairly strict interpretation of the International
Code of Botanical Nomenclature (Greuter, 1988) has been followed. Spellings
have been altered to follow recommendations of the Code, particularly
in regard to endings, gender etc., but where a change has been made,
the original spelling is also given. Where there is any doubt as to
how a name should be spelt, for example Brachyscome or Brachycome, the
original spelling has been followed. Invalid names are given in square
Each name is followed by the abbreviation of the publishing author.
Abbreviations follow the Draft Index of Author Abbreviations compiled
at The Herbarium Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (Meikle, 1980). Pre-'ex'
authors are not cited here in accord with Art. 46.3 of the International
The XIII International Botanical Congress, Sydney, 1981, introduced
the concept of priority of autonyms into the Code (see Article 57.3,
Greuter, 1988). Autonyms are cited as though they were published simultaneously
with the first published taxon of a corresponding rank. In the case
of endemic taxa, the place of publication given is likely to be accurate;
for cosmopolitan taxa and taxa introduced into Australia, varieties
etc. may have been published in literature not examined, particularly
in non-Australian literature. As a result the corresponding date for
the autonym may be earlier than that given in this Index. Autonyms not
recorded as occurring in Australia are not included in the Index.
Authors are given in full, along with pre-'ex' and post-'in' authors.
A pre-'ex' author is one who supplied the name but did not fulfil the
requirements for valid publication or who published the name before
the nomenclatural starting date for the group concerned. A post-'in'
author is one in whose work a description or diagnosis supplied by another
author is published. For a further explanation of pre-'ex' and post-'in'
authors and their use see Arts 46.2 and 46.3 of the International Code
The author cited is as determined from the original publication with
no (or little) interpretation. In cases such as W.T. Aiton's Hortus
Kewensis (Aiton, 1810-1813) if initials, such as R.Br. are given following
the description, then R. Brown is taken as the publishing author. If
the initials merely follow the name, then the editor of the volume is
taken as the author and R. Brown as the courtesy, or pre-'ex', author.
Another example is J. Knight's Proteeae (Knight, 1809) where R.A. Salisbury
is often cited as the author of new names published therein. As there
is no mention in the work itself that Salisbury was the author (Knight
merely acknowledging his assistance), Knight is given as the author
in this Index. A comment is given where a different interpretation has
been used, for example in Taxonomic Literature (Stafleu & Cowan, 1976-1988).
For autonyms, the name given under Author is that of the establishing
author. In many cases the author given may not have cited the autonym
himself, but was responsible for establishing it by being the first
to publish the name of the appropriate subdivision of the genus or species
and therefore automatically established the corresponding autonym. See
Articles 22.2 and 26.2 of the International Code (Greuter, 1988).
The reference cited is the original place of publication of the name
and is given in full. Where possible, the title is given as on the title
page of the publication itself. Where the name of a journal has changed,
the title given is that in use at the time of publication, e.g. the
journal now known as Feddes Repertorium was previously known under several
titles including Repertorium Specierum Novarum regni Vegetabilis.
The date of publication is given as accurately as could be determined,
to the day when known. Taxonomic Literature (Stafleu, 1967; Stafleu
& Cowan, 1976-1988) has been used extensively as well as other published
references to dates of publication. Where an accurate date of publication
is given in the work itself, this has been used.
For a new combination or name etc., the base name is cited with the
publishing author abbreviated (see under Name above). In many cases,
but not all, this is the basionym. In the case of autonyms, the parent
species or generic name is given, followed by 's. str.'.
Type citation (Type)
The type citation is a direct quote from the protologue. Where no
citation was given this is noted. Additional information given by later
authors without selecting either a lectotype or a neotype is given in
square brackets following the type citation, along with a reference
to the place where that information was obtained.
A specific name is given as the type of the name of a generic or infrageneric/supraspecific
name in accordance with Article 10.1 of the International Code (Greuter,
Lectotype and neotype information is cited, again as a direct quote,
and is followed with a reference to the place where the lectotypification
or neotypification was made.
A specific name is given, as in the type citation, for generic and
infra-generic names. In many cases use has been made of the information
given in Index Nominum Genericorum (Plantarum) (Farr et al., 1979, 1986),
however, this information has been checked against the original wherever
The abbreviation 'I.C.B.N.' is used for the International Code for
Botanical Nomenclature (Greuter, 1988).
Australian references (Austral. ref.)
This is a reference to the first, and selected later, Australian records
of plants with non-Australian types. It includes names of introduced
taxa and taxa with an extra-Australian as well as Australian distribution.
Where later papers give additional information, such as occurrence in
another State of Australia, this has also been cited. Later papers that
note, for example, an earlier introduction than the reference given
here, are usually mentioned under the Comments. For generic names only
the first reference to that genus in Australia is given.
The list of references to Australian occurrence makes no attempt to
be comprehensive or complete for any name.
For angiosperms (flowering plants) families given are in accordance
with A. Cronquist (1981). For an explanation of the acceptance of the
Cronquist (1981) system of classification see page 1 of the Introduction
to Volume 1 of the Flora of Australia. For an introduction to this system
as it applies to Australia, see Kanis (1981).
For gymnosperms (conifers, cycads etc.) and pteridophytes (ferns etc.),
families follow H.T. Clifford & J. Constantine (1980).
In some cases possible alternative placements are given, such as for
species' names where the species but not the genus has been transferred
to another family. Alternative names, such as those sanctioned by long
usage (Greuter, 1988, Art. 18.5), are also given.
Secondary references (Secondary refs.)
Major references are cited giving the full pagination of the paper
followed, in brackets, with the pagination on which that particular
name was treated. A note follows giving an explanation of the treatment
of the name by the author of the paper. If no explanation is given,
then the name was accepted by the author as being correct for that taxon.
For example, a reference cited as:
'L.Pedley, Austrobaileya 1 (1978) 75-234 (172-173)'
for Acacia auriculiformis Benth., indicates that Pedley, in a paper
in volume 1 of Austrobaileya on pages 75 to 234, accepted Acacia auriculiformis
Benth. as the correct name for the taxon which he treated on pages 172
and 173. On the other hand, a reference cited as:
'L.Pedley, Austrobaileya 1 (1978) 75-234 (222) under Acacia melanoxylon
for Acacia arcuata Sprengel, indicates that Pedley, in the same paper,
treated Acacia arcuata Sprengel on page 222 as a synonym of Acacia melanoxylon
Where abbreviations for journal titles are used they follow B-P-H
(Lawrence et al., 1968). Abbreviations for monographs generally follow
Taxonomic Literature ed. 2 (TL-2) (Stafleu & Cowan, 1976-1988). There
are, however, inconsistencies due to the Index being edited over a period
when much of Stafleu & Cowan's eminent work was not available. F.A.
Stafleu kindly supplied a copy of an unpublished list of word abbreviations
which he & Cowan used in preparation of TL-2 and this has been used
extensively for abbreviations not in Stafleu & Cowan, op. cit.
References are given chronologically. No taxonomic judgment has been
made in this Index, merely the taxonomic opinion of the publishing authors
being cited. Several different taxonomic opinions may therefore be cited
in sequential references.
Due to an early decision in the preparation of the Index, most secondary
references cited are post 1935, though there are exceptions.
Comments are made on validity (for a definition see Greuter, 1988,
Article 6.2), legitimacy (Greuter, 1988, Article 6.4) and the conservation
status of the name (Greuter, 1988, App. III). Notes on misspellings,
orthographic and typographic errors are given. Comments are also given
when the Index differs from Index Kewensis (Hooker & Jackson, 1893 et
seq., Davies & Lloyd, 1987-1989) or Index Nominum Genericorum (Plantarum)
(Farr et al., 1979, 1988). Cross references to names for which the name
occurs as a base name (see under Base name, above) are also given along
with more general references, for example, on dates of publication etc.
As mentioned above, much literature is not available in Australia.
Where literature was seen other than in the Australian National Herbarium,
a mention is made of where the publication was seen. Institutional abbreviations
follow Index Herbariorum (Holmgren et al., 1981). In some cases a library
catalogue number is also given for the library in which the publication
The International Code for Botanical Nomenclature (Greuter, 1988)
is usually abbreviated to I.C.B.N. The abbreviation ABLO refers to the
Australian Botanical Liaison Officer stationed at the Royal Botanic
Flora of Australia reference (Fl. Aust. ref.)
The relevant reference is given for all taxa covered in volumes pulished
Type herbarium (Type herb.)
Institutions in which types of the name are housed are cited, along
with the kind of type (i.e. holotype, isotype, lectotype etc.). Institutional
abbreviations follow Index Herbariorum (Holmgren et al., 1981). Where
there is doubt, i.e. the author from which the reference was obtained
had not seen the specimen in that institution, or in cases where an
author noted 'distributed to' etc., a question mark precedes the institutional
abbreviation. In cases where the author was uncertain of the status
of the type, a question mark is given before the kind of type (e.g.
'? holo:', etc.). Where more than one isotype or syntype etc. is known
to occur in a particular institution, this is noted by a number in brackets
following the institutional abbreviation, e.g. 'BRI (2)' etc. In some
cases two authors have supplied different information on the type or
types of a particular name. When this occurs both sets of information
are given with a number referring to the reference to where the information
was obtained. For example '1). holo: BRI; 2).iso: K, MEL.' where the
first reference cited under Type herbarium reference (see below) gives
the information that the holotype is at BRI and the second reference
adds the information that there are also isotypes at K and MEL.
Type herbarium reference (Type herb. ref.)
This gives a reference to where the information in Type herbarium
(see above) was obtained. Refer to Secondary references (above) for
an explanation of journal and monograph abbreviations . If no reference
is given, and an institution is cited under Type herbarium, either the
information was obtained from the protologue, in which case it also
occurs under Type citation (see above), or it was supplied by the author
of this Index. Such cases occur for authors such as C.A. Gardner whose
collections are all at PERTH, S.T. Blake whose collections for taxa
published in the Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland are
at BRI, and K. Domin, whose Australian collections are at PR. The institutional
name is preceeded by a question mark in all cases where I have supplied
It is impossible to acknowledge all those who have helped during the
life of the Australian Plant Name Index project, but there are some
without whom the project would have floundered at an early stage. The
project was begun under the direction of the late Nancy Burbidge and
her enthusiasm and commitment in the early stages laid a solid basis
upon which, ultimately, success was achieved. Hansjoerg Eichler has
been unstinting in his support and encouragement. His knowledge of the
International Code and nomenclature in general has been more than valuable.
The late Andrew Kanis was supportive in the early stages of the project
and again his knowledge of nomenclature and literature was extremely
valuable. Ruurd Hoogland supported the project in many ways. His knowledge
of languages, and in particular Latin, proved valuable on many occasions.
He combed through Mueller's Fragmenta (Mueller, 1858-82) and extracted
the many names in the text. Edna D'Arnay was also instrumental in checking
literature in the erly stages of the project. Much of the literature
examined in the course of preparation of the Index was in languages
other than English and several people have helped with translations
from time to time; for this I must particularly thank Hansjoerg Eichler,
Andrew Kanis, Ruurd Hoogland, Alex George and George Brandt. David Ride,
Alison McKusker, Peter Bridgewater and Barry Richardson, Directors of
the Australian Biological Resources Study (ABRS), have, during the life
of this project, given continued support in support endless-seeming
nature. Alison McCusker, Roger Hnatiuk, and Alex George, Associate Directors
of the Flora Section of the Bureau of Flora and Fauna, have been instrumental
in their support of the project and of the author.
Staff of the Australian National Herbarium, the CSIRO Black Mountain
Library (in particular Carol Murray and John Prance), the Australian
Academy of Science, the Australian Biological Resources Study and the
Australian National Botanic Gardens have all helped in many ways. Indeed,
staff at all the institutions in which work has been carried out have
been most helpful; work on the Index could not have been carried out
as successfully without their invaluable assistance. I therefore thank
the Directors and staff, and in particular the librarians, of all the
institutions visited and from which inter-library loan material was
sought. Catherine Jordan's help in obtaining copies of obscure literature,
much of it not available in Australia, during the final stages of Index
preparation was most appreciated.
The Australian Botanical Liaison Officers (ABLOs) have processed many
requests for information while stationed at the Royal Botanic Gardens,
Kew. I thank all those who have helped during their terms as ABLO and
in particular Rex Filson, Judy West, Terry Macfarlane, Greg Leach and
A data base the size of the Australian Plant Name Index data base
requires a considerable degree of management. Staff involved with the
Sequel computer in the Department of the Arts, Sport, the Environment,
Tourism and Territories have done a magnificent job in maintaining access
to that machine, and have always shown a willingness to help whenever
problems arose. David Berman, Chris Curtis and George Petru have been
instrumental in allowing special access to those working on the Index
or have helped with programming. Greg Whitbread and Tony Boston have
organised transfer of the data to Oracle and spent many hours creating
a suitable format and preparing the data base for typesetting.
At various times cards had to be typed or information typed into the
data base. I thank all those who have had a hand in that tedious task;
they have worked behind the scenes, but their role was nonetheless an
As the Index neared completion extra resources were allocated to the
project to help with the final editing stages. As a result several people
put much time and effort into seeing the project to completion. I would
particularly like to thank Helen Thompson, Laurie Adams, Frances Quinn,
Rachel Kentwell, Cheryl Grgurinovic, Paul Hattersley and Helen Hewson.
Without their help and encouragement, along with the encouragement of
Alex George and Barry Richardson, the Index would have not reached completion
as soon as it has.
I take sole responsibility for all errors and omissions.
Altogether 134 libraries have been consulted in over 110 institutions
in 21 countries:
A full list of libraries consulted is given below. In addition to
those listed, the personal libraries of N.T. Burbidge, H. Eichler, A.S.
George and A.D. Chapman have been relied upon from time to time.
CSIRO Black Mountain Library
Australian National Herbarium, CSIRO (CANB)
Division of Forest Research Library, CSIRO (FRI)
Australian National Library
Menzies Library, Australian National University
Hancock Library, Australian National University
Australian Academy of Science
Australian National Botanic Gardens (CBG)
Australian Biological Resources Study Library
Department of the Arts, Sport, the Environment, Tourism and Territories
Bureau of Mineral Resources
Royal Botanic Gardens and National Herbarium (NSW)
State Library of New South Wales
Fisher Library, University of Sydney
Badham Library, University of Sydney
Botany Department, University of Sydney (SYD)
Macquarie University Library
Biological-Medical Library, University of New South Wales
Royal Society of New South Wales (1)
Linnean Society of New South Wales (2)
Royal Botanic Gardens and National Herbarium (MEL)
Baillieu Library, University of Melbourne
Botany Department, University of Melbourne (MELU)
State Library of Victoria
La Trobe Collection, State Library of Victoria
National Museum of Victoria
Royal Society of Victoria (3)
Field Naturalists' Club of Victoria
Pharmaceutical Society of Victoria
Queensland Herbarium (BRI)
Queensland University Library
Botany Department, Queensland University (BRIU)
Queensland State Library
John Oxley Library
Royal Society of Queensland (4)
Botanic Gardens of Adelaide (AD)
State Library of South Australia
South Australian Museum
University of Adelaide
Waite Agricultural Research Institute (ADW)
Royal Society of South Australia
Dixson Library, University of New England
Botany Department, University of New England (NE)
Auchmuty Library, University of Newcastle
Michael Birt Library, University of Wollongong
Tasmanian Herbarium, University of Tasmania (HO)
Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew (K)
Natural History Museum (BM)
Botany Department, Natural History Museum (BM)
Commonwealth Institute of Entomology
British Reference Library
British Museum (Bloomsbury)
Linnean Society of London (LINN)
Royal Horticultural Society
Botany Department, University of Oxford (OXF)
Oxford Botanic Garden
Botany Department, Cambridge University (CGE)
Botanic Garden, Cambridge University (CGG)
Bibliotheque, Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle
Dept. Phanerogamie, Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle (P)
Bibliotheque, Faculte de Pharmacie
Annexe du Jardin des Plantes
Laboratoire de Botanique, Universite de Provence (MARS)
Herbariet, Botanisk Institutt, Universitetet i Bergen (BG)
Botanical Museum, University of Helsinki (H)
Biblioteket, Helsingfors Universitets Botaniska Institution
FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY
Botanischer Garten und Botanisches Museum, Berlin, Dahlem (B)
Staatsbibliothek Preussischer Kulturbesitz
Systematisch-Geobotanisches Institut der Universitat Gottingen (GOET)
Niederaschsische Staats- und Universitts Bibliothek, Gottingen
Jardin Botanique National de Belgique, Meise (BR)
Institut of Systematic Botany, Rijksuniversiteit trecht (U)
GERMAN DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC
Biowissenschaften, Martin-Luther-Universitat, Wissenschaftsbereich
Geobotanik und Botanischer Garten (HAL)
Der Bibliothek der Deutschen Akademie der Naturforscher
Botanicke oddeleni Prirodoved Narodnho muzea v Praze (Department of
Botany, National Museum in Prague) (PR)
Institutum Botanicum-Facultas Rerum Naturalium, Universitas Carolina
Botanische Abteilung, Naturhistorisches Museum (W)
Mineralogische Abteilung, Naturhistorisches Museum
Zoologische Abteilung, Naturhistorisches Museum
Geologische Abteilung, Naturhistorisches Museum
Osterreichische National Bibliothek (main library)
Osterreichische National Bibliothek, Augustiner lese Saal
Osterreichische National Bibliothek, Albertina (Musiksammlung)
Institut fur Botanik und Botanischer Garten der Universitt Wien (WU)
Herbarium Universitatis Florentinae (FI)
La Bibliotheca Nazional Centrale di Firenze
La Biblioteca Nazional Palatino di Firenze
Biblioteca Nazionale, Roma
Istituto Botanico, dell'Universit di Roma (RO)
Istituto ed Orto Botanico, dell'Universita di Palermo
Erbario Siculo et Erbario Generale (PAL)
Instituto Botanico della Universita di Napoli (NAP)
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (US)
United States Library of Congress
San Francisco, California
Botany Department, University of California at Berkeley (UC)
San Francisco Academy of Science
New York, New York
St. Louis, Missouri
Department of Biology, University of Calgary (UAC)
1 The library of the Royal Society of New South Wales has been dispersed.
Libraries receiving material include the Royal Botanic Gardens, Sydney,
the Australian Museum and the Fisher Library, University of Sydney
2 The library of the Linnean Society of New South Wales has been dispersed
along with the library of the Royal Society of New South Wales.
3 The library of the Royal Society of Victoria is now housed as part
of the National Museum of Victoria library.
4 The library of the Royal Society of Queensland is now housed as
part of the Queensland Museum library.
Aiton, W.T. (1810-1813). Hortus Kewensis, or, a catalogue of the
plants cultivated in the Royal Botanic Garden at Kew by the late William
Aiton. 2nd edn. London, Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme & Brown. 5v.
Burbidge, N.T. (1951). Select List of Publications in Systematic
Botany Available in Australia. CSIRO Division of Plant Industry,
Divisional Report No. 14.
Burbidge, N.T. (1963). Dictionary of Australian Plant Genera: Gymnosperms
and Angiosperms. Sydney. Angus & Robertson. vii, 447pp.
Burbidge, N.T. (1978). Plant Taxonomic Literature in Australian
Libraries. Canberra. Australian Biological Resources Study. 520pp.
Chapman, A.D. (1976). Australian Plant Name Index A Preliminary
Issue covering Abbotia to Akania (exc. Acacia). Canberra. Australian
Academy of Science. 36pp.
Chapman, A.D. (1979). Australian Plant Name Index (Abarema to Acacia).
Canberra. Australian Biological Resources Study. 153pp.
Chapman, A.D. (1980). Australian Plant Name Index A-C. Canberra.
Australian Biological Resources Study. 1953pp. on microfiche.
Chase, A. & C.D. Niles (1962). Index to Grass Species. Boston
(Mass.). G.K. Hall. 3v.
Christensen, C. (1906). Index Filicum, sive enumeratio omnium generum
specierumque Filicum et Hydropteridum ab anno 1753 ad finum anni 1905,
descriptorum adjectis synonymis principalibus, area geographica etc..
Hafniae, Hagerup. 744pp.
Christensen, C. (1913). Index Filicum: supplementum 1906-1912.
Hafniae. Hagerup. 131pp.
Christensen, C. (1917). Index Filicum. Supplment Prliminaire pour
les Annes 1913. 1914. 1915. 1916. Hafniae. Hagerup. 60pp.
Christensen, C. (1934). Index Filicum Supplementum Tertium pro
annis 1917-1933. Hafniae. Hagerup. 219pp.
Clifford, H.T. & J. Constantine (1980). Ferns, Fern Allies and
Conifers of Australia. A Laboratory Manual. St. Lucia. University
of Queensland Press. 150pp.
Cronquist, A.J. (1981). An Integrated System of Classification
of Flowering Plants. New York. Columbia University Press. xviii,
Davies, R.A. & K.M. Lloyd (1987). Kew Index for 1986. Oxford.
Clarendon Press. 195pp.
Davies, R.A. & K.M. Lloyd (1988). Kew Index for 1987. Oxford.
Clarendon Press. 168pp.
Davies, R.A. & K.M. Lloyd (1989). Kew Index for 1988. Oxford.
Clarendon Press. 198pp.
Farr, E.R., J.A. Leussink & F.A. Stafleu (1979). Index Nominum
Genericorum (Plantarum). Utrecht. Bohn, Scheltema & Holkema. 3v.
Farr, E.R., J.A. Leussink & G. Zijlstra (1986). Index Nominum Genericorum
(Plantarum) Supplementum I. Utrecht/Antwerpen. Bohn, Scheltema &
George, A.S. (1981). The Background to the Flora of Australia.
in Flora of Australia 1: 3-24. Canberra. AGPS.
Greuter, W. (ed.) (1988). International Code of Botanical Nomenclature
Adopted at the Fourteenth International Botanical Congress, Berlin,
July-August 1987. Konigstein. Koeltz Scientific Books. 328pp.
Hnatiuk, R.J. (1990). Census of Australian Vascular Plants. Australian
Flora and Fauna Series No. 11. Canberra. AGPS. 650pp.
Holmgren, P.K., W. Keuken & E.K. Schofield (1981). Index Herbariorum.
Part I The Herbaria of the world. Utrecht/Antwerpen. Bohn, Scheltema
& Holkema. 452pp.
Hooker, J.D. & D.B. Jackson (1893 et seq.). Index Kewensis. An
enumeration of the genera and species of flowering plants from the time
of Linnaeus to the year 1885 inclusive together with their authors'
names, the works in which they were first published, their native countries
and their synonyms. Oxford. Clarendon Press. 2v. followed by 18
Supplements 1901-1987 inclusive.
Kanis, A. (1981). An introduction to the System of Classification
used in the Flora of Australia. in Flora of Australia 1:
77-111. Canberra. AGPS.
Knight, J. (1809). On the cultivation of the plants belonging to
the natural order of Proteeae, with their generic as well as specific
characters and places where they grow wild. London. 128p.
Lawrence, G.H.M. et al. (1968). B-P-H Botanico-Periodicum-Huntianum.
Pittsburgh (Pa). Hunt Botanical Library. 1063pp.
Meikle, R.D. (1971). The history of Index Kewensis in Biol.
J. Linn. Soc. 3: 295-299.
Meikle, R.D. (ed.) (1980). Draft Index of Author Abbreviations
compiled at The Herbarium Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Basildon.
Mueller, F.J.H. von (1858-1882). Fragmenta phytographiae Australiae
Vols 1-12 pt 1. Melbourne.
Mueller, F.J.H. von (1882). Systematic census of Australian plants
with chronologic, literary and geographic annotations. pt 1. Vasculares.
Melbourne. Govt Printer. 152pp.
Mueller, F.J.H. von (1889). Second systematic census of Australian
plants, with chronological, literary and geographic annotations. Pt
1. Vasculares. Melbourne. Govt Printer. 224pp.
Pichi-Sermoli, R.E.G. (1965). Index Filicum Supplementum Quartum
pro annis 1934-1960. (= Regnum Vegetabile Vol. 37). Utrecht.
International Bureau for Plant Taxonomy and Nomenclature. 370pp.
Stafleu, F.A. (1966). The Index Kewensis in Taxon 15:
Stafleu, F.A. (1967). Taxonomic Literature. A selective guide
to botanical publications with dates, commentaries and types. (=
Regnum Vegetabile Vol. 52). Utrecht. International Bureau for
Plant Taxonomy and Nomenclature. 556pp.
Stafleu, F.A. & R.S. Cowan (1976-1988). Taxonomic Literature.
A selective guide to botanical publications and collections with dates,
commentaries and types. 2nd edn. 7 Vols. Utrecht/Antwerpen, Bohn,
Scheltema & Holkema.
Body of Index follows...
A-C pages 1-898 (Flora & Fauna Series No. 12)
D-J pages 899-1710 (Flora and Fauna Series No. 13)
K-P pages 1711-2476 (Flora and Fauna Series No. 14)
Q-Z pages 2477-3055 (Flora and Fauna Series No. 15)
The last volume also includes and Index to Families and Genera on
Return to the
Australian Plant Name Index Page
2 June, 2008
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