Staff Profiles


Anthony (Tony) H. D. Brown

Chief Research Scientist
Ph D University of California, Davis, California, USA, 1969




Phone (+61) 02 6246 5081
Fax: (+61) 02 6246 5000


Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research
CSIRO Plant Industry
GPO Box 1600
Canberra ACT 2601




The major aims of my research are first to determine the kinds, amounts and organization of genetic variation within natural or agricultural plant populations, the factors maintaining this variation, its role in adapting plants to their environment and the systematic and evolutionary relationships between crops and their related wild species. The second aim is to exploit the variation present in natural populations of crop wild relatives (barley, soybeans, cotton) in plant improvement. Both the experimental determination of variation and theoretical analysis are important components of this work. These studies furnish the basic data and germplasm essential to efficient programs for the optimal sampling, conservation and use of plant gene pools. National and internatiosnal collaborative research activities include an Honorary Fellowship with International Plant Genetic Resources Institute and technical advisor on IPGRI's global project developing the scientific basis of In Situ conservation on-farm.



Plant genetic resources

  • Brown, A.H.D. and Brubaker, C.L. 2001. Indicators for sustainable management of plant genetic resources – how well are we doing? In: Managing Plant Genetic Diversity (J. Engels, A.H.D. Brown, M T. Jackson, and V. Ramanatha Rao, eds.) CAB International. pp. 249-262.

  • Teshome, A., Brown, A.H.D., and Hodgkin, T. 2001. Diversity in landraces of cereal and legume crops. Plant Breeding Reviews, 21, 221-261.

  • Schoen, D. J. and Brown, A.H.D. 2001. The conservation of wild plant species in seed banks. Biosciences, 51, 960-966.

  • Brown, A.H.D. and Brubaker, C.L. 2000. Genetics and the conservation and use of Australian wild relatives of crops. Australian Journal Botany 48, 297-303.

  • Brown, A.H.D. and Hardner, C.M. 2000. Sampling the gene pools of forest trees for ex situ conservation. In: Forest Conservation Genetics: Principles and Practice. A. Young, T. Boyle, and D. Boshier (eds.) CSIRO, Melbourne pp. 185-196.

  • Brown, A.H.D. 1999. The genetic structure of crop landraces and the challenge to conserve them in situ on farms. In: Genes in the Field: Conserving Plant Diversity on Farms. S. B. Brush (ed) Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, FL. pp. 29-48.

  • Brown, A.H.D. and Spillane, C. 1999. Implementing core collections – principles, procedures, progress, problems, promise. In Core Collections for Today and Tomorrow R.C. Johnson and T. Hodgkin (eds) IPGRI, Rome. pp. 1-9.

Glycine molecular systematics and polyploid evolution

  • Brown, A.H.D., Doyle, J.L., Grace, J.P., Doyle, J.J. 2002. Molecular phylogenetic relationships within and among diploid races of Glycine tomentella (Leguminosae). Australian Systematic Botany, 15, 37-47

  • Doyle, J.J. , Doyle, J.L. Brown, A.H.D. and Pfeil, B.L. 2000. Comfirmation of shared and divergent genomes in the Glycine tabacina polyploid complex (Leguminosae) using histone H3-D sequences. Systematic Botany 25, 437-448.

  • Doyle, J.J., Doyle, J.L. and Brown, A.H.D. 1999. Origins, colonization, and lineage recombination in a widespread perennial soybean polyploid complex. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA. 96, 10741-10745.

  • Doyle, J.J., Doyle, J.L. and Brown, A.H.D. 1999. Incongruence in the diploid B-genome species complex of Glycine (Leguminosae) revisited: Histone H3-D alleles vs. chloroplast haplotypes. Molecular Biology and Evolution 16, 354-362.

Gossypium genetic resources and risk assessment

  • Brubaker, C.L., Brown, A.H.D., McStewart, J. McD., Kilby, M.J. and Grace, J.P. 1999. Production of fertile hybrid germplasm with diploid Australian Gossypium species for cotton improvement. Euphytica 108, 199-213.

Hordeum molecular markers and disease resistance

  • Lin, J-Z., Brown, A.H.D. and Clegg, M.T. 2001. Heterogeneous geographic patterns of nucleotide sequence diversity between two alcohol dehydrogenase genes in wild barley (Hordeum vulgare ssp. spontaneum). Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 98, 531-536.

  • Garvin, D.F., Brown, A.H.D. Raman, H. and Read, B.J. 2000. Genetic mapping of the barley Rrs14 scald resistance gene with RFLP, isozyme and seed storage protein markers. Plant Breeding 119.

  • Abbott, D.C., Burdon, J.J., Brown, A.H.D. Read, B.J. and Bittisnich, D. 2000. The incidence of barley scald in cultivar mixtures. Aust. J. Agric. Res. 51, 355-360.

  • Brown, A.H.D., Burdon, J.J., Genger, R.K., Abbott, D.C., Brown, J.S., Wildermuth, G.B. and Banks, P.M. 2000. Wild barley (Hordeum spontaneum ssp. spontaneum) as a source of disease resistance for barley breeding. 8th International Barley Genetics Symposium . Barley Genetics VIII, Volume i, 56-58.

  • Garvin, D.F., Miller-Garvin, J.E., Viccars, E.A., Jacobsen, J.V. and Brown, A.H.D. 1998 Identification of molecular markers linked to ant28, a mutation that eliminates proanthocyanidin in barley seeds. Crop Science 38, 1250-1255.

Conservation genetics of endangered plants

  • Brown, A.H.D. and Young, A.G. 2000. Genetic diversity in tetraploid populations of the endangered daisy Rutidosis leptorrhynchoides and implications for its conservation. Heredity 85, 122-129.

  • Young, A.G., Brown, A.H.D., Murray, B.G., Thrall, P.H., Millar, C.H. 2000. Genetic erosion, restricted mating and reduced viability in fragmented populations of the endangered grassland herb: Rutidosis leptorhynnchoides . In: Genetics, Demography and Viability of Fragmented Populations, Young, A. & Clarke, G. (eds.) Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 335-359.

  • Young, A.G. and Brown, A.H.D. 1999. Paternal bottlenecks in fragmented populations of the grassland daisy Rutidosis leptorrhynchoides. Genetical Research 73, 111-117.


Ecological Genetics of Endangered Plants
Barley Molecular Markers
Biogeography of Australian Gossypium Species
Molecular Systematics of Glycine