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Australian Biological Resources Study

Checklist of the Lichens of Australia and its Island Territories
Introduction | A–D | E–O | P–R | S–Z | Oceanic Islands | References
Cladonia furcata (Hudson) Schrader
  Spic. Fl. Germ. 107 (1794); Lichen furcatus Hudson, Fl. Angl. 458 (1762). T: not designated. *****Cladonia narkodes Kremp., Verh. K.K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 30: 330 (1881). T: precise locality unknown, Australia, coll. unknown; holo: M, fide Müll. Arg., Flora 70: 114 (1887). *****Cladonia furcata var. tenuicaulis Müll. Arg., op. cit. 295. T: Parramatta, N.S.W., W.W.Woolls; syn: G. *****Cladonia furcata var. cancellata Müll. Arg., op. cit. 296. T: Illawarra, N.S.W., Kirton; holo: G; iso: MEL.  
  Basal squamules evanescent; not seen in Australian specimens. Podetia 2–8 cm tall, 0.5–2 mm diam., dying at base, richly branched, esorediate, escyphiferous, corticate; cortex continuous to areolate, with or without squamules on podetia; branching irregularly dichotomous or sympodial, with irregularly subcorymbose apical branching; axils open, often gaping. Apothecia terminal on podetia, 0.2–1 mm diam., convex, pale brown to brown. Pycnidia terminal on podetia, 0.3 mm tall, c. 0.2 mm diam., subconical, dark brown to black. CHEMISTRY: K-, KC-, P+ red. Fumarprotocetraric (major) and protocetraric (trace) acids.
  Occurs in all States and mainland Territories except W.A. and N.T., and also on Lord Howe Is. and Macquarie Is.; cosmopolitan; grows on soil and plant debris.  
  Archer (1992b)  

Checklist Index
Introduction | A–D | E–O | P–R | S–Z | Oceanic Islands | References

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