Checklist of the Lichens of Australia and its Island Territories

Updated 1 March 2020

Slideshow of Australian Lichens

Also available:

J.A. Elix, A Catalogue of Standardized Chromatographic Data and Biosynthetic Relationships for Lichen Substances. Third Edition. Published by the author, Canberra (2014). Download pdf — 2 MB


Recent Photographs (2010–2014)

Oceanic Islands | Foliicolous Lichens | References

The lichen flora of Australia and its island territories includes 4003 species and infra-specific taxa in 489 genera; 1445 taxa are thought to be endemic. The six States, together with the Australian Capital Territory and the Northern Territory, have 3773 taxa; 1323 are currently endemic. Australian oceanic islands in the Indian, Pacific and Southern Oceans support 651 taxa; 75 are endemic.

This checklist has links to more than 2000 illustrations, mostly colour photographs by Bill Malcolm, Alan Archer, Jack Elix and Neil McCracken, photographs and line-art by Pat McCarthy, and habit and anatomical photographs by Armin Mangold. Click on the camera icons or hyperlinks to view the images. In addition, there are links to about 2200 taxon descriptions, many with distribution maps. The checklist also contains 3062 nomenclatural and taxonomic synonyms and names that have been misapplied to Australian specimens.

Names and other information added or updated in 2018 are purple

Names and other information added or updated in 2020 are green


Map of Australia
Cladia retipora

Cladia retipora © Bill Malcolm 2004

States, territories and regions Abbreviation Taxa Endemic
Australian Capital Territory ACT 528 15
Christmas Island CI 101 4
Heard Island HI 110 12
Lord Howe Island LHI 216 26
Macquarie Island MI 142 20
New South Wales NSW 1763 149
Norfolk Island NI 208 11
Northern Territory NT 342 22
Queensland QLD 2023 300
South Australia SA 670 34
Tasmania TAS 1309 156
Victoria VIC 1088 45
Western Australia WA 760 85


* Accepted name based on an Australian type specimen

[*] Taxonomic synonym based on an Australian type specimen

Cite as ...

McCarthy, P.M. (2020), Checklist of the Lichens of Australia and its Island Territories.
Australian Biological Resources Study, Canberra. Version 1 March 2020.


I am especially grateful to the late Lyn Jessup for preparing the keys for online delivery, redesigning the site and teaching me how to maintain it. I also thank Alan Archer, Louise Biggs, Alan Bolin, Ian Cresswell, Rex Croft, Judith Curnow, Richard Droker, Jack Elix, Andreas Frisch, Christy Geromboux, Cécile Gueidan, Robert Ingram, Gintaras Kantvilas, Paul Kirk, Brigitte Kuchlmayr, Naomi Lawrence, Robyn Lawrence, Simone Louwhoff, Thorsten Lumbsch, Bill Malcolm, Armin Mangold, Tom May, Helmut Mayrhofer, Neil McCracken, Roland Moberg, Paul Murray, Dag Øvstedal, Laurens Sparrius, Val Stajsic, Alice Wells and Greg Whitbread.

Patrick M. McCarthy
c/- Australian Biological Resources Study, GPO Box 787, Canberra, A.C.T. 2601, Australia

Megalospora pauciseptata

Megalospora pauciseptata
© Bill Malcolm 2001

Pseudocyphellaria colensoi

Pseudocyphellaria colensoi
© Bill Malcolm 2001

Ramboldia haematites

Ramboldia haematites
© Bill Malcolm 2007



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