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Australian Biological Resources Study

Checklist of the Lichens of Australia and its Island Territories
Introduction | A–D | E–O | P–R | S–Z | Oceanic Islands | References
Pannaria sphinctrina (Mont.) Hue
  Bull. Soc. Bot. France 48: 56 (‘1901’) [1902]
Parmelia sphinctrina Mont., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 2, 4: 90 (1835); Psoroma sphinctrinum (Mont.) Nyl., Ann. Sci. Nat. Bot. ser. 4, 3: 181 (1855). T: Juan Fernandez, C.Bertero; lecto: PC-MONTAGNE, fide D.J.Galloway & P.M.Jørgensen, Fl. Australia 54: 317 (1992); isolecto: BM.
  Thallus foliose-lobate, closely attached, ±rosette-forming, to 20 cm wide; black, fibrous prothallus visible at margins. Lobes laciniate, to 2 mm wide, 6–10 mm long, discrete or imbricate centrally; margins entire, ±narrowly tapering or ±bifurcate at apex, flat or wavy, thickened below. Upper surface smooth, matt, lettuce green to olivaceous when wet, pale grey-green when dry, becoming cinnamon-brown on storage; margins slightly darker, shining, epruinose, sometimes ±cracked, ±coriaceous. Lower surface with dense, buff or brown indumentum and rhizohyphae almost to margins, pale buff brown. Cephalodia flattened, placodioid, to 2 mm wide, marginal and laminal, simple, globose at first, becoming wrinkled-plicate. Apothecia frequent, often crowded, sessile or subpedicellate, round to irregular, to 5 mm wide; disc often gyrose-etched, often with concentric rings or ridges, epruinose, darker centrally, red-brown or orange; margins thick, crenulate-striate. Ascospores ellipsoidal-fusiform, 11–20 × 8–11 µm. CHEMISTRY: vicanicin.
  A common Southern Hemisphere lichen which seems genuinely rare in Australia; on rainforest trees and saplings between 100 and 1700 m from sites in Qld, N.S.W. and Tas. Widely distributed in New Zealand, also in South America and in the tropical areas of the Pacific Basin.  
  Jørgensen & Galloway (1992a)  

Checklist Index
Introduction | A–D | E–O | P–R | S–Z | Oceanic Islands | References

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