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Australian Biological Resources Study

Checklist of the Lichens of Australia and its Island Territories
Introduction | A–D | E–O | P–R | S–Z | Oceanic Islands | References
Parmelinopsis spumosa (Asahina) Elix & Hale
  Mycotaxon 29: 243 (1987)
Parmelia spumosa Asahina, J. Jap. Bot. 26: 259 (1951); Parmelina spumosa (Asahina) Hale, Phytologia 28: 483 (1974); Hypotrachyna spumosa (Asahina) Krog & Swinscow, Lichenologist 19: 420 (1987). T: Kita-Tama-gun, Higashi-Murayama, Prov. Musashi, Japan, Y.Asahina; lecto: TNS, fide M.E.Hale, Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 33: 46 (1976).
  Thallus adnate, fragile, to 2–6 cm wide. Lobes sparingly imbricate, sublinear, irregularly to subirregularly branched, 0.5–2 mm wide; cilia distinct, evenly dispersed, simple, c. 0.5 mm long. Upper surface pale grey to pale olive-grey, flat, shiny, emaculate, smooth, densely pustulate-isidiate; pustules laminal, bursting open, not or sparingly sorediate. Medulla partly pale yellow. Lower surface smooth, shiny, black; rhizines moderately dense, simple or furcate, c. 0.1–0.2 mm long, black. Apothecia very rare, sessile, 1–3 mm wide; disc concave, entire; thalline exciple pustulate. Ascospores 12–14 × 7–8 µm. Pycnidia rare. Conidia cylindrical, 3–4 × 0.5 µm. CHEMISTRY: cortex K+ yellow; medulla K-, C+ rose, KC+ red, P-; containing atranorin, chloroatranorin, gyrophoric acid (major), 5-O-methylhiascic acid (minor) and umbilicaric acid (minor).
  Scattered on bark in eastern Australia (Qld and N.S.W.). A common pantropical species; in the Australasian region it also occurs in Norfolk Is., New Zealand and Papua New Guinea.  
  Elix (1994r)  

Checklist Index
Introduction | A–D | E–O | P–R | S–Z | Oceanic Islands | References

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