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Australian Biological Resources Study

Checklist of the Lichens of Australia and its Island Territories
Introduction | A–D | E–O | P–R | S–Z | Oceanic Islands | References
Parmelinopsis subfatiscens (Kurok.) Elix & Hale
  Mycotaxon 29: 243 (1987)
Parmelia subfatiscens Kurok. in M.E.Hale & S.Kurokawa, Contr. U.S. Natl Herb. 36: 134 (1964); Parmelina subfatiscens (Kurok.) Hale, Phytologia 28: 483 (1974); Hypotrachyna subfatiscens (Kurok.) Krog & Swinscow, Macrolichens of East Africa 122 (1988). T: Louis Trichardt, Zoutparsberg, Transvaal, South Africa, 10 Oct. 1953, O.Almborn 6443; holo: LD; iso: US.
  Thallus adnate, fragile, to 3–7 cm wide. Lobes separate to contiguous, sublinear-elongate, dichotomously branched, 0.5–1.5 mm wide; cilia distinct, simple, to 1 mm long. Upper surface whitish grey, flat, shiny, continuous; pustules laminal and subterminal, entire or producing very coarse sorediate or isidiate-sorediate masses, ultimately eroding; exposed medulla in centre of pustules turning black. Medulla white. Lower surface black; rhizines dense, simple, black. Apothecia rare, sessile, 1.5–4 mm wide; disc concave, entire; thalline exciple pustulate. Ascospores 12–14 × 8–9 µm. Pycnidia rare. Conidia cylindrical or bacilliform, 3–5 × 0.5 µm. CHEMISTRY: cortex K+ yellow; medulla K-, C-, KC+ rose, P-; containing atranorin, chloroatranorin, 3-methoxy-2,4-di-O-methylgyrophoric acid (major), gyrophoric acid (minor), 2,4-di-O-methylgyrophoric acid (minor), 5-O-methylhiascic acid (minor), umbilicaric acid (minor/trace), hiascic acid (trace), 2,4,5-tri-O-methylhiascic acid (trace) and 4,5-di-O-methylhiascic acid (minor/trace).
  Scattered on bark and rock in eastern Australia (Qld, N.S.W., A.C.T., Vic. and Tas.); also occurs in New Zealand, South and East Africa, and the Caribbean region.  
  Elix (1994r)  

Checklist Index
Introduction | A–D | E–O | P–R | S–Z | Oceanic Islands | References

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