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Australian Biological Resources Study

Checklist of the Lichens of Australia and its Island Territories
Introduction | A–D | E–O | P–R | S–Z | Oceanic Islands | References
Parmotrema cooperi (J.Steiner & Zahlbr.) Sérus.
  Bryologist 87: 4 (1984)
Parmelia cooperi J.Steiner & Zahlbr. in A.Zahlbruckner, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 60: 528 (1926). T: Kapprana, Kapland, 1813, South Africa, Cooper s.n.; holo: W, n.v., fide M.E.Hale, Contr. U.S. Natl Herb. 36: 323 (1965).
  Thallus loosely adnate, membranaceous to coriaceous, to 8–15 cm wide. Lobes rounded, 8–20 mm wide; margins entire or crenate, sinuate, often ascending; cilia moderately dense to dense, conspicuous, coarse or slender, 2–5 mm long. Upper surface pale grey to grey-green, emaculate or faintly maculate, more rarely distinctly maculate, irregularly cracked towards centre, without isidia; soralia marginal and submarginal; soredia granular. Medulla white. Lower surface black to margins, or with a brown or mottled, erhizinate marginal zone; rhizines unevenly distributed, sparse, simple, short. Apothecia rare, sessile, 1–2 mm wide; disc imperforate; thalline exciple eciliate. Ascospores 15–19 × 7–10 µm. Pycnidia uncommon. Conidia shortly filiform, 10–14 × 1 µm. CHEMISTRY: cortex K+ yellow; medulla K-, C+ intense red, KC+ red, P-; containing atranorin, chloroatranorin and lecanoric acid.
  A scattered species occurring on bark of trees in coastal areas of southern and eastern Australia (W.A., Qld, Vic. and Tas. (Bass Strait)); also occurs in southern and central Africa, Madagascar, India and Asia.  
  Elix (1994t)  

Checklist Index
Introduction | A–D | E–O | P–R | S–Z | Oceanic Islands | References

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