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Australian Biological Resources Study

Checklist of the Lichens of Australia and its Island Territories
Introduction | A–D | E–O | P–R | S–Z | Oceanic Islands | References
Parmotrema zollingeri (Hepp) Hale
  Phytologia 28: 339 (1974);
Parmelia zollingeri Hepp in H.Zollinger, Syst. Verz. 1: 9 (1854). T: Bantam, Java [Indonesia], H.Zollinger 1241; holo: L; iso: G, H, n.v., fide M.E.Hale, Contr. U.S. Natl Herb. 36: 267 (1965).
Parmelia latissima var. corniculata Kremp., Flora 61: 463 (1878). T: Cionega, Argentina, Lorents & Hieronymus s.n.; holo: M, n.v., fide M.E.Hale, loc. cit. (1965). For further synonymy see M.E.Hale, loc. cit. (1965).
  Thallus loosely adnate, membranaceous, to 10–20 cm wide. Lobes flat, rounded, 10–18 mm wide; central lobes ±laciniate; margins entire or weakly crenate; cilia prominent, short, less than 1 mm long. Upper surface pale grey, emaculate, smooth, slightly rugose in older parts, lacking soredia and isidia. Medulla white. Lower surface black, with a broad, dark brown marginal zone; rhizines in central parts of thallus, sparse, simple, short. Apothecia common, shortly pedicellate, laminal, 3–10 mm wide; disc imperforate, concave; thalline exciple faintly maculate. Ascospores 18–22 × 7–10 µm. Pycnidia rare. Conidia sublageniform, 6–8 × 1 µm. CHEMISTRY: cortex K+ yellow; medulla K+ dirty brown, C-, P+ brick-red; containing atranorin, chloroatranorin, protocetraric acid and with or without unidentified fatty acids.
  Scattered on bark of trees in coastal and hinterland forests of north Qld; also known from East Africa, North, Central and South America, Mauritius, Taiwan, Indonesia and the Philippines.  
  Elix (1994t)  

Checklist Index
Introduction | A–D | E–O | P–R | S–Z | Oceanic Islands | References

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