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Australian Biological Resources Study

Checklist of the Lichens of Australia and its Island Territories
Introduction | A–D | E–O | P–R | S–Z | Oceanic Islands | References
Phyllopsora kiiensis (Vain.) Gotth.Schneider

Biblioth. Lichenol. 13: 177(1980)

Lecidea kiiensis Vain., Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 35: 67 (1921).

T: Kii Prov., Japan, on Ilex rotunda, 30 Dec. 1911, Yasuda 268; holo: TUR-V n.v.

  Thallus effuse, squamulose. Prothallus well developed, white to red-brown. Squamules 0.1–0.5 mm wide, adnate to ascending, isodiametric to slightly elongate, scattered when young, later often contiguous or imbricate, crenulate to incised, plane to weakly convex, medium green, glabrous on the upper side, usually faintly pubescent along the margins. Isidia common on squamule margins, cylindrical, simple or branched. Upper cortex of type 2, 15–30 µm thick. Apothecia rather common, to 2.0 mm wide, rounded when young, later irregular in outline, usually conglomerate, plane to moderately convex, pale to mid-brown, with an indistinct slightly paler glabrous to faintly pubescent margin. Proper exciple pale brown to colourless. Epihymenium colourless. Hypothecium pale brown to yellow-brown. Ascospores simple, narrowly ellipsoidal to short-bacilliform, 6.5–11.5 × 2.0–3.0 µm. Pycnidia not seen.
CHEMISTRY: Cortex and medulla K–, C–, KC–, P–, UV+ blue-white; containing furfuraceic acid (also known as haemophaein, furfuracein).
  Occurs in eastern Qld and N.S.W.; on the bark of various trees in rainforest or coastal forest. Also in East Africa and Japan.  
  Elix (2009h)  

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Introduction | A–D | E–O | P–R | S–Z | Oceanic Islands | References

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