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Australian Biological Resources Study

Checklist of the Lichens of Australia and its Island Territories
Introduction | A–D | E–O | P–R | S–Z | Oceanic Islands | References
Ramboldia sanguinolenta (Kremp.) Kalb, Lumbsch & Elix

K.Kalb, B.Staiger, J.A.Elix, U.Lange & H.T.Lumbsch, Nova Hedwigia 86: 38 (2008)

Callopisma sanguinolentum Kremp., Verh. K. K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 26: 449 (1876); — Pyrrhospora sanguinolenta (Kremp.) Rambold & Hafellner, in G.Rambold, Biblioth. Lichenol. 34: 141 (1989)

T: New England, [N.S.W.], C.Knight (?), comm. F.Mueller; lecto: M n.v., fide G.Rambold, loc. cit. (1989).

  Thallus grey-white to pale creamy yellow, to 7 cm wide, 0.3–0.5 mm thick, deeply cracked and areolate; areolae plane, irregularly shaped to angular, usually with a rough surface, lacking soredia and isidia; prothallus absent. Photobiont cells 8–10 µm wide. Apothecia subimmersed to sessile and ±constricted at the base, irregularly rounded or auriculate, scattered to crowded, 0.8–2.0 mm wide; disc red to red-brown, ±glossy, epruinose, plane to convex; margin distinct at first, red, glossy, persistent or excluded with age. Exciple colourless to red, K+ red. Epihymenium 12–15 µm thick, orange-red, K+ purple-red. Hymenium 35–45 µm thick, colourless to red-brown, K–. Hypothecium pale brown, 200–300 µm thick, K–; subhypothecium colourless to pale brown, to 50 µm thick, K+ yellow → red. Paraphyses usually unbranched, 1.8–2.0 µm thick; apices slightly swollen, 2.5–3.0 µm thick. Asci 30–45 × 10–12 µm. Ascospores ellipsoidal, 8–9 × 3.0–4.5 µm. Conidia filiform, curved, 20–25 × 0.5–1.0 µm.
CHEMISTRY: Cortex K–, C–, P–, UV+ yellow; medulla K+ red, C–, P+ yellow; containing lichexanthone (major), norstictic acid (major), connorstictic acid (minor or trace). Apothecia K+ reddish purple; containing russulone (major), norrussulone (trace).
  Common on siliceous rocks in sunny, exposed habitats in moist areas of Qld and northern N.S.W.; at altitudes to 1100 m. Also in New Zealand.  
  Elix (2009e)  

Checklist Index
Introduction | A–D | E–O | P–R | S–Z | Oceanic Islands | References

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