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Australian Biological Resources Study

Checklist of the Lichens of Australia and its Island Territories
Introduction | A–D | E–O | P–R | S–Z | Oceanic Islands | References
Cladia aggregata (Sw.) Nyl.
  Compt. Rend. Hebd. Séances Acad. Sci. 83: 88 (1876); Lichen aggregatus Sw., Prodr. 147 (1788); Cladonia aggregata (Sw.) Ach., Kongl. Vetensk Akad. Nya Handl. 16: 68 (1795); Stereocaulon aggregatum (Sw.) Räusch., Nomencl. Bot., 3rd edn 328 (1797); Baeomyces aggregatus (Sw.) Ach., Methodus 355 (1803); Cenomyce aggregata (Sw.) Ach., Lichenogr. Universalis 563 (1810); Cladina aggregata (Sw.) Nyl., Flora 49: 179 (1866) Clathrina aggregata (Sw.) Müll. Arg., Flora 66: 80 (1883). T: Jamaica, O.P.Swartz; lecto: S, fide R.B.Filson, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 49: 14 (1981). *****Cenomyce australis Pers. in Gaudichaud, Voy. Uranie 213 (1826). T: E coast of Australia (Port Jackson–Blue Mtns and beyond; holo: not located in either L or P. *****Cenomyce terebrata Laur., Linnaea 2: 43 (1827); Cladonia terebrata (Laur.) Flörke, De Cladon. 179 (1828); Cladonia cornicularia var. terebrata (Laur.) Hampe, Linnaea 25: 712 (1852). T. Australia, F.W.Sieber; holo: B, destroyed. *****Cenomyce diatrypa Taylor, London J. Bot. 6: 186 (1847). T: Macquarrys R. [Macquarie R.], N.S.W.; holo: BM; iso: G. *****Cenomyce aggregata var. inflata F.Wilson, Pap. & Proc. Roy. Soc. Tasmania 1892–1893: 153 (1893); Cladina inflata D.J.Galloway, Nova Hedwigia 28: 476 (1976). T: Maria Is., Tas., R.A.Bastow; lecto: NSW 2084, fide D.J.Galloway, Nova Hedwigia 28: 476 (1976). *****Cladonia aggregata var. tenera F.Wilson, Pap. & Proc. Roy. Soc. Tasmania 1892–1893: 153 (1893). T: Cascade, Hobart, Tas., F.R.M.Wilson; lecto: NSW L2196, fide R.B.Filson, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 49: 16 (1981)  
  Pseudopodetia 1–8 cm tall, hollow, fragile when dry, green through shades of cream, straw, brown to almost black. Sterile pseudopodetia horny, rigid when dry, extremely variable in size, from 0.5–8 mm wide, dichotomously or irregularly branched, flexuose, prostrate or ascending, sometimes smaller branches terminating in cilia-like spines. Fertile pseudopodetia much thicker and taller than sterile pseudopodetia, usually more perforate and more branched towards apex. Apothecia solitary or tiered, to 0.3 mm wide; disc slightly concave to flat, matt, brownish black to black. Ascospores 12–15 × 4–5 µm. Pycnidia ellipsoidal, 320 × 120 µm. Conidia 5 × 1 µm. CHEMISTRY: thallus K-, C-, KC-, P-. Barbatic, 4-O- demethylbarbatic, fumarprotocetraric, ursolic acids, unknown triterpenes and 13 unidentified products.
  Occurs in all States and Territories except N.T.; also Lord Howe Is., Norfolk Is., Macquarie Is., N.Z., P.N.G., N.Caled., Hawaii, Asia, South America and South Africa. Tolerant of a wide range of habitats; often growing on rotten wood, and also often epiphytic.  
  Filson (1992b)  

Checklist Index
Introduction | A–D | E–O | P–R | S–Z | Oceanic Islands | References

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