Checklist of the Lichens of Australia and its Island Territories


Updated 9 September 2014

S

SAGENIDIOPSIS R.W.Rogers & Hafellner; Arthoniaceae

Sagenidiopsis merrotsyi R.W.Rogers & Hafellner, Lichenologist 19: 401 (1987) *

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Sagenidiopsis subconfluentica Elix, Australas. Lichenol. 64: 34 (2009) *

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Rogers & Hafellner (1987); Vězda (1988b); Elix (2009b)

SAGENIDIUM Stirt.; Roccellaceae

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Sagenidium molle Stirt., Proc. Roy. Philos. Soc. Glasgow 10: 305 (1877)

VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Henssen et al. (1979); Vězda (1985a, 1989b); Elix & Lumbsch (1993); Kantvilas & Jarman (1999); Kantvilas (2004i)

SANTESSONIELLA Henssen; Pannariaceae

Santessoniella pulchella P.M.Jørg., Lichenologist 30: 535 (1998) *

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Santessoniella rugosa Henssen & Kantvilas, Lichenologist 32: 150 (2000) *

TAS

Literature: Jørgensen (1998, 2001); Henssen (2000); Henssen & Kantvilas (2000)

SARCOGRAPHA Fée; Graphidaceae

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Sarcographa labyrinthica (Ach.) Müll.Arg., Mém. Soc. Phys. Hist. Nat. Genève 29(8): 62 (1887)

Glyphis kirtoniana Müll.Arg., Flora 63: 516 (1882)

Sarcographa kirtoniana (Müll.Arg.) Müll.Arg., Flora 70: 77 (1887) [*]

Glyphis colliculosa C.Knight, in Bailey, Syn. Queensland Fl. 1: 75 (1886) [*]

Sarcographa colliculosa (C.Knight) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 2: 459 (1923)

Sarcographa actinota F.Wilson, in Bailey, Bot. Bull. Dept. Agric., Queensland 7: 33 (1891) [*]

?Sarcographa fenicis (Vain.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 2: 460 (1923)

QLD, NSW, NI, VIC, Extra-Aust.

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Sarcographa oculata Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 323 (1895) *

QLD

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Sarcographa subtricosa (Leight.) Müll.Arg., Flora 70: 78 (1887)

Sarcographa actinota var. pulverulenta F.Wilson, in Bailey, Bot. Bull. Dept. Agric., Queensland 7: 33 (1891) [*]

Sarcographa subtricosa var. pulverulenta (F.Wilson) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 2: 466 (1923)

NT, QLD, Extra-Aust.

Sarcographa tricosa (Ach.) Müll.Arg., Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 29(8): 63 (1887)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Sarcographa verrucosa (Mont. & Bosch) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 2: 467 (1923)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Müller (1882, 1893a, 1893b, 1895d); Bailey (1886, 1891b, 1893, 1896); Shirley (1889b); Staiger (2002); Archer (2004c, 2005b, 2009a)

SARCOGRAPHINA Fée; Graphidaceae

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Sarcographina cyclospora Müll.Arg., Flora 70: 425 (1887) *

Glyphis cyclospora (Müll.Arg.) Shirley, Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 6: 215 (1889)

Gymnographa cyclospora (Müll.Arg.) Staiger, Biblioth. Lichenol. 85: 268 (2002)

Gymnographa heterospora (Nyl.) Staiger, Biblioth. Lichenol. 85: 271 (2002); Australian records

QLD

Literature:Staiger (2002); Archer (2000a, 2001d, 2004c, 2005b, 2009a)

SARCOGYNE Flot.; Acarosporaceae

[Sarcogyne calcifraga (Müll.Arg.) H.Magn., Meddel. Göteborgs Bot. Trädgards 12: 101 (1938) [NOT IN AUSTRALIA]]

Lecidea simplex var. calcifraga Müll.Arg., Rev. Mycol. 2: 79 (1880)

Sarcogyne clavus (DC.) Kremp., Denkschr. Königl.-Baier. Bot. Ges. Regensburg 4: 212 (1861)

WA, Extra-Aust.

Sarcogyne hypophaea (Nyl.) Arnold, Flora 53: 475 (1870)

Sarcogyne privigna A.Massal., Geneac. Lich.: 10 (1854)

WA, Extra-Aust.

Sarcogyne iridana P.M.McCarthy & Kantvilas, J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 26: 15 (2013) *

NT

Sarcogyne meridionalis P.M.McCarthy & Kantvilas, J. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 26: 17 (2013) *

SA, TAS

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Sarcogyne regularis Körb., Syst. Lich. Germ.: 267 (1855)

Sarcogyne pruinosa var. minuta A.Massal., Sched. Crit. 10: 177 (1856)

WA, SA, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Sarcogyne sekikaica P.M.McCarthy & Elix, Telopea 16: 122 (2014) *

NSW

Literature: Müller (1892a, 1893b); Richardson & Richardson (1982); McCarthy & Kantvilas (2013b); McCarthy & Elix (2014)

SARRAMEANA Vězda & P.James; Sarrameanaceae

Sarrameana albidoplumbea (Hook.f. & Taylor) Farkas, Biblioth. Lichenol. 58: 98 (1995)

Bacidia albidoplumbea (Hook.f. & Taylor) Hellb., Bih. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk-Akad. Handl. 21(3): 99 (1896)

Patellaria weymouthii Shirley, Pap. & Proc. Roy. Soc. Tasmania 1893: 217 (1894) [*]

Bacidia weymouthii (Shirley) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 4: 248 (1926)

Raphiospora melasenoides Jatta, Boll. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1910: 258 (1911) [*]

Bacidia melasenoides (Jatta) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 4: 252 (1926)

Raphiospora otagensis var. tasmanica Jatta, Boll. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1910: 257 (1911) [*]

Bacidia otagensis var. tasmanica (Jatta) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 4: 253 (1926)

Bacidia otagensis (Nyl.) Hellb., Bih. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk-Akad. Handl. 21(3): 100 (1896); Australian records

Lecanactis subfarinosa (C.Knight) Hellb., Bih. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk-Akad. Handl. 21(3): 120 (1896); Australian records

VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Shirley (1894a); Jatta (1911); Kantvilas (1988, 1993, 2004d); Vězda (1988a); Farkas (1995); Kantvilas & Vězda (1996)

SCHAERERIA Körb.; Schaereriaceae

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Schaereria bullata Kantvilas, Lichenologist 31: 232 (1999) *

TAS

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Schaereria fuscocinerea (Nyl.) Clauzade & Cl.Roux, Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest n.s., Numéro Spécial 7: 829 (1985) *

Schaereria tenebrosa (Flot.) Hertel & Poelt, in Hawksworth et al., Lichenologist 12: 107 (1980)

NSW, ACT, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Schaereria xerophila Rambold & H.Mayrhofer, in Rambold, Biblioth. Lichenol. 34: 313 (1989) *

QLD

Literature: Rambold (1989); Kantvilas (1999)

SCHISMATOMMA Flot. & Körb. ex A.Massal.; Roccellaceae

Schismatomma insulae-howense (Sparrius) Tehler & Ertz, in Tehler et al., Lichenologist 45: 465 (2013) *

Dirina insulae-howensis Sparrius, Biblioth. Lichenol. 89: 87 (2004)

LHI

Schismatomma occultum (C.Knight & Mitt.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 2: 560 (1924)

Stigmatidium nanocarpum C.Knight, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 2: 42 (1882) [*]

Schismatomma nanocarpum (C.Knight) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 2: 560 (1923)

Platygrapha leptospora Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 313 (1895)

NSW, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Tehler (1993); Sparrius (2004); Kantvilas (2004i); Tehler et al. (2013)

SCHIZOTREMA Mangold & Lumbsch; Graphidaceae

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Schizotrema guadeloupense (Hale) Mangold & Lumbsch, in Mangold, Elix & Lumbsch, Fl. Australia 57: 657 (2009)

NSW, TAS, Extra-Aust.

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Schizotrema schizolomum (Müll.Arg.) Mangold & Lumbsch, in Mangold, Elix & Lumbsch, Fl. Australia 57: 657 (2009)

Thelotrema hypomelaenum Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 314 (1895) [*]

QLD, NSW, TAS, Extra-Aust.

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Schizotrema subzebrinum Mangold, in Mangold, Elix & Lumbsch, Fl. Australia 57: 657 (2009) *

NSW

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Schizotrema zebrinum Mangold, in Mangold, Elix & Lumbsch, Fl. Australia 57: 657 (2009) *

QLD, NSW, LHI, VIC, TAS

Literature:Mangold et al. (2009)

SCLEROPHORA Chev.; Coniocybaceae

Sclerophora sanguinea (Tibell) Tibell, Beih. Nova Hedwigia 79: 679 (1984)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Tibell (1987)

SCLEROPHYTON Eschw.; Roccellaceae

Sclerophyton conspicuum A.W.Archer, Mycotaxon 87: 85 (2003) *

NT, Extra-Aust.

Sclerophyton elegans Eschw., Syst. Lich.: 25 (1824)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Sclerophyton seriale (Ach.) Sparrius, Biblioth. Lichenol. 89: 77 (2004)

NT, QLD, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Archer (2003c, 2006a); Archer & Elix (2003); Sparrius (2004); Sparrius (in litt., 2006)

SCLEROPHYTONOMYCES: See PETERJAMESIA

SCOLICIOSPORUM A.Massal.; Scoliciosporaceae

Scoliciosporum coniectum Kantvilas & Lumbsch, Australas. Lichenol. 66: 19 (2010) *

TAS

Scoliciosporum intrusum (Th. Fr.) Hafellner, Fritschiana 49: 31 (2004)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

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Scoliciosporum umbrinum (Ach.) Arnold, Flora 54: 50 (1871)

Scoliciosporum compactum Körb., Syst. Lich. Germ.: 268 (1855)

NSW, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Hafellner et al. (1989); Kantvilas & James (1991); Kantvilas (2008a); Kantvilas & Lumbsch (2010)

SCULPTOLUMINA Marbach; Physciaceae

Sculptolumina japonica (Tuck.) Marbach, Biblioth. Lichenol. 74: 297 (2000)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Marbach (2000); Elix (2011t)

SEMIGYALECTA Vain.; Gyalectaceae

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Semigyalecta paradoxa Vain., Ann. Acad. Sci. Fenn., Ser. A, 15(6): 153 (1921)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Kalb & Vězda (1994b)

SEPTOTRAPELIA Aptroot & Chaves; Pilocarpaceae

Septotrapelia triseptata (Hepp) Aptroot, in Aptroot, Saipunkaew, Sipman, Sparrius & Wolseley, Fungal Diversity 24: 127 (2007)

Lecidea triseptata Hepp, in Zollinger, Syst. Verz.: 9 (1854)

Bacidia triseptata (Hepp) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 4: 161 (1926)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Septotrapelia usnica (Sipman) Kalb & Bungartz, in Bungartz et al., Phytotaxa 150: 11 (2013)

Lepraria usnica Sipman, Biblioth. Lichenol. 86: 179 (2003)

WA, NT, QLD, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Elix (2009i); Bungartz et al. (2013)

SIPHULA Fr.; Icmadophilaceae

Siphula australiensis Kantvilas, Austrobaileya 6: 949 (2004) *

NSW

Siphula coriacea Taylor ex Nyl., Syn. Meth. Lich. 1(2): 263 (1860) *

Siphula caesia Müll.Arg., Hedwigia 31: 191 (1892) [*]

WA, SA, QLD, NSW, VIC, Extra-Aust.

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Siphula decumbens Nyl., Lich. Nov. Zel.: 14 (1888)

Siphula torulosa (Ach.) Nyl., Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 5: 98 (1857); Australian records

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Siphula dissoluta Nyl., Lich. Nov. Zel.: 14 (1888)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Siphula fastigiata (Nyl.) Nyl., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 4, 19: 297 (1863)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Siphula gracilis Kantvilas, Herzogia 13: 133 (1998) *

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Siphula parhamii Kantvilas, Austrobaileya 6: 951 (2004) *

QLD

Literature: Hooker & Taylor (1844); Nylander (1860); Crombie (1880); Müller (1892a); Wilson (1893b); Weber (1969); Bratt & Cashin (1976); Filson & Rogers (1979); Richardson & Richardson (1982); Galloway (1983); Kantvilas et al. (1985); Kantvilas (1987, 1994e, 1996b, 1998b, 2002a, 2004h); Vězda (1991); Kantvilas & Jarman (1999); Grube & Kantvilas (2006)

SIPHULASTRUM Müll.Arg.; Pannariaceae

Siphulastrum cladinoides C.W.Dodge, B.A.N.Z. Antarct. Res. Exped. 1929–31 Repts, ser. B, 7: 69 (1948) *

?HI, MI ["certainly not in Siphulastrum", fide Jørgensen, Ilicifolia 4: 75 (2003), as S. cladonioides]

Siphulastrum granulatum P.M.Jørg. & D.J.Galloway, Fl. Australia 54: 317 (1992) *

TAS

Siphulastrum mammillatum (Hook.f. & Taylor) D.J.Galloway, New Zealand J. Bot. 21: 197 (1983)

HI, TAS, MI, Extra-Aust.

Siphulastrum usneoides C.W.Dodge, B.A.N.Z. Antarct. Res. Exped. 1929–31 Repts, ser. B, 7: 69 (1948) *

MI

Literature: Dodge (1948); Dodge & Rudolph (1955); Seppelt (1980); Kantvilas (1989a); Selkirk et al. (1990); Jørgensen & Galloway (1992a); Øvstedal & Gremmen (2006)

SIPHULELLA Kantvilas, Elix & P.James; Icmadophilaceae

Siphulella coralloidea Kantvilas, Elix & P.James, Bryologist 95: 186 (1992) *

TAS

Literature: Johnston (2001b)

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SOLENOPSORA A.Massal.; Catillariaceae

Solenopsora candicans (Dicks.) J.Steiner, österr. Bot. Zeit. 65: 288 (1915)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Solenopsora elixiana Verdon & Rambold, Mycotaxon 59: 401 (1998) *

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Solenopsora holophaea (Mont.) Samp., Brotéria, sér. bot., 19: 26 (1921)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Solenopsora tasmanica Kantvilas, Lichenologist 36: 114 (2004) *

TAS

Solenopsora vulturiensis A.Massal., Lotos 6: 75 (1856)

WA, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Richardson & Richardson (1982); Verdon & Rambold (1998); Kantvilas (2004g); Elix (2009p, 2010b)

SPILONEMA Bornet; Coccocarpiaceae

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Spilonema paradoxum Bornet, Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 4: 226 (1856)

WA, Extra-Aust.

Literature: ?

SPORASTATIA A.Massal.; Sporastatiaceae

Sporastatia desmaspora (C.Knight) C.W.Dodge, Nova Hedwigia 19: 482 (‘1970’) [1971]

Biatorella desmaspora (C.Knight) Hellb., Bih. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk-Akad. Handl. 21(3): 110 (1896)

MI, Extra-Aust.

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Sporastatia testudinea (Ach.) A.Massal., Geneac. Lich.: 9 (1855)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Dodge (1971); Weber & Wetmore (1972); Selkirk et al. (1990)

SPORODICTYON A.Massal.; Verrucariaceae

Sporodictyon cruentum (Körb.) Körb., Parerga Lich.: 332 (1863)

Polyblastia cruenta (Körb.) P.James & Swinscow, Lichenologist 5: 110 (1971)

NSW, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: McCarthy (2001e, 2003b)

SPOROPODIUM Mont.; Pilocarpaceae

Sporopodium aurantiacum (Müll.Arg.) Lücking, Phyton (Horn) 39: 145 (1999)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Sporopodium citrinum (Zahlbr.) Elix, Lumbsch & Lücking, Biblioth. Lichenol. 58: 93 (1995)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Sporopodium flavescens (R.Sant.) Vězda, Lich. Sel. Exsicc. 88: [2193] (1988)

Sporopodium phyllocharis var. flavescens R.Sant., Symb. Bot. Upsal. 12(1): 518 (1952)

Sporopodium vezdeanum Lumbsch & Elix, Mycotaxon 44: 409 (1990)

CI, QLD, NSW, NI, Extra-Aust.

Sporopodium leprieurii Mont., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 3, 16: 54 (1851)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Sporopodium phyllocharis (Mont.) A.Massal., Geneac. Lich.: 9 (1855)

Ectolechia phyllocharis (Mont.) Trevis., Revta Period. Lavori Imp. Reale Acad. Padova 1851–52: 269 (1853)

Heterothecium phyllocharis (Mont.) Tuck., Syn. N. Amer. Lich. 2: 59 (1888)

CI, QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Sporopodium xantholeucum (Müll.Arg.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 2: 681 (1924)

CI, QLD, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Santesson (1952); Santesson & Tibell (1988); Vězda (1988a, 1993b); Elix (1992b); Elix et al. (1992a); Lücking et al. (2001b); McCarthy & Elix (2002)

SQUAMACIDIA: See TRICLINUM

SQUAMARINA Poelt; Stereocaulaceae

Squamarina haysomii C.W.Dodge, Nova Hedwigia 19: 447 (‘1970’) [1971] *

MI

Literature: Dodge (1971); Selkirk et al. (1990)

SQUAMELLA S.Hammer; Cladoniaceae

Squamella spumosa S.Hammer, Bryologist 104: 561 (‘2001’) [2002] *

QLD

Literature: Hammer (2002)

STAUROLEMMA Körb.; Collemataceae

Staurolemma fruticosum Henssen, Nova Hedwigia 68: 127 (1999) *

QLD

Staurolemma orbiculare P.M.Jørg. & Aptroot, in Jørgensen, Nova Hedwigia 90: 155 (2010) *

QLD

Literature: Henssen (1999); Jørgensen (2010)

KEY

STAUROTHELE Norman; Verrucariaceae

Staurothele fissa (Taylor) Zwackh, Flora 45: 552 (1862)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

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Staurothele pallidipora P.M.McCarthy, Muelleria 8: 275 (1995), as pallidopora *

CI, QLD, Extra-Aust.

Literature: McCarthy (2001f); McCarthy & Elix (2002)

STEGOBOLUS: See OCELLULARIA

STEINERA Zahlbr. emend. P.James & Henssen; Coccocarpiaceae

Steinera glaucella (Tuck.) C.W.Dodge, B.A.N.Z. Antarct. Res. Exped. 1929–31 Repts, ser. B, 7: 66 (1948)

HI, Extra-Aust.

Steinera werthii Zahlbr., Deutsche Südpolar-Exped. 1901–1903 8: 43 (1906)

HI, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Dodge & Rudolph (1955); Øvstedal & Gremmen (2006)

KEY

STEINIA Körb.; Aphanopsidaceae

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Steinia australis Kantvilas & P.M.McCarthy, Lichenologist 31: 556 (1999) *

TAS

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Steinia geophana (Nyl.) B.Stein, in Cohn, Krypt.-Fl. Schlesien 2(2): 209 (1879)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Kantvilas & McCarthy (1999); Jarman & Kantvilas (2001); Kantvilas (2004a)

STEPHANOCYCLOS Hertel; Lecideaceae

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Stephanocyclos henssenianus Hertel, Lecideaceae Exsicc. 5: [96] (1983)

HI, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Hertel (1987); Øvstedal & Gremmen (2006)

STEREOCAULON Hoffm.; Stereocaulaceae

Stereocaulon apocalypticum Nyl., in Middendorff, Reise Sibir. 4(6): lv (1867)

AUST, Extra-Aust.

Stereocaulon argus Hook.f. & Taylor, J. Bot. (Hooker) 3: 653 (1844)

MI, Extra-Aust.

Stereocaulon caespitosum Redinger, Hedwigia 76: 132 (1936)

NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Stereocaulon corticatulum Nyl., Flora 41: 117 (1859) var. corticatulum

Stereocaulon leptaleum Nyl., Syn. Meth. Lich. 1(2): 251 (1860) [*]

WA, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, MI, Extra-Aust.

Stereocaulon corticatulum var. humile (Müll.Arg.) I.M.Lamb, in Frey, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 86: 244 (1967) *

Stereocaulon humile Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 4: 88 (1896)

VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Stereocaulon corticatulum var. subcorticatum (Räsänen) I.M.Lamb, Canad. J. Bot. 29: 581 (1951)

VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Stereocaulon cymosum Cromb., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 15: 182 (1876)

Argopsis cymosa (Cromb.) Stizenb., Ber. Tätigk. St. Gallischen Naturwiss. Ges. 1889–90: 231 (1891)

HI, Extra-Aust.

Stereocaulon exalbidum Nyl., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 4, 11: 210 (1859)

NSW, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Stereocaulon exutum Nyl., Lich. Japon.: 18 (1890)

Stereocaulon subramulosum Müll.Arg., Flora 74: 101 (1891)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Stereocaulon gregarium Redinger, Hedwigia 36: 136 (1936)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Stereocaulon heardii Øvstedal, in Øvstedal & Gremmen, S. African J. Bot. 72: 362 (2006) *

HI

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Stereocaulon ramulosum (Sw.) Räusch., Nomencl. Bot.: 328 (1797)

Stereocaulon ramulosum var. macrocarpum (A.Rich.) C.Bab., in Hooker, Fl. Nov. Zel. 2: 294 (1855)

Stereocaulon ramulosum f. elegans Th.Fr., Stereoc. Pilophor. Comment.: 11 (1857)

Stereocaulon mixtum Nyl., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 4, 11: 210 (1859)

Stereocaulon proximum Nyl., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 4, 11: 210 (1859)

Stereocaulon macrocarpoides Nyl., Syn. Meth. Lich. 1(2): 238 (1860) [*]

Stereocaulon proximum var. macrocarpoides (Nyl.) Nyl., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 4, 15: 371 (1861)

Stereocaulon ramulosum var. macrocarpoides (Nyl.) Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 4: 92 (1896)

Stereocaulon proximum var. nudatum Müll.Arg., Flora 69: 252 (1886) [*]

Stereocaulon ramulosum var. nudatum (Müll.Arg.) Müll.Arg., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 32: 199 (1896)

Stereocaulon ramulosum f. nudatum (Müll.Arg.) I.M.Lamb, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 43: 282 (1977)

Stereocaulon ramulosum var. compactum Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 4, Append. 1: 87 (1896) [*]

Stereocaulon pulvinare C.W.Dodge, B.A.N.Z. Antarct. Res. Exped. 1929–31 Repts, ser. B, 7: 139 (1948)

Stereocaulon ramulosum var. pulvinare (C.W.Dodge) I.M.Lamb, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 43: 283 (1977)

Stereocaulon macquariensis C.W.Dodge, Nova Hedwigia 15: 289 (1968) [*]

Stereocaulon ramulosum f. subcompressum I.M.Lamb, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 43: 282 (1977) [*]

Stereocaulon ramulosum f. crebratum I.M.Lamb, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 43: 283 (1977)

Sphaerophorus globiferus (L.) DC., in Lamarck & de Candolle, Fl. Franç., 3rd edn, 2: 327 (1805); Australian records

QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, MI, Extra-Aust.

Stereocaulon trachyphloeum I.M.Lamb, in Galloway et al., Lichenologist 8: 64 (1976) *

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Stereocaulon vesuvianum Pers., Ann. Wetterauischen Ges. Gesammte Naturk. 2: 19 (1810)

Stereocaulon denudatum Flörke, Deutsche Lich. 4: 13 (1819)

Stereocaulon vesuvianum var. kilimandscharoense B.Stein, Jahresber. Schles. Ges. Vaterl. Cult. 66: 134 (1888)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Hooker & Taylor (1844); Babington & Mitten (1859); Nylander (1860); Crombie (1880); Krempelhuber (1881); Müller (1886, 1889, 1896); Mueller (1887); Wilson (1889a, 1893b); Shirley (1888b, 1893, 1894a); Bailey (1891c, 1892); Zahlbruckner (1896); Dodge (1929, 1948, 1968); Dodge & Rudolph (1955); Frey (1967); Weber (1969); Bratt & Cashin (1975); Galloway et al. (1976); Lamb (1977); Galloway (1980); Seppelt (1980); Elix & Streimann (1982, 1995); Richardson & Richardson (1982); Kantvilas (1988, 1989a); Elix (1989); Selkirk et al. (1990); Kantvilas & Jarman (1999); Allen et al. (2001); Øvstedal & Gremmen (2006)

STICTA (Schreb.) Ach.; Lobariaceae

Sticta baileyi D.J.Galloway, Tropical Bryol. 15: 122 (1998) *

QLD, NSW

Sticta brevipes (Müll.Arg.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 3: 373 (1925) *

Stictina brevipes Müll.Arg., Flora 65: 302 (1882)

Stictina suberecta Stirt., Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 32: 73 (1899) [*]

Sticta suberecta (Stirt.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 3: 399 (1925)

QLD, NSW, NI, Extra-Aust.

Sticta caliginosa D.J.Galloway, New Zealand J. Bot. 21: 198 (1983)

NI, Extra-Aust.

Sticta camarae Müll.Arg., Flora 65: 303 (1882) *

QLD, NSW

Sticta caperata (Nyl.) Nyl., Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn. 7: 437 (1863)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Sticta cyphellulata (Müll.Arg.) Hue, Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat., sér. 4, 3: 99 (1901) *

Stictina cyphellulata Müll.Arg., Flora 65: 301 (1882)

QLD, NSW, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Sticta diversa (Stirt.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 3: 379 (1925) *

Stictina diversa Stirt., Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 32: 75 (1899)

Sticta quercizans var. microphylla Kremp., Verh. K.K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien, B, 30: 335 (‘1880’) [1881]

Sticta weigelii var. microphylla (Kremp.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 3: 406 (1925)

QLD, NSW

Sticta duplolimbata (Hue) Vain., Philipp. J. Sci., sect. C, 8: 125 (1913)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Sticta filix (Sw.) Nyl., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 9: 246 (1866)

Sticta filicina Ach., Methodus: 375 (1803)

QLD, NSW, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Sticta flavocyphellata D.J.Galloway, Tropical Bryol. 15: 135 (1998) *

LHI

Sticta fuliginosa (Dicks.) Ach., Methodus: 280 (1803)

QLD, NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Sticta howei D.J.Galloway, Tropical Bryol. 15: 137 (1998) *

Sticta sinuosa var. macrophylla Müll.Arg., Hedwigia 30: 238 (1891); Australian records

LHI

Sticta hypopsiloides Nyl., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 4, 15: 42 (1861)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Sticta latifrons A.Rich., in Dumont d'Urville, Voy. Astrolabe, Botanique 1: 27 (1832) *

NSW, LHI, Extra-Aust.

Sticta limbata (Sm.) Ach., Methodus: 280 (1803)

NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Sticta marginifera Mont., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 2, 18: 265 (1842)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Sticta martinii D.J.Galloway, New Zealand J. Bot. 21: 198 (1983)

QLD, NSW, VIC, TAS, MI, Extra-Aust.

Sticta myrioloba (Müll.Arg.) D.J.Galloway, Tropical Bryol. 15: 143 (1998) *

Sticta filix var. myrioloba Müll.Arg., Flora 69: 254 (1886)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Sticta pedunculata Kremp., J. Mus. Godeffroy 1: 97 (1874)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Sticta rutilans (Stirt.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 3: 398 (1925) *

Stictina rutilans Stirt., Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. Victoria 17: 68 (1881)

QLD, NSW

Sticta sayeri Müll.Arg., Flora 71: 28 (1888) *

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Sticta stipitata C.Knight ex F.Wilson, Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 7: 10 (1891) *

Sticta shirleyana Müll.Arg., Hedwigia 32: 122 (1893) [*]

QLD, NSW, VIC, TAS

Sticta sublimbata (J.Steiner) Swinscow & Krog, in Galloway, New Zealand J. Bot. 21: 198 (1983)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Sticta subtomentella (C.Knight ex Shirley) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 3: 399 (1925) *

Stictina subtomentella C.Knight ex Shirley, Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 6: 24 (1889)

Stictina suborbicularis Müll.Arg., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 23: 387 (1891) [*]

Sticta suborbicularis (Müll.Arg.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 3: 399 (1925)

QLD, NSW

Sticta variabilis Ach., Lichenogr. Universalis: 455 (1810)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Sticta weigelii (Ach.) Vain., Acta Soc. Fauna Fl. Fenn. 7: 189 (1890)

Sticta quercizans Delise, Hist. Lich. Sticta: 84 (1822)

Sticta quercizans var. appendiculata Müll.Arg., Flora 65: 302 (1882) [*]

QLD, NSW, NI, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Zahlbruckner (1896); Cheel (1911); Riedl (1988); Selkirk et al. (1990); Archer & Elix (1994); Galloway (1998, 2001b); Allen et al. (2001)

STIGMATOCHROMA Marbach; Physciaceae

Stigmatochroma adaucta (Malme) Marbach, Biblioth. Lichenol. 74: 306 (2000)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Stigmatochroma epimarta (Nyl.) Marbach, Biblioth. Lichenol. 74: 311 (2000)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Marbach (2000); Kalb et al. (2009); Elix (2011u)

STIRTONIELLA D.J.Galloway, Hafellner & Elix; Ramalinaceae

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Stirtoniella kelica (Stirt.) D.J.Galloway, Hafellner & Elix, Lichenologist 37: 263 (2000)

Catillaria kelica (Stirt.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 4: 49 (1926)

VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Galloway et al. (2005)

STRANGOSPORA Körb.; Lecanorales, incertae sedis

Strangospora deplanata (Almq.) Clauzade & Cl.Roux, in Abassi Maaf & Roux, Bull. Soc. Linn. Provence 36: 199 ('1984') [1985]

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature:James et al. (2009)

STREIMANNIA G.Thor; Roccellaceae

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Streimannia varieseptata G.Thor, Opera Bot. 103: 84 (1990) *

QLD

Literature: Thor (1990); Elix (1992b)

STRIGULA Fr.; Strigulaceae

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Strigula albicascens (Nyl.) R.C.Harris, More Florida Lichens: 154 (1995)

Strigula indutula (Nyl.) R.C.Harris, More Florida Lichens: 157 (1995)

VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Strigula antillarum (Fée) Müll.Arg., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 6: 379 (1885)

Strigula elegans var. antillarum (Fée) R.Sant., in Thorold, J. Ecol. 40: 128 (1952)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Strigula australiensis P.M.McCarthy, Muelleria 8: 323 (1995) *

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Strigula austropunctata P.M.McCarthy, Fl. Australia 57: 661 (2009) *

QLD

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Strigula bermudana (Tuck. ex Nyl.) R.C.Harris, More Florida Lichens: 155 (1995)

CI, Extra-Aust.

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Strigula caerulensis P.M.McCarthy, Australas. Lichenol. 65: 4 (2009) *

NSW

Strigula concreta (Fée) R.Sant., Symb. Bot. Upsal. 12(1): 177 (1952)

CI, QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Strigula decipiens (Malme) P.M.McCarthy, Lichenologist 29: 513 (1997)

Strigula stigmatella (Ach.) R.C.Harris, in Hawksworth et al., Lichenologist 12: 107(1980); Australian records

QLD, NSW, LHI, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Strigula delicatula Sérus., Bryologist 101: 147 (1998)

LHI, Extra-Aust.

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Strigula elixii P.M.McCarthy, Biblioth. Lichenol. 78: 279 (2001) *

CI

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Strigula fossulicola P.M.McCarthy, Streimann & Elix, Lichenologist 28: 240 (1996) *

LHI

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Strigula fractans P.M.McCarthy, Lichenologist 29: 516 (1997) *

NSW, LHI

Strigula janeirensis (Müll.Arg.) Lücking, Tropical Bryol. 15: 65 (1998)

Raciborskiella janeirensis (Müll.Arg.) R.Sant., Symb. Bot. Upsal. 12(1): 196 (1952)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Strigula johnsonii P.M.McCarthy, Muelleria 8: 324 (1995)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Strigula lacericola P.M.McCarthy, Fl. Australia 57: 661 (2009) *

QLD

Strigula macrocarpa Vain., Ann. Acad. Sci. Fenn., Ser. A, 19(15): 20 (1923)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Strigula maculata (Cooke & Massee) R.Sant., Symb. Bot. Upsal. 12(1): 186 (1952)

QLD, NSW, LHI, Extra-Aust.

Strigula melanobapha (Kremp.) R.Sant., Symb. Bot. Upsal. 12(1): 188 (1952)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Strigula multipunctata (G.Merr. ex R.Sant.) R.C.Harris, More Florida Lichens: 158 (1995)

Porina multipunctata G.Merr. ex R.Sant., Symb. Bot. Upsal. 12(1): 216 (1952)

Phylloporis multipunctata (G.Merr. ex R.Sant.) Vězda, Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 19: 183 (1984)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Strigula natalis P.M.McCarthy, Biblioth. Lichenol. 78: 281 (2001) *

CI

Strigula nemathora Mont., in Sagra, Hist. Phys. Cuba, Bot. Pl. Cell. 2: 139 (1842)

NT, QLD, Extra-Aust.

Strigula nitidula Mont., in Sagra, Hist. Phys. Cuba, Bot. Pl. Cell. 2: 139 (1842)

NT, QLD, NSW, LHI, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Strigula obducta (Müll.Arg.) R.C.Harris, More Florida Lichens: 158 (1995)

Porina obducta (Müll.Arg.) F.Schill., Hedwigia 67: 274 (1927)

Phylloporis obducta (Müll.Arg.) R.Sant. & Tibell, Austrobaileya 2: 539 (1988)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Strigula oceanica P.M.McCarthy, Streimann & Elix, Lichenologist 28: 242 (1996) *

LHI, Extra-Aust.

Strigula orbicularis Fr. : Fr., Linnaea 5: 549 (1830)

Strigula complanata (Fée) Mont., in Sagra, Hist. Phys. Cuba, Bot. Pl. Cell. 2: 140 (1842)

NT, QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Strigula phaea (Ach.) R.C.Harris, in Tucker & Harris, Bryologist 83: 19 (1980)

Strigula minutula P.M.McCarthy, Muelleria 8: 327 (1995) [*]

QLD, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Strigula phyllogena (Müll.Arg.) R.C.Harris, More Florida Lichens: 159 (1995)

Phylloporis phyllogena (Müll.Arg.) Clem., Gen. Fung.: 173 (1909)

CI, QLD, Extra-Aust.

Strigula platypoda (Müll.Arg.) R.C.Harris, More Florida Lichens: 159 (1995)

Phylloporis platypoda (Müll.Arg.) Vězda, Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 19: 185 (1984)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Strigula prasina Müll.Arg., Flora 68: 343 (1885)

Raciborskiella prasina (Müll.Arg.) R.Sant., Symb. Bot. Upsal. 12(1): 197 (1952)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Strigula rupestris P.M.McCarthy, Lichenologist 29: 518 (1997) *

LHI

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Strigula smaragdula Fr. : Fr., Linnaea 5: 550 (1830)

Strigula elegans (Fée) Müll.Arg., Flora 63: 41 (1880)

Strigula elatior Stirt., Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. Victoria 17: 75 (1881) [*]

Strigula elegans var. elatior (Stirt.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 1: 539 (1922)

Strigula elegans var. eumorpha Müll.Arg., Flora 68: 342 (1885)

CI, NT, QLD, NSW, LHI, NI, Extra-Aust.

Strigula subelegans Vain., Ann. Acad. Sci. Fenn., ser. A, 19: 23 (1923)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Strigula subtilissima (Fée) Müll.Arg., Flora 66: 346 (1883)

CI, QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Strigula viridiseda (Nyl.) R.C.Harris, Bryologist 83: 18 (1980)

CI, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Santesson (1952); Weber (1971); Santesson & Tibell (1988); Vězda (1988a); Sipman (1991); Vězda & Kalb (1991); Elix (1992b); McCarthy (1993a, 1994, 1995b, 1996b, 1997b, 2000b, 2001i, 2008d, 2008e, 2009b, 2009d, 2010); Aptroot & van den Boom (1995); McCarthy et al. (1996, 2001b); Aptroot (1997); McCarthy & Kantvilas (1999a); Allen et al. (2001); Jarman & Kantvilas (2001); Lücking et al. (2001b); Morley & Gibson (2004); Elix et al. (2009a)

SYNCESIA Taylor; Roccellaceae

Syncesia albiseda (Nyl.) Tehler, Fl. Neotrop. Monogr. 74: 37 (1996)

Schismatomma dirineum var. australica Räsänen, Ann. Bot. Soc. Zool.-Bot. Fenn. "Vanamo" 21: 6 (1946) [*]

VIC, Extra-Aust.

Syncesia psaroleuca (Nyl.) Tehler, Fl. Neotrop. Monogr. 74: 31 (1996)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Räsänen (1946); Tehler (1996); Kalb (2011)

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T

TAPELLARIA Müll.Arg.; Pilocarpaceae

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Tapellaria molleri (Henriques) R.Sant., in Thorold, J. Ecol. 40: 129 (1952)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Tapellaria phyllophila (Stirt.) R.Sant., in Thorold, J. Ecol. 40: 129 (1952)

QLD, NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Santesson (1952); Santesson & Tibell (1988); Lücking et al. (2001b); McCarthy et al. (2001b); Elix et al. (2009a)

TASMIDELLA Kantvilas, Hafellner & Elix; Megalariaceae

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Tasmidella variabilis Kantvilas, Hafellner & Elix, Lichenologist 31: 214 (1999) var. variabilis *

VIC, TAS

Tasmidella variabilis var. inactiva Kantvilas, Hafellner & Elix, Lichenologist 31: 220 (1999) *

TAS

Literature: Kantvilas et al. (1999)

TELOSCHISTES Norman; Teloschistaceae

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Teloschistes chrysophthalmus (L.) Th.Fr., Gen. Heterolich. Eur. Recog.: 51 (1861)

Teloschistes chrysophthalmus var. leucoblepharis Müll.Arg., Flora 66: 77 (1883) [*]

Physcia chrysophthalma var. leucoblephara (Müll.Arg.) Shirley, Lich. Fl. Queensland 4: 193 (1890)

Teloschistes chrysophthalmus var. leucoloma Müll.Arg., Flora 66: 77 (1883) [*]

Teloschistes chrysophthalmus var. expallens Müll.Arg., Flora 66: 78 (1883) [*]

Teloschistes chrysophthalmus var. denudatus (Hoffm.) Müll.Arg., Flora 66: 265 (1883) [*]

Physcia comosa var. alata F.Wilson, in Bailey, Bot. Bull. Dept. Agric., Queensland 7: 32 (1891)

Teloschistes chrysophthalmus var. alatus (F.Wilson) Shirley, Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 7: 133 (1892) [*]

WA, SA, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Teloschistes fasciculatus Hillmann, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 49: 176 (1938)

NSW, ACT, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Teloschistes flavicans (Sw.) Norman, Nytt Mag. Naturvidensk. 7: 229 (1853)

Teloschistes flavicans var. croceus (Ach.) Müll.Arg., Flora 71: 493 (1888)

Teloschistes flavicans var. subexilis (Nyl.) F.Wilson, Pap. & Proc. Roy. Soc. Tasmania 1892: 176 (1893) [*]

Teloschistes flavicans var. compressus J.S.Murray, Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. New Zealand, Bot. 88: 206 (1960)

QLD, NSW, NI, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Teloschistes hypoglaucus (Nyl.) Zahlbr., in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 1(1): 230 (1907)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Teloschistes sieberianus (Laurer) Hillmann, Hedwigia 69: 315 (1930) *

Parmelia sieberiana Laurer, Linnaea 2: 38 (1827)

Teloschistes chrysophthalmus var. sieberianus (Laurer) Müll.Arg., Flora 66: 77 (1883)

Physcia excelsior Stirt., in Bailey, Queensland Agric. J. 5: 40 (1899) [*]

Teloschistes excelsior (Stirt.) I.M.Lamb, Lilloa 25: 429 (1953)

WA, SA, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Teloschistes spinosus (Hook.f. & Taylor) J.S.Murray, Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. New Zealand 88: 207 (1960) f. spinosus *

Parmelia spinosa Hook.f. & Taylor, J. Bot. (Hooker) 3: 644 (1844)

Xanthoria spinosa (Hook.f. & Taylor) Du Rietz, Bot. Not. 1922: 211 (1922)

Physcia parietina var. spinulosa Kremp., Verh. K.K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien, B, 18: 322 (1868) [*]

Xanthoria spinulosa (Kremp.) Hillmann, Hedwigia 63: 203 (1922)

Physcia subexilis Nyl., in Crombie, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 17: 396 (1880) [*]

Xanthoria lychnea (Ach.) Th.Fr., Lichenogr. Scand. 1: 146 (1871); Australian records

Teloschistes parietinus var. lychneus (Ach.) F.Wilson, Pap. & Proc. Roy. Soc. Tasmania 1892: 177 (1893); Australian records

SA, NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Teloschistes spinosus f. subteres Filson, Muelleria 2: 79 (1969) *

NSW, VIC, TAS

Teloschistes velifer F.Wilson, Victorian Naturalist 6: 69 (1889) f. velifer *

Teloschistes chrysophthalmus var. fornicatus Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 4: 89 (1896) [*]

SA, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Teloschistes velifer f. nodulosus (J.S.Murray) Filson, Muelleria 2: 81 (1969)

NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Teloschistes xanthoroides J.S.Murray, Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. New Zealand, Bot. 88: 209 (1960)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Cheel (1904); Filson (1969); Weber (1969); Filson & Rogers (1979); Stevens (1979); Elix & Streimann (1982); Richardson & Richardson (1982); Elix (1985, 1986); Vězda (1986); Kantvilas (1988); Riedl (1988); Elix (2012a)

TEPHROMELA M.Choisy; Mycoblastaceae

Tephromela alectoronica Kalb, Sauteria 15: 243 (2008) *

Lecanora atra var. virens Müll.Arg., Flora 65: 484 (1882) [*]

Lecanora atra var. immarginata C.Knight, in Bailey, Syn. Queensland Fl., Suppl. 1: 72 (1886) [*]

WA, SA, NT, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Tephromela americana (Fée) Kalb, Lich. Neotrop. Exsicc. 8: [348] (1984)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Tephromela arafurensis Rambold, Biblioth. Lichenol. 34: 145 (1989) *

WA, NT

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Tephromela atra (Huds.) Hafellner, in Kalb, Lich. Neotrop. Exsicc. 8: [297] (1983)

Lecanora atra (Huds.) Ach., Lichenogr. Universalis: 344 (1810)

Lecanora subimmersa Müll.Arg., Hedwigia 32: 124 (1893) [*]

HI, WA, SA, QLD, LHI, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, MI, Extra-Aust.

Tephromela atrocaesia (Nyl. ex Cromb.) Fryday, Lichenologist 43: 231 (2011)

HI, Extra-Aust.

Tephromela bourgeanica Elix, Australas. Lichenol. 73: 46 (2013) *

NSW

Tephromela brisbanensis (Zahlbr.) Kalb, Biblioth. Lichenol. 88: 319 (2004) *

Lecanora brisbanensis Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 5: 400 (1928)

QLD, NSW

Tephromela buelliana (Müll. Arg.) Kalb, Biblioth. Lichenol. 88: 319 (2004)

SA, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Tephromela bullata Elix, Australas. Lichenol. 71: 3 (2012) *

WA, SA, NSW, VIC, TAS

Tephromela bunyana Kalb & Elix, in Kalb, Biblioth. Lichenol. 88: 319 (2004) *

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Tephromela cerasina (Müll.Arg.) Rambold & Triebel, Biblioth. Lichenol. 48: 170 (1992)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Tephromela connivens (Müll.Arg.) Kalb, Biblioth. Lichenol. 95: 314 (2007) *

Lecanora connivens Müll.Arg., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 23: 289 (1891)

QLD

Tephromela disjuncta Elix, Australas. Lichenol. 71: 4 (2012) *

WA, QLD

Tephromela erosa Elix, Australas. Lichenol. 72: 20 (2013) *

SA

Tephromela isidiosa Kalb & Elix, in Kalb, Biblioth. Lichenol. 88: 322 (2004) *

NSW

Tephromela korundensis (Räsänen) Kalb, Biblioth. Lichenol. 88: 322 (2004) *

Lecidea korundensis Räsänen, Suom. Elain-ja Kasvit. Seuran Van. Tiedon. Pöytäkirjat 3: 183 (1949)

QLD, LHI

Tephromela lillipillensis Elix, Australas. Lichenol. 71: 5 (2012) *

QLD, NSW

Tephromela neobunyana Elix, Australas. Lichenol. 72: 21 (2013) *

QLD

Tephromela nothofagi Elix, Australas. Lichenol. 72: 22 (2013) *

NSW

Tephromela olivetorica Elix, Australas. Lichenol. 71: 6 (2012) *

QLD

Tephromela physodica Kalb & Elix, in Kalb, Sauteria 15: 245 (2008) *

QLD

Tephromela promontorii (Zahlbr.) Kalb, Biblioth. Lichenol. 95: 315 (2007)

SA, NT, Extra-Aust.

Tephromela skottsbergii (Darb.) Fryday, Lichenologist 43: 234 (2011)

Tephromela austrolitoralis (Zahlbr.) Kalb & Elix in Elix & Kalb, Australas. Lichenol. 63: 34 (2008) [*]

Lecanora atra var. serialis Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 632 (1895) [*]

Lecanora atra var. australica Räsänen, Suom. Elain-ja Kasvit. Seuran Van. Tiedon. Pöytäkirjat 3: 179 (1949) [*]

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Tephromela sorediata Kalb & Elix, in Elix & Kalb, Australas. Lichenol. 58: 27 (2006) *

WA, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS

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Tephromela stenosporonica Elix & Kalb, Australas. Lichenol. 58: 27 (2006) *

WA, NT

Tephromela territoriensis Elix & Kalb, Australas. Lichenol. 63: 32 (2008) *

NT, NSW

Literature: Knight (1882); Müller (1882, 1891b, 1893a, 1895a); Bailey (1886, 1896); Räsänen (1949); Weber & Wetmore (1972); Elix & Streimann (1982); Rogers (1982b); Hertel (1987, 1989b); Rambold (1989); Elix (1994bb, 2007a, 2009j, 2012a, 2012b, 2013a, 2013b); Kalb (2004, 2007, 2008); Elix & Kalb (2006, 2008); Øvstedal & Gremmen (2006); Fryday (2011)

THALLOLOMA: SEE MANGOLDIA

THAMNOLIA Ach. ex Schaer.; Icmadophilaceae

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Thamnolia vermicularis (Sw.) Schaer., Enum. Crit. Lich. Eur.: 243 (1850) var. vermicularis

Thamnolia vermicularis var. taurica (Wulfen) Schaer., Enum. Crit. Lich. Eur.: 244 (1850)

QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, MI, Extra-Aust.

Thamnolia vermicularis var. subuliformis (Ehrh.) Schaer., Enum. Crit. Lich. Eur.: 243 (1850)

Thamnolia subuliformis (Ehrh.) W.L.Culb., Brittonia 15: 144 (1963)

VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Crombie (1880); Shirley (1892); Motyka (1960); Sato (1968); Weber (1969); Filson (1972); Seppelt (1980); Elix & Streimann (1982); Elix (1989, 1994bb); Selkirk et al. (1990)

THECARIA Fée; Graphidaceae

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Thecaria montagnei (Bosch) Staiger, Biblioth. Lichenol. 85: 446 (2002)

Phaeographina montagnei (Bosch) Müll.Arg., Flora 65: 399 (1882)

QLD, NSW, NI, Extra-Aust.

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Thecaria quassiicola Fée, Méth. Lichenogr. Gen.: XCII, tab. 1, fig. 16 (1824), as quassiaecola

Phaeographina quassiicola (Fée) Müll.Arg., Mém. Soc. Phys. Hist. Nat. Genève 29(8): 47 (1887)

Graphina pyelodes F.Wilson, in Bailey, Bot. Bull. Dept. Agric., Queensland 7: 32 (1891) [*]

QLD, NI, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Archer (2001c, e, 2005b, 2009a); Staiger (2002)

THELENELLA Nyl.; Thelenellaceae

Thelenella brasiliensis (Müll.Arg.) Vain., J. Bot. 34: 293 (1896)

CI, QLD, Extra-Aust.

Thelenella kerguelena (Nyl.) H.Mayrhofer, Biblioth. Lichenol. 26: 43 (1987)

Microglaena kerguelena (Nyl.) Zahlbr., Deutsche Südpolar-Exped.1901–1903 8: 51 (1906)

HI, Extra-Aust.

Thelenella luridella (Nyl.) H.Mayrhofer, Biblioth. Lichenol. 26: 45 (1987)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Thelenella marginata (Groenh.) H.Mayrhofer, Biblioth. Lichenol. 26: 48 (1987)

NT, Extra-Aust.

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Thelenella mawsonii (C.W.Dodge) H.Mayrhofer & P.M.McCarthy, Muelleria 7: 337 (1991)

HI, MI, Extra-Aust.

Thelenella modesta (Nyl.) Nyl., Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 3: 193 (1855)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Thelenella sychnogonioides (Zahlbr.) R.C.Harris, More Florida Lichens: 167 (1995)

Thelenella harrisii H.Mayrhofer, Biblioth. Lichenol. 26: 36 (1987)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Thelenella tasmanica H.Mayrhofer & P.M.McCarthy, Muelleria 7: 338 (1991) *

NSW, TAS

Literature: Dodge (1948); Dodge & Rudolph (1955); Mayrhofer (1987); Hafellner et al. (1989); Mayrhofer & McCarthy (1991); McCarthy (1993a, 1994); McCarthy & Elix (2002); Øvstedal & Gremmen (2006, 2008)

THELIDIUM A.Massal; Verrucariaceae

Thelidium decipiens (Hepp) Kremp., Denkschr. Bayer. Bot. Gesell. 4: 246 (1861)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Thelidium heardense C.W.Dodge, B.A.N.Z. Antarct. Res. Exped. 1929–31 Repts, ser. B, 7: 44 (1948) *

HI

Thelidium olivaceum (Fr.) Körb., Parerga Lich.: 382 (1863)

VIC, Extra-Aust.

Thelidium papulare (Fr.) Arnold, Flora 68: 147 (1885)

NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Thelidium pluvium Orange, Lichenologist 23: 101 (1991)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Thelidium praevalescens (Nyl.) Zahlbr., Deutsche Südpolar-Exped. 1901–1903 8: 51 (1906)

HI, MI, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Dodge (1948); Dodge & Rudolph (1955); McCarthy (1991b, 2001g, 2014); Øvstedal & Gremmen (2006)

THELOCARPON Nyl.; Thelocarpaceae

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Thelocarpon intermediellum Nyl., Flora 48: 261 (1885)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

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Thelocarpon laureri (Flot.) Nyl., Mém. Imp. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 3: 191 (1855)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

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Thelocarpon cf. sphaerosporum H.Magn., Rabenh. Krypt.-Fl. 9, 5(1): 305 (1935)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

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Thelocarpon strasseri Zahlbr., Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 52: 261 (1902)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Kantvilas & Jarman (2006); McCarthy & Kantvilas (2009)

THELOPSIS Nyl.; Stictidaceae

Thelopsis byssoidea Diederich, in Aptroot et al., Biblioth. Lichenol. 64: 197 (1997)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Thelopsis isiaca var. australis P.M.McCarthy, Muelleria 7: 313 (1991) *

VIC, Extra-Aust.

Literature: McCarthy (1991a); Elix et al. (2009a)

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THELOTREMA Ach.; Graphidaceae

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Thelotrema adjectum Nyl., Flora 49: 290 (1866)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Thelotrema albo-olivaceum Vain., Mycologia 21: 38 (1929)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Thelotrema bicavatum Nyl., Flora 47: 269 (1864) *

Ocellularia bicavatum (Nyl.) Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier. 2, App. 1: 74 (1894)

QLD, NSW, TAS, Extra-Aust.

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Thelotrema bicinctulum Nyl., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 4, 15: 46 (1861)

Ascidium octoloculare C.Knight, in Bailey, Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 1: 152 (1884) [*]

Porina octolocularis (C.Knight) C.Knight, in Shirley, Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 6: 183 (1889)

Ocellularia octolocularis (C.Knight) Shirley, Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 6: 188 (1889)

NT, QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Thelotrema capetribulense Mangold, in Lumbsch et al., Austral. Syst. Bot. 21: 221 (2008) *

QLD

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Thelotrema conveniens Nyl., Bull. Soc. Linn. Normandie, sér. 2, 7: 168 (1873)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Thelotrema crassisporum Mangold, in Mangold, Elix & Lumbsch, Fl. Australia 57: 657 (2009) *

QLD

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Thelotrema crespoae Mangold, Elix & Lumbsch, in Lumbsch et al., Austral. Syst. Bot. 21: 223 (2008) *

QLD, NSW

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Thelotrema cupulare Müll.Arg., Hedwigia 32: 131 (1893) *

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Thelotrema cyphelloides Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 314 (1895) *

QLD

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Thelotrema defossum (Müll.Arg.) Mangold, in Lumbsch et al., Austral. Syst. Bot. 21: 221 (2008)

QLD, NSW, LHI, Extra-Aust.

Thelotrema depressum Mont., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 3, 16: 73 (1851)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Thelotrema diplotrema Nyl., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 4, 11: 258 (1859)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Thelotrema eungellaense Mangold, Elix & Lumbsch, Biblioth. Lichenol. 95: 461 (2007) *

QLD

Thelotrema expansum C.Knight, in Bailey, Syn. Queensland Fl. 2, Suppl.: 86 (1888) *

Phaeotrema expansum (C.Knight) Shirley, Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 6: 189 (1889)

QLD, NSW

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Thelotrema foveolare Müll.Arg., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 23: 129 (1891)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Thelotrema gallowayanum Mangold, Elix & Lumbsch, Biblioth. Lichenol. 95: 463 (2007) *

QLD, NSW

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Thelotrema lacteum Kremp., in Nylander, Flora 47: 269 (1864) *

Phaeotrema lacteum (Kremp.) Müll.Arg., Flora 70: 398 (1887)

Phaeotrema consimile Müll.Arg., Flora 70: 398 (1887) [*]

Ocellularia cricota F.Wilson, in Bailey, Bot. Bull. Dept. Agric., Queensland 7: 32 (1891) [*]

Phaeotrema cricotum (F.Wilson) Müll.Arg., Hedwigia 32: 130 (1893)

Ocellularia zeorina Müll.Arg., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 23: 394 (1891) [*]

Ocellularia annulosa Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 314 (1895) [*]

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Thelotrema lepadinum (Ach.) Ach., Methodus: 132 (1803)

Thelotrema obconicum Räsänen, Suom. Elain-ja Kasvit. Seuran Van. Tiedon. Pöytäkirjat 3: 184 (1949) [*]

WA, QLD, NSW, LHI, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

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Thelotrema lepadodes Tuck., Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts Sci. 5: 405 (1862)

Leptotrema lepadodes (Tuck.) Zahlbr., Ann. Mycol. 10: 372 (1912)

Thelotrema monosporum var. patulum Nyl., Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn. 7: 452 (1863)

Leptotrema patulum (Nyl.) Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 315 (1895)

Leptotrema aemulum Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 316 (1895) [*]

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Thelotrema lepadodes var. endochrysoides Jatta, Boll. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1910: 256 (1911) *

Leptotrema lepadodes var. endochrysoides (Jatta) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 2: 636 (1923)

TAS

Thelotrema leucophthalmum Nyl., Bull. Soc. Linn. Normandie, sér. 2, 2: 39 (1868)

Leptotrema albocoronatum C.Knight, in Shirley, Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 6: 192 (1889) [*]

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Thelotrema monosporum Nyl., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 4, 15: 46 (1861)

Leptotrema monosporum (Nyl.) Müll.Arg., Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 31: 35 (1892)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Thelotrema myriocarpum Fée, Essai Crypt. Écorc. 1: 94 (1824)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Thelotrema nostalgicum G.Salisbury, Lichenologist 5: 266 (1972)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Thelotrema nureliyum Hale, Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 8: 261 (1981)

QLD, NSW, LHI, Extra-Aust.

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Thelotrema oleosum Mangold, in Lumbsch et al., Austral. Syst. Bot. 21: 225 (2008) *

QLD, NSW

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Thelotrema pachysporum Nyl., Bull. Soc. Linn. Normandie., sér. 2, 2: 72 (1868)

NT, QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Thelotrema parvizebrinum Mangold, in Mangold, Elix & Lumbsch, Fl. Australia 57: 658 (2009)

QLD

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Thelotrema polythecium Nagarkar, Sethy & Patw., in Sethy, Nagarkar & Patwardhan, Mycotaxon 28: 195 (1987)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Thelotrema porinaceum Müll.Arg., Nuov. Giorn. Bot. Ital. 23: 130 (1891)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Thelotrema porinoides Mont. & Bosch, Enum. Pl. Ins. Java Sumatra Detexit 484 (1855)

Ocellularia platychlamys Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 313 (1895) [*]

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Thelotrema pseudosubtile Mangold, in Lumbsch et al., Austral. Syst. Bot. 21: 225 (2008) *

QLD, NSW, LHI

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Thelotrema rugatulum Nyl., Bull. Soc. Linn. Normandie, sér. 2, 7: 168 (1873)

Tremotylium australiense Müll.Arg., Flora 65: 500 (1882) [*]

Tremotylium nitidulum Müll.Arg., Hedwigia 32: 132 (1893) [*]

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Thelotrema saxatile C.Knight, Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 8: 327 (1876)

QLD, LHI, Extra-Aust.

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Thelotrema saxicola (Vain.) G.Salisb., Lichenologist 5: 269 (1972)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Thelotrema subadjectum Mangold, in Mangold, Elix & Lumbsch, Fl. Australia 57: 658 (2009) *

QLD

Thelotrema subgranulosum Jatta, Boll. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1910: 256 (1911) *

TAS

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Thelotrema subtile Tuck., Amer. J. Arts Sci., ser. 2, 25: 426 (1858)

Ocellularia jugalis Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 313 (1895) [*]

QLD, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

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Thelotrema suecicum (H.Magn.) P.James, Lichenologist 9: 186 (1977)

Ocellularia bonplandii var. obliterata Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 1: 54 (1893)

QLD, NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

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Thelotrema thesaurum Mangold, in Mangold, Elix & Lumbsch, Fl. Australia 57: 658 (2009) *

QLD

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Thelotrema triseptatum Mangold, in Mangold, Elix & Lumbsch, Fl. Australia 57: 658 (2009) *

QLD

Literature: Nylander (1864); Crombie (1880); Stirton (1881); Müller (1887a, 1887b, 1891a, 1891b, 1893a, 1893b, 1895d); Shirley (1889b, 1893); Bailey (1884, 1888, 1891a, 1891b, 1893, 1896); Jatta (1911); Räsänen (1949); Salisbury (1971, 1972, 1975); Bratt & Cashin (1976); Richardson & Richardson (1982); Kantvilas & James (1991); Kantvilas & Jarman (1991); Kantvilas et al. (1994); Makhija & Patwardhan (1995); Kalb (1996, 2001b); Allen et al. (2001); Frisch (2006); Mangold et al. (2007a, 2008a, 2009); Lumbsch et al. (2008)

THYREA A.Massal.; Lichinaceae

Thyrea confusa Henssen, in Henssen & Jørgensen, Lichenologist 22: 146 (1990)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Thyrea girardii (Dur. & Mont.) Bagl. & Car., Atti Soc. Crittog. Ital. 2: 349 (1881)

QLD, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Allen et al. (2001)

THYSANOTHECIUM Mont. & Berk.; Cladoniaceae

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Thysanothecium hookeri Mont. & Berk., J. Bot. (Hooker) 5: 257 (1846) *

WA, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Thysanothecium hookeri subsp. xanthonicum Elix, Australas. Lichenol. 64: 26 (2009) *

WA

Thysanothecium scutellatum (Fr.) D.J.Galloway, Nova Hedwigia 36: 390 (‘1982’) [1983]

Cladonia scutellata Fr., in Lehmann, Pl. Preiss. 2: 141 (1846)

Baeomyces hyalinus Taylor, J. Bot. (Hooker) 6: 187 (1847) [*]

Thysanothecium hyalinum (Taylor) Nyl., Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 5: 94 (1857)

Thysanothecium hyalinum f. intortum F.Wilson, Proc. Roy. Soc. Victoria 5: 176 (1893) [*]

WA, SA, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Thysanothecium sorediatum Elix, Australas. Lichenol. 64: 27 (2009) *

QLD, NSW

Literature: Sammy (1992); Allen et al. (2001); Elix (2009a)

TIBELLIA Hafellner & Vězda; Ramalinaceae

Tibellia dimerelloides Hafellner & Vězda, Nova Hedwigia 55: 186 (1992) *

QLD, NSW

Literature: Hafellner & Vězda (1992); Elix et al. (2009a)

TOMASELLIA A.Massal.; Naetrocymbaceae?

Tomasellia dispora Müll.Arg., Flora 70: 427 (1887) *

QLD

Tomasellia gelatinosa (Chev.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 1: 474 (1922)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Müller (1887b, 1895c); Shirley (1889c)

TONINIA A.Massal.; Ramalinaceae

Toninia aromatica (Sm.) A.Massal., Framm. Lichenogr.: 24 (1855)

Thalloidima leucinum Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 1: 35 (1893) [*]

Toninia leucina (Müll.Arg.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 4: 289 (1926)

QLD, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Toninia australis Timdal, Opera Bot. 110: 45 (‘1991’) [1992] *

WA, SA, Extra-Aust.

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Toninia bullata (Meyen & Flot.) Zahlbr., Beih. Bot. Zentralbl. 19: 76 (1905)

Siphula muelleri F.Wilson, Victorian Naturalist 6: 179 (1890) [*]

Bibbya muelleri (F.Wilson) J.H.Willis, Victorian Naturalist 73: 125 (1956)

Thalloidima nitidum Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 4: 92 (1896) [*]

Toninia nitida (Müll.Arg.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 4: 290 (1926)

NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Toninia glaucocarpa Timdal, Opera Bot. 110: 63 (‘1991’) [1992] *

WA, NT, NSW, ACT, Extra-Aust.

Toninia scorigena (Müll.Arg.) Lumbsch & Messuti, in Lumbsch, Australas. Lichenol. 45: 10 (1999) *

Lecidea scorigena Müll.Arg., Hedwigia 34: 30 (1895)

Biatora scorigena (Müll.Arg.) Rambold, Biblioth. Lichenol. 34: 73 (1989)

VIC

Toninia sedifolia (Scop.) Timdal, Opera Bot. 110: 93 (‘1991’) [1992]

Toninia caeruleonigricans (Lightf.) Th.Fr., Lichenogr. Scand. 2: 336 (1874)

WA, SA, QLD, NSW, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Müller (1887b, 1893b, 1895b, 1896); Bailey (1891a, 1893); Shirley (1894b); Wilson (1890); Willis (1956); Weber (1969); Sammy & Smith (1974); Bratt & Cashin (1975); Filson & Rogers (1979); Elix & Streimann (1982); Richardson & Richardson (1982); Hertel (1985b); Rambold (1989); Timdal (1992); Elix (1993, 1994bb); Eldridge (1996); Lumbsch (1999)

TOPELIA P.M.Jørg. & Vězda; Stictidaceae

Topelia rosea (Servít) P.M.Jørg. & Vězda, Beih. Nova Hedwigia 79: 507 (1984)

LHI, Extra-Aust.

Literature: McCarthy (1996b)

TOPELIOPSIS Kantvilas & Vězda emend Kalb; Graphidaceae

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Topeliopsis acutispora Kalb, Mycotaxon 79: 320 (2001) *

QLD, NSW, VIC, TAS

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Topeliopsis azorica (P.James & Purvis) Coppins & Aptroot, Lichenologist 40: 372 (2008)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Topeliopsis darlingtonii A.Frisch & Kalb, Lichenologist 38: 39 (2006) *

QLD

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Topeliopsis decorticans (Müll.Arg.) A.Frisch & Kalb, Lichenologist 38: 44 (2006) *

Thelotrema decorticans Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 1: 54 (1893) *

Topeliopsis corticola Kalb, Mycotaxon 79: 322 (2001) *

NSW, VIC, TAS

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Topeliopsis elixii A.Frisch & Kalb, Lichenologist 38: 40 (2006) *

QLD

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Topeliopsis kantvilasii Mangold & Lumbsch, in Mangold, Elix & Lumbsch, Fl. Australia 57: 658 (2009) *

TAS

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Topeliopsis laceratula (Müll.Arg.) Mangold, in Mangold, Elix & Lumbsch, Fl. Australia 57: 659 (2009) *

Thelotrema laceratulum Müll.Arg., Flora 70: 399 (1887)

QLD

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Topeliopsis muscigena (Stizenb.) Kalb, Mycotaxon 79: 322 (2001)

Thelotrema muscigena Stizenb., Ber. Tätigk. St. Gallischen Naturwiss. Ges. 1888–89: 247 (1890)

Topeliopsis muscicola Kantvilas & Vězda, Lichenologist 32: 348 (2000) [*]

VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

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Topeliopsis pseudoexanthismocarpa (Patw. & C.Kulk.) Mangold, in Mangold, Elix & Lumbsch, Fl. Australia 57: 659 (2009)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Topeliopsis subdenticulata (Zahlbr.) A.Frisch & Kalb, Lichenologist 38: 44 (2006)

Thelotrema subdenticulatum (Zahlbr.) G.Salisb., Lichenologist 5: 267 (1972)

Topeliopsis vezdae Kalb, Mycotaxon 79: 323 (2001) *

NSW VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Topeliopsis tasmanica (Kantvilas & Vězda) Mangold, in Mangold, Elix & Lumbsch, Fl. Australia 57: 659 (2009) *

Chroodiscus australis subsp. tasmanicus Kantvilas & Vězda, Lichenologist 32: 334 (2000)

Chroodiscus macrocarpus subsp. tasmanicus (Kantvilas & Vězda) D.J.Galloway, Australas. Lichenol. 49: 17 (2001) *

TAS

Literature: Kantvilas & Vězda (2000); Kalb (2001b); Frisch (2006); Frisch & Kalb (2006a); Mangold et al. (2008c, 2009)

TRAPELIA M.Choisy; Trapeliaceae

Trapelia coarctata (Sm.) M.Choisy, in Werner, Bull. Soc. Sci. Nat. Maroc. 12: 160 (1932)

Lecidea coarctata (Sm.) Nyl., Acta Soc. Linn. Bordeaux 21: 358 (1856)

Biatora coarctata f. terrestris Navas, Brotéria, Ser. Bot. 11: 19 (1913)

WA, NT, SA, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, MI, Extra-Aust.

Trapelia crystallifera Kantvilas & Elix, Biblioth. Lichenol. 95: 324 (2007) *

WA, SA, NSW, VIC, TAS

Trapelia glebulosa (Sm.) J.R.Laundon, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 147: 492 (2005)

Trapelia involuta (Taylor) Hertel, Herzogia 2: 508 (1973)

NSW, ACT, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Trapelia lilacea Kantvilas & Elix, Biblioth. Lichenol. 95: 327 (2007) *

WA, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS

Trapelia macrospora Fryday, Biblioth. Lichenol. 88: 144 (2004)

NSW, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Filson & Rogers (1979); Elix & Streimann (1982); Richardson & Richardson (1982); Hertel (1987, 1989b); Allen et al. (2001); Elix (2007a, 2008b, 2009p); Kantvilas & Elix (2007a); Purvis et al. (2009)

TRAPELIOPSIS Hertel & Gotth.Schneid.; Trapeliaceae

Trapeliopsis colensoi (C.Bab.) Gotth.Schneid., Biblioth. Lichenol. 13: 146 (1979)

?Thalloidima australiense Müll.Arg., Flora 70: 320 (1887) [*]

?Toninia australiensis (Müll.Arg.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 4: 262 (1926)

WA, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

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Trapeliopsis congregans (Zahlbr.) Brako, Mycotaxon 35: 16 (1989)

Phyllopsora congregans (Zahlbr.) D.J.Galloway, New Zealand J. Bot. 21: 196 (1893)

VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Trapeliopsis flexuosa (Fr.) Coppins & P.James, Lichenologist 16: 258 (1984)

Lecidea flexuosa (Fr.) Nyl., Acta Soc. Linn. Bordeaux 21: 356 (1857)

WA, QLD, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Trapeliopsis granulosa (Hoffm.) Lumbsch, in Hertel, Lecideaceae Exsicc. 5: [99] (1983)

Lecidea granulosa (Hoffm.) Ach., Methodus: 65 (1803)

NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Trapeliopsis granulosa var. australis Elix, Australas. Lichenol. 73: 47 (2013) *

WA, VIC

Trapeliopsis gyrocarpa Elix, Australas. Lichenol. 73: 48 (2013) *

NT

Trapeliopsis thermophila Rambold & Elix, in Elix, Australas. Lichenol. 73: 49 (2013) *

NT

Literature: Müller (1887b); Schneider (1979); Vězda (1986); Kantvilas & Jarman (1988, 1999); Hafellner et al. (1989); Kantvilas (1990a); Timdal (1992); Kantvilas & Elix (1992); Aptroot et al. (1997); Louwhoff et al. (1997); Allen et al. (2001); Elix (2009p); Elix (2013b)

TREMOLECIA M.Choisy; Hymeneliaceae

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Tremolecia atrata (Ach.) Hertel, Khumbu Himal 6: 351 (1977)

HI, WA, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Hertel (1973, 1987, 1989b); Rambold (1989); Allen et al. (2001); Øvstedal & Gremmen (2006)

TREMOTYLIUM: See THELOTREMA

TRICHARIA Fée; Gomphillaceae

Tricharia vainioi R.Sant., Symb. Bot. Upsal. 12(1): 382 (1952)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Santesson (1952); Santesson & Tibell (1988); Vězda & Kalb (1991); Kalb & Vězda (1994b); Lücking et al. (2001b)

KEY

TRICHOTHELIUM Müll.Arg.; Porinaceae

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Trichothelium ake-assii Becker & Lücking, Flechten Follmann: 170 (1995)

Trichothelium epiphyllum Müll.Arg., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 6: 418 (1885); Australian records

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Trichothelium alboatrum Vain., Ann. Acad. Sci. Fenn., Ser. A, 15(6): 321 (1921)

QLD, NSW, VIC, Extra-Aust.

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Trichothelium assurgens (Cooke) Aptroot & Lücking, Mycol. Res. 105: 511 (2001)

Trichothelium nanum Malcolm & Vězda, Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 30: 95 (1995)

QLD, NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

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Trichothelium javanicum (F.Schill.) Vězda, Nova Hedwigia 58: 139 (1994)

Trichothelium alboatrum var. javanicum F.Schill., Hedwigia 67: 279 (1927)

Trichothelium minus Vain., J. Bot. 34: 296 (1896); Australian records

Trichothelium alboatrum Vain., Ann. Acad. Sci. Fenn., Ser. A, 15(6): 321 (1921); some Australian records

CI, QLD, NSW, LHI, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

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Trichothelium meridionale P.M.McCarthy & Kantvilas, Australas. Lichenol. 47: 5 (2000) subsp. meridionale*

TAS

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Trichothelium oceanicum P.M.McCarthy, Lichenologist 33: 395 (2001) *

CI

Literature: McCarthy (1996b, 2001b, 2001k); Lücking et al. (2001b)

TRICLINUM Fée; Phyllopsoraceae

Triclinum cinchonarum Fée, Essai Crypt. Écorc. 148 (1825) var. cinchonarum

Squamacidia janeirensis var. endococcinea (Zahlbr.) Brako, Mycotaxon 35: 10 (1989)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Triclinum cinchonarum Fée var. janeirensis (Müll.Arg.) Elix, Fl. Australia 57: 651 (2009)

Squamacidia janeirensis (Müll.Arg.) Brako, Mycotaxon 35: 8 (1989) var. janeirensis

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Elix (2006a, 2007a, 2009h)

TRINATHOTREMA Lücking, Rivas-Plata & Mangold; Stictidaceae

Trinathotrema stictideum (Nyl.) Lücking, R.Miranda & Kalb, Biblioth. Lichenol. 106: 200 (2011)

Ocellularia gyrostomoides Müll.Arg., Flora 71: 46 (1888) [*]

Schizoxylon gyrostomoides (Müll.Arg.) Lumbsch & Papong, Mycotaxon 109: 320 (2009)

QLD, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature:Müller (1888a); Lumbsch & Papong (2009); Lücking et al. (2011b)

TRYPETHELIOPSIS Asahina; Monoblastiaceae

Trypetheliopsis coccinea (Aptroot & Sipman) Aptroot, in Kashiwadani et al., Biblioth. Lichenol. 99: 249 (2009)

Musaespora coccinea Aptroot & Sipman, Lichenologist 25: 124 (1993)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Trypetheliopsis kalbii (Sérus. & Lücking) Aptroot, in Kashiwadani et al., Biblioth. Lichenol. 99: 249 (2009)

Musaespora kalbii Sérus. & Lücking, Nordic J. Bot. 16: 661 (1997)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Literature:Kalb & Vězda (1994b); Lücking et al. (2001b); Aptroot et al. (2003); Kashiwadani et al. (2009)

TRYPETHELIUM Spreng.; Trypetheliaceae

Trypethelium aeneum (Eschw.) Zahlbr., in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 1(1): 70 (1903)

NT, QLD, Extra-Aust.

Trypethelium cinereorosellum Kremp., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 7: 35 (1875)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Trypethelium elmeri (Vain.) R.C.Harris, Lichenogr. Thomsoniana 143 (1998)

NT, QLD, Extra-Aust.

Trypethelium eluteriae Spreng., Anleit. Kenntn. Gew. 3: 351 (1804)

Trypethelium eluteriae var. citrinum (Eschw.) Müll.Arg., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 6: 393 (1885)

Trypethelium medians Harm., Bull. Soc. Sci. Nancy, sér. 3, 12: 142 (1911) [*]

Trypethelium papillosum Ach., Syn. Meth. Lich.: 104 (1814); Australian records

WA, NT, QLD, Extra-Aust.

Trypethelium epileucodes Nyl., Lich. Japon.: 116 (1890)

Trypethelium virgineum Müll.Arg., Rep. Australas. Assoc. Advancem. Sci. 1895: 461 (1895) [*]

NT, QLD, Extra-Aust.

Trypethelium nitidiusculum (Nyl.) R.C.Harris, Acta Amazon. (Suppl.) 14: 75 (‘1984’) [1986]

Pseudopyrenula nitidiuscula (Nyl.) Müll.Arg., Flora 66: 248 (1883)

Trypethelium infuscatulum Müll.Arg., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 6: 389 (1885)

Bathelium mastoideum Ach., Methodus: 111 (1803); Australian records

Trypethelium mastoideum (Ach.) Ach., Lichenogr. Universalis: 307 (1810); Australian records

QLD, NSW, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Trypethelium ochroleucum (Eschw.) Nyl., Flora 52: 126 (1869)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Trypethelium tropicum (A.Massal.) Müll.Arg., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 6: 393 (1885)

Trypethelium oligocarpum Müll.Arg., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 23: 402 (1891) [*]

Trypethelium tropicum var. nigratum Müll.Arg., Rep. Australas. Assoc. Advancem. Sci. 1895: 460 (1895) [*]

Trypethelium catervarium (Fée) Tuck., Gen. Lich.: 260 (1872); Australian records

Trypethelium ceratinum (Fée) R.C.Harris, Lichenogr. Thomsoniana: 140 (1998); Australian records

NT, QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Bailey (1881, 1891a, 1891c); Shirley (1889c); Müller (1891a, 1891b, 1895c, 1895d); Harmand (1911); Makhija & Patwardhan (1992); McCarthy (1993a); Aptroot (1997, 2009d); Elix & Ralston (1999); Allen et al. (2001)

TUCKERMANNOPSIS Gyeln.; Parmeliaceae

Tuckermannopsis chlorophylla (Willd.) Hale, Bryologist 90: 164 (1987)

Cetraria chlorophylla (Willd.) Vain., Meddeland. Soc. Fauna Fl. Fenn. 6: 121 (1881)

Cetraria scutata Poetsch, in Poetsch & Schiedermayr, Syst. Aufz. Krypt.: 262 (1872), nom. illeg.

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Filson (1994); Kantvilas & Jarman (1999); Kantvilas et al. (2002)

TURGIDOSCULUM: See MASTODIA

TYLOPHORELLA Vain.; Arthoniaceae, incertae sedis

Tylophorella pyrenocarpoides (Müll.Arg.) Egea, in Egea & Tibell, Nordic J. Bot. 13: 207 (1993)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Rogers (2014)

TYLOPHORON Nyl.; Arthoniaceae

Tylophoron gibsonii Tibell, Symb. Bot. Upsal. 27(1): 267 (1987) *

QLD

Tylophoron protrudens Nyl., Bot. Zeitung 20: 279 (1862)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Tibell (1987); Tibell & Thor (1990)

TYLOTHALLIA P.James & Kilias; Lecanoraceae

Tylothallia verrucosa (Müll.Arg.) Kantvilas, Australas. Lichenol. 74: 13 (2014) *

Patellaria verrucosa Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 4: 94 (1896)

Catillaria verrucosa (Müll.Arg.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 4: 84 (1926)

Patellaria rimosa Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 1: 48 (1893) [*]

Catillaria rimosa (Müll.Arg.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 4: 69 (1926)

Lecidea pahiensis Zahlbr., Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math-Naturwiss. Kl. Denkschr. 104: 303 (1941)

Tylothallia pahiensis (Zahlbr.) Hertel & Kilias, in Hertel, Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 19: 446 (1983)

SA, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Hertel (1984b, 1987, 1989b); Rambold (1989); Kantvilas (2014a)

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UMBILICARIA Hoffm.; Umbilicariaceae

Umbilicaria cinereorufescens (Schaer.) Frey, Nova Hedwigia 71: 109 (1931) *

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Click for ImageClick for Image

Umbilicaria cylindrica (L.) Delise ex Duby, Bot. Gall. 2(2): 595 (1830)

Umbilicaria cylindrica f. jubata F.Wilson, Pap. & Proc. Roy. Soc. Tasmania 1892: 178 (1893) [*]

Umbilicaria cylindrica var. fimbriata (Ach.) Nyl., Lich. Scand.: 117 (1861); some Australian records

Umbilicaria cylindrica var. delisei (Despr.) Nyl., Lich. Scand.: 117 (1861); Australian records

Umbilicaria cylindrica var. tornata (Ach.) Nyl., Lich. Scand.: 117 (1861); Australian records

NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Umbilicaria decussata (Vill.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 8: 490 (1932)

HI, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Umbilicaria hirsuta (Sw.) Ach., Kongl. Vetensk-Akad. Nya Handl. 15: 97 (1794)

NSW, ACT, Extra-Aust.

Umbilicaria nylanderiana (Zahlbr.) H.Magn., Lich. Sel. Scand. Exsicc.: [252] (1937)

Umbilicaria hyperborea (Ach.) Hoffm., Descr. Pl. Cl. Crypt. 3: 9 (1800); Australian records

Umbilicaria proboscidea (L.) Schrad., Spic. Fl. Germ. 1: 103 (1794); Australian records

NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Umbilicaria polyphylla (L.) Baumg., Fl. Lips.: 571 (1790)

WA, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Umbilicaria subglabra (Nyl.) Harm., Lich. Fr. 4: 707 (1910)

Agyrophora subglabra (Nyl.) Llano, Monogr. Umbilic.: 69 (1950)

NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Umbilicaria umbilicarioides (B.Stein) Krog & Swinsc., Nordic J. Bot. 6: 83 (1986)

Umbilicaria propagulifera (Vain.) Llano, Monogr. Umbilic.: 162 (1950)

Umbilicaria cylindrica var. fimbriata (Ach.) Nyl., Lich. Scand.: 117 (1861); some Australian records

NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Crombie (1880); Wilson (1893b); Llano (1950); Weber (1969); Weber & Wetmore (1972); Blackman et al. (1974); Elix & Streimann (1982); Richardson & Richardson (1982); Seaward et al. (1983); Elix (1987, 1994bb); Hestmark (1990); Allen et al. (2001); Kantvilas & Louwhoff (2007); Louwhoff (2008a, 2009c); Øvstedal & Gremmen (2008)

USNEA Adans.; Parmeliaceae

Usnea acromelana Stirt., Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 30: 388 (1898)

Neuropogon acromelanus (Stirt.) I.M.Lamb, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 52: 218 (1939)

Neuropogon acromelanus var. decipiens I.M.Lamb, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 52: 219 (1939)

Usnea acromelana var. decipiens (I.M.Lamb) I.M.Lamb, Brit. Antarct. Surv. Sci. Rep. 38: 5 (1964)

VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Usnea alboverrucata G.N.Stevens, Biblioth. Lichenol. 72: 23 (1999) *

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Usnea angulata Ach., Syn. Meth. Lich.: 307 (1814)

Usnea undulata Stirt., Scott. Naturalist (Perth) 7: 75 (1883), nom. illeg.

Usnea torquescens Stirt., Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 30: 391 (1898) [*]

QLD, NSW, NI, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Usnea antarctica Du Rietz, Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 20: 93 (1926)

Neuropogon antarcticus (Du Rietz) I.M.Lamb, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 52: 210 (1939)

Usnea sulphurea var. sorediifera (Cromb.) Vain., Rés. Voy. S.Y. Belgica 1897–1899, Bot., Lichens: 11 (1903)

Usnea insularis (Lamb.) C.W.Dodge, B.A.N.Z. Antarct. Res. Exped. 1929–31 Repts, ser. B, 7: 211 (1948)

Usnea crombiei (Lamb.) C.W.Dodge, B.A.N.Z. Antarct. Res. Exped. 1929–31 Repts, ser. B, 7: 212 (1948), as crombii

Usnea crombiei var. sublaevis C.W.Dodge, B.A.N.Z. Antarct. Res. Exped. 1929–31 Repts, ser. B, 7: 213 (1948)

Usnea propulagifera C.W.Dodge, B.A.N.Z. Antarct. Res. Exped. 1929–31 Repts, ser. B, 7: 213 (1948)

HI, McDonald Is., MI, Extra-Aust.

Usnea arida Motyka var. muscicola C.W.Dodge, B.A.N.Z. Antarct. Res. Exped. 1929–31 Repts, ser. B, 7: 207 (1948) *

MI

Usnea articulata (L.) Hoffm., Deutschl. Fl.: 133 (1796)

Usnea articulata var. intestiniformis (Ach.) Cromb., Grevillea 15: 48 (1886)

Usnea contexta Motyka, Usnea 2: 436 (1937)

Usnea capillacea Motyka, Usnea 2: 438 (1937)

NSW, VIC, TAS, MI, Extra-Aust.

Usnea baileyi (Stirt.) Zahlbr., Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 83: 182 (1909) *

Eumitria baileyi Stirt., Scott. Naturalist (Perth) 6: 100 (1881)

Eumitria implicata Stirt., Scott. Naturalist (Perth) 6: 100 (1881)

Usnea implicata (Stirt.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 6: 582 (1930)

Eumitria formosa Stirt., Scott. Naturalist (Perth) 6: 297 (1882) [*]

Usnea formosa (Stirt.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 6: 575 (1930)

Usnea barbata var. asperrima Müll.Arg., Flora 65: 297 (1882) [*]

Usnea percava f. asperrima (Müll.Arg.) J.Steiner, Verh. K.K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien, B, 53: 231 (1903)

Eumitria asperrima (Müll.Arg.) Vain., Ann. Acad. Sci. Fenn., Ser. A, 6(7): 10 (1915)

Usnea barbata var. tasmanica Müll.Arg., Flora 65: 299 (1882) [*]

Eumitria tasmanica (Müll.Arg.) Vain., Ann. Acad. Sci. Fenn., Ser. A, 6(7): 10 (1915)

Usnea tasmanica (Müll.Arg.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 6: 594 (1930)

Usnea barbata var. substrigosa Müll.Arg., Flora 72: 143 (1889) [*]

Usnea dasypogoides var. substrigosa (Müll.Arg.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 6: 652 (1930)

Usnea eizanensis Asahina, Lich. Jap. III, Gen. Usnea: 42 (1956)

QLD, NSW, LHI, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Usnea bicolorata Motyka var. australiensis G.N.Stevens, Biblioth. Lichenol. 72: 32 (1999) *

QLD

Usnea bismolliuscula Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 6: 542 (1930)

Usnea molliuscula Vain., Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 35: 45 (1921), nom. illeg.

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Usnea ceratina Ach., Lichenogr. Universalis: 619 (1810)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Usnea cornuta Körb., Parerga Lich.: 2 (1865)

Usnea confusa Asahina, Lich. Jap. 3: 97 (1956)

WA, QLD, NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Usnea dasaea Stirt., Scott. Naturalist (Perth) 6: 106 (1881)

Usnea undulata Stirt., Scott. Naturalist (Perth) 6: 104 (1881)

WA, QLD, NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Usnea effusa G.N.Stevens, Biblioth. Lichenol. 72: 39 (1999) *

QLD, NSW

Usnea elata Motyka, Usnea 1: 57 (1936)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Usnea elixii G.N.Stevens, Lichenologist 23: 53 (1991) *

QLD

Usnea floriformis C.W.Dodge, B.A.N.Z. Antarct. Res. Exped. 1929–31 Repts, ser. B, 7: 214 (1948) *

HI

Usnea himantodes Stirt., Scott. Naturalist (Perth) 7: 75 (1883) *

Usnea neoguineensis Asahina, J. Jap. Bot. 43: 496 (1968)

Usnea neoguineensis var. gracilior Asahina, J. Jap. Bot. 43: 497 (1968)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Usnea hossei Vain., Ann. Bot. Soc. Zool.-Bot. Fenn. “Vanamo” 1: 34 (1921) var. hossei

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Usnea hossei var. protocetrarica G.N.Stevens, Biblioth. Lichenol. 72: 50 (1999) *

QLD

Usnea hossei var. squarrosa (Vain.) G.N.Stevens, Biblioth. Lichenol. 72: 51 (1999)

Usnea squarrosa Vain., Philipp. J. Sci. 4: 654 (1909)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Usnea inermis Motyka, Usnea 1: 109 (1936) *

Usnea dasypogoides var. angulosa Müll.Arg., Flora 69: 254 (1886) [*]

Usnea angulosa (Müll.Arg.) Motyka, Usnea 1: 512 (1937)

WA, SA, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Usnea maculata Stirt., Scott. Naturalist (Perth) 6: 293 (1881–82)

WA, SA, NSW, ACT, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Usnea mekista (Stirt.) G.Awasthi, Curr. Sci. 54: 353 (1985)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Usnea molliuscula Stirt., Scott. Naturalist (Perth) 7: 77 (1883–84) subsp. molliuscula *

NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS

Usnea molliuscula subsp. queenslandica (Motyka) G.N.Stevens, Lichenologist 24: 238 (1992) *

Usnea queenslandica Motyka, Usnea 2: 612 (1938)

QLD, NSW

Usnea nidifica Taylor, J. Bot. (Hooker) 6: 191 (1847) *

Usnea straminea Müll.Arg., Flora 62: 162 (1879)

Usnea chaetophora subsp. propinqua Stirt., Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 30: 391 (1897) [*]

Usnea propinqua (Stirt.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 6: 589 (1930) [*]

?Usnea intercalaris Kremp., J. Mus.Godeffroy 1: 96 (1874)

QLD, NSW, NI, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Usnea nidulifera Motyka, Usnea 2: 551 (1937)

VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Usnea oncodeoides G.N.Stevens, Biblioth. Lichenol. 72: 71 (1999) *

WA, VIC, TAS

Usnea oncodes Stirt., Scott. Naturalist (Perth) 6: 106 (1881)

VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Usnea pectinata Taylor, J. Bot. (Hooker) 6: 191 (1847)

Eumitria pectinata (Taylor) Articus, Taxon 53: 932 (2004)

Usnea misaminensis (Vain.) Motyka, Usnea 2: 418 (1937)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Usnea perplexans Stirt., Scott. Naturalist (Perth) 6: 103 (1881)

QLD, NSW, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Usnea propagulifera C.W.Dodge, B.A.N.Z. Antarct. Res. Exped. 1929–31 Repts, ser. B, 7: 213 (1948) *

HI

Usnea pulvinata Fr., in Lehmann, Pl. Preiss. 2: 145 (1846) *

Usnea pectinata Stirt., Scott. Naturalist (Perth) 7: 77 (1883), nom. illeg., non Taylor [*]

Usnea tropica Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 6: 596 (1930)

WA, Extra-Aust.

Usnea punctulata G.N.Stevens, Biblioth. Lichenol. 72: 79 (1999) *

QLD, NSW

Usnea pycnoclada Vain., Philipp. J. Sci. 4: 653 (1909)

QLD, NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Usnea ramulosissima G.N.Stevens & R.W.Rogers, Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 90: 45 (1979) *

Usnea luridorufa subsp. pallida Stirt., Scott. Naturalist (Perth) 6: 295 (1881–82) [*]

Usnea dasypogoides var. microcarpoides Müll.Arg., Flora 63: 20 (1883) [*]

Usnea dasypoga var. microcarpoides (Müll.Arg.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 6: 556 (1930)

Usnea microcarpoides (Müll.Arg.) Motyka, Usnea 2: 525 (1937), nom. illeg.

QLD, NSW

Usnea roseola Vain., Bot. Mag. (Tokyo) 35: 46 (1921)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Usnea rubicunda Stirt., Scott. Naturalist (Perth) 6: 102 (1881)

QLD, NSW, ACT, Extra-Aust.

Usnea rubrotincta Stirt., Scott. Naturalist (Perth) 6: 103 (1881)

Usnea spilota Stirt., Scott. Naturalist (Perth) 6: 294 (1882)

Usnea rubicunda var. spilota (Stirt.) G.N.Stevens, Biblioth. Lichenol. 72: 90 (1999)

Usnea rubescens Stirt., Scott. Naturalist (Perth) 7: 76 (1883) [*]

?Usnea arida Motyka, Usnea 1: 492 (1937) [*]

QLD, NSW, NI, VIC, TAS, MI, Extra-Aust.

Usnea sanguinea Swinscow & Krog, Lichenologist 11: 243 (1979)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Usnea scabrida Taylor, Phytologist 1: 1095 (1844) subsp. scabrida *

Usnea barbata var. scabrida (Taylor) Müll.Arg., Rev. Mycol. (Toulouse) 1: 165 (1879)

Usnea barbata var. scabrosa Müll.Arg., Rev. Mycol. (Toulouse) 1: 165 (1879)

Usnea consimilis Stirt., Scott. Naturalist (Perth) 6: 295 (1882) [*]

Usnea florida (L.) F.H.Wigg., Prim. Fl. Holsat.: 91 (1780); Australian records

Usnea hirta (L.) F.H.Wigg. emend. Motyka, Usnea 1: 83 (1936); Australian records

Usnea barbata (L.) F.H.Wigg. emend. Motyka, Usnea 1: 206 (1936); Australian records

WA, SA, NSW, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Usnea scabrida subsp. elegans (Stirt.) G.N.Stevens, Lichenologist 24: 236 (1992) *

Usnea elegans Stirt., Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. Victoria 17: 68 (1881)

QLD, NSW, ACT

Usnea scabrida subsp. tayloriana G.N.Stevens, Lichenologist 24: 236 (1992) *

SA, NSW, VIC, TAS

Usnea subalpina G.N.Stevens, Biblioth. Lichenol. 72: 100 (1999) *

NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS

Usnea subcapillaris (D.J.Galloway) F.J.Walker, Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 13(1): 104 (1985)

Neuropogon subcapillaris (D.J.Galloway) D.J.Galloway, New Zealand J. Bot. 21: 195 (1983)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Usnea subeciliata (Motyka) Swinscow & Krog, Lichenologist 11: 245 (1979)

WA, SA, QLD, NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Usnea tamborensis (Hepp) Motyka, Usnea 2: 588 (1937)

NI, Extra-Aust.

Usnea taylorii Hook.f., in Hooker & Taylor, J. Bot. (Hooker) 3: 640 (1844)

HI, Extra-Aust.

Usnea torulosa (Müll.Arg.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 6: 594 (1930) var. torulosa *

Usnea dasypogoides var. torulosa Müll.Arg., Flora 66: 19 (1883)

Usnea glomerata Motyka, Usnea 2: 315 (1937) [*]

Neuropogon acromelanus var. inactivus I.M.Lamb, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 52: 220 (1939) [*]

NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Usnea torulosa var. aurescens G.N.Stevens, Biblioth. Lichenol. 72: 109 (1999)

NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Usnea trachycarpa (Stirt.) Müll.Arg., Nuovo. Giorn. Bot. Ital. 21: 37 (1899)

Neuropogon trachycarpus Stirt., Scott. Naturalist (Perth) 6: 105 (1881)

HI, Extra-Aust.

Usnea trichodeoides Vain., Ann. Acad. Sci. Fenn., Ser. A, 6(7): 8 (1915)

Dolichousnea trichodeoides (Vain.) Articus, Taxon 53: 932 (2004)

QLD, NSW, NI, Extra-Aust.

Usnea vriesiana Mont. & Bosch, Pl. Junghuhn. 1: 428 (1855)

LHI, Extra-Aust.

Usnea xanthopoga Nyl., Compt. Rend. Hebd. Séances Acad. Sci. 83: 89 (1876)

NSW, VIC, TAS, MI, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Cheel (1904); Zahlbruckner (1906); Dodge (1948); Dodge & Rudolph (1955); Seppelt (1980); Walker (1985); Riedl (1988); Selkirk et al. (1990); Archer & Elix (1994); Elix (1994bb); Kantvilas & Jarman (1999); Stevens (1999, 2004); Allen et al. (2001); Ohmura (2001); Articus (2004); Clerc (2004); Morley & Gibson (2004); Øvstedal & Gremmen (2006); Elix (2012a)

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VAINIONORA Kalb; Lecanoraceae

Vainionora aemulans Kalb, Lich. Neotrop. 12: 3 (1991)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Vainionora americana Kalb, Tønsberg & Elix, Biblioth. Lichenol. 88: 326 (2004)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Kalb (2004); Elix (2007e); Elix et al. (2009a)

VARICELLARIA Nyl.; Pertusariales incertae sedis

Varicellaria velata (Turner) Schmitt & Lumbsch, in Schmitt et al., MycoKeys 4: ** (2012)

Pertusaria velata (Turner) Nyl., Lich. Scand.: 179 (1861)

Pertusaria rhodotropa Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 635 (1895) [*]

NT, QLD, NSW, NI, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Archer (2004b, 2012a); Schmitt et al. (2012)

VERRUCARIA A.Massal.; Verrucariaceae [Key to species, descriptions, illustrations & maps]

Verrucaria aethiobola Wahlenb., in Acharius, Methodus: 17 (1803)

HI, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Verrucaria aethioboliza Nyl., Compt. Rend. Hebd. Séances Acad. Sci. 81: 726 (1875)

HI, Extra-Aust.

Verrucaria aucklandica Zahlbr., Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math-Naturwiss. Kl. Denkschr. 104: 250 (1941)

Verrucaria tessellatuloidea P.M.McCarthy, Muelleria 7: 330 (1991) [*]

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Verrucaria australiensis P.M.McCarthy, Muelleria 7: 320 (1991) *

SA, VIC, TAS

Verrucaria austroalpina P.M.McCarthy, Lichenologist 27: 107 (1995) *

NSW, VIC

Click for Image

Verrucaria bubalina P.M.McCarthy, Muelleria 7: 344 (1991) *

MI, Extra-Aust.

Verrucaria buelliicola P.M.McCarthy, Australas. Lichenol. 52: 3 (2003) *

SA, NSW

Verrucaria calciseda DC., in Lamarck & de Candolle, Fl. Franç., 3rd edn, 2: 317 (1805)

WA, SA, QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Verrucaria ceuthocarpa Wahlenb., in Acharius, Methodus: 22 (1803)

HI, Extra-Aust.

Verrucaria compacta (A.Massal.) Jatta, Syll. Lich. Ital.: 501 (1900)

Placidium compactum A.Massal., Misc. Lichenol.: 62 (1856)

Dermatocarpon compactum (A.Massal.) Lettau, Hedwigia 52: 97 (1912)

Catapyrenium compactum (A.Massal.) R.Sant., Lichens of Sweden & Norway: 82 (1984)

SA, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Verrucaria cootapatambensis P.M.McCarthy, Lichenologist 34: 207 (2002) *

NSW

Verrucaria corallensis P.M.McCarthy, Australas. Lichenol. 63: 17 (2008) *

QLD

Verrucaria dufourii DC., in Lamarck & de Candolle, Fl. Franç., 3rd edn, 2: 318 (1805)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Verrucaria durietzii I.M.Lamb, Lilloa 14: 205 (1948)

HI, MI, Extra-Aust.

Verrucaria funckii (Spreng.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 1: 41 (1921)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Verrucaria fuscella (Turner) Ach., Botanist's Guide Northumberland Durham 2: 45 (1807)

Verrucaria glaucina Ach., Lichenogr. Universalis: 675 (1810); Australian records

CI, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Verrucaria fusconigrescens Nyl., Bull. Soc. Linn. Normandie, sér. 2, 6: 313 (1873)

SA, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Verrucaria halizoa Leight., Lich. Fl. Gr. Brit.: 461 (1871)

Verrucaria cribbii R.W.Rogers, Austral. Syst. Bot. 1: 181 (1988) [*]

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Verrucaria hochstetteri Fr., Lichenogr. Eur. Reform.: 435 (1831)

SA, NSW, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Click for Image

Verrucaria howensis P.M.McCarthy, Muelleria 7: 190 (1990) *

LHI, Extra-Aust.

Verrucaria hydrela Ach., Syn. Meth. Lich.: 94 (1814)

QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Verrucaria inconstans P.M.McCarthy, Lichenologist 27: 109 (1995) *

NSW, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Verrucaria inquilina P.M.McCarthy, Australas. Lichenol. 66: 9 (2010) *

NSW

Verrucaria margacea (Wahlenb.) Wahlenb., Fl. Lapp.: 465 (1812)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Verrucaria maura Wahlenb., in Acharius, Methodus: 19 (1803)

HI, WA, NSW, VIC, TAS, MI, Extra-Aust.

Verrucaria mawsonii C.W.Dodge, B.A.N.Z. Antarct. Res. Exped. 1929–31 Repts, ser. B, 7: 40 (1948)

HI, Extra-Aust.

Verrucaria meridionalis P.M.McCarthy, Muelleria 8: 103 (1994) *

NSW, LHI

Verrucaria microsporoides Nyl., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 8: 759 (1861)

VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Verrucaria minor Breuss, Lichen Flora of the Greater Sonoran Desert Region 3: 365 (2007)

Verrucaria lecideoides var. minuta (A.Massal.) Hepp, Flechten Eur.: [683] (1860)

SA, QLD, NSW, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Verrucaria mundula P.M.McCarthy, Lichenologist 27: 113 (1995) var. mundula *

CI, QLD, NSW, LHI, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Verrucaria mundula var. deminuta P.M.McCarthy, Lichenologist 27: 115 (1995) *

QLD

Verrucaria muralis Ach., Methodus: 115 (1803)

Verrucaria rupestris Schrad., Spic. Fl. Germ.: 109 (1794); Australian records

SA, NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Verrucaria nigrescens Pers., Ann. Bot. (Usteri) 14: 36 (1795)

SA, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Verrucaria obfuscata Nyl., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 191 (1876)

HI, Extra-Aust.

Verrucaria papillosa Ach., Lichenogr. Universalis: 286 (1810)

NSW, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Verrucaria phaeoderma P.M.McCarthy, Lichenologist 27: 116 (1995) *

NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Verrucaria pluviosilvestris P.M.McCarthy, Australas. Lichenol. 62: 23 (2008) *

QLD

Verrucaria praetermissa (Trevis.) Anzi, Comment. Soc. Crittog. Ital. 2(1): 24 (1864)

QLD, NSW, LHI, Extra-Aust.

Verrucaria prominula Nyl., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 8: 758 (1861)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Verrucaria puncticulata (P.M.McCarthy) P.M.McCarthy, Lichenologist 27: 119 (1995) *

Verrucaria hydrela var. puncticulata P.M.McCarthy, Muelleria 7: 322 (1991)

VIC, TAS

Verrucaria rheitrophila Zschacke, Verhandl. Bot. Ver. Brandenburg 64: 108 (1922)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Verrucaria solicola P.M.McCarthy, Mycotaxon 59: 475 (1996) *

NSW, TAS

Verrucaria striatula Wahlenb., in Acharius, Methodus: 21 (1803)

VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Verrucaria subdiscreta P.M.McCarthy, Muelleria 7: 327 (1991) *

WA, SA, VIC, TAS, MI, Extra-Aust.

Verrucaria subtholocarpa P.M.McCarthy & Kantvilas, in McCarthy, Fl. Australia 58A: 229 (2001) *

TAS

Verrucaria tasmanica P.M.McCarthy, Lichenologist 27: 119 (1995) *

TAS

Verrucaria tessellata (C.W.Dodge) Øvstedal, in Øvstedal & Gremmen, South African J. Bot. 67: 570 (2001), as tesselata *

Phyllopyrenia tessellata C.W.Dodge, B.A.N.Z. Antarct. Res. Exped. 1929–31 Repts, ser. B, 7: 53 (1948)

HI

Verrucaria tessellatula Nyl., in Crombie, J. Bot. 13: 335 (1875)

HI, MI, Extra-Aust.

Verrucaria tholocarpa P.M.McCarthy, Lichenologist 27: 121 (1995) *

TAS

Verrucaria tuberculiformis P.M.McCarthy & Kantvilas, in McCarthy, Fl. Australia 58A: 229 (2001) *

TAS

Verrucaria umbilicata Øvstedal, in Øvstedal & Gremmen, S. African J. Bot. 67: 569 (2001)

HI, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Dodge (1948); McCarthy (1990a, 1991b, 1996b, 2001h, 2002, 2003a, 2003b, 2008a, 2008f, 2010, 2014); Mayrhofer & McCarthy (1991); Selkirk et al. (1990); Elix & McCarthy (1998); Allen et al. (2001); Øvstedal & Gremmen (2001, 2006, 2008); McCarthy & Elix (2002); Elix et al. (2009a); McCarthy & Kantvilas (2014)

VEZDAEA Tsch.-Woess & Poelt; Vezdaeaceae

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Vezdaea aestivalis (Ohlsson) Tsch.-Woess & Poelt, Lichenology: Progress & Problems: 91 (1976)

Patellaria confluens Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 1: 48 (1893) [*]

Catillaria confluens (Müll.Arg.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 4: 34 (1926)

VIC, Extra-Aust.

Vezdaea obscura P.Döbbeler, Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 17: 461 (1981) *

TAS

Literature: Müller (1893b); Döbbeler (1981); Hafellner et al. (1989)

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W

WAWEA Henssen & Kantvilas; Arctomiaceae

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Wawea fruticulosa Henssen & Kantvilas, Lichenologist 17: 86 (1985) *

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Henssen & Kantvilas (1985); Kantvilas & Jarman (1999)

WILLEYA Müll.Arg.; Verrucariaceae

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Willeya pallidopora (P.M.McCarthy) Gueidan, in Gueidan et al., Lichenologist 46: 530 (2014) *

Staurothele pallidopora P.M.McCarthy, Muelleria 8: 275 (1995)*

CI, QLD, Extra-Aust.

Literature: McCarthy (2001f); McCarthy & Elix (2002); Gueidan et al. (2014)

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X

XALOCOA Kraichak, Lücking & Lumbsch; Graphidaceae

Xalocoa ocellata (Vill.) Kraichak, Lücking & Lumbsch, in Kraichak et al., Austral. Syst. Bot. 26: 472 (2013)

Diploschistes ocellatus (Vill.) Norman, Nytt Mag. Naturvidensk 7: 232 (1853)

Urceolaria subocellata Nyl., in Crombie, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 17: 399 (1880)

Diploschistes subocellatus (Nyl.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 2: 674 (1924)

WA, SA, QLD, NSW, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Mangold et al. (2009); Kraichak et al. (2013)

XANTHOPARMELIA (Vain.) Hale; Parmeliaceae

Xanthoparmelia adusta (Kurok.) Elix, Mycotaxon 87: 397 (2003) *

Parmelia adusta Kurok., Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo, B, 11(3): 77 (1985)

Paraparmelia adusta (Kurok.) Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Mycotaxon 27: 279 (1986)

QLD, NSW

Xanthoparmelia alexandrensis Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 186 (1986) *

NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia alligatensis Elix, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 100: 635 (2006) *

SA

Xanthoparmelia alternata Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 188 (1986) *

WA, SA, NSW, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia amphixantha (Müll.Arg.) Hale, Phytologia 28: 486 (1974) *

Parmelia amphixantha Müll.Arg., Flora 71: 139 (1888)

SA, NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia amplexula (Stirt.) Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 192 (1986) *

Parmelia amplexula Stirt., Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. Victoria 17: 69 (1881)

Parmelia conspersa f. exasperata Müll.Arg., Flora 66: 47 (1883) [*]

Parmelia ambigua var. exasperata (Müll.Arg.) Gyeln., Ann. Hist.-Nat. Mus. Natl. Hung. 30: 125 (1936)

Parmelia violascens Stirt., Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 32: 77 (1899) [*]

Parmelia lesdainiana Gyeln., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 34: 161 (1934) [*]

Parmelia subamphixantha Gyeln., Ann. Mycol. 36: 290 (1938) [*]

WA, NT, SA, QLD, NSW, LHI, NI, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia antleriformis (Elix) Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 194 (1986) *

Parmelia antleriformis Elix, Austral. J. Bot. 29: 349 (1981)

Parmelia capnoides Kurok., Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo, B, 11(3): 77 (1985)

Paraparmelia capnoides (Kurok.) Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Mycotaxon 27: 280 (1986)

WA, NT, QLD, NSW, LHI, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia applicata Hale, Mycotaxon 30: 320 (1997) *

WA, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia aranaea (Elix & J.Johnst.) Elix, Mycotaxon 87: 397 (2003) *

Paraparmelia aranaea Elix & J.Johnst., Mycotaxon 32: 399 (1988)

QLD

Xanthoparmelia arapilensis (Elix & P.M.Armstr.) Filson, Brunonia 7: 205 (1984) *

Parmelia arapilensis Elix & P.M.Armstr., Austral. J. Bot. 31: 467 (1983)

WA, SA, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia archeri (Elix) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Elix, D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch, Taxon 53: 966 (2004) *

Neofuscelia archeri Elix, Mycotaxon 63: 422 (1997)

WA

Xanthoparmelia aridella Elix, Mycotaxon 87: 397 (2003) *

Paraparmelia arida Elix & J.Johnst., Brunonia 9: 139 (1986)

WA, NT, SA, NSW

Xanthoparmelia atrobarbatica (Elix) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Elix, D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch, Taxon 53: 966 (2004) *

Parmelia atrobarbatica Elix, Austral. J. Bot. 29: 17 (1981)

Neofuscelia atrobarbatica (Elix) Essl., Bryologist 89: 297 (1987)

WA, SA, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia atrocapnodes (Elix & J.Johnst.) Elix, Mycotaxon 87: 398 (2003) *

Paraparmelia atrocapnodes Elix & J.Johnst., Brunonia 9: 141 (1986)

WA, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia auricampa Elix, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 100: 637 (2006) *

WA

Xanthoparmelia aurifera Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 197 (1986) *

SA, VIC

Xanthoparmelia australasica D.J.Galloway, New Zealand J. Bot. 18: 531 (1981)

Parmelia australasica (D.J.Galloway) Filson, Austral. J. Bot. 30: 519 (1982)

WA, NT, SA, QLD, NSW, NI, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia australiensis (Cromb.) Hale, Phytologia 28: 486 (1974) *

Parmelia australiensis Cromb., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 17: 395 (1880)

SA

Xanthoparmelia austroalpina Elix, Mycotaxon 56: 238 (1995) *

NSW, ACT, VIC

Xanthoparmelia austroconstrictans Elix, Mycotaxon 47: 120 (1993) *

Parmelia constrictans Nyl. ex Cromb., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 15: 168 (1875); Australian records

Parmelia conspersa var. constrictans (Nyl. ex Cromb.) Müll.Arg., Flora 66: 48 (1883); Australian records

Xanthoparmelia constrictans (Nyl. ex Cromb.) Hale, Phytologia 28: 486 (1974); Australian records

NSW, VIC

Xanthoparmelia baeomycesica Elix, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 100: 638 (2006) *

WA

Xanthoparmelia ballingalliae (Elix & J.Johnst.) Elix, Mycotaxon 87: 398 (2003) *

Paraparmelia ballingalliae Elix & J.Johnst., Mycotaxon 32: 400 (1988), as ballingallii

QLD

Xanthoparmelia ballingalliana Elix & J.Johnst., Mycotaxon 29: 359 (1987) *

QLD

Xanthoparmelia barbatica (Elix) Egan, Bryologist 85: 129 (1982) *

Parmelia barbatica Elix, Austral. J. Bot. 24: 663 (1976)

QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia barbellata (Kurok.) Hale, Mycotaxon 20: 79 (1984) *

Parmelia barbellata Kurok., Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo, B, 8: 35 (1982)

NSW, ACT, VIC, Extra-Austral.

Xanthoparmelia barthlottii Elix & U.Becker, Mycotaxon 71: 3 (1999)

WA, QLD, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia bellatula (Kurok. & Filson) Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 203 (1986) *

Parmelia bellatula Kurok. & Filson, in Filson, Austral. J. Bot. 30: 521 (1982)

WA, SA, NSW, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia bicolorans Elix & Kantvilas, Mycotaxon 73: 442 (1999) *

NSW, VIC, TAS

Xanthoparmelia bicontinens Elix & T.H.Nash, Mycotaxon 29: 471 (1987) *

NSW, ACT, VIC, Extra-Austral.

Xanthoparmelia biloelensis Elix, Lichenologist 36: 277 (2003) *

QLD

Xanthoparmelia blackdownensis Elix & J.Johnst., Mycotaxon 29: 360 (1987) *

QLD

Xanthoparmelia boonahensis Elix & J.Johnst., Mycotaxon 33: 354 (1988) *

QLD, NSW

Xanthoparmelia bourgeanica (Elix) Elix, Mycotaxon 87: 398 (2003) *

Paraparmelia bourgeanica Elix, Mycotaxon 59: 410 (1996)

WA

Xanthoparmelia boyaginensis Elix, Biblioth. Lichenol. 96: 66 (2007) *

WA

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Xanthoparmelia brachinaensis (Elix) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Elix, D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch, Taxon 53: 966 (2004) *

Karoowia brachinaensis Elix, Australas. Lichenol. 46: 18 (2000)

SA

Xanthoparmelia brattii (Essl.) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Elix, D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch, Taxon 53: 966 (2004)

Parmelia brattii Essl., in Culberson & Esslinger, Bryologist 79: 42 (1976)

Neofuscelia brattii (Essl.) Essl., Mycotaxon 7: 49 (1978)

WA, SA, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia brownlieae (Elix & J.Johnst.) Elix, Mycotaxon 87: 398 (2003) *

Paraparmelia brownlieae Elix & J.Johnst., Mycotaxon 32: 401 (1988)

QLD, NSW

Xanthoparmelia brunnthaleri (J.Steiner & Zahlbr.) Hale, Phytologia 28: 486 (1974)

WA, NT, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia bullabullensis Elix, Biblioth. Lichenol. 96: 67 (2007) *

WA

Xanthoparmelia bungendorensis (Elix) Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 205 (1986) *

Parmelia bungendorensis Elix, Austral. J. Bot. 29: 351 (1981)

WA, NT, SA, NSW, VIC, TAS

Xanthoparmelia burmeisteri (Elix) Egan, Bryologist 85: 129 (1982) *

Parmelia burmeisteri Elix, Austral. J. Bot. 24: 664 (1976)

WA, NSW, ACT, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia cafferensis (Essl.) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Elix, D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch, Taxon 53: 967 (2004)

Neofuscelia cafferensis (Essl.) Essl., Mycotaxon 7: 50 (1978)

SA, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia calida Elix & J.Johnst., Mycotaxon 29: 361 (1987) *

QLD

Xanthoparmelia canobolasensis Elix, Mycotaxon 47: 122 (1993) *

NSW, TAS

Xanthoparmelia caparidensis (Elix) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Elix, D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch, Taxon 53: 967 (2004) *

Neofuscelia caparidensis Elix, Australas. Lichenol. 53: 14 (2003)

WA

Xanthoparmelia capnoexillima Elix, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 100: 639 (2006) *

WA, SA, NSW

Xanthoparmelia centralis Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 207 (1986) *

WA, NT

Xanthoparmelia cerussata (Kurok.) Elix, Mycotaxon 87: 398 (2003) *

Parmelia cerussata Kurok., Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo, B, 11(3): 79 (1985)

Paraparmelia cerussata (Kurok.) Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Mycotaxon 27: 280 (1986)

QLD, NSW

Xanthoparmelia cheelii (Gyeln.) Hale, Phytologia 28: 486 (1974) *

Parmelia cheelii Gyeln., Ann. Mycol. 36: 271 (1938)

Parmelia conspersa var. nigromarginata Stirt., Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 32: 78 (1899)

WA, SA, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia chudalupensis (Elix) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Elix, D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch, Taxon 53: 967 (2004) *

Neofuscelia chudalupensis Elix, Mycotaxon 71: 435 (1999)

WA

Xanthoparmelia colensoides Elix, Mycotaxon 87: 398 (2003) *

Paraparmelia colensoica Elix & J.Johnst., Brunonia 9: 142 (1987)

NT

Xanthoparmelia columbariensis (Elix & J.Johnst.) Elix, Mycotaxon 87: 398 (2003) *

Paraparmelia columbariensis Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Mycotaxon 27: 280 (1986)

NSW

Xanthoparmelia concomitans Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 210 (1986)

WA, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia condaminensis Elix & J.Johnst., Mycotaxon 29: 363 (1987) *

QLD, NSW

Xanthoparmelia congensis (J.Steiner) Hale, Phytologia 28: 486 (1974)

Parmelia congensis J.Steiner, Jahresber. Schles. Ges. Vaterl. Cult. 66: 140 (1889)

Xanthoparmelia crateriformis Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 221 (1986) [*]

WA, NT, SA, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia congesta (Kurok. & Filson) Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 212 (1986) *

Parmelia congesta Kurok. & Filson, Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo, B, 1: 36 (1975)

WA, SA, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia conranensis (Elix) Elix, Mycotaxon 87: 398 (2003) *

Parmelia conranensis Elix, Austral. J. Bot. 29: 20 (1981)

Paraparmelia conranensis (Elix) Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Mycotaxon 32: 401 (1988)

WA, SA, VIC, TAS

Xanthoparmelia consociata (Elix) Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 214 (1986) *

Parmelia consociata Elix, Austral. J. Bot. 29: 352 (1981)

NT, NSW, LHI, ACT

Xanthoparmelia constipata (Kurok. & Filson) Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 223 (1986) *

Parmelia constipata Kurok. & Filson, Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo, B, 1: 37 (1975)

WA, NT, SA, QLD, NSW

Xanthoparmelia convexa (Elix) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Elix, D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch, Taxon 53: 967 (2004) *

Neofuscelia convexa Elix, Mycotaxon 65: 485 (1997)

WA

Xanthoparmelia convoluta (Kremp.) Hale, Phytologia 28: 487 (1974) *

Parmelia convoluta Kremp., Verh. K.K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien, B, 30: 337 (‘1880’) [1881]

Parmelia vagans f. convoluta (Kremp.) Gyeln., Ann. Hist.-Nat. Mus. Natl. Hung. 30: 127 (1936)

Parmelia camtschadalis (Ach.) Eschw., in Martius, Fl. Bras. 1: 202 (1833); Australian records

Xanthoparmelia camtschadalis (Ach.) Hale, Phytologia 28: 486 (1974); Australian records

SA, VIC

Xanthoparmelia convolutella Elix, Mycotaxon 63: 426 (1997) *

WA

Xanthoparmelia convolutoides Elix, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 100: 640 (2006) *

WA

Xanthoparmelia cordillerana (Gyeln.) Hale, Phytologia 28: 487 (1974)

Parmelia cordillerana Gyeln., Ann. Mycol. 36: 276 (1938)

Parmelia etheridgensis Elix, Austral. J. Bot. 39: 355 (1981) [*]

NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia cranfieldii Elix, Lichenologist 35: 291 (2003) *

WA

Xanthoparmelia cravenii Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 223 (1986) *

WA, NT, SA, QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia crawfordensis (Elix) Elix, Mycotaxon 87: 398 (2003) *

Paraparmelia crawfordensis Elix, Biblioth. Lichenol. 80: 78 (2001)

WA, SA, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS

Xanthoparmelia crespoae Elix, Louwhoff & M.Molina, Mycotaxon 74: 499 (2000) *

NSW

Xanthoparmelia curnowiae Elix, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 100: 642 (2006) *

WA

Xanthoparmelia dapperensis Elix, Australas. Lichenol. 61: 30 (2007) *

NSW

Xanthoparmelia darlingensis Elix & J.Johnst., Mycotaxon 29: 363 (1987) *

WA, SA

Xanthoparmelia dayiana (Elix & P.M.Armstr.) Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 225 (1986) *

Parmelia dayiana Elix & P.M.Armstr., Austral. J. Bot. 31: 468 (1983)

WA, NT

Xanthoparmelia delisei (Duby) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Elix, D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch, Taxon 53: 967 (2004)

Parmelia delisei (Duby) Nyl., Flora 55: 426 (1872)

Neofuscelia delisei (Duby) Essl., Mycotaxon 7: 50 (1978)

SA, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia delisiella (Elix) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Elix, D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch, Taxon 53: 967 (2004) *

Neofuscelia delisiella Elix, Mycotaxon 71: 436 (1999)

ACT, VIC

Xanthoparmelia diadeta (Hale) Hale, Phytologia 28: 487 (1974)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia dichotoma (Müll.Arg.) Hale, Phytologia 28: 487 (1974) *

Parmelia dichotoma Müll.Arg., Flora 69: 257 (1886)

WA, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia digitiformis (Elix & P.M.Armstr.) Filson, Brunonia 7: 205 (1984) *

Parmelia digitiformis Elix & P.M.Armstr., Austral. J. Bot. 31: 470 (1983)

Parmelia conspersa β stenophylla Ach., Methodus: 206 (1803); Australian records

Parmelia stenophylla (Ach.) Du Rietz, Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 15: 176 (1921); Australian records

WA, SA, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia dissitifolia Kurok., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 228 (1986) *

WA, NSW, ACT, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia donneri Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 231 (1986) *

WA, SA

Xanthoparmelia dubitata Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 233 (1986) *

WA, NT, SA, NSW, VIC

Xanthoparmelia dubitella Elix, Lichenologist 34: 285 (2002)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia echidnaformis Elix, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 100: 643 (2006) *

WA

Xanthoparmelia eilifii Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 235 (1986) *

Parmelia dahlii Kurok., Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo, B, 8: 36 (1982), nom. illeg. [*]

WA, SA, QLD, NSW, VIC

Xanthoparmelia elaeodes (Elix) Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 236 (1986) *

Parmelia elaeodes Elix, Austral. J. Bot. 29: 354 (1981)

SA, QLD, NSW, ACT

Xanthoparmelia eldridgei (Elix) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Elix, D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch, Taxon 53: 967 (2004) *

Neofuscelia eldridgei Elix, Mycotaxon 71: 438 (1999)

SA, VIC

Xanthoparmelia elevata Elix, Lichenologist 35: 293 (2003) *

WA

Xanthoparmelia elixii Filson, Brunonia 7: 203 (1984) *

WA, SA, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia epheboides (Zahlbr.) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Elix, D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch, Taxon 53: 967 (2004)

Neofuscelia epheboides (Zahlbr.) Essl., Mycotaxon 7: 50 (1978)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia erosa (Elix & P.M.Armstr.) Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 241 (1986) *

Parmelia erosa Elix & P.M.Armstr., Austral. J. Bot. 31: 472 (1983)

SA

Xanthoparmelia everardensis (Elix & P.M.Armstr.) Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 242 (1986) *

Parmelia everardensis Elix & P.M.Armstr., Austral. J. Bot. 31: 473 (1983)

WA, NT, SA

Xanthoparmelia ewersii Elix, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 100: 643 (2006) *

SA

Xanthoparmelia examplaris Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 243 (1986) *

SA, NSW

Xanthoparmelia exillima (Elix) Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 245 (1986) *

Parmelia exillima Elix, Austral. J. Bot. 29: 357 (1981)

WA, SA, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia exuviata (Kurok.) Hale, Mycotaxon 20: 79 (1984) *

Parmelia exuviata Kurok., Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo, B, 8: 36 (1982)

SA, QLD, NSW, LHI

Xanthoparmelia fangii Elix, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 100: 644 (2006) *

WA

Xanthoparmelia ferruma Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 247 (1986) *

SA

Xanthoparmelia filarszkyana (Gyeln.) Hale, Phytologia 28: 487 (1974) *

Parmelia filarszkyana Gyeln., Ann. Mycol. 36: 278 (1938)

Parmelia praetermissa Kurok. & Filson, Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo, B, 1: 41 (1975) [*]

WA, NT, SA, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia filsonii Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 251 (1986) *

WA, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Click for ImageClick for Image

Xanthoparmelia flavescentireagens (Gyeln.) D.J.Galloway, New Zealand J. Bot. 18: 533 (1980) *

Parmelia flavescentireagens Gyeln., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 34: 154 (1934)

Parmelia austroafricana Stirt., Trans. Glasgow Soc. Field Naturalists 5: 212 (1877); Australian records

Parmelia conspersa var. austroafricana (Stirt.) Stizenb., Ber. Tätigk. St. Gallischen Naturwiss. Ges. 1888–89: 152 (1890); Australian records

Xanthoparmelia austroafricana (Stirt.) Hale, Phytologia 28: 486 (1974); Australian records

WA, SA, QLD, NSW, LHI, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia flindersiana (Elix & P.M.Armstr.) Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 253 (1986) *

Parmelia flindersiana Elix & P.M.Armstr., Austral. J. Bot. 31: 474 (1983)

WA, SA, NSW, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia fracticollis Elix, Lichenologist 36: 279 (2003) *

WA, SA, NSW

Xanthoparmelia franklinensis (Elix) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Elix, D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch, Taxon 53: 968 (2004) *

Neofuscelia franklinensis Elix, Mycotaxon 71: 439 (1999)

NSW, ACT, VIC

Xanthoparmelia freycinetiana Elix & Kantvilas, Biblioth. Lichenol. 99: 124 (2009) *

TAS

Xanthoparmelia fumarprotocetrarica (Elix & J.Johnst.) Elix, Mycotaxon 87: 399 (2003) *

Paraparmelia fumarprotocetrarica Elix & J.Johnst., Mycotaxon 32: 403 (1988)

QLD

Xanthoparmelia fumigata (Kurok.) Elix & J.Johnst., Mycotaxon 29: 371 (1987) *

Parmelia fumigata Kurok., Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo, B, 11(3): 81 (1985)

Paraparmelia fumigata (Kurok.) Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Mycotaxon 27: 280 (1986)

WA, SA

Xanthoparmelia furcata (Müll.Arg.) Hale, Phytologia 28: 487 (1974) *

Parmelia furcata Müll.Arg., Flora 69: 256 (1886)

Parmelia foliosa Kremp. ex Gyeln., Ann. Hist.-Nat. Mus. Natl. Hung. 29: 35 (1935) [*]

WA, SA, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia gerhardii Elix & J.Johnst., Mycotaxon 33: 355 (1988) *

WA

Xanthoparmelia glabrans (Nyl.) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Elix, D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch, Taxon 53: 968 (2004)

Parmelia glabrans Nyl., Flora 58: 15 (1875)

Neofuscelia glabrans (Nyl.) Essl., Mycotaxon 7: 50 (1978)

WA, SA, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, MI, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia glareosa (Kurok. & Filson) Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 256 (1986) *

Parmelia glareosa Kurok. & Filson, in Filson, Austral. J. Bot. 30: 536 (1982)

WA, SA, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia globulifera (Kurok. & Filson) Hale, Mycotaxon 20: 79 (1984) *

Parmelia globulifera Kurok. & Filson, Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo, B, 1: 38 (1975)

WA, SA, QLD, NSW

Xanthoparmelia gongylodes Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 258 (1986) *

WA, SA, NSW

Xanthoparmelia graniticola (Elix & Kantvilas) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Elix, D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch, Taxon 53: 968 (2004) *

Neofuscelia graniticola Elix & Kantvilas, in Elix, Mycotaxon 71: 441 (1999)

TAS

Xanthoparmelia gregaria (Elix & J.Johnst.) Elix, Mycotaxon 87: 399 (2003) *

Paraparmelia gregaria Elix & J.Johnst., Brunonia 9: 143 (1986)

QLD, NSW

Xanthoparmelia hafellneri Elix, in Elix & Kantvilas, Mycotaxon 73: 444 (1999) *

NSW

Xanthoparmelia heinarii Elix & J.Johnst., Mycotaxon 33: 357 (1988) *

NSW

Xanthoparmelia huttonii (Louwhoff & Elix) Elix, Mycotaxon 87: 399 (2003) *

Paraparmelia huttonii Louwhoff & Elix, Mycotaxon 68: 439 (1998)

LHI

Xanthoparmelia hybridella Elix, Biblioth. Lichenol. 96: 67 (2007) *

WA

Xanthoparmelia hybridiza Elix & J.Johnst., Mycotaxon 29: 364 (1987) *

WA, SA, NSW, VIC, TAS

Xanthoparmelia hypoconstictica (Elix & J.Johnst.) Elix, Mycotaxon 87: 399 (2003) *

Paraparmelia hypoconstictica Elix & J.Johnst., Brunonia 9: 144 (1986)

QLD, NSW

Xanthoparmelia hypoleiella Elix, Mycotaxon 65: 488 (1997) *

Parmelia hypoleia Nyl., Syn. Meth. Lich. 1(2): 393 (1860); Australian records

Xanthoparmelia hypoleia (Nyl.) Hale, Phytologia 28: 487 (1974); Australian records

WA

Xanthoparmelia hypomelaenoides Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 263 (1986) *

SA, QLD

Xanthoparmelia hypoprotocetrarica (Kurok. & Elix) Hale, Phytologia 28: 487 (1974) *

Parmelia hypoprotocetrarica Kurok. & Elix, J. Jap. Bot. 46: 113 (1971)

SA, NSW, ACT, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia hyposalazinica Elix, Mycotaxon 47: 123 (1993) *

ACT

Xanthoparmelia imitatricoides (Elix) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Elix, D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch, Taxon 53: 968 (2004) *

Neofuscelia imitatricoides Elix, Mycotaxon 47: 110 (1993)

NSW

Xanthoparmelia imitatrix (Taylor) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Elix, D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch, Taxon 53: 968 (2004) *

Parmelia imitatrix Taylor, J. Bot. (Hooker) 6: 161 (1847)

Neofuscelia imitatrix (Taylor) Essl., Mycotaxon 7: 50 (1978)

WA, NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia immutata Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 266 (1986) *

WA, NT, SA, QLD

Xanthoparmelia incantata (Essl.) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Elix, D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch, Taxon 53: 968 (2004) *

Parmelia incantata Essl., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 42: 115 (1977)

Neofuscelia incantata (Essl.) Essl., Mycotaxon 7: 50 (1978)

WA, SA, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia incerta (Kurok. & Filson) Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 268 (1986) *

Parmelia incerta Kurok. & Filson, Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo, B, 1: 39 (1975)

WA, NT, SA, QLD, NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Austr.

Xanthoparmelia inconspicuella Elix, Mycotaxon 87: 399 (2003) *

Paraparmelia inconspicua Elix, Mycotaxon 59: 411 (1996)

WA

Xanthoparmelia incrustata (Kurok. & Filson) Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 269 (1986) *

Parmelia incrustata Kurok. & Filson, Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo, B, 1: 39 (1975)

WA, SA

Xanthoparmelia iniquita Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 270 (1986) *

Parmelia subfuscescens Nyl., Flora 68: 613 (1885); Australian records

QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia inopinata Elix, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 100: 646 (2006) *

WA

Xanthoparmelia inselbergia (Elix) Elix, Mycotaxon 87: 399 (2003) *

Paraparmelia inselbergia Elix, Mycotaxon 59: 412 (1996)

WA

Xanthoparmelia isidiigera (Müll.Arg.) Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 272 (1986) *

Parmelia conspersa f. isidiigera Müll.Arg., Flora 66: 48 (1883)

Parmelia isidiigera (Müll.Arg.) Gyeln., Ann. Hist.-Nat. Mus. Natl. Hung. 29: 27 (1935), nom. illeg.

WA, NT, SA, QLD, NSW, LHI, ACT, VIC, Extra-Austr.

Xanthoparmelia isidiosa (Müll.Arg.) Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 274 (1986) *

Parmelia conspersa var. isidiosa Nyl., Flora 64: 450 (1881)

Parmelia conspersa f. isidiosa Müll.Arg., Hedwigia 31: 193 (1892)

Parmelia ambigua var. isidiosa (Müll.Arg.) Gyeln., Ann. Hist.-Nat. Mus. Natl. Hung. 30: 125 (1936)

Parmelia isidiosa (Müll.Arg.) Hale, Bull. Torrey Bot. Club 82: 14 (1955)

Parmelia refringens Kurok. & Filson, Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo, ser. B, 1: 43 (1975) [*]

Xanthoparmelia refringens (Kurok. & Filson) Hale, Mycotaxon 20: 79 (1984)

Parmelia conspersa f. isidiosa Müll.Arg., Flora 66: 47 (1883); Australian records p.p.

Parmelia tinctina Maheu & A.Gillett, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 72: 860 (1925); Australian records

Xanthoparmelia tinctina (Maheu & A.Gillet) Hale, Phytologia 28: 489 (1974); Australian records

WA, NT, SA, QLD, NSW, Extra-Austr.

Xanthoparmelia isidiotegeta Elix & Kantvilas, Mycotaxon 71: 89 (1999) *

QLD, NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia jarmaniae Elix & Kantvilas, Pap. & Proc. Roy. Soc. Tasmania 129: 67 (1995) *

TAS

Xanthoparmelia juxtata (Elix) Elix, Mycotaxon 87: 399 (2003) *

Paraparmelia juxtata Elix, Biblioth. Lichenol. 80: 103 (2001)

QLD, NSW

Xanthoparmelia kalbarriensis Elix, in Elix & Kantvilas, Mycotaxon 73: 445 (1999) *

WA

Xanthoparmelia karolinensis Elix, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 100: 647 (2006) *

WA

Xanthoparmelia kimberleyensis Elix, Lichenologist 35: 294 (2003) *

WA

Xanthoparmelia klauskalbii Elix, Biblioth. Lichenol. 96: 68 (2007) *

NSW

Xanthoparmelia kondininensis (Elix) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Elix, D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch, Taxon 53: 968 (2004) *

Neofuscelia kondininensis Elix, Mycotaxon 47: 110 (1993)

WA

Xanthoparmelia kosciuszkoensis Elix, Lichenologist 36: 280 (2003) *

WA, NSW, VIC, TAS

Xanthoparmelia laxencrustans Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 275 (1986) *

Parmelia encrustans Hale, Bot. Not. 124: 348 (1971); Australian records

NT, SA

Xanthoparmelia leppii (Elix) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Elix, D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch, Taxon 53: 968 (2004) *

Neofuscelia leppii Elix, Mycotaxon 71: 441 (1999)

SA, NSW

Xanthoparmelia leucophaea (Elix & J.Johnst.) Elix, Mycotaxon 87: 399 (2003) *

Paraparmelia leucophaea Elix & J.Johnst., Mycotaxon 32: 403 (1988)

NSW, VIC, TAS

Xanthoparmelia lithophila (Kurok.) Elix, Mycotaxon 87: 400 (2003) *

Parmelia lithophila Kurok., Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo, B, 11(3): 83 (1985)

Paraparmelia lithophila (Kurok.) Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Mycotaxon 27: 280 (1986)

QLD, NSW

Click for ImageClick for Image

Xanthoparmelia lithophiloides (Kurok.) Elix, Mycotaxon 87: 400 (2003) *

Parmelia lithophiloides Kurok., Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo, B, 11(3): 84 (1985)

Paraparmelia lithophiloides (Kurok.) Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Mycotaxon 27: 280 (1986)

SA, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS

Xanthoparmelia louisii Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 279 (1986) *

WA

Xanthoparmelia loxodella (Essl.) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Elix, D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch, Taxon 53: 968 (2004) *

Parmelia loxodella Essl., in Culberson & Esslinger, Bryologist 79: 43 (1976)

Neofuscelia loxodella (Essl.) Essl., Mycotaxon 7: 51 (1978)

WA, SA, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia lumbschii (Elix) Elix, Mycotaxon 87: 400 (2003) *

Paraparmelia lumbschii Elix, Mycotaxon 59: 413 (1996)

WA

Xanthoparmelia luminosa (Elix) Hale, Mycotaxon 20: 79 (1984) *

Parmelia luminosa Elix, Austral. J. Bot. 29: 357 (1981)

Parmelia dichromatica Hale, Bot. Notiser 124: 348 (1971); Australian records

Xanthoparmelia dichromatica (Hale) Hale, Phytologia 28: 487 (1974); Australian records

WA, SA, NSW, ACT, VIC

Xanthoparmelia luteonotata (J.Steiner) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Elix, D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch, Taxon 53: 968 (2004)

Parmelia luteonotata J.Steiner, Verh. K.K. Zool.-Bot. Ges.Wien, B, 52: 472 (1902)

Neofuscelia luteonotata (J.Steiner) Essl., Mycotaxon 7: 51 (1978)

WA, SA, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia lynii Elix & J.Johnst., Mycotaxon 33: 358 (1988) *

NT

Xanthoparmelia maccarthyi Elix, Mycotaxon 65: 488 (1997) *

QLD

Xanthoparmelia mannumensis (Elix) Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 283 (1986) *

Parmelia mannumensis Elix, Austral. J. Bot. 29: 359 (1981)

SA, NSW, TAS

Xanthoparmelia masonii Elix, Mycotaxon 47: 124 (1993) *

Xanthoparmelia neopropagulifera (Gyeln.) Hale, Mycotaxon 30: 324 (1988); Australian records

SA, NSW, ACT, TAS

Xanthoparmelia mayrhoferi Elix, Mycotaxon 65: 489 (1997) *

WA, QLD, NSW

Xanthoparmelia metaclystoides (Kurok. & Filson) Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 284 (1986) *

Parmelia metaclystoides Kurok. & Filson, Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo, B, 1: 40 (1975)

WA, SA, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia metamorphosa (Gyeln.) Hale, Phytologia 28: 488 (1974) *

Parmelia metamorphosa Gyeln., Ann. Mycol. 36: 284 (1938)

SA, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS

Xanthoparmelia metastrigosa (Elix) Hale, Mycotaxon 20: 79 (1984) *

Parmelia metastrigosa Elix, Austral. J. Bot. 29: 360 (1981)

NSW

Xanthoparmelia mexicana (Gyeln.) Hale, Phytologia 28: 488 (1974)

Parmelia mexicana Gyeln., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 29: 281 (1931)

WA, NT, SA, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, Extra-Austr.

Xanthoparmelia microcephala Elix & Kantvilas, Mycotaxon 73: 445 (1999) *

WA, SA, QLD, NSW, LHI, ACT, TAS, Extra-Austr.

Xanthoparmelia microphyllizans Elix, in Elix et al., Mycotaxon 74: 500 (2000) *

SA, TAS

Xanthoparmelia millerae Elix, in Elix & Kantvilas, Mycotaxon 73: 448 (1999) *

NSW

Xanthoparmelia molliuscula (Ach.) Hale, Phytologia 28: 488 (1974)

Parmelia molliuscula Ach., Lichenogr. Universalis: 492 (1810)

Parmelia subpumila Elix, Austral. J. Bot. 29: 372 (1981) [*]

Parmelia congruens Ach., Lichenogr. Universalis: 491 (1810); Australian records

Pseudoparmelia congruens (Ach.) Hale, Phytologia 29: 189 (1974); Australian records

WA, SA, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia monadnockensis Elix, Lichenologist 35: 294 (2003) *

WA

Xanthoparmelia mongaensis (Elix) Elix, Mycotaxon 87: 400 (2003) *

Parmelia mongaensis Elix, Austral. J. Bot. 29: 22 (1981)

Paraparmelia mongaensis (Elix) Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Mycotaxon 27: 280 (1986)

WA, QLD, NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia morrisii Elix & Kantvilas, Biblioth. Lichenol. 99: 125 (2009) *

TAS

Click for Image

Xanthoparmelia mougeotina (Nyl.) D.J.Galloway, New Zealand J. Bot. 18: 538 (1981)

Parmelia mougeotina Nyl., Lich. Nov. Zel.: 27 (1888)

Pyxine neozelandica C.W.Dodge, [publication details not known]

Parmelia mougeotii Schaer. ex Nyl., Lich. Nov. Zel.: 27 (1888); Australian records

Xanthoparmelia mougeotii (Schaer. ex Nyl.) Hale, Phytologia 28: 488 (1974); Australian records

WA, NT, SA, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia multipartita (R.Br. ex Cromb.) Hale, Mycotaxon 20: 79 (1984) *

Parmelia conspersa var. multipartita R.Br. ex Cromb., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 17: 394 (1880)

Parmelia multipartita (R.Br. ex Cromb.) Elix, Austral. J. Bot. 29: 361 (1981)

NSW, TAS

Xanthoparmelia murina (Kurok.) Elix, Mycotaxon 87: 400 (2003) *

Parmelia murina Kurok., Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo, B, 11(3): 85 (1985)

Paraparmelia murina (Kurok.) Elix & J.Johnst., Mycotaxon 32: 280 (1988)

Parmelia cinerascens Lynge, Ark. Bot. 13(13): 104 (1914); Australian records

Pseudoparmelia cinerascens (Lynge) Hale, Phytologia 29: 189 (1974); Australian records

SA, QLD, NSW, LHI, ACT, VIC

Xanthoparmelia nana (Kurok.) Elix & J.Johnst., Mycotaxon 29: 371 (1987) *

Parmelia nana Kurok., Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo, B, 11(3): 86 (1985)

Paraparmelia nana (Kurok.) Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Mycotaxon 27: 280 (1986)

WA

Xanthoparmelia nanoides Elix, Lichenologist 35: 295 (2003) *

WA

Xanthoparmelia nashii Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 293 (1986) *

WA

Xanthoparmelia nebulosa (Kurok. & Filson) Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 295 (1986) *

Parmelia nebulosa Kurok. & Filson, in Filson, Austral. J. Bot. 30: 547 (1982)

NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Austral.

Xanthoparmelia neodelisei (Elix) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Elix, D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch, Taxon 53: 969 (2004) *

Parmelia neodelisei Elix, Austral. J. Bot. 19: 18 (1981)

Neofuscelia neodelisei (Elix) Essl., Bryologist 89: 298 (1987)

WA, SA

Xanthoparmelia neoglabrans (Elix) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Elix, D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch, Taxon 53: 969 (2004) *

Neofuscelia neoglabrans Elix, Mycotaxon 71: 445 (1999)

SA, NSW

Xanthoparmelia neomongaensis (Elix & J.Johnst.) Elix, Mycotaxon 87: 400 (2003) *

Paraparmelia neomongaensis Elix & J.Johnst., Mycotaxon 32: 404 (1988)

NSW

Xanthoparmelia neoquintaria (Hale) Elix, Mycotaxon 87: 400 (2003) *

Pseudoparmelia neoquintaria Hale, Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 31: 39 (1976)

Parmelia neoquintaria (Hale) Elix & G.N.Stevens, Austral. J. Bot. 27: 877 (1980)

Paraparmelia neoquintaria (Hale) Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Mycotaxon 27: 280 (1986)

WA, SA, QLD, NSW

Xanthoparmelia neorimalis (Elix & P.M.Armstr.) Elix & T.H.Nash, Mycotaxon 26: 455 (1986) *

Parmelia neorimalis Elix & P.M.Armstr., Austral. J. Bot. 31: 475 (1983)

Parmelia interposita Kurok., Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo, B, 11(3): 81 (1985) [*]

Paraparmelia interposita (Kurok.) Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Mycotaxon 27: 280 (1986)

WA, NT, SA, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia neotinctina (Elix) Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 297 (1986) *

Parmelia neotinctina Elix, Austral. J. Bot. 29: 363 (1981)

Parmelia conspersa f. isidiophora Müll.Arg., Flora 66: 48 (1883) [*]

Parmelia isidiigera f. isidiophora (Müll.Arg.) Gyeln., Ann. Hist.-Nat. Mus. Natl. Hung. 29: 24 (1935)

WA, SA, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia neotucsonensis Elix, in Elix & Kantvilas, Mycotaxon 73: 450 (1999) *

Parmelia tucsonensis T.H.Nash, Bryologist 77: 234 (1974); Australian records

Xanthoparmelia tucsonensis (T.H.Nash) Egan, Mycotaxon 2: 218 (1975); Australian records

SA

Xanthoparmelia nerrigensis Elix, Lichenologist 36: 281 (2003) *

NSW

Xanthoparmelia nigraoleosa Elix & J.Johnst., Mycotaxon 31: 506 (1988) *

Xanthoparmelia subnigra Hale, Mycotaxon 27: 600 (1986); Australian records

SA

Xanthoparmelia nigrocephala Kurok., Ann. Tsukuba Bot. Gard. 8: 24 (1989) *

NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia nodulosa Elix, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 100: 647 (2006) *

WA

Xanthoparmelia nomosa Elix & Kantvilas, Biblioth. Lichenol. 99: 126 (2009) *

TAS

Xanthoparmelia norcapnodes (Elix & J.Johnst.) Elix, Mycotaxon 87: 400 (2003) *

Paraparmelia norcapnodes Elix & J.Johnst., Mycotaxon 32: 406 (1988)

SA, NSW, ACT

Xanthoparmelia nonreagens Elix & J.Johnst., Mycotaxon 29: 365 (1987) *

SA, QLD, NSW

Xanthoparmelia norconvoluta (Elix & P.M.Armstr.) Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 299 (1986) *

Parmelia norconvoluta Elix & P.M.Armstr., Austral. J. Bot. 31: 477 (1983)

SA, VIC

Xanthoparmelia norpraegnans Elix & J.Johnst., Mycotaxon 33: 358 (1988) *

WA, SA

Xanthoparmelia norpumila Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 300 (1986) *

WA, SA

Xanthoparmelia norstrigosa Elix, Mycotaxon 59: 414 (1996) *

WA

Xanthoparmelia nortegeta Elix, Lichenologist 35: 295 (2003) *

WA

Xanthoparmelia notata (Kurok.) Hale, Phytologia 28: 488 (1974) *

Parmelia notata Kurok., in Kurokawa et al., J. Jap. Bot. 46: 33 (1971)

Parmelia subconspersa var. eradicata Zahlbr., Ann. K.K. Naturhist. Hofmus. 11: 195 (1896)

WA, SA, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia numinbahensis (Elix) Elix, Mycotaxon 87: 400 (2003) *

Parmelia numinbahensis Elix, in Elix & Stevens, Austral. J. Bot. 27: 877 (1980)

Paraparmelia numinbahensis (Elix) Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Mycotaxon 27: 280 (1986)

QLD

Xanthoparmelia oleosa (Elix & P.M.Armstr.) Elix & T.H.Nash, Mycotaxon 26: 455 (1986) *

Parmelia oleosa Elix & P.M.Armstr., Austral. J. Bot. 31: 478 (1983)

WA, NT, SA, NSW, ACT, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia orchardii Elix, Mycotaxon 63: 427 (1997) *

QLD

Xanthoparmelia pantherina (Kurok.) Elix & J.Johnst., Mycotaxon 29: 371 (1987) *

Parmelia pantherina Kurok., Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo, B, 11(3): 88 (1985)

SA, NSW, VIC

Xanthoparmelia paraparmeliformis Elix, in Elix & Kantvilas, Mycotaxon 73: 450 (1999) *

ACT

Xanthoparmelia parasitica (Elix) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Elix, D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch, Taxon 53: 969 (2004) *

Neofuscelia parasitica Elix, Mycotaxon 47: 111 (1993)

ACT

Xanthoparmelia paratasmanica Elix, Lichenologist 36: 281 (2003) *

WA, SA, QLD, NSW

Xanthoparmelia parviloba (Essl.) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Elix, D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch, Taxon 53: 969 (2004) *

Parmelia parviloba Essl., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 42: 129 (1877)

Neofuscelia parviloba (Essl.) Essl., Mycotaxon 7: 51 (1978)

WA, SA, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS

Xanthoparmelia parvoclystoides Elix & J.Johnst., Mycotaxon 33: 360 (1988) *

WA, SA, QLD

Xanthoparmelia parvoincerta Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 304 (1986) *

WA, NT, SA

Xanthoparmelia pertinax (Kurok. & Filson) Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 306 (1986) *

Parmelia pertinax Kurok. & Filson, Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo, B, 1: 41 (1975)

WA, SA, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC

Xanthoparmelia perrugata (Nyl.) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Elix, D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch, Taxon 53: 969 (2004)

Neofuscelia perrugata (Nyl.) Elix, Australas. Lichenol. 51: 8 (2002)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia petriseda (Zahlbr.) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Elix, D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch, Taxon 53: 969 (2004)

Neofuscelia petriseda (Zahlbr.) Essl., Mycotaxon 7: 51 (1978)

VIC, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia phillipsiana (Filson) Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 307 (1986) *

Parmelia phillipsiana Filson, Muelleria 4: 324 (1981)

NSW, VIC, TAS, MI, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia pimbaensis Elix, Biblioth. Lichenol. 96: 70 (2007) *

WA, SA

Xanthoparmelia pinguiacida (Elix & J.Johnst.) Elix, Mycotaxon 87: 401 (2003) *

Paraparmelia pinguiacida Elix & J.Johnst., Brunonia 9: 146 (1986)

SA, NSW

Xanthoparmelia praegnans (Elix & P.M.Armstr.) Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 308 (1986) *

Parmelia praegnans Elix & P.M.Armstr., Austral. J. Bot. 31: 479 (1983)

WA, NT, SA, QLD

Xanthoparmelia prodomokosii Hale, Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix & Johnston, Mycotaxon 31: 506 (1988)

Parmelia subdomokosii Hale, Bot. Not. 124: 353 (1971); Australian records

Xanthoparmelia subdomokosii (Hale) Hale, Phytologia 28: 489 (1974); Australian records

WA, NT, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia pseudoamphixantha (Elix) Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 309 (1986) *

Parmelia pseudoamphixantha Elix, Austral. J. Bot. 29: 365 (1981)

SA, NSW, VIC

Xanthoparmelia pseudohypoleia (Elix) Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 311 (1986) *

Parmelia pseudohypoleia Elix, Austral. J. Bot. 24: 667 (1976)

QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia pulla (Ach.) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Elix, D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch, Taxon 53: 970 (2004)

Parmelia pulla Ach., Syn. Meth. Lich.: 206 (1814)

Neofuscelia pulla (Ach.) Essl., Mycotaxon 7: 52 (1978)

Parmelia prolixa (Ach.) Carroll, J. Bot. 3: 288 (1865)

Parmelia subprolixa var. angusta Kremp., Verh. K.K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien, B, 30: 337 (‘1880’) [1881] [*]

WA, SA, QLD, NSW, LHI, ACT, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia pumila (Kurok. & Filson) Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 312 (1986) *

Parmelia pumila Kurok. & Filson, Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo, B, 1: 42 (1975)

WA, SA, NSW, VIC

Xanthoparmelia purdieae Elix, Mycotaxon 56: 239 (1995) *

QLD

Xanthoparmelia pustuliza (Elix) Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 313 (1986) *

Parmelia pustuliza Elix, Austral. J. Bot. 29: 367 (1981)

WA, SA, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia ralla (Stizenb.) Amo de Paz, A.Crespo, Elix & Lumbsch, in Amo de Paz et al., Austral. Syst. Bot. 23: 182 (2010)

Karoowia ralla (Brusse) Hale, Mycotaxon 35: 189 (1989)

SA, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia ralstoniana (Elix) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Elix, D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch, Taxon 53: 970 (2004) *

Neofuscelia ralstoniana Elix, Australas. Lichenol. 53: 15 (2003)

SA

Xanthoparmelia rankinensis Elix, Lichenologist 36: 282 (2003) *

NSW

Xanthoparmelia remanella Elix, Lichenologist 36: 284 (2003) *

WA, QLD

Xanthoparmelia remanens (Elix) Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 314 (1986) *

Parmelia remanens Elix, Austral. J. Bot. 29: 368 (1981)

WA, NT, SA, QLD, NSW, VIC, TAS

Xanthoparmelia remnantia (Elix) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Elix, D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch, Taxon 53: 970 (2004) *

Neofuscelia remnantia Elix, Mycotaxon 59: 407 (1996)

WA

Xanthoparmelia reptans (Kurok.) Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 316 (1986) *

Parmelia reptans Kurok., in Baker et al., Austral. J. Bot. 21: 137 (1973)

WA, SA, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia rimalis (Kurok.) Elix, A.Thell & Søchting, in Thell et al., Biblioth. Lichenol. 99: 398 (2009) *

Parmelia rimalis Kurok., in Kurokawa & Filson, Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo, B, 1: 43 (1975)

Parmelia lineola E.C.Berry, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 28: 77 (1941); Australian records

Xanthoparmelia lineola (E.C.Berry) Hale, Phytologia 28: 488 (1974); Australian records

WA, NT, SA, NSW, ACT, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia roderickii (Elix & J.Johnst.) Elix, Mycotaxon 87: 401 (2003) *

Paraparmelia roderickii Elix & J.Johnst., Mycotaxon 32: 407 (1988)

QLD

Xanthoparmelia rogersii Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 317 (1986) *

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia rubrireagens (Gyeln.) Hale, Phytologia 28: 488 (1974) *

Parmelia rubrireagens Gyeln., Ann. Mycol. 36: 288 (1938)

Parmelia conspersa var. eradicata (Nyl. ex Cromb.) Müll.Arg., Flora 66: 48 (1883); Australian records

Xanthoparmelia eradicata (Nyl. ex Cromb.) Hale, Phytologia 28: 487 (1974); Australian records

SA, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia rugulosella Elix, Mycotaxon 87: 401 (2003) *

Paraparmelia rugulosa Elix & J.Johnst., Brunonia 9: 147 (1986), nonXanthoparmelia rugulosa Hale, Mycotaxon 30: 328 (1987)

QLD

Xanthoparmelia rupestris Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 319 (1986) *

WA, NSW, ACT

Xanthoparmelia saginata (Elix & J.Johnst.) Elix, Mycotaxon 87: 401 (2003) *

Paraparmelia saginata Elix & J.Johnst., Brunonia 9: 148 (1986)

WA, NT, SA

Xanthoparmelia sammyi (Elix & J.Johnst.) Elix, Mycotaxon 87: 401 (2003) *

Paraparmelia sammyi Elix & J.Johnst., Mycotaxon 32: 408 (1988)

WA

Xanthoparmelia sargentii (Elix & J.Johnst.) Elix, Mycotaxon 87: 401 (2003) *

Paraparmelia sargentii Elix & J.Johnst., Mycotaxon 32: 410 (1988)

WA

Xanthoparmelia saxeti (Stizenb.) Amo de Paz, A.Crespo, Elix & Lumbsch, in Amo de Paz et al., Austral. Syst. Bot. 23: 182 (2010)

Karoowia saxeti (Stizenb.) Hale, Mycotaxon 35: 190 (1989)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia scabrosa (Taylor) Hale, Phytologia 28: 488 (1974) *

Parmelia scabrosa Taylor, J. Bot. (Hooker) 6: 162 (1847)

Parmelia conspersa var. hypoclystoides Müll.Arg., Flora 66: 47 (1883) [*]

Parmelia hypoclystoides (Müll.Arg.) Gyeln., Ann. Hist.-Nat. Mus. Natl. Hung. 29: 25 (1935)

Xanthoparmelia hypoclystoides (Müll.Arg.) Hale, Phytologia 28: 487 (1974) [*]

Parmelia subexasperata (Müll.Arg.) Gyeln., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 29: 288 (1931)

Parmelia protoisidiata Gyeln., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 36: 162 (1934) [*]

Parmelia subreagens Gyeln., Ann. Mycol. 31: 291 (1938) [*]

Parmelia scabropustulata Elix, Austral. J. Bot. 39: 369 (1981) [*]

Parmelia conspersa f. isidiosa Müll.Arg., Flora 66: 47 (1883); Australian records p.p.

WA, NT, SA, QLD, NSW, NI, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia scabrosina (Elix) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Elix, D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch, Taxon 53: 970 (2004) *

Neofuscelia scabrosina Elix, Mycotaxon 47: 112 (1993)

WA

Xanthoparmelia schistacea (Kurok. & Filson) Elix, Mycotaxon 87: 401 (2003) *

Parmelia schistacea Kurok. & Filson, Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo, B, 1: 44 (1975)

Pseudoparmelia schistacea (Kurok. & Filson) Hale, Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 31: 46 (1976)

Paraparmelia schistacea (Kurok. & Filson) Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Mycotaxon 27: 281 (1986)

SA

Xanthoparmelia schmidtii Hale, Mycotaxon 20: 78 (1974)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia scotophylla (Kurok.) Elix, Mycotaxon 87: 401 (2003) *

Parmelia scotophylla Kurok., in Hale & Kurokawa, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 36: 185 (1964)

Pseudoparmelia scotophylla (Kurok.) Hale, Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 31: 46 (1976)

Paraparmelia scotophylla (Kurok.) Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Mycotaxon 27: 281 (1986)

NT, SA, QLD, NSW, NI, ACT, VIC, TAS

Xanthoparmelia segregata Elix & J.Johnst., Mycotaxon 33: 361 (1988) *

WA, QLD, NSW, VIC, TAS

Xanthoparmelia sleei Elix, Lichenologist 35: 297 (2003) *

WA

Xanthoparmelia semiviridis (F.Muell. ex Nyl.) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Elix, D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch, Taxon 53: 970 (2004) *

Parmeliopsis semiviridis F.Muell. ex Nyl., Syn. Meth. Lich. 2: 57 (1863)

Chondropsis semiviridis (F.Muell. ex Nyl.) Nyl., in Crombie, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 17: 397 (1880)

Parmelia semiviridis (F.Muell. ex Nyl.) Bibby, Muelleria 1: 60 (1955) [1956]

Parmelia hypoxantha Müll.Arg., Flora 64: 85 (1881) [*]

Parmelia hypoxantha var. major Müll.Arg., Flora 66: 77 (1883) [*]

Sticta parvula Stirt., Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 32: 73 (1899) [*]

WA, SA, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia somervilleae Elix & Kantvilas, Biblioth. Lichenol. 99: 127 (2009) *

TAS

Xanthoparmelia sorediata (Elix & P.Child) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Elix, & Lumbsch, in Blanco et al., Taxon 53: 971 (2004)

Chondropsis sorediata Elix & P.Child, Brunonia 9: 113 (1986)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia spargenosa Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 322 (1986) *

SA, QLD, NSW

Xanthoparmelia spodochroa (Kurok. & Filson) Elix, Mycotaxon 87: 401 (2003) *

Parmelia spodochroa Kurok. & Filson, Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo, B, 1: 46 (1975)

Pseudoparmelia spodochroa (Kurok. & Filson) Hale, Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 31: 50 (1976)

Paraparmelia spodochroa (Kurok. & Filson) Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Mycotaxon 27: 281 (1986)

SA, QLD, NSW, ACT

Xanthoparmelia squamariatella (Elix) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Elix, D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch, Taxon 53: 971 (2004) *

Neofuscelia squamariatella Elix, Mycotaxon 71: 448 (1999)

Parmelia squamariata Nyl. ex Cromb., J. Bot. 14: 19 (1876); Australian records

Neofuscelia squamariata (Nyl. ex Cromb.) Essl., Mycotaxon 7: 52 (1978); Australian records

WA, SA, ACT, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia stanthorpensis Elix & Kantvilas, Mycotaxon 71: 92 (1999) *

QLD

Xanthoparmelia streimannii (Elix & P.M.Armstr.) Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 324 (1986) *

Parmelia streimannii Elix & P.M.Armstr., Austral. J. Bot. 31: 481 (1983)

WA, SA, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia stuartensis Elix & J.Johnst., Mycotaxon 29: 367 (1987) *

QLD

Xanthoparmelia stuartioides Elix, Lichenologist 36: 28e (2003) *

QLD

Xanthoparmelia stygiodes (Nyl. ex Cromb.) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Elix, D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch, Taxon 53: 971 (2004)

Parmelia stygiodes Nyl. ex Cromb., J. Bot. 13: 333 (1875)

Neofuscelia stygiodes (Nyl. ex Cromb.) Essl., Mycotaxon 7: 52 (1978)

NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia subalpina (Elix & J.Johnst.) Elix, Mycotaxon 87: 402 (2003) *

Paraparmelia subalpina Elix & J.Johnst., Brunonia 9: 149 (1986)

WA, NSW

Xanthoparmelia subbarbatica (Elix) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Elix, D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch, Taxon 53: 971 (2004) *

Neofuscelia subbarbatica Elix, Mycotaxon 47: 114 (1993)

?Neofuscelia conturbata (Müll.Arg.) Essl., Mycotaxon 7: 50 (1978); Australian records

?Parmelia conturbata Müll.Arg., Flora 71: 44 (1888); Australian records

WA

Xanthoparmelia subcrustacea (Gyeln.) Hale, Mycotaxon 20: 79 (1984) *

Parmelia subcrustacea Gyeln., Ann. Hist.-Nat. Mus. Natl. Hung. 29: 30 (1935)

Parmelia conspersa var. stenophylloides Müll.Arg., Hedwigia 31: 192 (1892) [*]

WA, NT, SA, NSW, ACT, VIC

Xanthoparmelia subcrustulosa (Elix) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Elix, D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch, Taxon 53: 971 (2004) *

Neofuscelia subcrustulosa Elix, Mycotaxon 71: 450 (1999)

WA, SA

Xanthoparmelia subdistorta (Kurok.) Hale, Phytologia 28: 489 (1974) *

Parmelia subdistorta Kurok., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 32: 212 (1969)

WA, SA, NSW, VIC

Xanthoparmelia suberadicata (Abbayes) Hale, Phytologia 28: 489 (1974)

Parmelia suberadicata Abbayes, Mém. Inst. Sci. Madagascar, sér. B, 10: 89 (1961)

VIC, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia subimitatrix (Essl.) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Elix, D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch, Taxon 53: 971 (2004)

Neofuscelia subimitatrix (Essl.) Essl., Mycotaxon 7: 53 (1978)

WA, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia subincerta (Essl.) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Elix, D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch, Taxon 53: 971 (2004) *

Parmelia subincerta Essl., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 42: 150 (1977)

Neofuscelia subincerta (Essl.) Essl., Mycotaxon 7: 53 (1978)

WA, SA, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS

Xanthoparmelia sublineola (Elix & J.Johnst.) Elix, Mycotaxon 87: 402 (2003) *

Paraparmelia sublineola Elix & J.Johnst., Mycotaxon 32: 411 (1988)

WA, QLD

Xanthoparmelia subloxodella (Elix & Kantvilas) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Elix, D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch, Taxon 53: 971 (2004) *

Neofuscelia subloxodella Elix & Kantvilas, in Kantvilas & Elix, Muelleria 7: 511 (1992)

WA, SA, NSW, TAS

Xanthoparmelia subluminosa Hale, Mycotaxon 34: 561 (1989) *

SA, ACT

Xanthoparmelia subnuda (Kurok.) Hale, Phytologia 28: 489 (1974) *

Parmelia subnuda Kurok., in Kurokawa & Elix, J. Jap. Bot. 46: 114 (1971)

WA, SA, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia subpigmentosa Hale, Mycotaxon 20: 78 (1984)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia subprolixa (Nyl. ex Kremp.) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Elix, D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch, Taxon 53: 971 (2004) *

Parmelia subprolixa Nyl. ex Kremp., Verh. K.K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien, B, 30: 337 (‘1880’) [1881]

Parmelia imitatrix var. subprolixa (Nyl. ex Kremp.) Müll.Arg., Flora 66: 47 (1883)

Parmelia prolixa var. subprolixa (Nyl. ex Kremp.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 6: 107 (1929)

Neofuscelia subprolixa (Nyl. ex Kremp.) Elix, Mycotaxon 71: 455 (1999)

WA, SA, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS

Xanthoparmelia subrugulosa (Elix & J.Johnst.) Elix, Mycotaxon 87: 402 (2003) *

Paraparmelia subrugulosa Elix & J.Johnst., Mycotaxon 32: 411 (1988)

QLD

Xanthoparmelia subspodochroa (Elix & J.Johnst.) Elix, Mycotaxon 87: 402 (2003) *

Paraparmelia subspodochroa Elix & J.Johnst., Brunonia 9: 150 (1986)

QLD, NSW, VIC

Xanthoparmelia substrigosa (Hale) Hale, Phytologia 28: 489 (1974)

Parmelia substrigosa Hale, in Weber, Lich. Exsicc. 9: [338] (1971)

Parmelia conspersa var. strigosa Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 4: 90 (1896) [*]

Parmelia laxa f. strigosa (Müll.Arg.) Gyeln., Ann. Hist-Nat. Mus. Natl. Hung. 29: 30 (1935)

WA, SA, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia subtropica (Elix & J.Johnst.) Elix, Mycotaxon 87: 402 (2003) *

Paraparmelia subtropica Elix & J.Johnst., Brunonia 9: 195 (1986)

QLD, NSW

Xanthoparmelia subverrucella (Essl.) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Elix, D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch, Taxon 53: 971 (2004) *

Parmelia subverrucella Essl., in Culberson et al., Bryologist 80: 133 (1977)

Neofuscelia subverrucella (Essl.) Essl., Mycotaxon 7: 53 (1978)

WA, SA

Xanthoparmelia subvicariella Elix & Kantvilas, Biblioth. Lichenol. 99: 128 (2009) *

TAS

Xanthoparmelia succedans Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 333 (1986)

Parmelia adpressa Kremp., Flora 59: 72 (1876)

Parmelia plittii Gyeln., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 29: 287 (1931); Australian records

Xanthoparmelia plittii (Gyeln.) Hale, Phytologia 28: 488 (1974); Australian records

WA, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia sulcifera (Kurok.) Hale, Mycotaxon 20: 79 (1984) *

Parmelia sulcifera Kurok., Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo, B, 8(2): 37 (1982)

NSW

Xanthoparmelia taractica (Kremp.) Hale, Phytologia 28: 489 (1984)

Parmelia taractica Kremp., Flora 61: 439 (1878)

Parmelia conspersa var. polyphylloides Müll.Arg., Flora 66: 47 (1883) [*]

Parmelia polyphylloides (Müll.Arg.) Gyeln., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 35: 371 (1934)

Parmelia conspersa var. hypoclista Nyl., Syn. Meth. Lich. 1(2): 391 (1860); Australian records

WA, SA, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia tasmanica (Hook.f. & Taylor) Hale, Phytologia 28: 489 (1974) *

Parmelia tasmanica Hook.f. & Taylor, J. Bot. (Hooker) 3: 644 (1844)

Parmelia conspersa var. laxa Müll.Arg., Flora 66: 47 (1883) [*]

Parmelia laxa (Müll.Arg.) Gyeln., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 35: 371 (1934)

Parmelia incisa Taylor, J. Bot. (Hooker) 6: 162 (1847) [*]

Parmelia conspersa var. incisa (Taylor) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 6: 132 (1929)

Parmelia stramineonitens Zahlbr., Ann. K.K. Naturhist. Hofmus. 11: 195 (1893) [*]

Parmelia pulvinaris var. lacinulata Gyeln., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 29: 283 (1931) [*]

WA, SA, QLD, NSW, LHI, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia tegeta Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 339 (1986) *

WA, SA, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia terrestris (Kurok. & Filson) Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 341 (1986) *

Parmelia terrestris Kurok. & Filson, in Filson, Austral. J. Bot. 30: 574 (1969)

WA, SA, NSW, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia thamnoides (Kurok.) Hale, Phytologia 28: 489 (1974) *

Parmelia thamnoides Kurok., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 32: 213 (1969)

QLD, NSW, LHI, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia toolbrunupensis Elix, Lichenologist 35: 298 (2003) *

WA

Xanthoparmelia torulosa (Elix) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Elix, D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch, Taxon 53: 972 (2004) *

Neofuscelia torulosa Elix, Mycotaxon 71: 453 (1999)

SA, NSW, VIC, TAS

Xanthoparmelia trirosea Elix, Mycotaxon 47: 124 (1993) *

NSW, ACT

Xanthoparmelia tropica (Elix & J.Johnst.) Elix, Mycotaxon 87: 402 (2003) *

Paraparmelia tropica Elix & J.Johnst., Mycotaxon 32: 412 (1988)

QLD

Xanthoparmelia ustulata (Kurok. & Filson) Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 344 (1986) *

Parmelia ustulata Kurok. & Filson, Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo, B, 1: 46 (1975)

SA, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia valdeta (Elix) Elix, Mycotaxon 87: 402 (2003) *

Paraparmelia valdeta Elix, Biblioth. Lichenol. 80: 195 (2001)

QLD

Xanthoparmelia verdonii Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 346 (1986) *

NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia verisidiosa (Essl.) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Elix, D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch, Taxon 53: 972 (2004)

Parmelia verisidiosa Essl., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 42: 153 (1877)

Neofuscelia verisidiosa (Essl.) Essl., Mycotaxon 7: 53 (1978)

SA, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia verrucella (Essl.) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Elix, D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch, Taxon 53: 972 (2004) *

Parmelia verrucella Essl., in Culberson et al., Bryologist 80: 132 (1977)

Neofuscelia verrucella (Essl.) Essl., Mycotaxon 7: 53 (1978)

WA, NT, SA, NSW, NI, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia verruciformis Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 348 (1986) *

SA, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia versicolor (Müll.Arg.) Hale, Phytologia 28: 490 (1974) *

Parmelia versicolor Müll.Arg., Flora 64: 506 (1881)

Parmelia callifolia Kurok., in Kurokawa & Filson, Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo, B, 1: 42 (1975) [*]

WA, SA, QLD, NSW, VIC

Xanthoparmelia vicaria Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 352 (1986) *

TAS

Xanthoparmelia vicariella Elix & Kantvilas, Australas. Lichenol. 49: 13 (2001) *

TAS

Xanthoparmelia victoriana Elix & J.Johnst., Mycotaxon 29: 367 (1987) *

WA, VIC

Xanthoparmelia waiporiensis (Hillmann) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Elix, D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch, Taxon 53: 972 (2004)

Neofuscelia waiporiensis (Hillmann) Essl., Mycotaxon 7: 53 (1978)

SA, MI, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia weberiella Elix, in Elix & Kantvilas, Mycotaxon 73: 451 (1999) *

Parmelia weberi Hale, Phytologia 28: 490 (1974); Australian records

Xanthoparmelia weberi (Hale) Hale, Phytologia 28: 490 (1974); Australian records

WA, NT, SA, QLD

Xanthoparmelia willisii (Kurok. & Filson) Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 355 (1986) *

Parmelia willisii Kurok. & Filson, in Filson, Austral. J. Bot. 30: 577 (1982)

WA, SA, QLD, NSW, TAS

Xanthoparmelia wisangerensis Elix & J.Johnst., Mycotaxon 29: 368 (1987) *

SA

Xanthoparmelia xanthofarinosa Elix, Mycotaxon 47: 127 (1993) *

Xanthoparmelia xanthosorediata Elix, in Chester & Elix, Austral. J. Chem. 32: 927 (1979), nom. nud. [*]

Parmelia xanthosorediata (Elix) Elix, Austral. J. Chem. 32: 2565 (1979), nom. nud. [*]

WA, NSW, ACT, TAS

Xanthoparmelia xanthomelaena (Müll.Arg.) Hale, Mycotaxon 30: 334 (1988) *

Parmelia xanthomelaena Müll.Arg., Flora 66: 48 (1883)

Pseudoparmelia xanthomelaena (Müll.Arg.) Hale, Phytologia 29: 191 (1974)

Paraparmelia xanthomelaena (Müll.Arg.) Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Mycotaxon 27: 281 (1986)

Parmelia adhaerens Nyl., in Crombie, J. Bot. 14: 19 (1876); Australian records

Xanthoparmelia adhaerens (Nyl.) Hale, Phytologia 28: 486 (1974); Australian records

Karoowia adhaerens (Nyl.) Hale, Mycotaxon 35: 182 (1989); Australian records

Parmelia arseneana Gyeln., Ann. Mycol. 36: 293 (1938); Australian records

WA, NT, SA, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoparmelia xanthomelanoides Elix & J.Johnst., Mycotaxon 33: 363 (1988) *

WA, SA, NSW

Xanthoparmelia xerica (Elix) Elix, Mycotaxon 87: 403 (2003) *

Paraparmelia xerica Elix, Biblioth. Lichenol. 80: 203 (2001)

SA

Xanthoparmelia xerophila Elix & J.Johnst., in Elix et al., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 15: 358 (1986) *

SA

Xanthoparmelia yamblaensis (Elix) Elix, Mycotaxon 87: 403 (2003) *

Paraparmelia yamblaensis Elix, Mycotaxon 47: 115 (1993)

NSW

Xanthoparmelia yowaensis Elix & J.Johnst., Mycotaxon 29: 369 (1987) *

WA, QLD, NSW

Xanthoparmelia zonata Elix & J.Johnst., Mycotaxon 29: 369 (1987) *

QLD

Literature: Filson (1981a); Elix et al. (1986, 2000); Riedl (1988); Elix & Streimann (1989); Selkirk et al. (1990); Archer & Elix (1994); Elix (1994e, 1994j, 1994m, 1994n, 1994z, 1995, 1996a, 1997a, 1997b, 1997c, 1999, 2000, 2001b, 2001c, 2002, 2003a, 2003b, 2003c, 2004b, 2006d, 2006h, 2007g, 2007h); Elix & Kantvilas (1995, 1999a, 1999b, 2001, 2009a); Eldridge (1996); Vězda (1996); Louwhoff & Elix (1998); Ralston (1998); Esslinger (2000); Kantvilas & Jarman (2000); Allen et al. (2001); Kantvilas et al. (2002); Blanco et al. (2004); Thell et al. (2009); Elix et al. (2009a); Amo de Paz et al. (2010)

XANTHOPSOROMA Elvebakk & S.G.Hong; Pannariaceae

Xanthopsoroma contextum (Stirt.) Elvebakk, in Elvebakk et al., Lichenologist 42: 577 (2010)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Xanthopsoroma soccatum (R.Br. ex Cromb.) Elvebakk, in Elvebakk et al., Lichenologist 42: 577 (2010)*

Psoroma soccatum R.Br. ex Cromb., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 17: 398 (1879)

NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature:Jørgensen & Galloway (1992a); Elvebakk et al. (2010)

XANTHOPYRENIA: See COLLEMOPSIDIUM

XANTHORIA (Fr.) Th.Fr.; Teloschistaceae

Xanthoria coomae S.Y.Kondr. & Kärnefelt, in Kondratyuk et al., Biblioth. Lichenol. 96: 167 (2007) *

WA, SA, NSW, ACT, VIC

Xanthoria elegans (Link) Th.Fr., Gen. Heterolich. Eur. Recog.: 61 (1861)

Caloplaca elegans (Link) Th.Fr., Lichenogr. Scand. 1: 168 (1871)

MI, Extra-Aust.

Xanthoria parietina (L.) Beltr., Lich. Bassan.: 102 (1858)

Xanthoria parietina var. convexa Räsänen, Ann. Bot. Soc. Zool.-Bot. Fenn. “Vanamo” 20(3): 12 (1944) [*]

WA, SA, NSW, LHI, NI, ACT, VIC, TAS, MI, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Filson (1969); Sammy & Smith (1974); Stevens (1979); Elix & Streimann (1982); Richardson & Richardson (1982); Galloway (1983); Elix (1988); Kantvilas (1988); Kondratyuk et al. (2007b)

XYLOGRAPHA (Fr.) Fr.; Trapeliaceae

Xylographa isidiosa (Elix) Bendiksby & Timdal, Taxon 65: 952 (2013) *

Hypocenomyce isidiosa Elix, Mycotaxon 94: 219 (2005)

WA

Xylographa perminuta (Müll.Arg.) R.W.Rogers, Muelleria 5: 33 (1982) *

Lecanora perminuta Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 1: 39 (1893)

VIC

Literature: Müller (1893b); Rogers (1982b); Timdal (1984); Elix (2009f); Bendiksby & Timdal (2013)

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Y

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Z

ZAHLBRUCKNERELLA Herre; Lichinaceae

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Zahlbrucknerella calcarea (Herre) Herre, J. Washington Acad. Sci. 2: 384 (1912)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Kantvilas & Elix (1992)

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