Checklist of the Lichens of Australia and its Island Territories


Updated 27 June 2014

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E

ECHINOPLACA Fée; Gomphillaceae

Echinoplaca epiphylla Fée, Essai Crypt. Écorc. 1: xciii (1824)

QLD, NSW, LHI, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Echinoplaca cf. hispida Sipman, in Aptroot & Sipman, Lichenologist 25: 129 (1993)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Echinoplaca leucotrichoides (Vain.) R.Sant., in Thorold, J. Ecol. 40: 129 (1952)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Echinoplaca pellicula (Müll.Arg.) R.Sant., Symb. Bot. Upsal. 12(1): 376 (1952)

QLD, LHI, Extra-Aust.

Echinoplaca tetrapla (Zahlbr.) Lücking, in Lücking et al., Lichenologist 33: 203 (2001)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Santesson (1952); Santesson & Tibell (1988); McCarthy et al. (1996); Lücking et al. (2001b)

ELIXIA Bendiksby & Timdal; Elixiaceae

Elixia cretica T.Sprib. & Lumbsch, Lichenologist 42: 368 (2010)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Spribille & Lumbsch(2010); Bendiksby & Timdal (2013)

ENCEPHALOGRAPHA: See POELTINULA

KEY

ENDOCARPON Hedw.; Verrucariaceae

Endocarpon adscendens (Anzi) Müll.Arg., Bull. Murith. Soc. Valais. Sci. Nat. 10: 58 (1881)

CI, QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Endocarpon aridum P.M.McCarthy, Lichenologist 23: 28 (1991) *

WA, NT, SA, NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Endocarpon crassisporum P.M.McCarthy & Filson, in McCarthy, Lichenologist 23: 31 (1991) *

SA, VIC

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Endocarpon helmsianum Müll.Arg., Hedwigia 31: 197 (1892) *

WA, NT, SA, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS

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Endocarpon macrosporum P.M.McCarthy, Lichenologist 23: 35 (1991) *

WA

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Endocarpon pallidulum (Nyl.) Nyl., Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat., sér. 3, 4: 106 (1892)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Endocarpon pallidum Ach., Lichenogr. Universalis: 301 (1810)

WA, SA, QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Endocarpon pusillum Hedw., Descr. Micr.-Anal. Musc. Frond. 2: 56 (1789)

WA, NT, SA, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, Extra-Aust.

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Endocarpon robustum P.M.McCarthy, Lichenologist 23: 41 (1991) *

WA

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Endocarpon rogersii P.M.McCarthy, Lichenologist 23: 43 (1991) *

SA, NSW

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Endocarpon simplicatum (Nyl.) Nyl., in Hue, Rev. Bot. Courrensan 6: 104 (1888) var. simplicatum

Endocarpon victoriae Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 1: 62 (1893) [*]

WA, SA, NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Endocarpon simplicatum var. bisporum P.M.McCarthy, Lichenologist 23: 48 (1991) *

WA, SA, QLD, NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: McCarthy (2001d); McCarthy & Elix (2002); Elix (2009p); McCarthy & Kantvilas (2014)

ENDOCENA Cromb.; Icmadophilaceae?

Endocena informis Cromb., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 15: 226 (1876)

MI, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Seppelt (1980)

ENDOHYALINA Marbach emend. Giralt, P.P.G.Boom & Elix; Physciaceae

Endohyalina insularis (Arnold) Giralt, P.P.G.Boom & Elix, Mycol. Progr. 9: 44 (2010)

Rinodina insularis (Arnold) Hafellner, Beih. Nova Hedwigia 62: 87 (1979)

NSW, ACT, Extra-Aust.

Literature:Giralt et al. (2010); Elix (2011m)

ENTERODICTYON Müll.Arg.; Roccellaceae

Enterodictyon velatum (C.Knight) Zahlbr., Ann. Mycol. 19: 233 (1921) *

Stigmatidium velatum C.Knight, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, ser. 2, 2: 41 (1882)

Graphis develatula Nyl., Flora 69: 327 (1886) [*]

Enterodictyon knightii Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 323 (1895) [*]

NSW

Literature: Knight (1882); Nylander (1886); Müller (1895d)

ENTEROGRAPHA Fée; Roccellaceae

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Enterographa anguinella (Nyl.) Redinger, Feddes Repert. 43: 62 (1938)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Enterographa bella R.Sant., Symb. Bot. Upsal. 12(1): 106 (1952)

VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

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Enterographa compunctula (Nyl.) Redinger, Feddes Repert. 43: 61 (1938)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Enterographa deslooveri Sérus., in Aptroot et al., Biblioth. Lichenol. 57: 28 (1995)

CI, Extra-Aust.

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Enterographa divergens (Müll.Arg.) Redinger, Feddes Repert. 43: 62 (1938) *

Chiodecton divergens Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 1: 62 (1893)

QLD, VIC, Extra-Aust.

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Enterographa elixii Sparrius, Biblioth. Lichenol. 89: 39 (2004) *

QLD

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Enterographa micrographa (Nyl.) Redinger, Feddes Repert. 43: 56 (1938)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Enterographa pallidella (Nyl.) Redinger, Feddes Repert. 43: 61 (1938)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Enterographa subgelatinosa (Stirt.) Redinger, Feddes Repert. 43: 66 (1938)

WA, Extra-Aust.

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Enterographa subserialis (Nyl.) Redinger, Feddes Repert. 43: 69 (1938)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Müller (1893b); Redinger (1938); Ralston (1999); McCarthy et al. (2001b); McCarthy & Elix (2002); Sparrius (2004)

EPHEBE Fr.; Lichinaceae

Ephebe epheboides (F.Wilson) Henssen, Symb. Bot. Upsal. 18(1): 54 (1963) *

Stigonema epheboides F.Wilson, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 28: 354 (1891), as ephebeoides

NSW, VIC

Ephebe fruticosa Henssen, Symb. Bot. Upsal. 18(1): 53 (1963) *

TAS

Ephebe lanata (L.) Vain., Meddeland. Soc. Fauna Fl. Fenn. 14: 20 (1888)

WA, SA, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Ephebe tasmanica Cromb., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 17: 391 (1880) *

NSW

Literature: Crombie (1880); Wilson (1891); Henssen (1963); Bratt & Cashin (1976); Filson & Rogers (1979); Richardson & Richardson (1982)

EPHELIDIUM C.W.Dodge & E.D.Rudolph; Ascomycota incertae sedis

Ephelidium heardense C.W.Dodge & E.D.Rudolph, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 42: 136 (1955) *

HI

Literature: Dodge & Rudolph (1955)

EPIGLOEA Zukal; Epigloeaceae

Epigloea soleiformis Döbbeler, Beih. Nova Hedwigia 79: 229 (1984)

AUST, Extra-Aust.

Literature:Chambers & David (2009)

EREMOTHECELLA Syd.; Arthoniaceae

Eremothecella calamicola Syd., in Sydow & Sydow, Ann. Mycol. 15: 236 (1917)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Eremothecella cyaneoides Lücking, in Lücking et al., Lichenologist 33: 203 (2001) *

QLD

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Eremothecella macrocephala (R.Sant.) G.Thor, Sérus., Lücking & Matsumoto, Symb. Bot. Upsal. 32(3): 39 (2000)

Stirtonia macrocephala R.Sant., Symb. Bot. Upsal. 12(1): 61 (1952)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Vězda & Kalb (1991); Lücking et al. (2001b); Elix (2009c)

ERIODERMA Fée; Pannariaceae

Erioderma leylandii (Taylor) Müll.Arg., Flora 71: 24 (1888)

Platysma eriophyllum C.Knight, in Shirley, Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 5: 110 (1888) [*]

Cetraria eriophylla (C.Knight) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 6: 287 (1929)

Erioderma knightii Shirley, in Bailey, Bot. Bull. Dept. Agric., Queensland 8: 96 (1893), nom. illeg. [*]

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Erioderma sorediatum D.J.Galloway & P.M.Jørg., Lichenologist 7: 139 (1975)

QLD, NSW, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Jørgensen & Galloway (1992a)

ERYTHRODECTON G.Thor; Roccellaceae

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Erythrodecton malacum (Kremp.) G.Thor, Opera Bot. 103: 78 (1990)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Thor (1990)

ESCHATOGONIA Trevis.; Phyllopsoraceae

Eschatogonia marivelensis (Vain.) Kalb, Biblioth. Lichenol. 88: 310 (2004)

NT, QLD, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Kalb (2004); Elix et al. (2009); Elix (2009h)

EUGENIELLA Lücking, Sérus. & Kalb; Pilocarpaceae

Eugeniella micrommata (Kremp.) Lücking, Sérus. & Kalb, in Lücking, Fl. Neotropica Monogr.103: 716 (2008)

Bacidia micrommata (Kremp.) R.Sant., Symb. Bot. Upsal. 12(1): 459 (1952)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Literature:Lücking et al. (2001b)

EUMITRIA: See USNEA

EVERNIASTRUM Hale ex Sipman; Parmeliaceae

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Everniastrum sorocheilum (Vain.) Hale ex Sipman, Mycotaxon 26: 242 (1986)

VIC, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Elix (1994f)

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FELLHANERA Vězda; Pilocarpaceae

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Fellhanera bouteillei (Desm.) Vězda, Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 21: 214 (1986)

CI, NT, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Fellhanera bullata Kalb & Vězda, in Vězda & Kalb, Nova Hedwigia 53: 219 (1991) *

QLD

Fellhanera endopurpurea Hafellner & Vězda, in Vězda & Hafellner, Nova Hedwigia 52: 76 (1991) *

QLD, NSW, VIC, TAS

Fellhanera fuscatula (Müll.Arg.) Vězda, Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 21: 214 (1986)

Patellaria campbelliae Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 4: 95 (1896) [*]

Bacidia campbelliae (Müll.Arg.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 4: 103 (1926)

Fellhanera dominicana (Vain.) Vězda, Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 21: 214 (1986)

NSW, VIC, Extra-Aust.

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Fellhanera mastothallina (Vain.) Lücking & Sérus., in Lücking et al., Lichenologist 33: 192 (2001)

Bacidia mastothallina Vain., Ann. Acad. Sci. Fenn., Ser. A, 15(6): 64 (1921)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Fellhanera microdiscus (Vain.) Vězda, Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 21: 214 (1986)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Fellhanera parvula (Vězda) Vězda, Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 21: 214 (1986)

ACT, Extra-Aust.

Fellhanera rhapidophylli (Rehm) Vězda, Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 21: 214 (1986)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Fellhanera semecarpi (Vain.) Vězda, Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 21: 215 (1986)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Fellhanera stanhopeae (Müll.Arg.) Lücking, Lumbsch & Elix, Bot. Acta 107: 400 (1994)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Fellhanera subternella (Nyl.) Vězda, Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 21: 214 (1986)

Bacidia subternella (Nyl.) R.Sant., Symb. Bot. Upsal. 12(1): 470 (1952)

?Microphiale sprucei (C.Bab. ex Nyl.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 2: 701 (1924)

?Patellaria leucoloma Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 1: 49 (1893) [*]

?Lecidea leucoloma (Müll.Arg.) Stizenb., Ber. Tätigk. St. Gallischen Naturwiss. Ges. 1893–94: 247 (1894)

?Bacidia leucoloma (Müll.Arg.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 4: 117 (1926)

CI, QLD, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Fellhanera tasmanica Lücking, in Lücking et al., Lichenologist 33: 204 (2001) *

TAS

Fellhanera tropica Elix, Australas. Lichenol. 62: 36 (2008) *

NT

Literature: Santesson (1952); Filson (1965); Santesson & Tibell (1988); Sipman (1991); Vězda (1990); Vězda & Hafellner (1991); Vězda & Kalb (1991); Kalb & Vězda (1994b); Lücking et al. (2001a); McCarthy et al. (2001b); McCarthy & Elix (2002); Elix (2008a); McCarthy (2008d); Lücking (2008); Elix et al. (2009a)

FELLHANEROPSIS Sérus. & Coppins; Pilocarpaceae

Fellhaneropsis australiana Lücking, in Lücking et al., Lichenologist 33: 205 (2001) *

NSW, VIC

Fellhaneropsis pallidonigrans (Müll.Arg) Kantvilas & Lücking, Muelleria 27: 172 (2009) *

Patellaria pallidonigrans Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 1: 49 (1893)

Bacidia pallidonigrans (Müll.Arg.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 4: 134 (1926)

VIC, TAS

Fellhaneropsis subantarctica Øvstedal, in Øvstedal & Gremmen, S. African J. Bot. 72: 356 (2006) *

HI, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Lücking et al. (2001b); Øvstedal & Gremmen (2006); Elix et al. (2009); Kantvilas & Lücking (2009)

FIBRILLITHECIS A.Frisch; Graphidaceae

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Fibrillithecis halei (Tuck. & Mont.) Mangold, in Mangold, Elix & Lumbsch, Fl. Australia 57: 654 (2009)

Thelotrema argenteum Müll.Arg., Hedwigia 30: 50 (1891) [*]

Thelotrema platysporum Harm., Bull. Soc. Sci. Nancy, sér. 3, 13: 41 (1912)

Fibrillithecis platyspora (Harm.) A.Frisch, Biblioth. Lichenol. 92: 137 (2006)

Thelotrema vernicosum Zahlbr., Ann. Mycol. 10: 370 (1912)

Fibrillithecis vernicosa (Zahlbr.) A.Frisch, Biblioth. Lichenol. 92: 140 (2006)

Thelotrema diminitum Hale, Phytologia 27: 494 (1974)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Frisch (2006); Mangold et al. (2009)

FISSURINA Fée; Graphidaceae

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Fissurina abdita (A.W.Archer) A.W.Archer, Telopea 11: 71 (2005) *

Graphina abdita A.W.Archer, Mycotaxon 77: 160 (2001)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Fissurina albonitens (Müll.Arg.) A.W.Archer, Telopea 11: 71 (2005) *

Graphis albonitens Müll.Arg., Hedwigia 30: 53 (1891)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Fissurina comparilis (Nyl.) Nyl., Lich. Nov. Zel.: 125 (1888)

Graphis comparilis Nyl., Bull. Soc. Linn. Normandie, sér. 2, 2: 119 (1868)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Fissurina dumastii Fée, Essai Crypt. Écorc.: 45 (1824)

Graphis dumastii (Fée) Spreng., Syst. Veg. 4(1): 254 (1827)

Graphis glauca Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 1: 58 (1893) *

Fissurina glauca (Müll.Arg.) Staiger, Biblioth. Lichenol. 85: 158 (2002)

QLD, NSW, VIC, Extra-Aust.

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Fissurina elaiocarpa (A.W.Archer) A.W.Archer, Telopea 11: 71 (2005) *

Graphina elaiocarpa A.W.Archer, Mycotaxon 77: 165 (2001)

Fissurina marginata Staiger, Biblioth. Lichenol. 85: 144 (2002) [*]

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Fissurina elixii (A.W.Archer) A.W.Archer, Telopea 11: 71 (2005) *

Graphis elixii A.W.Archer, Australas. Lichenol. 43: 16 (1998)

Fissurina paradoxica (A.W.Archer) A.W.Archer, Telopea 11: 71 (2005) [*]

Graphis paradoxica A.W.Archer, Mycotaxon 80: 367 (2001)

NSW, TAS

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Fissurina howeana (A.W.Archer) A.W.Archer, Telopea 11: 71 (2005) *

Graphis howeana A.W.Archer, Austral. Syst. Bot. 14: 259 (2001) *

LHI

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Fissurina insidiosa C.Knight & Mitt., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 23: 102 (1860)

Graphis insidiosa (C.Knight & Mitt.) Hook.f., Handb. New Zealand Fl.: 586 (1867)

Graphis subcontexta Nyl., Bull. Soc. Linn. Normandie, sér. 2, 2: 118 (1868)

Fissurina subcontexta (Nyl.) Nyl., Lich. Nov. Zel.: 125 (1888)

Graphis robustior Müll.Arg., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 23: 398 (1891) [*]

NT, QLD, NSW, VIC(?), TAS, Extra-Aust.

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Fissurina nigririmis Müll.Arg. var. deficiens (A.W.Archer) A.W.Archer, Telopea 11: 71 (2005) *

Graphis nigririmis var. deficiens A.W.Archer, Austral. Syst. Bot. 14: 259 (2001)

VIC, TAS

Fissurina cf. nitidescens (Nyl.) Nyl., Lich. Japon.: 108 (1890)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Fissurina praetermissa A.W.Archer & Elix, Telopea 11: 452 (2007) *

NSW

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Fissurina psoromica (A.W.Archer) A.W.Archer, Telopea 11: 71 (2005) *

Graphina psoromica A.W.Archer, Mycotaxon 77: 169 (2001)

NSW

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Fissurina streimannii (A.W.Archer) A.W.Archer, Telopea 11: 72 (2005) *

Graphina streimannii A.W.Archer, Mycotaxon 88: 143 (2003)

QLD

Fissurina triticea (Nyl.) Staiger, Biblioth. Lichenol. 85: 156 (2002)

QLD, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Archer (2001a, 2001e, 2001f, 2005b, 2006b, 2009a); Staiger (2002); Archer & Elix (2007a); Kantvilas (2010a)

FLAKEA O.E.Erikss.; Verrucariaceae

Flakea papillata O.E.Erikss., Syst. Ascomycetum 11: 14 (1992)

Agonimia papillata (O.E.Erikss.) Diederich & Aptroot, in Aptroot et al., Biblioth. Lichenol. 64: 13 (1997)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Eriksson (1992)

FLAVOPARMELIA Hale; Parmeliaceae

Flavoparmelia caperatula (Nyl.) Elix, O.Blanco & A.Crespo, Australas. Lichenol. 67: 11 (2010) *

Parmelia caperata var. caperatula Nyl., Syn. Meth. Lich. 1(2): 377 (1860) [*]

Parmelia caperatula (Nyl.) Nyl., Flora 68: 606 (1885)

WA

Flavoparmelia diffractaica Elix & J.Johnst., Mycotaxon 33: 391 (1988) *

WA, NT, SA, NSW

Flavoparmelia euplecta (Stirt.) Hale, Mycotaxon 25: 604 (1986) *

Parmelia euplecta Stirt., Scott. Naturalist (Perth) 4: 299 (1878)

Pseudoparmelia euplecta (Stirt.) Hale, Phytologia 29: 190 (1974)

Parmelia ochroleuca f. sorediosa Müll.Arg., Flora 66: 47 (1883) [*]

Parmelia rutidota f. sorediosa (Müll.Arg.) Müll. Arg., Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 31: 30 (1892)

Parmelia pseudosorediosa Gyeln., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 29: 288 (1931) [*]

Pseudoparmelia pseudosorediosa (Gyeln.) Hale, Phytologia 29: 191 (1974)

QLD, NSW, LHI, NI

Flavoparmelia ferax (Müll.Arg.) Hale, Mycotaxon 25: 604 (1986) *

Parmelia ferax Müll.Arg., Flora 69: 257 (1886)

Pseudoparmelia ferax (Müll.Arg.) Hale, Phytologia 29: 190 (1974)

Parmelia obversa Stirt., Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 32: 76 (1899) [*]

WA, NT, SA, NSW, VIC

Flavoparmelia haysomii (C.W.Dodge) Hale, Mycotaxon 25: 605 (1986) *

Parmelia haysomii C.W.Dodge, Nova Hedwigia 15: 293 (1968)

Parmelia caperata (L.) Ach., Methodus: 216 (1803); Australian records

Pseudoparmelia caperata (L.) Hale, Phytologia 29: 189 (1974); Australian records

WA, NT, SA, QLD, NSW, LHI, ACT, VIC, TAS, MI, Extra-Aust.

Flavoparmelia haywardiana Elix & J.Johnst., Mycotaxon 33: 392 (1988)

SA, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Flavoparmelia helmsii (Kurok. & Filson) Hale, Mycotaxon 25: 605 (1986) *

Parmelia helmsii Kurok. & Filson, in Filson, Austral. J. Bot. 30: 539 (1982)

SA

Flavoparmelia kantvilasii Elix, Mycotaxon 47: 105 (1993) *

QLD, NSW

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Flavoparmelia marchantii Elix, O.Blanco & A.Crespo, Australas. Lichenol. 56: 12 (2005) *

WA

Flavoparmelia norfolkensis Elix & Streimann, Proc. Linn. Soc. New South Wales 111: 110 (1989) *

NI

Flavoparmelia proeuplecta Elix & J.Johnst., Mycotaxon 33: 395 (1988) *

WA

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Flavoparmelia rutidota (Hook.f. & Taylor) Hale, Mycotaxon 25: 605 (1986) *

Parmelia rutidota Hook.f. & Taylor, J. Bot. (Hooker) 3: 645 (1844)

Pseudoparmelia rutidota (Hook.f. & Taylor) Hale, Phytologia 29: 191 (1974)

Parmelia subconspersa Nyl., Flora 52: 293 (1869) [*]

Parmelia conspersa var. subconspera (Nyl.) J.Steiner, in Meyer, Ostafr. Gletscherfahrten: 316 (1890)

Parmelia jeleneckii Kremp., in Fenzl, Reise Novara 2: 114 (1870) [*]

Flavoparmelia jeleneckii (Kremp.) Hale, Mycotaxon 25: 605 (1986)

Parmelia subcaperatula (Nyl.) Nyl., in Crombie, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 17: 394 (1880) [*]

Parmelia ochroleuca Müll.Arg., Flora 65: 306 (1882), nom. illeg.

Parmelia confertula Stirt., Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 32: 77 (1899) [*]

WA, NT, SA, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Flavoparmelia scabrosina Elix & J.Johnst., Mycotaxon 33: 396 (1988) *

WA, NT, SA

Flavoparmelia secalonica Elix & J.Johnst., Mycotaxon 33: 398 (1988) *

WA

Flavoparmelia soredians (Nyl.) Hale, Mycotaxon 25: 605 (1986)

Parmelia soredians Nyl., Bull. Soc. Linn. Normandie, sér. 2, 6: 259 (1872)

Pseudoparmelia soredians (Nyl.) Hale, Phytologia 29: 191 (1974)

WA, SA, NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Flavoparmelia springtonensis (Elix) Hale, Mycotaxon 25: 605 (1986) *

Parmelia springtonensis Elix, in Elix & Stevens, Austral. J. Bot. 27: 879 (1980)

WA, SA, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS

Flavoparmelia succinprotocetrarica Elix & J.Johnst., Mycotaxon 33: 398 (1988) *

QLD

Flavoparmelia virensica Elix, O.Blanco & A.Crespo, Australas. Lichenol. 67: 10 (2010) *

WA

Literature: Dodge (1968); Seppelt (1980); Filson (1981a); Elix & Johnston (1988); Elix & Streimann (1989); Selkirk et al. (1990); Elix (1994g); Louwhoff & Elix (1998); Kantvilas et al. (2002); Elix et al. (2005, 2010a)

FRUTIDELLA Kalb; Ramalinaceae

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Frutidella caesioatra (Schaer.) Kalb, Hoppea 55: 583 (1994)

VIC, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Sipman et al. (1998)

FULGENSIA A.Massal. & De Not.; Teloschistaceae

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Fulgensia bracteata (Hoffm.) Räsänen, Flecht. Est. 1: 108 (1931)

Placodium fulgens var. bracteatum (Hoffm.) Müll. Arg., Hedwigia 1892: 153 (1892)

Lecanora drummondii Taylor, J. Bot. (Hooker) 6: 160 (1847) [*]

Placodium drummondii (Taylor) Nyl., Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 5: 111 (1857)

WA, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Fulgensia cranfieldii S.Y.Kondr. & Kärnefelt, in Kondratyuk et al., Biblioth. Lichenol. 96: 165 (2007) *

WA, SA, NSW, VIC

Fulgensia fulgens (Sw.) Elenkin, Lich. Fl. Ross. Mediae 2: 246 (1907)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Fulgensia subbracteata (Nyl.) Poelt, Sched. Lich. Alp.: 137 (1961)

WA, SA, NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Taylor (1847); Müller (1892a, 1893b); Sammy & Smith (1974); Filson & Rogers (1979); Richardson & Richardson (1982); Eldridge (1996); Westberg & Karnefelt (1998); Kondratyuk et al. (2007b); Elix (2010b)

KEY

FUSCIDEA V.Wirth & Vězda; Fuscideaceae

Fuscidea asbolodes (Nyl.) Hertel & V.Wirth, Beih. Nova Hedwigia 79: 454 (1984)

HI, TAS, MI, Extra-Aust.

Fuscidea australis Kantvilas, Biblioth. Lichenol. 78: 176 (2001) var. australis *

NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS

Fuscidea australis var. montana Kantvilas, Biblioth. Lichenol. 78: 179 (2001) *

TAS

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Fuscidea elixii Kantvilas, Fl. Australia 56A: 209 (2004) *

NSW

Fuscidea lightfootii (Sm.) Coppins & P.James, Lichenologist 10: 201 (1978)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

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Fuscidea maccarthyi Kantvilas, Fl. Australia 56A: 209 (2004) *

NSW

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Fuscidea mayrhoferi Kantvilas, Fl. Australia 56A: 210 (2004) *

WA

Fuscidea ramboldioides Kantvilas, Biblioth. Lichenol. 78: 182 (2001) *

WA, NSW, TAS

Fuscidea subasbolodes Kantvilas, Biblioth. Lichenol. 78: 185 (2001) *

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Hertel (1985a, 1987, 1989b); Kantvilas (2001, 2004e); Vězda (2001)

FUSCODERMA (D.J.Galloway & P.M.Jørg.) P.M.Jørg. & D.J.Galloway; Pannariaceae

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Fuscoderma amphibolum (C.Knight) P.M.Jørg. & D.J.Galloway, Lichenologist 21: 297 (1989)

Parmeliella amphibola (C.Knight) Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 2, Append. 1: 44 (1894)

Leioderma amphibolum (C.Knight) D.J.Galloway & P.M.Jørg., in Kantvilas & James, Lichenologist 19: 28 (1987)

NSW, VIC?, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Fuscoderma limbatum P.M.Jørg. & D.J.Galloway, Lichenologist 21: 298 (1989)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Jørgensen & Galloway (1992a); Kantvilas & Jarman (1999); Morley & Gibson (2004)

FUSCOPANNARIA P.M.Jørg.; Pannariaceae

Fuscopannaria crustata (Stirt.) P.M.Jørg., New Zealand J. Bot. 37: 260 (1999)

Pannaria crustata Stirt., Trans. Glasgow Soc. Field Naturalists 1: 22 (1873)

Pannaria subimmixta var. recedens Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 4: 92 (1896) [*]

QLD, NSW, ACT, Extra-Aust.

Fuscopannaria decipiens (P.M.Jørg. & D.J.Galloway) P.M.Jørg., New Zealand J. Bot. 37: 261 (1999)

Pannaria decipiens P.M.Jørg. & D.J.Galloway, Fl. Australia 54: 315 (1992)

SA, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS

Fuscopannaria granulans P.M.Jørg., New Zealand J. Bot. 37: 260 (1999)

ACT, Extra-Aust.

Fuscopannaria minor (Darb.) P.M.Jørg., New Zealand J. Bot. 37: 261 (1999)

NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Fuscopannaria subimmixta (C.Knight) P.M.Jørg., New Zealand J. Bot. 37: 261 (1999)

Pannaria subimmixta C.Knight, Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 12: 369 (1880)

Pannaria terrestris Stirt., in Bailey, Queensland Agric. J. 5: 486 (1899) [*]

SA, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Jørgensen & Galloway (1992a); Jørgensen (2001); Elix (2006a)

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G

GALLAICOLICHEN Sérus. & Lücking; Incertae sedis

Gallaicolichen pacificus Sérus. & Lücking, Biblioth. Lichenol. 95: 509 (2007)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Sérusiaux & Lücking (2007)

GASSICURTIA Fée; Physciaceae

Gassicurtia catasema (Tuck.) Marbach, Biblioth. Lichenol. 74: 218 (2000)

Buellia elizae (Tuck.) Tuck., Lich. Calif.: 25 (1866); Australian record

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Gassicurtia subpulchella (Vain). Marbach, Biblioth. Lichenol. 74: 244 (2000), as subpulcella

QLD, LHI, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Elix (2007e, 2008b, 2011n, 2012a)

GINTARASIA Kraichak, Lücking & Lumbsch; Graphidaceae

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Gintarasia lamellifera (Kantvilas & Vězda) Kraichak, Lücking & Lumbsch, in Kraichak et al., Austral. Syst. Bot. 26: 470 (2013) *

Chroodiscus lamelliferus Kantvilas & Vězda, Lichenologist 32: 336 (2000)

Chapsa lamellifera (Kantvilas & Vězda) Mangold, in Mangold, Elix & Lumbsch, Fl. Australia 57: 653 (2009) *

TAS, Extra-Aust.

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Gintarasia lordhowensis (Mangold) Kraichak, Lücking & Lumbsch, in Kraichak et al., Austral. Syst. Bot. 26: 470 (2013) *

NSW, LHI

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Gintarasia megalophthalma (Müll.Arg.) Kraichak, Lücking & Lumbsch, in Kraichak et al., Austral. Syst. Bot. 26: 470 (2013) *

Thelotrema megalophthalmum Müll.Arg., Flora 65: 500 (1882)

Chroodiscus megalophthalmus (Müll.Arg.) Vězda & Kantvilas, in Vězda, Lich. Rar. Exsicc. 3: [25] (1992)

Chapsa megalophthalma (Müll.Arg.) Mangold, in Mangold, Elix & Lumbsch, Fl. Australia 57: 654 (2009)

Thelotrema leucophthalmum var. laceratum Räsänen, Suom. Elain-ja Kasvit. Seuran Van. Tiedon. Pöytäkirjat 3: 184 (1949) [*]

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Mangold et al. (2009); Kraichak et al. (2013)

GLOEOHEPPIA Gyeln.; Gloeoheppiaceae

Gloeoheppia turgida (Ach.) Gyeln., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 38: 312 (1935)

WA, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Elix & Ralston (1999)

GLONIUM Muhl; Gloniaceae

Glonium circumserpens (Nyl.) Kantvilas & Coppins, Lichenologist 29: 525 (1997) *

Melaspilea circumserpens Nyl., in Crombie, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 17: 401 (1880)

TAS

Literature: Crombie (1880); Kantvilas & Coppins (1997a)

GLYPHIS Ach.; Graphidaceae

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Glyphis atrofusca (Müll.Arg.) Lücking, in Archer, Fl. Australia 57: 651 (2009)

Graphis atrofusca (Müll.Arg.) Stizenb., Ber. Tätigk. St. Gallischen Naturwiss. Ges. 1889/90: 186 (1891)

Graphina montoensis A.W.Archer, Mycotaxon 77: 168 (2001)

Glyphis montoensis (A.W.Archer) Staiger, Biblioth. Lichenol. 85: 173 (2002)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Glyphis cicatricosa Ach., Syn. Meth. Lich.: 107 (1814)

Glyphis confluens Zenker, in Goebel & Kunze, Pharm. Waarenk. 1: 163 (1827–29)

Glyphis cicatricosa var. confluens (Zenker) Zahlbr., Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 83: 112 (1909)

Glyphis verrucosa C.Knight, in Shirley, Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 6: 214 (1889) [*]

Glyphis verruculosa Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 2: 457 (1923) [*]

Glyphis favulosa var. depauperata Müll.Arg., Hedwigia 30: 54 (1891)

Glyphis cicatricosa var. depauperata (Müll.Arg.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 2: 456 (1923)

Glyphis cicatricosa var. intermedia (Müll.Arg.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 2: 456 (1923)

Glyphis cribrosa Fée, Nov. Actorum Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 18, Suppl.: 36 (1841); Australian records

CI, NT, QLD, NSW, NI, Extra-Aust.

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Glyphis scyphulifera (Ach.) Staiger, Biblioth. Lichenol. 85: 175 (2002)

Gyrostomum scyphuliferum (Ach.) Nyl., Bull. Soc. Linn. Normandie, sér. 2, 2: 78 (1867)

NT, QLD, NI, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Bailey (1881, 1891a, 1891c); Müller (1891a, 1891b); Shirley (1889b); Thor (1995); Allen et al. (2001); Archer (2001e, 2004c, 2005b, 2006b, 2009a); McCarthy & Elix (2002); Staiger (2002)

GRAPHIDASTRA G.Thor; Roccellaceae

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Graphidastra multiformis (Mont. & Bosch) G.Thor, Opera Bot. 103: 82 (1990)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Thor (1990)

GRAPHINA: See ACANTHOTHECIS, CARBACANTHOGRAPHIS, FISSURINA, GLYPHIS, GRAPHIS, HEMITHECIUM, PALLIDOGRAMME, PHAEOGRAPHIS, PLATYGRAMME, THALLOLOMA & THECARIA

GRAPHIS Adans.; Graphidaceae

Graphis analoga Nyl., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 4, 11: 244 (1859)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Graphis aperiens Müll.Arg., Flora 74: 113 (1891)

Graphis semiaperta Müll.Arg., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 23: 397 (1891) [*]

QLD, NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

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Graphis aquilonia (A.W.Archer) Staiger, Biblioth. Lichenol. 85: 209 (2002) *

Graphina aquilonia A.W.Archer, Mycotaxon 77: 160 (2001)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Graphis assimilis Nyl., Bull. Soc. Linn. Normandie, sér. 2, 2: 109 (1868)

Graphis inamoena Zahlbr., Ann. Cryptog. Exot. 1: 126 (1928)

WA, NT, QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Graphis atrocelata (A.W.Archer) A.W.Archer, Telopea 11: 72 (2005) *

Graphina atrocelata A.W.Archer, Mycotaxon 77: 161 (2001)

QLD

Graphis aurita Eschw., Fl. Bras. Enum. Pl. 1: 90 (1833)

Graphis persulcata Stirt., Proc. Roy. Philos. Soc. Glasgow 11: 315 (1879)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Graphis borealis (A.W.Archer) A.W.Archer, Telopea 11: 72 (2005) *

Graphina borealis A.W.Archer, Mycotaxon 77: 163 (2001)

QLD

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Graphis caesiella Vain., Acta Soc. Fauna Fl. Fenn. 7: 122 (1890)

Graphis kakaduensis A.W.Archer, Austral. Syst. Bot. 14: 264 (2001) [*]

NT, QLD, LHI, NI, Extra-Aust.

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Graphis centrifuga Räsänen, Suom. Elain-ja Kasvit. Seuran Van. Tiedon. Pöytäkirjat 3: 187 (1949) *

Graphis anfractuosa (Eschw.) Eschw., in Martius, Fl. Bras. Enum. Pl. 1: 86 (1833); some Australian records

NSW, VIC, TAS

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Graphis chlorotica A.Massal., in Krempelhuber, Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 21: 865 (1871)

Graphis subtenella Müll.Arg., Flora 70: 400 (1887) [*]

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Graphis cincta (Pers.) Aptroot, in Archer, Fl. Australia 57: 651 (2009)

Graphis tenellula Vain., Ann. Acad. Sci. Fenn., Ser. A, 6(7): 160 (1915)

NT, QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Graphis cleistoblephara Nyl., Ann. Sci, Nat., Bot., sér. 4, 20: 265 (1863)

Graphis hiascens (Fée) A.W.Archer, Telopea 11: 73 (2005)

Graphina hiascens (Fée) Müll.Arg., Mém. Soc. Phys. Hist. Nat. Genève 29(8): 42 (1887)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Graphis coenensis A.W.Archer, Australas. Lichenol. 60: 13 (2007) *

Graphina celata A.W.Archer, Mycotaxon 77: 164 (2001) [*]

Graphis celata (A.W.Archer) A.W.Archer, Telopea 11: 72 (2005)

QLD

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Graphis crassilabra Müll.Arg., Flora 65: 502 (1882) *

QLD, NSW, NI, Extra-Aust.

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Graphis crebra Vain., Hedwigia 38: 256 (1899)

Graphis apertella A.W.Archer, Austral. Syst. Bot. 14: 258 (2001) [*]

QLD, LHI, NI, Extra-Aust.

Graphis cycasicola A.W.Archer & Elix, Australas. Lichenol. 61: 19 (2007) *

Graphina palmicola Müll.Arg., Flora 70: 402 (1887) [*]

NT, QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Graphis daintreensis (A.W.Archer) A.W.Archer, Telopea 11: 72 (2005) *

Graphina daintreensis A.W.Archer, Mycotaxon 77: 164 (2001)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Graphis descissa Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 318 (1895) *

CI, QLD, NSW

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Graphis desquamescens (Fée) Zahlbr., Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 83: 108 (1909)

QLD, NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

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Graphis dimidiata Vain., Acta Soc. Fauna Fl. Fenn. 7: 108 (1890)

Graphina dimidiata (Vain.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 2: 404 (1923)

NT, Extra-Aust.

Graphis dolichographa Nyl., Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn. 7: 465 (1863); Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 4, 19: 360 (1863)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Graphis dracaenae Vain., Cat. Welwitsch Afr. Pl. 2(2): 439 (1901), as dracenae

Graphis immersicans A.W.Archer, Austral. Syst. Bot. 14: 262 (2001) [*]

QLD, NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Graphis duplicatoinspersa Lücking, in Lücking, Chaves, Sipman, Umaña & Aptroot, Fieldiana (Bot.) 46: 71 (2008)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Graphis eburnea Adaw. & Makhija, Mycotaxon 99: 314 (2007)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Graphis elegans (Sm.) Ach., Syn. Meth. Lich.: 85 (1814)

WA, QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Graphis elixiana A.W.Archer, Telopea 11: 72 (2005) *

Phaeographina elixii A.W.Archer, Biblioth. Lichenol. 78: 14 (2001)

QLD

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Graphis emersa Müll.Arg., Hedwigia 32: 132 (1893) *

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Graphis furcata Fée, Essai Crypt. Écorc. 40 (1824)

Graphis albissima Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 319 (1895) [*]

QLD, NSW, VIC, LHI, Extra-Aust.

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Graphis geraensis Redinger, Ark. Bot. 24A(3) 12 (1935)

Graphis anfractuosa (Eschw.) Eschw., in Martius, Fl. Bras. Enum. Pl. 1: 86 (1833); some Australian records

WA, QLD, NSW, VIC, Extra-Aust.

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Graphis glaucescens Fée, Essai Crypt. Écorc. 36 (1824)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Graphis gloriosensis A.W.Archer & Elix, Telopea 11: 454 (2007) *

QLD, NSW

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Graphis gonimica Zahlbr., Ann. Mycol. 30: 431 (1932)

Graphis eimeoensis A.W.Archer & Elix, Telopea 11: 453 (2007) [*]

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Graphis immersella Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 319 (1895) *

Graphis leptalocarpa A.W.Archer, Mycotaxon 83: 364 (2002) [*],

CI, QLD, Extra-Aust.

Graphis insulana (Müll.Arg.) Lücking & Sipman, in Lücking, Chaves, Sipman, Umaña & Aptroot, Fieldiana (Bot.) 46: 84 (2008)

Graphina insulana Müll.Arg., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 4: 56 (1883)

Graphina subtartarea Müll.Arg., Flora 70: 402 (1887) [*]

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Graphis intricata Fée, Essai Crypt. Écorc.: 42 (1824)

QLD, NSW, VIC, LHI, Extra-Aust.

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Graphis leptoclada Müll.Arg., Flora 65: 335 (1882)

Graphis duplicata Ach., Syn. Meth. Lich.: 81 (1814); Australian records

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Graphis librata C.Knight, Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 16: 404 (1884)

QLD, NSW, LHI, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Graphis lineola Ach., Lichenogr. Universalis: 264 (1810)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Graphis longula Kremp., Flora 59: 414 (1876)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Graphis luluensis A.W.Archer, Mycotaxon 89: 326 (2004)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Graphis lumbschii (A.W.Archer) A.W.Archer, Telopea 11: 73 (2005) *

Graphina lumbschii A.W.Archer, Mycotaxon 77: 166 (2001) var. lumbschii

QLD

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Graphis macella Kremp., Flora 59: 380 (1876)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Graphis marginata Raddi, Mem. Soc. Ital. Sci. 18: 344 (1820)

Graphis leucoparypha Kremp., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital.7: 35 (1875)

Graphis turgidula var. norstictica A.W.Archer, Austral. Syst. Bot. 14: 267 (2001) [*]

QLD, Extra Aust.

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Graphis maritima (A.W.Archer) A.W.Archer, Syst. Biodiv. 5: 16 (2007)

Graphina maritima A.W.Archer, Mycotaxon 89: 322 (2004)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Graphis nakanisheana Patw. & Kulkarni, Norw. J. Bot. 26: 46 (1979)

CI, Extra-Aust.

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Graphis noumeana Müll.Arg., Rev. Mycol. 9: 81 (1887)

Graphis illota Müll.Arg., Hedwigia 34: 32 (1895)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Graphis perstriatula Nyl., Bull. Soc. Linn. Normandie, sér. 2, 7: 176 (1873)

Graphis gracilescens Vain., Ann. Acad. Sci. Fenn., Ser. A, 15(6): 203 (1920)

Graphina gracilescens (Vain.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 2: 407 (1923)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Graphis pertricosa (Kremp.) A.W.Archer, Telopea 11: 73 (2005)

Enterographa pertricosa Kremp., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 7: 39 (1875)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Graphis plagiocarpa Fée, Essai Crypt. Ecorc.: 38 (1824)

Graphis lumbschii var. deficiens (A.W.Archer) A.W.Archer, Telopea 11: 73 (2005) [*]

Graphina lumbschii var. deficiens A.W.Archer, Mycotaxon 77: 167 (2001)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Graphina [Graphis] platycarpa var. recta (Müll.Arg.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 2: 419 (1923) *

Graphina sophistica var. recta Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 321 (1895)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Graphis polyclades Kremp., Verh. K.K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien, B, 30: 341 (‘1880’) [1881] *

Graphina polyclades (Kremp.) Müll.Arg., Flora 65: 502 (1882)

QLD, NSW

Graphis rimulosa (Mont.) Trevis., Spighe e Paglie: 11 (1853) var. rimulosa

Graphis rimulosa var. brachycarpa Müll.Arg., in Bailey, Bot. Bull. Dept. Agric., Queensland 13: 27 (1896) [*]

?Graphis rigidula Müll.Arg., Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 30: 78 (1891); Australian records

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust

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Graphis rustica Kremp., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital.7: 61 (1875)

Graphis turgidula Müll.Arg., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 30: 457 (1885) var. turgidula [*]

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Graphis saxicola (Müll.Arg.) A.W.Archer, Telopea 11: 74 (2005) *

Graphina saxicola Müll.Arg., Flora 70: 401 (1887)

QLD

Graphis sayeri Müll.Arg., Flora 70: 401 (1887) *

Graphis epimelaena Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 319 (1895) [*]

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Graphis schiffneri Zahlbr., Ann. Cryptog. Exot. 1: 127 (1928)

NT, Extra-Aust.

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Graphis seminuda Müll.Arg., Bull. Soc. Roy. Bot. Belgique 30: 79 (1891)

Graphis catherinae A.W.Archer, Austral. Syst. Bot. 14: 259 (2001) [*]

QLD, NSW, LHI, Extra-Aust.

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Graphis stenospora (Müll.Arg.) var. deficiens A.W.Archer, Mycotaxon 80: 370 (2001) *

QLD, NSW

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Graphis stenotera Vain., Ann. Acad. Sci. Fenn., Ser. A, 15(6): 209 (1921)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Graphis stipitata A.W.Archer, Mycotaxon 80: 367 (2001) *

QLD

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Graphis streblocarpa (Bél.) Nyl., Flora 49: 133 (1866)

Graphina streblocarpa (Bél.) Müll.Arg., Flora 65: 502 (1882)

Graphina fissofurcata (Leight.) Müll.Arg., Flora 65: 385 (1882)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Graphis streimannii A.W.Archer, Austral. Syst. Bot. 14: 265 (2001) *

NT, QLD

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Graphis striatula (Ach.) Spreng., Syst. Veg. 4(1): 250 (1858)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Graphis subcelata A.W.Archer, Fl. Australia 57: 652 (2009)

QLD, NSW

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Graphis subimmersa (Fée) A.Massal., Mem. Lichenogr. 111 (1853)

Graphis propinqua Müll.Arg., Flora 65: 502 (1882) [*]

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Graphis subregularis A.W.Archer, Austral. Syst. Bot. 14: 266 (2001) *

QLD

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Graphis subserpentina Nyl., Acta. Soc. Sci. Fenn. 7: 465 (1863)

Graphina subserpentina (Nyl.) Müll.Arg., Bull. Soc. Bot. Belgique 32: 152 (1893)

WA, NT, QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Graphis subvelata Stirt., in Bailey, Queensland Agric. J. 5: 488 (1899) *

Graphina subvelata (Stirt.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 2: 428 (1923)

Thalloloma subvelata (Stirt.) D.J.Galloway, New Zealand J. Bot. 42: 118 (2004)

NT, QLD, NI, Extra-Aust.

Graphis superans Müll.Arg., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 20: 281 (1894)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Graphis supracola A.W.Archer, Austral. Syst. Bot. 14: 267 (2001) *

QLD

Graphis tenella Ach., Syn. Meth. Lich.: 81 (1814)

Graphis endoxantha Nyl., Bull. Soc. Linn. Normandie, sér. 2, 2: 110 (1868)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Graphis tenuirima (Shirley) A.W.Archer, Telopea 11: 74 (2005) *

Graphina tenuirima Shirley, in Bailey, Bot. Bull. Dept. Agric., Queensland 18: 34 (1892) *

NT, QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Graphis vestitoides (Fink) Staiger, Biblioth. Lichenol. 85: 263 (2002)

Graphina acharii (Fée) Müll.Arg., Mém. Soc. Phys. Hist. Nat. Genève 29(8): 42 (1887); Australian records

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Graphis vinosa Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 318 (1895) *

NT, QLD

Graphis virescens Müll.Arg., Flora 63: 20 (1880)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Graphis vittata Müll.Arg., Flora 65: 335 (1882)

Graphis treubii Zahlbr., Ann. Cryptog. Exot. 1: 129 (1928)

CI, NT, QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Graphis xanthospora Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 320 (1895) *

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Kantvilas (1990a); Kantvilas & James (1991); Kantvilas & Elix (1992); Archer (1998, 1999a, 2001a, e, f, 2003a, d, e, 2004a, c, 2006b, 2007a, b, 2009a); Sipman & Streimann (1998); Staiger (2002); Archer & Elix (2007a, b, 2008)

GYALECTA Ach.; Gyalectaceae

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Gyalecta jenensis (Batsch) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 2: 720 (1924)

Gyalecta cupularis (Hedw.) Schaer., Lich. Helv. Spic. 2: 79 (1826); Australian record

TAS, Extra-Aust.

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Gyalecta uncinata (P.M.McCarthy & Kantvilas) Baloch & Lücking, in Baloch, Lumbsch, Lücking & Wedin, Lichenologist 45: 726 (2013) *

Belonia uncinata P.M.McCarthy & Kantvilas, Lichenologist 29: 489 (1997)

VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Babington & Mitten (1859); Shirley (1894a); McCarthy & Kantvilas (1997); Elix et al. (2009); Baloch et al. (2013)

GYALECTARIA I.Schmitt, Kalb & Lumbsch; Coccotremataceae

Gyalectaria jamesii (Kantvilas) I.Schmitt, Kalb & Lumbsch, in Schmitt et al., Mycology 1: 81 (2010) *

Pertusaria jamesii Kantvilas, Lichenologist 22: 296 (1990)

NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature:Kantvilas (1990c); Schmitt et al. (2010)

GYALECTIDIUM Müll.Arg.; Gomphillaceae

Gyalectidium australe Lücking, in Ferraro et al., Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 137: 325 (2001) *

QLD

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Gyalectidium caucasicum (Elenkin & Woron.) Vězda, Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 18: 56 (1983)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Gyalectidium filicinum Müll.Arg., Flora 64: 101 (1881)

QLD, NSW, LHI, NI, Extra-Aust.

Gyalectidium flabellatum Sérus., in Ferraro et al., Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 137: 336 (2001)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Gyalectidium imperfectum Vězda, Nova Hedwigia 58: 131 (1994) *

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Gyalectidium microcarpum (Vězda) Lücking, Sérus. & Vězda, in Ferraro et al., Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 137: 339 (2001)

Calenia microcarpa Vězda, Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 14: 55 (1979)

Bullatina microcarpa (Vězda) Brusse, Mycotaxon 49: 11 (1993)

QLD, NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Gyalectidium novoguineense Sérus., in Ferraro et al., Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 137: 340 (2001)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Gyalectidium verruculosum Sérus., in Ferraro et al., Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 137: 343 (2001)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Santesson (1952); Santesson & Tibell (1988); Vězda (1994a); McCarthy et al. (1996); McCarthy (2000b); Ferraro et al. (2001); Lücking et al. (2001b); Elix et al. (2009)

GYALIDEA Lettau; Gomphillaceae

Gyalidea hensseniae Hafellner, Poelt & Vězda, in Poelt & Vězda, Phyton (Horn) 30: 52 (1990) *

QLD, NSW

Gyalidea hyalinescens (Nyl.) Vězda, Folia Geobot. Phytotax. Bohemoslov. 1: 321 (1966)

QLD, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Hafellner et al. (1989); Vězda & Poelt (1990, 1991); Jarman & Kantvilas (2001)

GYALIDEOPSIS Vězda; Gomphillaceae

Gyalideopsis graminicola Vězda & Kantvilas, in Kantvilas & Vězda, Telopea 4: 667 (1992) *

TAS

Gyalideopsis heardense Øvstedal, in Øvstedal & Gremmen, Lichenologist 40: 236 (2008) *

HI

Gyalideopsis lambinonii Vězda, Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 14: 64 (1979)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Gyalideopsis perlucida Vězda & Hafellner, Preslia 60: 239 (1988) *

QLD

Gyalideopsis rogersii Hafellner & Vězda, Preslia 60: 241 (1988) *

QLD

Gyalideopsis rubescens Vězda, Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 14: 67 (1979)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Gyalideopsis verruculosa Vězda & Hafellner, Nova Hedwigia 52: 78 (1991)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Gyalideopsis williamsii Kalb & Vězda, Nova Hedwigia 58: 523 (1994) *

NSW

Gyalideopsis wirthii Kalb & Vězda, Nova Hedwigia 58: 525 (1994) *

QLD

Literature: Vězda & Hafellner (1988, 1991); Lumbsch & Vězda (1990); Kantvilas & Vězda (1992); Kalb & Vězda (1994a); Kalb (1996); Allen et al. (2001); Lücking et al. (2001b); Øvstedal & Gremmen (2008)

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H

HAEMATOMMA A.Massal.; Haematommataceae

Haematomma accolens (Stirt.) Hillmann, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 49: 34 (1940)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Haematomma africanum (J.Steiner) C.W.Dodge, Beih. Nova Hedwigia 38: 39 (‘1970’) [1971]

Haematomma bubalinum R.W.Rogers, Lichenologist 17: 308 (1985) [*]

QLD, NSW, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Haematomma collatum (Stirt.) C.W.Dodge, Beih. Nova Hedwigia 38: 41 (‘1970’) [1971]

Lecanora punicea var. collata Stirt., Trans. Glasgow Soc. Field Naturalists 5: 216 (1877)

Haematomma puniceum var. collatum (Stirt.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 5: 770 (1928)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Haematomma eremaeum R.W.Rogers, Lichenologist 14: 124 (1982) *

Haematomma pruinosum R.W.Rogers, Lichenologist 14: 125 (1982) [*]

WA

Haematomma erythromma (Nyl.) Zahlbr., K. Svenska Vetensk-Akad. Handl. 57(6): 37 (1917)

HI, Extra-Aust.

Haematomma fenzlianum A.Massal., Mem. Imp. Reale Ist. Veneto 10: 58 (1861)

Haematomma saxicola R.W.Rogers, in Rogers & Bartlett, Lichenologist 18: 254 (1986)

LHI, Extra-Aust.

Haematomma flexuosum Hillmann, Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 49: 35 (1938)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Haematomma infuscum (Stirt.) R.W.Rogers, Lichenologist 14: 124 (1982) *

Lecanora punicea var. infusca Stirt., in Bailey, Queensland Agric. J. 5: 38 (1899)

Haematomma puniceum var. infuscum (Stirt.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 5: 770 (1928)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Haematomma nothofagi Kalb & Staiger, in Staiger & Kalb, Biblioth. Lichenol. 59: 139 (1995)

NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

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Haematomma persoonii (Fée) A.Massal., Atti Reale Ist. Veneto, Sci. Lett. Arti, ser. 3, 5: 253 (1860)

Haematomma simile Bagl., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 7: 248 (1875)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Haematomma rufidulum (Fée) A.Massal., Atti Reale Ist. Veneto, Sci. Lett. Arti, ser. 3, 5: 253 (1860)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Haematomma sorediatum R.W.Rogers, Lichenologist 14: 128 (1982) *

WA, QLD, NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

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Haematomma stevensiae R.W.Rogers, Lichenologist 14: 128 (1982) *

QLD

Literature: Crombie (1880); Knight (1882); Shirley (1889b); Stirton (1899a); Richardson & Richardson (1982); Rogers (1982a, 1985); Rogers & Bartlett (1986); Kantvilas et al. (1993); Elix (1994aa, 1994bb, 2004c); Staiger & Kalb (1995); Allen et al. (2001); Øvstedal & Gremmen (2008)

HAFELLIA: See BUELLIA

HALECANIA M.Mayrhofer; Catillariaceae

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Halecania subsquamosa (Müll.Arg.) van den Boom & Mayrhofer, Australas. Lichenol. 60: 32 (2007)

Lecania subsquamosa Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 634 (1895)

?Lecania muelleriana Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 5: 736 (1928) [*]

Halecania australis Lumbsch, in Lumbsch & Feige, Mycotaxon 52: 431 (1994) [*]

WA, SA, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Lumbsch & Feige (1994); Vězda (1996, 1999); Van den Boom & Elix (2005); Van den Boom & Mayrhofer (2007)

HALEGRAPHA Rivas Plata & Lücking; Graphidaceae

Halegrapha mucronata (Stirt.) Lücking, in Lücking et al., Lichenologist 43: 340 (2011)

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Graphis mucronata Stirt., Trans. Glasgow Soc. Field Naturalists 4: 93 (1876) *

Phaeographis mucronata (Stirt.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 2: 382 (1923)

Platygramme mucronata (Stirt.) A.W.Archer, Biblioth. Lichenol. 94: 136 (2006)

Phaeographis australiensis Müll.Arg., Flora 65: 504 (1882) [*]

Phaeographis cinerascens Müll.Arg., Flora 65: 503 (1882) [*]

Phaeographis subcompulsa Müll.Arg., Flora 65: 503 (1882) [*]

Phaeographis inscripta Müll.Arg., Flora 65: 504 (1882) [*]

Graphis aulacothecia C.Knight, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, ser. 2, 2: 41 (1882) [*]

WA, QLD, NSW, NI, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature:Archer (2009a); Lücking et al. (2011a)

HEMITHECIUM Trevis.; Graphidaceae

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Hemithecium aphanes (Mont. & Bosch) M.Nakan. & Kashiw., Bull. Natl. Sci. Mus. Tokyo, Ser. B, 29(2): 88 (2003)

Graphis aphanes Mont. & Bosch, Pl. Junghuhn. 4: 474 (1855)

Graphis vermifera Müll.Arg., Flora 70: 401 (1887) [*]

Graphis malacodes Nyl., Bull. Soc. Linn. Normandie, sér. 2, 2: 77 (1868); Australian record

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Hemithecium contortum (Müll.Arg.) A.W.Archer, Telopea 11: 75 (2005)

Graphina contorta Müll.Arg., Rev. Mycol. (Toulouse) 9: 81 (1887)

Graphina incerta Redinger, Ark. Bot. 26A(1): 59 (1933)

Hemithecium incertum (Redinger) A.W.Archer, Telopea 11: 75 (2005)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Hemithecium implicatum (Fée) Staiger, Biblioth. Lichenol. 85: 287 (2002)

WA, Extra-Aust.

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Hemithecium laubertianum (Fée) Staiger, Biblioth. Lichenol. 85: 288 (2002)

Graphis argopholis C.Knight ex Müll.Arg., Flora 70: 401 (1887) [*]

Hemithecium argopholis (C.Knight ex Müll.Arg.) A.W.Archer, Telopea 11: 74 (2005)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Hemithecium radicicola (A.W.Archer) A.W.Archer, Telopea 11: 75 (2005) *

Graphina radicicola A.W.Archer, Mycotaxon 77: 169 (2001)

QLD

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Hemithecium rimulosum (Müll.Arg.) Mangold, Lumbsch & Kalb, Australas. Lichenol. 62: 32 (2008) *

Thelotrema rimulosum Müll.Arg., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 23: 396 (1891)

Phaeographina hadrospora A.W.Archer, Telopea 9: 337 (2001) [*]

Hemithecium hadrosporum (A.W.Archer) A.W.Archer, Telopea 11: 75 (2005)

Thelotrema monosporum C.Knight ex Shirley, Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 6: 191 (1999), nom. illeg.

QLD, NSW

Literature: Archer (1999a, 2000a, 2001b, 2001c, 2001c, 2003d, 2005b, 2006b, 2009a); Archer & Elix (2008a); Staiger (2002); Mangold et al. (2008b)

HEPPIA Naeg.; Heppiaceae

Heppia despreauxii (Mont.) Tuck., Gen. Lich.: 46 (1872)

WA, NT, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Heppia lutosa (Ach.) Nyl., Syn. Meth. Lich. 2: 45 (1863)

Heppia brisbanensis F.Wilson, in Bailey, Bot. Bull. Dept. Agric., Queensland 7: 32 (1891) [*]

SA, QLD, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Bailey (1891b); Filson & Rogers (1979); Filson (1988); Eldridge (1996); Elix & Ralston (1999)

HERPOTHALLON Tobler; Arthoniaceae

Herpothallon albidum (Feé) Aptroot, Lücking & G.Thor, in Aptroot, Thor, Lücking, Elix & Chaves, Biblioth. Lichenol. 99: 28 (2009)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Herpothallon australasicum (Elix) Elix & G.Thor, in Aptroot, Thor, Lücking, Elix & Chaves, Biblioth. Lichenol. 99: 33 (2009) *

Cryptothecia australasica Elix, Australas. Lichenol. 60: 16 (2007)

QLD

Herpothallon biacidum Frisch, Elix & G.Thor, Lichenologist 42: 286 (2010) *

QLD

Herpothallon confluenticum Aptroot & Lücking, in Aptroot, Thor, Lücking, Elix & Chaves, Biblioth. Lichenol. 99: 35 (2009)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Herpothallon echinatum Aptroot, Lücking & Will-Wolf, in Aptroot, Thor, Lücking, Elix & Chaves, Biblioth. Lichenol. 99: 38 (2009)

QLD, NI, Extra-Aust.

Herpothallon granulare (Sipman) Aptroot & Lücking, in Aptroot, Thor, Lücking, Elix & Chaves, Biblioth. Lichenol. 99: 43 (2009)

NT, Extra-Aust.

Herpothallon granulosum Jagadeesh Ram & G.P.Sinha, Lichenologist 41: 609 (2009)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Herpothallon queenslandicum (Elix) Elix, in Aptroot, Thor, Lücking, Elix & Chaves, Biblioth. Lichenol. 99: 58 (2009) *

Cryptothecia queenslandica Elix, Australas. Lichenol. 62: 35 (2008)

QLD

Herpothallon rubrocinctoides (G.Thor) Aptroot, Lücking & G.Thor, in Aptroot, Thor, Lücking, Elix & Chaves, Biblioth. Lichenol. 99: 50 (2009) *

Cryptothecia rubrocinctoides G.Thor, Symb. Bot. Upsal. 32(1): 284 (1997)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Literature:Vězda & Kalb (1991); Thor (1997); Elix (2006e, 2007a, b, 2008a, 2008b, 2009c, 2010b, 2012a); Aptroot et al. (2009); Frisch et al. (2010)

HERTELIDEA Printzen & Kantvilas; Stereocaulaceae

Hertelidea aspera (Müll.Arg.) Kantvilas & Elix, Australas. Lichenol. 57: 4 (2005) *

Lecidea aspera Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 1: 45 (1893)

Hertelidea geophila Kantvilas & Printzen, in Printzen & Kantvilas, Biblioth. Lichenol. 88: 547 (2004) *

NSW, VIC, TAS

Hertelidea eucalypti Kantvilas & Printzen, in Printzen & Kantvilas, Biblioth. Lichenol. 88: 545 (2004) *

VIC, TAS

Hertelidea pseudobotryosa R.C.Harris, Ladd & Printzen, in Printzen & Kantvilas, Biblioth. Lichenol. 88: 549 (2004) *

WA, SA, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

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Hertelidea wankaensis Kantvilas & Elix, Australas. Lichenol. 59: 30 (2005) *

WA, QLD

Literature: Printzen & Kantvilas (2004); Kantvilas & Elix (2005, 2006b); Elix (2006a, 2009p)

HETEROCYPHELIUM Vain.; Caliciaceae

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Heterocyphelium leucampyx (Tuck.) Vain., Acta Soc. Fauna Fl. Fenn. 57: 16 (1927)

Tylophoron triloculare Müll.Arg., Hedwigia 32: 122 (1893) [*]

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Tibell (1987)

HETERODEA: See CLADIA

HETERODERMIA Trevis.; Physciaceae

Heterodermia albicans (Pers.) Swinscow & Krog, Lichenologist 8: 113 (1976)

Heterodermia domingensis (Ach.) Trevis., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 1: 114 (1869)

Anaptychia ravenelii (Tuck.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 7: 737 (1931)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Heterodermia angustiloba (Müll.Arg.) D.D.Awasthi, Geophytology 3: 113 (1973) *

Physcia speciosa var. angustiloba Müll.Arg., Flora 66: 78 (1883)

Anaptychia speciosa var. angustiloba (Müll.Arg.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 7: 741 (1931)

Anaptychia angustiloba (Müll.Arg.) Kurok., Beih. Nova Hedwigia 6: 39 (1962)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Heterodermia antillarum (Vain.) Swinscow & Krog, Lichenologist 8: 114 (1976)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Heterodermia appendiculata (Kurok.) Swinscow & Krog, Lichenologist 8: 114 (1976)

Anaptychia appendiculata Kurok., Beih. Nova Hedwigia 6: 61 (1962)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Heterodermia archeri Elix, Australas. Lichenol. 68: 16 (2011) *

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Heterodermia boryi Swinscow & Krog, Lichenologist 8: 122 (1976)

Heterodermia neoleucomelaena (Kurok.) D.D.Awasthi, Geophytology 3: 114 (1973)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Heterodermia chilensis (Kurok.) Swinscow & Krog, Lichenologist 8: 115 (1976)

Anaptychia chilensis Kurok., Beih. Nova Hedwigia 6: 65 (1962)

VIC, Extra-Aust.

Heterodermia comosa (Eschw.) Follman & Rédon, Willdenowia 6: 446 (1972)

Anaptychia comosa (Eschw.) A.Massal., Mem. Lichenogr.: 39: (1853)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Heterodermia coralloidea Elix, Australas. Lichenol. 69: 12 (2011) *

NSW

Heterodermia corcovadoensis (Kurok.) Elix, Australas. Lichenol. 68: 19 (2011) *

Anaptychia flabellata var. corcovadoensis Kurok., Beih. Nova Hedwigia 6: 60 (1962)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Heterodermia diademata (Taylor) D.D.Awasthi, Geophytology 3: 113 (1973)

Anaptychia diademata (Taylor) Kurok., Beih. Nova Hedwigia 6: 28 (1962)

Physcia speciosa var. major (Kremp.) Müll.Arg., Flora 70: 60 (1887)

QLD, NSW, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Heterodermia dissecta (Kurok.) D.D.Awasthi, Geophytology 3: 113 (1973)

Anaptychia dissecta Kurok., Beih. Nova Hedwigia 6: 55 (1962)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Heterodermia flabellata (Fée) D.D.Awasthi, Geophytology 3: 113 (1973)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Heterodermia fragilissima (Kurok.) J.-C.Wei & J.-M.Jiang, Lich. Xizang: 111 (1986)

Anaptychia fragilissima Kurok., Beih. Nova Hedwigia 6: 60 (1962)

WA, QLD, NSW, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Heterodermia hybocarponica Elix, Australas. Lichenol. 67: 3 (2010) *

SA, QLD, NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Heterodermia hypocaesia (Yasuda) D.D.Awasthi, Geophytology 3: 113 (1973)

Anaptychia hypocaesia Yasuda, in Räsänen, J. Jap. Bot. 16: 139 (1940)

Heterodermia dendritica (Pers.) Poelt, Nova Hedwigia 9: 31 (1965); Australian record?

QLD, NSW, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Heterodermia isidiophora (Nyl.) D.D.Awasthi, Geophytology 3: 114 (1973)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Heterodermia isidiophorella Elix, Australas. Lichenol. 69: 13 (2011) *

QLD, NSW

Heterodermia japonica (Sato) Swinscow & Krog, Lichenologist 8: 122 (1976)

Anaptychia japonica (Sato) Kurok., Beih. Nova Hedwigia 6: 58 (1962)

Anaptychia propagulifera Vain., Philipp. J. Sci., sect. C, 8: 107 (1913)

Heterodermia propagulifera (Vain.) Dey, in Parker & Roane, Dist. Hist. Biota S. Appal. 4: 403 (1977)

WA, SA, QLD, NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Heterodermia koyana (Kurok.) Elix, Australas. Lichenol. 66: 61 (2010)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Heterodermia koyanoides Elix, Australas. Lichenol. 69: 14 (2011) *

QLD

Heterodermia lepidota Swinscow & Krog, Lichenologist 8: 122 (1976)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Heterodermia leucomela (L.) Poelt, Nova Hedwigia 9: 31 (1965)

Anaptychia leucomelaena (L.) A.Massal., Mem. Lichenogr.: 35 (1853)

Anaptychia leucomelaena var. multifida Vain., Acta Soc. Fauna Fl. Fenn. 7: 128 (1890)

Anaptychia leucomelaena var. angustifolia (Meyen & Flot.) Müll.Arg., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 20: 249 (1894)

Anaptychia leucomelaena f. albociliata (Nyl.) Hue, Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat., sér. 4, 1: 107 (1899)

Anaptychia ophioglossa (Taylor) Kurok., J. Jap. Bot. 35: 354 (1960)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Heterodermia microphylla (Kurok.) Swinscow & Krog, Lichenologist 8: 132 (1976)

Anaptychia microphylla (Kurok.) Kurok., Beih. Nova Hedwigia 6: 44 (1962)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Heterodermia neglecta Lendemer, R.C.Harris & E.Tripp, Bryologist 110: 490 (2007)

WA, QLD, NSW, VIC, Extra-Aust.

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Heterodermia obscurata (Nyl.) Trevis., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 1: 114 (1869)

Anaptychia obscurata (Nyl.) Vain., Acta Soc. Fauna Fl. Fenn. 7: 137 (1890)

WA, SA, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Heterodermia podocarpa (Bél.) D.D.Awasthi, Geophytology 3: 114 (1973)

Anaptychia podocarpa (Bél.) A.Massal., Atti Reale Ist. Veneto Sci. Lett. Arti, ser. 3, 5: 249 (1860)

Heterodermia barbifera (Nyl.) K.P.Singh, Bull. Bot. Surv. India 21: 221 (‘1979’); Australian records

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Heterodermia pseudospeciosa (Kurok.) W.L.Culb., Bryologist 69: 484 (1967)

Anaptychia pseudospeciosa Kurok., Beih. Nova Hedwigia 6: 25 (1962)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Heterodermia queenslandica Elix, Australas. Lichenol. 67: 5 (2010) *

Heterodermia hypoleuca (Ach.) Trevis., Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat. 11: 615 (1868); Australian record?

QLD

Heterodermia reagens (Kurok.) Elix, Australas. Lichenol. 67: 6 (2010)

Anaptychia japonica var. reagens Kurok., J. Jap. Bot. 35: 354 (1960)

WA, QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Heterodermia spathulifera Moberg & Purvis, Symb. Bot. Upsal 32(1): 192 (1997)

QLD, NSW, VIC, Extra-Aust.

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Heterodermia speciosa (Wulfen) Trevis., Atti Soc. Ital. Sci. Nat. 11: 614 (1869)

Anaptychia speciosa (Wulfen) A.Massal., Mem. Lichenogr.: 36 (1853)

Physcia speciosa (Wulfen) Nyl., Acta Soc. Linn. Bordeaux 21: 307 (1856)

Physcia speciosa f. sorediosa Müll.Arg., Flora 66: 78 (1883) [*]

Anaptychia speciosa f. sorediosa (Müll.Arg.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 7: 741 (1931)

Anaptychia speciosa f. sorediifera (Müll.Arg.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 7: 741 (1931)

WA, QLD, NSW, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Heterodermia stellata (Vain.) W.A.Weber, Mycotaxon 13: 102 (1981)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Heterodermia subascendens (Asah.) Trass, Folia Cryptog. Estonica 29: 20 (1992)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Heterodermia subcitrina Moberg, Symb. Bot. Upsal 34(1): 266 (2004)

QLD, NSW, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Heterodermia subcomosa (Nyl.) Elix, Lich. Australas. Exsicc. 4: [80] (1985)

NI, Extra-Aust.

Heterodermia subisidiosa (Kurok.) Kurok., Fl. Cryptog. Estonica 32: 23 (1998)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Heterodermia subneglecta Elix, Australas. Lichenol. 68: 17 (2011) *

NSW, VIC

Heterodermia tabularis Elix, Australas. Lichenol. 69: 14 (2011) *

QLD

Heterodermia tasmanica Elix, Australas. Lichenol. 69: 15 (2011) *

TAS

Heterodermia tremulans (Müll.Arg.) W.L.Culb., Bryologist 69: 485 (1967)

Physcia hypoleuca var. tremulans Müll.Arg., Flora 63: 277 (1880)

Anaptychia tremulans (Müll.Arg.) Kurok., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 37: 597 (1973)

Anaptychia pseudospeciosa var. tremulans (Müll.Arg.) Kurok., Beih. Nova Hedwigia 6: 25 (1962)

SA, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Heterodermia verdonii Elix, Australas. Lichenol. 68: 18 (2011) *

QLD, NSW

Heterodermia violostriata Elix, Australas. Lichenol. 69: 16 (2011) *

QLD, NSW, VIC, TAS

Literature: Hampe (1852); Krempelhuber (1880); Bailey (1881, 1884, 1891c, 1893); Knight (1882); Müller (1883a, 1892b); Mueller (1887); Wilson (1887, 1893b); Shirley (1889a, 1892); Zahlbruckner (1896); Stirton (1899a); Kurokawa (1962, 1973); Weber (1969); Filson & Rogers (1979); Stevens (1979); Elix & Streimann (1982); Richardson & Richardson (1982); Elix (1985, 1987, 2007a, 2008b, 2010b, 2010c, 2011a, 2011d, 2011o, 2012a); Kantvilas et al. (1985); Kantvilas & Jarman (1999); Allen et al. (2001); Moberg (2004)

HETEROPLACIDIUM Breuss; Verrucariaceae

Heteroplacidium contumescens (Nyl.) Breuss, Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 98: 40 (1996)

SA, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Breuss (2001b)

HUEIDEAKantvilas & P.M.McCarthy; Fuscideaceae

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Hueidea australiensis Kantvilas & P.M.McCarthy, Lichenologist 35: 399 (2003) *

NSW

Literature: Kantvilas & McCarthy (2003, 2004)

HYPERPHYSCIA Müll.Arg.; Physciaceae

Hyperphyscia adglutinata (Flörke) H.Mayrhofer & Poelt, Herzogia 5: 62 (1979)

Physcia adglutinata (Flörke) Nyl., Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 5: 107 (1857)

Physciopsis adglutinata (Flörke) M.Choisy, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Soc. Bot. Lyon 19: 20 (1950)

Physcia elaeina (Sm.) A.L.Sm., Monogr. Brit. Lich., 2nd edn, 1: 244 (1918); Australian records

Physciopsis elaeina (Sm.) Poelt, Nova Hedwigia 9: 30 (1965); Australian records

SA, QLD, NSW, NI, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Hyperphyscia isidiata Moberg, Nordic J. Bot. 7: 722 (1987)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Hyperphyscia pandani (H.Magn.) Moberg, Nordic J. Bot. 7: 722 (1987)

Physcia pandani H.Magn., in Magnusson & Zahlbruckner, Ark. Bot. 32(2): 5 (1945)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Hyperphyscia pruinosa Moberg, Nordic J. Bot. 7: 723 (1987)

WA, NT, SA, QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Hyperphyscia syncolla (Tuck. ex Nyl.) Kalb, Lich. Neotrop. Exsicc. 6: [230] (1983)

Physcia syncolla Tuck. ex Nyl., Syn. Meth. Lich. 1(1): 428 (1858)

Physciopsis syncolla (Tuck. ex Nyl.) Poelt, Nova Hedwigia 9: 30 (1965)

WA, NT, SA, QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Filson & Rogers (1979); Stevens (1979); Elix (1985, 1989, 2007a); Riedl (1988); Kantvilas (1989a); Allen et al. (2001); Rogers (2011)

HYPOCENOMYCE M.Choisy; Ophioparmaceae [SEE ALSO Carbonicola & Xylographa]

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Hypocenomyce australis Timdal, Nordic J. Bot. 4: 95 (1984) *

Lecidea friesii Ach., in Liljeblad, Utkast Sv. Fl. 3: 610 (1816); Australian records

Hypocenomyce friesii (Ach.) P.James & Gotth.Schneid., in Schneider, Biblioth. Lichenol. 13: 84 (1979); Australian records

WA, SA, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Hypocenomyce scalaris (Ach.) M.Choisy, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Soc. Bot. Lyon 22: 103 (1953)

Lecidea scalaris (Ach.) Ach., Methodus: 78 (1803)

Psora ostreata Hoffm., Deutschl. Fl.: 163 (1796)

Lecidea ostreata (Hoffm.) Schaer., Lich. Helv. Spic. 3: 110 (1828)

WA, SA, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Hypocenomyce tinderryensis Elix, Australas. Lichenol. 61: 21 (2007) *

WA, NSW, ACT

Literature: Weber (1969); Schneider (1979); Elix & Streimann (1982); Richardson & Richardson (1982); Hertel (1983a); Timdal (1984); Kantvilas & Jarman (1988); Lumbsch (1988); Dirig (1990); Elix (1992b, 2005, 2007a, f, 2009f, 2010b); Thor & Timdal (1995); Allen et al. (2001); Kantvilas et al. (2008a); Bendiksby & Timdal (2013)

HYPOGYMNIA Nyl.; Parmeliaceae

Hypogymnia australica Elix, in Elix & Jenkins, Mycotaxon 35: 469 (1989) *

NSW

Hypogymnia billardierei (Mont.) Filson, Victorian Naturalist 87: 325 (1970) *

Cetraria billardierei Mont., Syll. Gen. Sp. Crypt.: 322 (1856)

Parmelia conferta Taylor, J. Bot. (Hooker) 6: 164 (1847) [*]

Parmelia placorhodioides Nyl., Syn. Meth. Lich. 1(2): 401 (1860) [*]

Parmelia physodes var. placorhodioides (Nyl.) Müll.Arg., Flora 66: 76 (1883)

Parmelia hospitans Müll.Arg., Flora 66: 76 (1883) [*]

Parmelia physodes var. leucina Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 4: 90 (1896) [*]

Parmelia mitchellii de Lesd., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 61: 82 (1914)

SA, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Hypogymnia enteromorphoides Elix, Brunonia 2: 190 (1980) *

Hypogymnia vittata (Ach.) Parrique, Acta Soc. Linn. Bordeaux 53: 66 (1898); Australian records

Hypogymnia enteromorpha (Ach.) Nyl., Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn. 26(10): 7 (1900); Australian records

Hypogymnia lugubris var. compacta (Müll.Arg.) C.W.Dodge, Trans. Amer. Microscop. Soc. 84: 506 (1965); Australian records

WA, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS

Hypogymnia kosciuskoensis Elix, Brunonia 2: 194 (1980) *

Hypogymnia subobscura (Vain.) Poelt, Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 4: 297 (1962); Australian records

NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Hypogymnia lugubris (Pers.) Krog, Norsk Polarinst. Skr. 144: 99 (1968)

Parmelia lugubris Pers., in Gaudichaud, Voy. Uranie: 196 (1826)

Parmelia physodes f. lugubris (Pers.) F.Wilson, Pap. & Proc. Roy. Soc. Tasmania 1892: 174 (1893)

Parmelia physodes var. sublugubris Müll.Arg., Flora 66: 75 (1883) [*]

Hypogymnia lugubris var. sublugubris (Müll.Arg.) Elix, Brunonia 2: 207 (1980)

Hypogymnia physodes f. sublugubris (Müll.Arg.) Räsänen, Ann. Bot. Soc. Zool.-Bot. Fenn. “Vanamo” 18(1): 14 (1943)

Parmelia lugubris f. compactior Zahlbr., Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. Denkschr. 104: 358 (1941)

Hypogymnia lugubris var. compactior (Zahlbr.) Elix, Brunonia 2: 203 (1980)

WA, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, MI, Extra-Aust.

Hypogymnia mundata (Nyl.) Oxner ex Rass., Bot. Mater. Otd. Sporov. Rast. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 11: 11 (1956) *

Parmelia mundata Nyl., Syn. Meth. Lich. 1(2): 401 (1860)

Parmelia physodes var. mundata (Nyl.) Müll.Arg., Flora 66: 176 (1883)

Parmelia campbellii C.Knight, Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 1: 114 (1884) [*]

SA, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Hypogymnia pseudobitteriana (D.D.Awasthi) D.D.Awasthi, Geophytology 1: 101 (1971)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Hypogymnia pulchrilobata (Bitter) Elix, Brunonia 2: 214 (1980) *

Parmelia pulchrilobata Bitter, Hedwigia 11: 244 (1901)

WA, SA, NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Hypogymnia pulverata (Nyl.) Elix, Brunonia 2: 217 (1980) *

Parmelia mundata var. pulverata Nyl., in Crombie, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 17: 395 (1880)

Parmelia physodes var. pulverata (Nyl.) Müll.Arg., Flora 66: 76 (1883)

Parmelia physodes var. soluta Müll.Arg., Flora 66: 76 (1883) [*]

Parmelia mundata f. sorediosa Bitter, Hedwigia 11: 255 (1901) [*]

Hypogymnia mundata f. sorediosa (Bitter) Rass., Bot. Mater. Otd. Sporov. Rast. Bot. Inst. Komarova Akad. Nauk S.S.S.R. 11: 11 (1956) [*]

WA, SA, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Hypogymnia subphysodes (Kremp.) Filson, Victorian Naturalist 87: 325 (1970) var. subphysodes *

Parmelia subphysodes Kremp., Verh. K.K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien, B, 30: 338 (‘1880’) [1881]

Parmelia physodes var. rugosa Müll.Arg., Flora 66: 65 (1883) [*]

Parmelia physodes var. tenuis Müll.Arg., Flora 66: 76 (1883) [*]

Parmelia lugubris f. tenuis (Müll.Arg.) Bitter, Hedwigia 40: 244 (1901)

Hypogymnia physodes (L.) Nyl., Lich. Envir. Paris: 39 (1896); Australian records

WA, SA, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Hypogymnia subphysodes var. austerodioides Elix, Brunonia 2: 230 (1980) *

WA, SA, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Hypogymnia tasmanica Elix, in Elix & Jenkins, Mycotaxon 35: 470 (1989) *

TAS

Hypogymnia tubularis (Taylor) Elix, Brunonia 2: 233 (1980) *

Parmelia tubularis Taylor, Phytologist 1: 1096 (1844)

Parmelia physodes var. mesotropa Müll.Arg., Flora 69: 257 (1886) [*]

Parmelia subteres Bitter, Hedwigia 40: 265 (1901) [*]

Hypogymnia encausta (Sm.) W.Watson, Trans. & Proc. Bot. Soc. Edinburgh 32: 504 (1939); Australian records

QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS

Hypogymnia turgidula (Bitter) Elix, Brunonia 2: 238 (1980)

Parmelia turgidula Bitter, Hedwigia 40: 246 (1901)

NSW, ACT, VIC, MI, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Dodge (1948); Dodge & Rudolph (1955); Elix (1980); Seppelt (1980); Filson (1981a); Selkirk et al. (1990); Elix (1992a, 2006a); Elix & Kantvilas (1995); Elix & Streimann (1999); Kantvilas & Jarman (1999); Kantvilas et al. (2002); Elix et al. (2009)

HYPOTRACHYNA Hale; Parmeliaceae

Hypotrachyna addita (Hale) Hale, Phytologia 28: 340 (1974)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Hypotrachyna adjuncta (Hale) Hale, Phytologia 28: 340 (1974)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Hypotrachyna banguioensis (Hale) Hale, Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 33: 53 (1976)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Hypotrachyna booralensis Elix, Mycotaxon 47: 106 (1993) *

QLD, NSW

Hypotrachyna brevirhiza (Kurok.) Hale, Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 25: 26 (1975)

Parmelia lusitaniensis Filson, Muelleria 4: 323 (1981)

MI, Extra-Aust.

Hypotrachyna dahlii Kurok. & Moon, Bull. Bot. Gard. Toyama 5: 13 (2000)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Hypotrachyna exsecta (Taylor) Hale, Phytologia 28: 341 (1974)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Hypotrachyna heterochroa (Hale & Kurok.) Elix, Lich. Australas. Exsicc. 4: [82] (1985) *

Parmelia heterochroa Hale & Kurok., Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 36: 154 (1964)

Parmelia tiliacea var. stenophylla Müll.Arg., Flora 66: 46 (1883) [*]

Parmelia tiliacea var. rugulata Müll.Arg., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 23: 388 (1891) [*]

Parmelia quercina var. rugulata (Müll.Arg.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 6: 191 (1929)

Parmelia tiliacea var. convexula Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 4: 90 (1896) [*]

Parmelia hypoxantha Stirt., Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 32: 76 (1899), nom. illeg. [*]

Parmelia bahiana Nyl., Flora 68: 612 (1885); Australian records

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Hypotrachyna imbricatula (Zahlbr.) Hale, Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 25: 41 (1975)

Parmelia imbricatula Zahlbr., Denkschr. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 83: 165 (1909)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Hypotrachyna immaculata (Kurok.) Hale, Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 25: 41 (1975)

Parmelia immaculata Kurok., in Hale & Kurokawa, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 36: 178 (1964)

QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Hypotrachyna laevigata (Sm.) Hale, Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 25: 44 (1975)

Parmelia laevigata (Sm.) Ach., Syn. Meth. Lich.: 212 (1814)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Hypotrachyna leswellensis Elix, Biblioth. Lichenol. 95: 172 (2007) *

QLD

Hypotrachyna lividescens (Kurok.) Hale, Phytologia 28: 341 (1974)

Parmelia lividescens Kurok., in Hale & Kurokawa, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 36: 181 (1964)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Hypotrachyna novella (Vain.) Hale, Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 25: 49 (1975)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Hypotrachyna orientalis (Hale) Hale, Phytologia 28: 341 (1974)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Hypotrachyna osseoalba (Vain.) Y.S.Park & Hale, Taxon 38: 88 (1989)

Parmelia formosana Zahlbr., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 33: 57 (1933)

Hypotrachyna formosana (Zahlbr.) Hale, Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 25: 38 (1975)

QLD, NSW, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Hypotrachyna proserpinensis Elix, Mycotaxon 47: 107 (1993) *

QLD

Hypotrachyna radiculata (Kurok.) Elix, Australas. Lichenol. 48: 35 (2001)

Parmelia radiculata Kurok., Studies Cryptog. Papua New Guinea: 139 (1979)

Parmelinopsis radiculata (Kurok.) Hale & Elix, Mycotaxon 29: 243 (1987)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Hypotrachyna revoluta (Flörke) Hale, Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 25: 60 (1975)

Parmelia revoluta Flörke, in Sprengel, Syst. Veg. 4(1): 248 (1827)

WA, SA, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Hypotrachyna sinuosa (Sm.) Hale, Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 25: 63 (1975)

Parmelia sinuosa (Sm.) Ach., Syn. Meth. Lich.: 207 (1814)

VIC, TAS, MI, Extra-Aust.

Hypotrachyna subpustulifera Elix, Mycotaxon 47: 108 (1993) *

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Filson (1981a); Selkirk et al. (1990); Elix (1994h, 2001b, 2007d); Elix & Kantvilas (1995); Elix & Streimann (1999); Kantvilas & Jarman (1999); Kurokawa & Moon (2000); Kantvilas et al. (2002); Divakar et al. (2010)

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ICMADOPHILA Trevis.; Icmadophilaceae

Icmadophila eucalypti Kantvilas, in Lumbsch et al., Phytotaxa 18: 72 (2011) *

TAS

Icmadophila splachnirima (Hook.f. & Taylor) D.J.Galloway, Lichenologist 32: 295 (2000) *

Parmelia splachnirima Hook.f. & Taylor, J. Bot. (Hooker) 3: 645 (1844)

Baeomyces splachnirimus (Hook.f. & Taylor) Mitt., in Hooker, Fl. Tasman. 2: 348 (1859)

Lobaria splachnirima (Hook.f. & Taylor) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 3: 292 (1925)

Knightiella splachnirima (Hook.f. & Taylor) Gyeln., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 29: 1 (1931)

Thelidea splachnirima (Hook.f. & Taylor) P.James, in Martin, Trans. Roy. Soc. New Zealand, Bot. 3: 205 (1968)

Physcia splachnirima (Hook.f. & Taylor) Yoshim., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 34: 253 (1971)

Baeomyces squamarioides Nyl., Syn. Meth. Lich. 1(2): 184 (1860) [*]

Knightiella squamarioides (Nyl.) Müll.Arg., Flora 71: 202 (1888)

Knightiella leucocarpa Müll.Arg., Flora 71: 202 (1888) [*]

Cystolobis leucocarpa (Müll.Arg.) Clem., Gen. Fung.: 175 (1909)

Lobaria leucocarpa (Müll.Arg.) Zahlbr., in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 1(1): 188 (1906)

Thelidea corrugata Hue, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 48: (1902)

VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Johnston (2001b); Lumbsch et al. (2011)

IMMERSARIA Rambold & Pietschm.; Lecideaceae

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Immersaria athroocarpa (Ach.) Rambold & Pietschm., in Rambold, Biblioth. Lichenol. 34: 240 (1989)

WA, NSW, ACT, VIC, MI, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Rambold (1989); Hertel (2001); Elix (2010b)

IMSHAUGIA S.L.F.Mey.; Parmeliaceae

Imshaugia aleurites (Ach.) S.L.F.Mey., Mycologia 77: 338 (1985)

Parmeliopsis aleurites (Ach.) Nyl., Syn. Meth. Lich. 2: 54 (1863)

WA, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Imshaugia evernica (Elix & J.Johnst.) Elix, Mycotaxon 47: 127 (1993) *

Parmeliopsis evernica Elix & J.Johnst., Mycotaxon 31: 495 (1988)

NSW

Literature: Elix (1994i); Kantvilas & Jarman (1999); Kantvilas et al. (2002)

INGVARIELLA Guderley & Lumbsch; Graphidaceae

Ingvariella bispora (Bagl.) Guderley & Lumbsch, in Guderley et al., Nova Hedwigia 64: 152 (1997)

Diploschistes bisporus (Bagl.) J.Steiner, Sitzungsber. Kaiserl. Akad. Wiss., Math.-Naturwiss. Cl. C2(1): 155 (1893)

WA, SA, NSW, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Guderley et al. (1997); Mangold et al. (2009)

IONASPIS Th. Fr.; Hymeneliaceae

Ionaspis kerguelensis C.W.Dodge, B.A.N.Z. Antarct. Res. Exped. 1929–31 Repts, ser. B, 7: 63 (1948)

HI, Extra-Aust.

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Ionaspis lacustris (With.) Lutzoni, in Lutzoni & Brodo, Syst. Bot. 20: 253 (1994)

Hymenelia lacustris (With.) M.Choisy, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Soc. Bot. Lyon 18: 145 (1949)

QLD, NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Dodge (1948); McCarthy (1990b, 1994)

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JACKELIXIA S.Y.Kondr., Fedorenko, S.Stenroos, Kärnefelt & A.Thell; Teloschistaceae

Jackelixia angustata (S.Y.Kondr. & Kärnefelt) S.Y.Kondr., Fedorenko, S.Stenroos, Kärnefelt & A.Thell, in Fedorenko et al., Biblioth. Lichenol. 100: 77 (2009) *

Xanthoria angustata S.Y.Kondr. & Kärnefelt, in Kondratyuk et al., Biblioth. Lichenol. 100: 277 (2009)

WA, SA, NSW, VIC, TAS

Jackelixia elixii (S.Y.Kondr. & Kärnefelt) S.Y.Kondr., Fedorenko, S.Stenroos, Kärnefelt & A.Thell, in Fedorenko et al., Biblioth. Lichenol. 100: 77 (2009) *

Xanthoria elixii S.Y.Kondr. & Kärnefelt, in Kondratyuk et al., Nuytsia 16: 64 (2006)

WA, SA, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS

Jackelixia filsonii (Elix) S.Y.Kondr., Fedorenko, S.Stenroos, Kärnefelt & A.Thell, in Fedorenko et al., Biblioth. Lichenol. 100: 78 (2009) *

Xanthoria filsonii Elix, Lich. Australas. Exsicc. 7: [174] (1988)

Xanthoria ectanea (Ach.) Räsänen ex Filson, Muelleria 2: 83 (1969); Australian records

WA, SA, NSW, VIC, TAS

Jackelixia kangarooensis (S.Y.Kondr. & Kärnefelt) S.Y.Kondr., Fedorenko, S.Stenroos, Kärnefelt & A.Thell, in Fedorenko et al., Biblioth. Lichenol. 100: 78 (2009) *

Xanthoria kangarooensis S.Y.Kondr. & Kärnefelt, in Kondratyuk et al., Biblioth. Lichenol. 100: 279 (2009)

TAS

Jackelixia hypogymnioides (S.Y.Kondr. & Kärnefelt) S.Y.Kondr., Fedorenko, S.Stenroos, Kärnefelt & A.Thell, in Fedorenko et al., Biblioth. Lichenol. 100: 78 (2009) *

Xanthoria hypogymnioides S.Y.Kondr. & Kärnefelt, in Kondratyuk et al., Biblioth. Lichenol. 96: 169 (2007)

TAS

Jackelixia ligulata (Körb.) S.Y.Kondr., Fedorenko, S.Stenroos, Kärnefelt & A.Thell, in Fedorenko et al., Biblioth. Lichenol. 100: 78 (2009) *

Physcia ligulata Körb., Abh. Schles. Ges. Vaterl. Cult. Abth. Naturwiss. 2: 30 (1862)

Xanthoria ligulata (Körb.) P.James, in Galloway, New Zealand J. Bot. 21: 198 (1983)

WA, SA, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Jackelixia streimannii (S.Y.Kondr. & Kärnefelt) S.Y.Kondr., Fedorenko, S.Stenroos, Kärnefelt & A.Thell, in Fedorenko et al., Biblioth. Lichenol. 100: 78 (2009) *

Xanthoria streimannii S.Y.Kondr. & Kärnefelt, in Kondratyuk et al., Nuytsia 16: 72 (2006)

WA, SA, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS

Jackelixia whinrayi (S.Y.Kondr. & Kärnefelt) S.Y.Kondr., Fedorenko, S.Stenroos, Kärnefelt & A.Thell, in Fedorenko et al., Biblioth. Lichenol. 100: 78 (2009) *

Xanthoria whinrayi S.Y.Kondr. & Kärnefelt, in Kondratyuk et al., Biblioth. Lichenol. 96: 172 (2007)

TAS

Jackelixia yorkensis (S.Y.Kondr. & Kärnefelt) S.Y.Kondr., Fedorenko, S.Stenroos, Kärnefelt & A.Thell, in Fedorenko et al., Biblioth. Lichenol. 100: 78 (2009) *

Xanthoria yorkensis S.Y.Kondr. & Kärnefelt, in Kondratyuk et al., Biblioth. Lichenol. 100: 279 (2009)

SA

Literature: Galloway (1983); Elix (1988); Kantvilas (1988); Kondratyuk et al. (2006, 2007b, 2009b); Fedorenko et al. (2009)

JAPEWIA Tønsberg; Ramalinaceae

Japewia subaurifera Kantvilas, Lichenologist 22: 206 (1990)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature:Kantvilas (2011)

JAPEWIELLA Printzen; Lecanoraceae

Japewiella pruinosula (Müll.Arg.) Kantvilas, Muelleria 29: 101 (2011) *

Lecidea pruinosula Müll.Arg., Flora 65: 486 (1882)

Lecidella pruinosula (Müll.Arg.) Kantvilas & Elix, in Kantvilas et al., Pap. & Proc. Roy. Soc. Tasmania 142: 53 (2008)

Biatora cerarufa Shirley, Pap. & Proc. Roy. Soc. Tasmania 1893: 217 (1894) [*]

Lecidea cerarufa (Shirley) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 3: 746 (1925)

NSW, VIC, TAS

Literature:Kantvilas (2011)

JARMANIA Kantvilas; Ramalinaceae

Jarmania scoliciosporoides Kantvilas, Lichenologist 40: 214 (2008) *

Scoliciosporum pruinosum auct. non (P.James) Vezda, Folio Geobot. Phytotax. 13: 414 (1978); Australian records

VIC, TAS

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Jarmania tristis Kantvilas, Lichenologist 28: 230 (1996) *

VIC, TAS

Literature: Kantvilas & James (1991); Kantvilas (1996a, 2008a); Elix et al. (2009)

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KANTVILASIA P.M.McCarthy, Elix & Sérus.; Pilocarpaceae

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Kantvilasia hians P.M.McCarthy, Elix & Sérus., Lichenologist 32: 319 (2000) *

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: McCarthy et al. (2000)

KAROOWIA: See XANTHOPARMELIA

KROSWIA P.M.Jørg.; Pannariaceae

Kroswia crystallifera P.M.Jørg., Lichenologist 34: 299 (2002)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Jørgensen (2004a)

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LASIOLOMA R.Sant.; Pilocarpaceae

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Lasioloma arachnoideum (Kremp.) R.Sant., Symb. Bot. Upsal. 12(1): 545 (1952)

CI, QLD, Extra-Aust.

Lasioloma phycophilum (Vain.) R.Sant., Symb. Bot. Upsal. 12(1): 550 (1952)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Lasioloma phycophorum (Vain.) R.Sant., Symb. Bot. Upsal. 12(1): 549 (1952)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Lasioloma trichophorum (Vain.) R.Sant., Symb. Bot. Ups. 12(1): 550 (1952)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Santesson & Tibell (1988); Lücking et al. (2001b); McCarthy & Elix (2002)

LAURERA Rchb.; Trypetheliaceae

Laurera meristospora (Mont. & Bosch) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 1: 505 (1922)

Bathelium chrysocarpum Müll.Arg., Hedwigia 30: 54 (1891) [*]

Laurera chrysocarpa (Müll.Arg.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 1: 503 (1922)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Bailey (1891a); Müller (1891a, 1891b, 1895c, 1895d); Letrouit-Galinou (1957); Aptroot et al. (1997); Aptroot (2009d)

LECANACTIS Körb.; Roccellaceae

Lecanactis abietina (Ach.) Körb., Syst. Lich. Germ.: 275 (1855)

VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Lecanactis coniochlora (Mont. & Bosch) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 2: 534 (1923)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Lecanactis latispora Egea & Torrente, Biblioth. Lichenol. 54: 90 (1994) *

TAS

Lecanactis neozelandica Egea & Torrente, Biblioth. Lichenol. 54: 91 (1994)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Lecanactis platygraphoides (Müll.Arg.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 2: 541 (1923) *

Opegrapha platygraphoides Müll.Arg., Hedwigia 32: 132 (1893)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Lecanactis quassiae (Fée) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 2: 544 (1923)

Opegrapha plurilocularis var. pruinosa Müll.Arg., Flora 65: 504 (1882) [*]

QLD, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Lecanactis spermatospora Egea & Torrente, Biblioth. Lichenol. 54: 101 (1994) *

QLD

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Lecanactis sulphurea Egea & Torrente, Biblioth. Lichenol. 54: 108 (1994) *

QLD, NSW

Literature: Müller (1882, 1893a); Jatta (1911); Kantvilas & James (1991); Kantvilas & Vězda (1992); Egea & Torrente (1994); Kantvilas et al. (1994); Kantvilas (2004i)

LECANIA A.Massal.; Ramalinaceae

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Lecania cyrtella (Ach.) Th.Fr., Lichenogr. Scand. 1: 294 (1871)

Lecaniella cyrtella (Ach.) Jatta, Lich. Ital. Merid.: 142 (1889)

Patellaria cyrtella (Ach.) Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 2, Append. 1: 62 (1894)

SA, NSW, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Lecania erysibe (Ach.) Mudd, Man. Brit. Lich.: 141 (1861)

WA, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Lecania heardensis C.W.Dodge, B.A.N.Z. Antarct. Res. Exped. 1929–31 Repts, ser. B, 7: 179 (1948) *

HI

Lecania inundata (Hepp ex Körb.) M.Mayrhofer, Biblioth. Lichenol. 28: 66 (1988)

SA, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Lecania johnstonii C.W.Dodge, B.A.N.Z. Antarct. Res. Exped. 1929–31 Repts, ser. B, 7: 180 (1948) *

MI

Lecania rabenhorstii (Hepp) Arnold, Flora 67: 403 (1884)

ACT, Extra-Aust.

Lecania sanguinolenta (Stirt.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 5: 742 (1928) *

Lecidea sanguinolenta Stirt., in Bailey, Queensland Agric. J. 5: 88 (1899)

QLD

Lecania subsquamosa var. leprosa (Müll.Arg.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 5: 745 (1928) *

Lecania selenispora var. leprosa Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 634 (1895)

VIC

Lecania sylvestris (Arnold) Arnold, Flora 67: 405 (1884)

WA, Extra-Aust.

Lecania turicensis (Hepp) Müll.Arg., Mém. Soc. Phys. Hist. Nat. Genève 16: 286 (1862) var. turicensis

WA, SA, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Müller (1893b, 1895a, 1895b); Stirton (1899a); Dodge (1948); Richardson & Richardson (1982); Kantvilas (1989b); Selkirk et al. (1990); Allen et al. (2001); van den Boom & Mayrhofer (2007)

LECANOGRAPHA Egea & Torrente; Roccellaceae

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Lecanographa microcarpella (Müll.Arg.) Egea & Torrente, Biblioth. Lichenol. 54: 150 (1994) *

Opegrapha microcarpella Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 318 (1895)

Lecanactis microcarpella (Müll.Arg.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 2: 539 (1923)

QLD, NSW

Lecanographa nothofagi Kantvilas, Symb. Bot. Upsal. 34(1): 199 (2004) *

TAS

Literature: Müller (1895a); Elix (1993); Egea & Torrente (1994); Kantvilas (2004i)

LECANORA Ach.; Lecanoraceae

Lecanora aberrata (Stirt.) Elix, Australas. Lichenol. 60: 42 (2007) *

Lecidea aberrata Stirt., Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. Victoria 17: 71 (1881)

QLD

Lecanora achroa Nyl., in Crombie, J. Bot. 14: 263 (1876)

NT, QLD, NSW, TAS, Extra-Aust.

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Lecanora alba Lumbsch, in Lumbsch et al., Bryologist 98: 565 (1995) *

QLD, NSW

Lecanora andina Räsänen, Anales Soc. Ci. Argent. 128: 139 (1939)

SA, NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Lecanora arafurensis Lumbsch & Elix, Mycotaxon 67: 392 (1998) *

WA, NT

Lecanora argentata (Ach.) Degel. [“G.Nilsson”], Ark. Bot. 24A: 78 (1931)

Lecanora subfuscata H.Magn., Acta Horti Gothob. 7: 79 (1932)

QLD, NSW, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Lecanora arthothelinella Lumbsch, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 77: 68 (1994) *

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Lecanora atrocaesia Nyl., in Crombie, J. Bot. 13: 334 (1875)

HI, Extra-Aust.

Lecanora austrointumescens Lumbsch & Elix, Mycotaxon 67: 393 (1998) *

WA

Lecanora austro-oceanica Hertel & Leuckert, in Hertel, Lecideaceae Exsicc. 12: [224] (1990)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Lecanora austrosorediosa (Rambold) Lumbsch, Australas. Lichenol. 45: 10 (1999) *

Biatora sorediosa Rambold, Biblioth. Lichenol. 34: 75 (1989)

WA, NT, QLD

Lecanora austrotropica Lumbsch, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 77: 68 (1994) *

QLD, NSW, NI

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Lecanora bicincta Ram., Mém. Mus. Hist. Nat. 13: 248 (1825)

NSW, ACT, Extra-Aust.

Lecanora brownii C.W.Dodge, Nova Hedwigia 19: 455 (‘1970’) [1971] *

MI

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Lecanora caesiorubella Ach., Lichenogr. Universalis: 366 (1810)

Lecanora leucoma Nyl., Flora 47: 268 (1864)

Lecanora pulverata Stirt., Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. Victoria 17: 70 (1881) [*]

Lecanora cancriformis (Hoffm.) Vain., Hedwigia 37: 38 (1898)

Lecanora australiensis Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 5: 393 (1928) [*]

Lecanora caesiorubella subsp. glaucomodes (Nyl.) Imshaug & Brodo, Nova Hedwigia 12: 15 (1966)

WA, SA, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Lecanora casuarinophila Lumbsch, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 77: 74 (1994) *

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Lecanora chionocarpoides Lumbsch, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 77: 78 (1994) *

NSW

Lecanora contractuloides Lumbsch & Elix, Mycotaxon 67: 397 (1998) *

NSW

Lecanora coppinsiarum Kantvilas, Lichenologist 44: 248 (2012) *

TAS

Lecanora demersa (Kremp.) Hertel & Rambold, in Rambold, Biblioth. Lichenol. 34: 90 (1989)

NSW, ACT, Extra-Aust.

Lecanora disjungenda (Cromb.) Hertel & Rambold, in Rambold, Biblioth. Lichenol. 34: 92 (1989)

Aspicilia disjungenda (Cromb.) Dodge, B.A.N.Z. Antarct. Res. Exped. 1929–31 Repts, ser. B, 7: 167 (1948)

HI, Extra-Aust.

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Lecanora dispersa (Pers.) Sommerf., Suppl. Fl. Lapp.: 96 (1826)

WA, SA, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Lecanora dispersogranulata Szatala, Ann. Hist.-Nat. Mus. Natl. Hung., n.s. 7: 46 (1956)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Lecanora dissoluta Nyl., Flora 49: 131 (1866)

NT, QLD, NI, Extra-Aust.

Lecanora elapheia Stizenb., Ber. Tätigk. St. Gallischen Naturwiss. Ges. 1888–89: 220 (1890)

WA, SA, NSW, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Lecanora elatinoides Räsänen, Suom. Elain-ja Kasvit. Seuran Van. Tiedon. Pöytäkirjat 3: 179 (1949) *

Lecanora elatinoides var. straminea Räsänen, Suom. Elain-ja Kasvit. Seuran Van. Tiedon. Pöytäkirjat 3: 180 (1949) [*]

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Lecanora elixii Lumbsch, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 77: 86 (1994) *

HI, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Lecanora epibryon (Ach.) Ach., Lichenogr. Universalis: 396 (1810) subsp. epibryon

WA, Extra-Aust.

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Lecanora epibryon (Ach.) Ach. subsp. broccha (Nyl.) Lumbsch, in Lumbsch et al., Pl. Syst. Evol. 191: 229 (1994)

Lecanora broccha Nyl., in Crombie, J. Bot. 14: 21 (1876)

Lecanora parmelina Zahlbr., Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. Denkschr. 104: 341 (1941)

Lecanora epibryon (Ach.) Ach., Lichenogr. Universalis: 396 (1810); Australian records

NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, MI, Extra-Aust.

Lecanora epibryon (Ach.) Ach. subsp. xanthophora Lumbsch, in Lumbsch et al., Pl. Syst. Evol. 191: 231 (1994)

NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

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Lecanora farinacea Fée, Essai Crypt. Écorc.: 117 (1824)

Lecanora blanda Nyl., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 4, 11: 219 (1859)

Lecanora subglaucodea (Kremp.) Zahlbr., Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl.Denkschr. 104: 342 (1941)

Lecanora subpallida C.Knight, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, ser. 2, 2: 48 (1882) [*]

WA, SA, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Lecanora flavidofusca Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 633 (1895) *

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Lecanora flavidomarginata de Lesd., Lich. Mexique: 14 (1914)

WA, SA, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Lecanora flavopallida Stirt., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 14: 463 (1875)

Lecanora glaucoflavens Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 1: 39 (1893) [*]

Lecidea glaucoflavens (Müll.Arg.) R.W.Rogers, Muelleria 5: 32 (1982)

Lecanora lineolata Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 1: 38 (1893) [*]

WA, NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Lecanora flotowiana Spreng., Neue Entd. 1: 221 (1820)

HI, SA, NSW, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Lecanora formosula Lumbsch, in Lumbsch et al., Bryologist 98: 569 (1995) *

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Lecanora galactiniza Nyl., in Crombie, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 15: 173 (1876)

WA, SA, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Lecanora gangaleoides Nyl., Flora 55: 354 (1872)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Lecanora helva Stizenb., Ber. Tätigk. St. Gallischen Naturwiss. Ges. 1888–89: 218 (1890)

Lecanora albellaria Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 632 (1895) [*]

Lecanora alligata Stirt., in Bailey, Queensland Agric. J. 5: 38 (1899) [*]

WA, NT, QLD, NSW, LHI, NI, Extra-Aust.

Lecanora hypocrocinoides Lumbsch, in Lumbsch et al., Bryologist 99: 281 (1996) *

QLD

Lecanora interjecta Müll.Arg., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 23: 390 (1891) *

NT, QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Lecanora intricata (Ach.) Ach., Lichenogr. Universalis: 380 (1810)

NSW, ACT, Extra-Aust.

Lecanora lacteola Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 1: 38 (1893) *

NSW, VIC, TAS

Lecanora leproplaca Zahlbr., in Magnusson & Zahlbruckner, Ark. Bot. 31A(6): 64 (1944)

NT, QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Lecanora leprosa Fée, Essai Crypt. Écorc.: 118 (1824)

WA, NT, QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Lecanora lividocinerea Bagl., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 11: 75 (1879)

WA, Extra-Aust.

Lecanora lugubris (C.W.Dodge) D.J.Galloway, Australas. Lichenol. 51: 28 (2002)

Lecanora parmelinoides Lumbsch, in Lumbsch et al., Bot. Acta 107: 34 (1994)

NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Lecanora margaritula Zahlbr., in Magnusson & Zahlbruckner, Ark. Bot. 31A(6): 70 (1944)

Lecanora arnhemica Lumbsch, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 77: 68 (1994) [*]

WA, NT, QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Lecanora margarodes (Körb.) Nyl., Flora 47: 266 (1864)

Zeora margarodes Körb., Abh. Schles. Ges. Vaterl. Cult. Abth. Naturwiss. 2: 31 (1862)

Lecanora continua C.Knight, in Shirley, Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 6: 134 (1889) [*]

Lecanora knightiana Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 366 (1895) [*]

QLD, NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Lecanora marginata (Schaer.) Hertel & Rambold, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 107: 494 (1985)

NSW, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Lecanora mayrhoferi Lumbsch, in Lumbsch et al., Bot. Acta 107: 33 (1994) *

WA, VIC

Lecanora melacarpella Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 633 (1895) *

Lecanora haywardiorum Lumbsch, in Lumbsch & Feige, Mycotaxon 45: 476 (1992) [*]

QLD, NSW, LHI, NI, Extra-Aust.

Lecanora melanommata C.Knight, in Bailey, Syn. Queensland Fl., Suppl. 1: 71 (1886) *

WA, QLD, NSW

Lecanora mobergiana Lumbsch & Elix, Mycotaxon 67: 398 (1998) *

WA

Lecanora muralis (Schreb.) Rabenh., Deutschl. Krypt.-Fl. 2: 42 (1845)

SA, Extra-Aust.

Lecanora neoqueenslandica Lumbsch, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 77: 115 (1994) *

QLD

Lecanora novae-hollandiae Lumbsch, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 77: 118 (1994) *

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Lecanora oreinoides (Körb.) Hertel & Rambold, in Rambold, Biblioth. Lichenol. 34: 100 (1989) *

Aspicilia oreinoides Körb., Abh. Schles. Ges. Vaterl. Cult. Abth. Naturwiss. 2: 32 (1862)

Lecidea pantherina f. oreinoides (Körb.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 3: 650 (1925)

Lecidea angolensis Müll.Arg., Linnaea 63: 35 (1880)

Lecidea mundula Müll.Arg., Flora 70: 336 (1887) [*]

QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Lecanora pangerangoensis Zahlbr., Ann. Cryptog. Exot. 1: 193 (1928)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Lecanora phaeocardia Vain., Ann. Soc. Zool. Bot. Fenn. 1(3): 41 (1923)

NT, QLD, Extra-Aust.

Lecanora placodiolica Lumbsch & Elix, Mycotaxon 67: 399 (1998) *

SA, NSW, ACT

Lecanora planaica Lumbsch, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 77: 124 (1994) *

QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS

Lecanora plumosa Müll.Arg., Flora 65: 484 (1882) *

WA, NT, QLD, NSW, LHI, Extra-Aust.

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Lecanora polytropa (Ehrh.) Rabenh., Deutschl. Krypt.-Fl. 2: 37 (1845)

NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Lecanora prolifera C.W.Dodge, Nova Hedwigia 15: 290 (1968) *

MI

Lecanora pseudargentata Lumbsch, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 77: 127 (1994) *

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Lecanora pseudistera Nyl., Flora 55: 354 (1872)

Placodium glebulare Müll.Arg., Flora 71: 204 (1888) [*]

Lecanora glebularis (Müll.Arg.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 5: 624 (1928)

Lecanora convexella Räsänen, Suom. Elain-ja Kasvit. Seuran Van. Tiedon. Pöytäkirjat 3: 180 (1949) [*]

Lecanora subfuscella Räsänen, Suom. Elain-ja Kasvit. Seuran Van. Tiedon. Pöytäkirjat 3: 180 (1949) [*]

WA, NT, SA, QLD, NSW, NI, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Lecanora pseudodecorata Lumbsch & Elix, Australas. Lichenol. 46: 14 (2000) *

QLD

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Lecanora pseudogangaleoides Lumbsch, Lichenologist 27: 162 (1995) subsp. pseudogangaleoides *

NSW, ACT

Lecanora pseudogangaleoides subsp. verdonii Lumbsch, Lichenologist 27: 165 (1995) *

QLD, NSW

Lecanora queenslandica C.Knight, in Bailey, Syn. Queensland Fl., Suppl. 2: 85 (1888) *

WA, QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Lecanora rupicola (L.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 5: 525 (1928)

Lecanora glaucoma (Hoffm.) Ach., Lichenogr. Universalis: 362 (1810)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Lecanora saligna (Schrad.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 5: 536 (1928)

SA, QLD, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Lecanora sphaerospora Müll.Arg., Hedwigia 31: 196 (1892) *

Placodium grandinosum Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 1: 34 (1893) [*]

Lecanora grandinosa (Müll.Arg.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 5: 625 (1928)

WA, SA, NSW, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Lecanora subcoarctata (C.Knight) Hertel, Beih. Nova Hedwigia 79: 448 (1984)

NI, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Lecanora subimmergens Vain., Bot. Mag. Tokyo 35: 51 (1921)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Lecanora subimmersa (Fée) Vain., Étud. Class. Lich. Brésil 1: 98 (1890) subsp. subimmersa

Lecidea leioplaca Müll.Arg., Flora 70: 61 (1887) [*]

Lecanora laevissima C.Knight, in Shirley, Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 6: 133 (1889) [*]

Lecidea wilsonii Räsänen, Suom. Elain-ja Kasvit. Seuran Van. Tiedon. Pöytäkirjat 3: 183 (1949) [*]

WA, NT, QLD, Extra-Aust.

Lecanora subimmersa subsp. ramboldii Lumbsch & Elix, in Lumbsch et al., Pl. Syst. Evol. 191: 233 (1994)

NT, QLD, Extra-Aust.

Lecanora subtecta (Stirt.) Kantvilas & LaGreca, Muelleria 26(2): 72 (2008) *

Lecidea subtecta Stirt., Trans. Glasgow Soc. Field Naturalists 4: 93 (1875)

NSW, TAS

Lecanora subumbrina Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 632 (1895) *

WA, QLD, NSW

Lecanora subviridis de la Rosa & Messuti, Lichenologist 42: 301 (2010)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Lecanora sulfurescens Fée, Bull. Soc. Bot. France 20: 313 (1873)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Lecanora swartzii (Ach.) Ach., Lichenogr. Universalis: 363 (1810)

NSW, ACT, VIC. TAS, Extra-Aust.

Lecanora symmicta (Ach.) Ach., Syn. Meth. Lich.: 340 (1814)

WA, SA, QLD, NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Lecanora tropica Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 5: 589 (1928)

WA, NT, QLD, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Lecanora wilsonii Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 1: 39 (1893) subsp. wilsonii *

QLD, NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Lecanora wilsonii subsp. xanthophora Lumbsch, in Lumbsch et al., Bryologist 98: 576 (1995) *

QLD, NSW

Lecanora xanthoplumosella Lumbsch & Elix, in Lumbsch et al., Phytotaxa 18: 77 (2011) *

TAS

Lecanora zosterae (Ach.) Nyl., Syn. Lich.: 158 (1860)

HI, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Dodge (1948, 1968, 1971); Dodge & Rudolph (1955); Lumbsch (1988, 1994, 1995, 1999); Riedl (1988); Hertel (1988, 1989b, 1990, 1992); Rambold (1989); Selkirk et al. (1990); Lumbsch & Feige (1992, 1994); Elix (1992b, 1993, 1994bb, 2006a, 2006e, 2007c, 2007e, 2008b, 2009p); Lumbsch et al. (1994a, 1994b, 1995a, 1996, 1997b); Dickhäuser et al. (1995); Elix & Streimann (1995); McCarthy (1996a); Guderley et al. (1998); Lumbsch & Elix (1998, 2000, 2004); Elix & Ralston (1999); Allen et al. (2001); Laundon (2003); M.Grube et al. (2004); Kantvilas & Jarman (2006); Øvstedal & Gremmen (2006, 2008); Kantvilas & LaGreca (2008); Elix et al. (2009, 2012a); Lumbsch et al. (2011); Kantvilas (2012c)

LECIDEA Ach.; Lecideaceae

Lecidea aspidula Kremp. var. dispersa Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 640 (1895) *

QLD

Lecidea atrobrunnea (Ram. ex Lam. & DC.) Schaer., Lich. Helv. Spic. 3: 134 (1828)

NSW, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Lecidea atromorio C.Knight, Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 8: 315 (1876)

Lecidea pallidoatra Nyl., Lich. Nov. Zel.: 106 (1888)

Lecidea fumosella Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 1: 47 (1893) [*]

QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Lecidea auriculata Th.Fr., Lich. Arct.: 213 (1860)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Lecidea bacidioides Müll.Arg., Flora 65: 486 (1882) *

QLD

Lecidea canorufescens Kremp., Verh. K.K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien, B, 26: 454 (1876)

Lecidea intervertens Nyl., Lich. Nov. Zel.: 79 (1888)

VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

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Lecidea capensis Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 3: 532 (1925)

WA, SA, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Lecidea cerviniicola de Lesd., Bull. Soc. Bot. France 102: 231 (1955)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Lecidea charadrodes Zahlbr., Denkschr. Akad. Wiss. Wien, Math.-Naturwiss. Kl. 104: 299, 300 (1941)

MI, Extra-Aust.

Lecidea confluens (Weber) Ach., Methodus: 40 (1803)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Lecidea contigua f. leprosa Leight., Lich. Fl. Gr. Brit.: 293 (1871)

VIC, Extra-Aust.

Lecidea crassilabra Müll.Arg., Hedwigia 32: 127 (1893) *

NSW, ACT, VIC

Lecidea diducens Nyl., Flora 48: 148 (1865)

NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Lecidea exigua Chaub., in de Saint-Amans, Fl. Agen.: 478 (1821)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Lecidea flindersii Cromb., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 17: 400 (1880) *

TAS

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Lecidea fuscoatrula Nyl., Lich. Nov. Zel.: 106 (1888)

WA, SA, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Lecidea haysomii C.W.Dodge, Nova Hedwigia 15: 287 (1968) *

MI

Lecidea hyalinescens (Müll.Arg.) R.W.Rogers, Muelleria 5: 33 (1982), nom. inval. *

Lecanora hyalinescens Müll.Arg., Flora 65: 484 (1882)

NSW

Lecidea hypersporella Stirt., Trans. Glasgow Soc. Field Naturalists 4: 94 (1875) *

TAS

Lecidea immarginata R.Br. ex Cromb., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 17: 400 (1880) *

NSW, TAS

Lecidea insulana Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 640 (1895) *

QLD

Lecidea interjuncta Nyl., Flora 47: 269 (1864) *

AUST

Lecidea interstita Nyl., in Crombie, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 15: 187 (1876)

HI, Extra-Aust.

Lecidea lapicida (Ach.) Ach., Methodus: 37 (1803) var. lapicida

NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Lecidea leptolomoides Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 1: 44 (1893) *

QLD, VIC

Lecidea ludibunda Müll.Arg., Flora 70: 321 (1887) *

QLD

Lecidea lygomma Nyl. ex Cromb., J. Bot. 13: 334 (1875)

Aspicilia lygomma (Nyl.) C.W.Dodge, B.A.N.Z. Antarct. Res. Exped. 1929–31 Repts, ser. B, 7: 164 (1948)

HI, NSW, VIC, TAS, MI, Extra-Aust.

Lecidea lygommella Elix, in Lumbsch et al., Phytotaxa 18: 78 (2011) *

NSW, VIC

Lecidea lygommoides Rambold, Biblioth. Lichenol. 34: 219 (1989) *

NSW

Lecidea macquariensis C.W.Dodge, Nova Hedwigia 19: 444 (‘1970’) [1971] *

MI

Lecidea medusula (C.W.Dodge) Hertel, in Nimis et al., Lichenologist 30: 257 (1998)

HI, Extra-Aust.

Lecidea meiospora (Nyl.) Nyl., Bull. Soc. Linn. Normandie, sér. 2, 4: 291 (1872)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Lecidea minutula Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 1: 44 (1893), nom. illeg. *

VIC, TAS

Lecidea multiflora Taylor, J. Bot. (Hooker) 6: 149 (1847) *

WA

Lecidea mutabilis Fée, Essai Crypt. Écorc. Suppl. 1: 105 (1837)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Lecidea ochroleuca Pers., in Gaudichaud, Voy. Uranie: 193 (1826)

Lecidea plana Kremp., Verh. K.K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien, B, 30: 340 (‘1880’) [1881] [*]

Lecidea planata Müll.Arg., Flora 70: 61 (1887) [*]

Psora endochlora Müll.Arg., Flora 71: 204 (1888) [*]

WA, SA, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Lecidea pelochroa Nyl., Flora 47: 269 (1864) *

AUST

Lecidea phaeocarpa C.Knight, in Shirley, Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 6: 171 (1889) *, nom. illeg., non Sommerfelt (1826)

QLD

Lecidea piperis (Spreng.) Nyl. var. melanocarpa Müll.Arg., Flora 67: 689 (1884) =Malmidea piperis (Spreng.) Kalb, Rivas-Plata & Lumbsch?

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Lecidea plana (Lahm) Nyl., Flora 55: 552 (1872)

WA, NSW, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Lecidea porphyria C.Knight, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, ser. 2, 2: 46 (1882) *

NSW

Lecidea promiscens Nyl., Flora 55: 358 (1872)

NSW, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Lecidea sarcogynoides Körb., Syst. Lich. Germ.: 252 (1855)

WA, SA, NT, NSW, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Lecidea scabrida C.Knight, in Bailey, Syn. Queensland Fl., Suppl. 1: 75 (1886) *

QLD

Lecidea selenospora Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 640 (1895) *

NSW

Lecidea subassentiens Nyl., in Crombie, J. Bot. 14: 21 (1876)

HI, Extra-Aust.

Lecidea subcaerulea Stirt., in Bailey, Queensland Agric. J. 5: 41 (1899) *

QLD

Lecidea sublygomma Zahlbr., Deutsche Südpolar-Exped. 1901–1903 8: 35 (1906)

HI, Extra-Aust.

Lecidea subplana Nyl., Flora 68: 448 (1875)

HI, Extra-Aust.

Lecidea subsimilis Nyl., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 4, 19: 347 (1863)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Lecidea superjecta Nyl., in Crombie, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 16: 221 (1878)

HI, Extra-Aust.

Lecidea tenella Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 1: 44 (1893) *

VIC

Lecidea terrena Nyl., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 15: 177 (1876)

Lecidea nodulosa Stirt., in Bailey, Queensland Agric. J. 5: 488 (1899)[*]

Lecania nodulosa (Stirt.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 5: 736 (1928)

Lecidea brachysporoides Räsänen, Acta Bot. Soc. Zool.-Bot. Fenn. “Vanamo” 20(3): 25 (1944) [*]

Lecidea leptocarpa var. terrigera Räsänen, Suom. Elain-ja Kasvit. Seuran Van. Tiedon. Pöytäkirjat 3: 183 (1949) [*]

WA, SA, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Lecidea tragorum Zahlbr., Ann. Mycol. 34: 168 (1936)

WA, SA, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Lecidea turgidula Fr., Nov. Sched. Crit. Lich.: 10 (1824)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Lecidea varians Ach., Syn. Meth. Lich.: 38 (1814)

Biatora varians Eschw., Syst. Lich.: 26 (1824)

WA, Extra-Aust.

Lecidea werthii Zahlbr., Deutsche Südpolar-Exped. 1901–1903 8: 41 (1906)

HI, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Taylor (1847); Nylander (1864); Stirton (1875, 1881, 1899a); Crombie (1880); Krempelhuber (1881); Knight (1882); Müller (1882, 1883b, 1887b, 1888c, 1893a, 1893b, 1895a); Bailey (1886, 1891c, 1893, 1896); Mueller (1887); Shirley (1889b, 1893, 1894a); Stirton (1899a); Räsänen (1944, 1949); Dodge (1948, 1968, 1971); Dodge & Rudolph (1955); Sammy & Smith (1974); Bratt & Cashin (1976); Filson & Rogers (1979); Richardson & Richardson (1982); Rogers (1982b); Hertel (1984a, b, 1987, 1989a, 1989b, 1990, 1992, 1996); Kantvilas (1988); Rambold (1989); Selkirk et al. (1990); Kantvilas & James (1991); Elix (1994bb, 2006a, 2010b); Allen et al. (2001); Øvstedal & Gremmen (2006); Hertel (2007); Lumbsch et al. (2011)

LECIDELLA Körb.; Lecanoraceae

Lecidella asema (Nyl.) Knoph & Hertel, Biblioth. Lichenol. 36: 66 (1990)

WA, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Lecidella buelliastrum (Müll.Arg.) Knoph & Rambold, in Rambold, Biblioth. Lichenol. 34: 107 (1989) *

Lecidea buelliastrum Müll.Arg., Flora 70: 322 (1887)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Lecidella carpathica Körb., Parerga Lich.: 212 (1861)

WA, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Lecidella destituta Kantvilas & Elix, Muelleria 31: 32 (2013) *

WA, SA, NSW, TAS

Lecidella elaeochroma (Ach.) M.Choisy, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Soc. Bot. Lyon 19: 19 (1950)

NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, MI, Extra-Aust.

Lecidella enteroleucella (Nyl.) Hertel, Khumbu Himal 6: 330 (1977)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Lecidella flavovirens Kantvilas & Elix, Muelleria 31: 37 (2013) *

WA, SA, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS

Lecidella granulosula (Nyl.) Knoph & Leuckert, in Knoph, Biblioth. Lichenol. 14: 9 (2000)

Lecidella chodatii (Samp.) Knoph & Leuckert, in Knoph, Biblioth. Lichenol. 36: 88 (1990)

SA, NSW, NI, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Lecidella montana Kantvilas & Elix, Muelleria 31: 40 (2013) *

TAS

Lecidella stigmatea (Ach.) Hertel & Leuckert, Willdenowia 5: 375 (1969)

WA, SA, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

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Lecidella sublapicida (C.Knight) Hertel, Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 19: 444 (1983)

Lecidea tristicula Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 1: 46 (1893) [*]

Lecidella tristicula (Müll.Arg.) Hertel, Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 19: 445 (1983)

Lecidea nesophila Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 641 (1895) [*]

WA, SA, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Lecidella xylogena (Müll.Arg.) Kantvilas & Elix, Muelleria 31: 44 (2013) *

Lecidea xylogena Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 1: 44 (1893)

SA, ACT, VIC, TAS

Literature: Müller (1887b, 1893b, 1895a); Hertel (1983b, 1985b, 1989b, 1990); Rambold (1989); Knoph (1990); Elix & Kantvilas (1995); Allen et al. (2001); Elix (2006a, 2008b, 2010b); Kantvilas et al. (2008a); Kantvilas & Elix (2013)

LEIFIDIUM Wedin; Sphaerophoraceae

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Leifidium tenerum (Laurer) Wedin, Pl. Syst. Evol. 187: 235 (1993) *

Sphaerophoron tenerum Laurer, Linnaea 2: 45 (1827)

Sphaerophorus tener (Laurer) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 1: 696 (1922)

Sphaerophorus curtus Hook.f. & Taylor, J. Bot. (Hooker) 3: 654 (1844)

QLD, NSW, VIC, TAS, MI, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Filson (1986); Tibell (1987); Selkirk et al. (1990); Wedin (1995, 2001)

LEIGHTONIELLA Henssen; Collemataceae

Leightoniella zeylanensis (Leight.) Henssen, Lichenologist 3: 40 (1965)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Verdon & Streimann (1995)

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LEIODERMA Nyl.; Pannariaceae

Leioderma duplicatum (Müll.Arg.) D.J.Galloway & P.M.Jørg., Lichenologist 19: 375 (1987) *

Parmeliella duplicata Müll.Arg., Flora 66: 78 (1883)

Parmeliella baeuerlenii Müll.Arg., Flora 69: 286 (1886) [*]

NSW, NI, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Leioderma pycnophorum Nyl., Lich. Nov. Zel.: 47 (1888)

Parmeliella pycnophora (Nyl.) R.Sant., Ark. Bot. 31A(7): 15 (1944)

NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Leioderma sorediatum D.J.Galloway & P.M.Jørg., Lichenologist 19: 390 (1987)

QLD, NSW, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Galloway & Jørgensen (1987); Jørgensen & Galloway (1992a); Elix (1993); Kantvilas & Jarman (1999)

LEIOMONIS R.C.Harris; Pilocarpaceae (?)

Leiomonis erratica (Körb.) R.C.Harris & Lendemer, in R.C.Harris, Opuscula Philolich. 6: 151 (2009)

Micarea erratica (Körb.) Hertel, Rambold & Pietschm., in Rambold, Biblioth. Lichenol. 34: 227 (1989)

QLD, NSW, VIC, Extra-Aust.

LEIORREUMA Eschw.; Graphidaceae

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Leiorreuma exaltatum (Mont. & Bosch) Staiger, Biblioth. Lichenol. 85: 298 (2002)

Phaeographis exaltata (Mont. & Bosch) Müll.Arg., Flora 65: 336 (1882)

QLD, NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

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Leiorreuma hypomelaenum (Müll.Arg.) Staiger, Biblioth. Lichenol. 85: 300 (2002)

Phaeographis hypomelaena Müll.Arg., Flora 69: 313 (1886)

Phaeographis necopinata A.W.Archer & Elix, Mycotaxon 72: 92 (1999) [*]

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Leiorreuma melanostalazans (Leight.) A.W.Archer, Telopea 11: 75 (2005)

Phaeographis melanostalazans (Leight.) Müll.Arg., Flora 65: 336 (1882)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Leiorreuma nornotaticum (A.W.Archer & Elix) A.W.Archer, Telopea 11: 75 (2005) *

Phaeographis nornotatica A.W.Archer & Elix, Mycotaxon 72: 93 (1999)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Archer (2001a, 2001d, 2005b, 2009a); Staiger (2002)

LEMPHOLEMMA Körb.; Lichinaceae

Lempholemma polyanthes (Bernh.) Malme, Lich. Suec. Exsicc.: [883] (1924)

Lempholemma myriococcum (Ach.) Th.Fr., Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsal., ser. 3, 3: 381 (1861)

Synalissa cancellata F.Wilson, Proc. Roy. Soc. Victoria 5: 151 (1893) [*]

VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Wilson (1893a, 1893b); Shirley (1894b); Kantvilas & Jørgensen (1998)

LEPRARIA Ach.; Stereocaulaceae

Lepraria alternata Elix, Australas. Lichenol. 73: 45 (2013) *

WA, NSW, VIC

Lepraria atlantica Orange, Lichenologist 33: 462 (2001)

HI (“aff.”), WA, NSW, ACT, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Lepraria aurescens Orange & Wolseley, Lichenologist 37: 247 (2005)

NT, QLD, Extra-Aust.

Lepraria caesioalba (de Lesd.) J.R.Laundon, Lichenologist 24: 324 (1992)

WA, ACT, Extra-Aust.

Lepraria coriensis (Hue) Sipman, Herzogia 17: 28 (2004)

Lecanora coriensis (Hue) J.R.Laundon, Nova Hedwigia 76: 97 (2003)

WA, SA, NT, QLD, NSW, NI, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Lepraria cupressicola (Hue) J.R.Laundon, Lichenologist 40: 412 (2008)

Lepraria atrotomentosa Orange & Wolseley, in Orange et al., Biblioth. Lichenol. 78: 328 (2001)

QLD, NSW, NI, Extra-Aust.

Lepraria dibenzofuranica Elix, in Elix & Kalb, Australas. Lichenol. 63: 30 (2008) *

WA, NSW, ACT, VIC

Lepraria eburnea J.R.Laundon, Lichenologist 24: 332 (1992)

NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Lepraria jackii Tønsberg, Sommerfeltia 14: 200 (1992)

WA, QLD, NSW, NI, ACT, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Lepraria lobata Elix & Kalb, in Elix, Mycotaxon 94: 220 (2005) *

WA, NSW, ACT, TAS

Lepraria finkii (B. de Lesd.) R.C.Harris, Evansia 2: 45 (1985)

Lepraria lobificans Nyl., Flora 56: 196 (1873)

Lepraria incana (L.) Ach., Lichenogr. Suec. Prodr.: 7 (1798); some Australian records

WA, SA, QLD, NSW, NI, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Lepraria membranacea (Dicks.) Lettau, Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 61: 127 (1958)

Leproloma membranaceum (Dicks.) Vain., Természetrajzi. Füz. 22: 293 (1899)

Pannaria rubiginosa var. lanuginosa (Hoffm.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 3: 258 (1925)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Lepraria methylbarbatica Elix, in Elix & Kalb, Australas. Lichenol. 63: 31 (2008) *

QLD

Lepraria multiacida Aptroot, Fungal Diversity 9: 20 (2002)

SA, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Lepraria neglecta (Nyl.) Erichsen, in Lettau, Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 61: 127 (1958)

Lepraria crassissima (Hue) Lettau, Feddes Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 61: 125 (1958); Australian records

HI, NSW, ACT, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Lepraria nivalis J.R.Laundon, Lichenologist 24: 327 (1992)

HI, Extra-Aust.

Lepraria obtusatica Tønsberg, Sommerfeltia 14: 204 (1992)

VIC, Extra-Aust.

Lepraria sekikaica Elix, in Lumbsch et al., Phytotaxa 18: 81 (2011) *

WA

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Lepraria squamatica Elix, Australas. Lichenol. 58: 20 (2006) *

WA, NT, NSW, VIC

Lepraria toilenae Kantvilas & Kukwa, Muelleria 23: 3 (2006) *

NSW, VIC, TAS

Lepraria vouauxii (Hue) R.C.Harris, Bryologist 90: 163 (1987)

Leproloma vouauxii (Hue) J.R.Laundon, Lichenologist 21: 13 (1989)

ACT, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Lepraria yunnaniana (Hue) Zahlbr., in Handel-Mazzetti, Symb. Sin. 3: 244 (1930)

Lepraria nigrocincta Diederich, Sérus. & Aptroot, Biblioth. Lichenol. 64: 78 (1997)

Lepraria incana (L.) Ach., Lichenogr. Suec. Prodr.: 7 (1798); some Australian records

QLD, NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Räsänen (1949); Filson & Rogers (1979); Richardson & Richardson (1982); Kantvilas & James (1991); Elix & Streimann (1995); Allen et al. (2001); Laundon (1989, 2003); Sipman (2003, 2004a); Elix (2005, 2006a, 2006b, 2006c, 2006e, 2007a, 2007e, 2008b, 2009i, 2009p, 2010b); Kantvilas & Kukwa (2006); Øvstedal & Gremmen (2006, 2008); Elix & Kalb (2008); Kantvilas et al. (2008a); Elix et al. (2009); Lumbsch et al. (2011); Elix (2013b); Lendemer (2013)

LEPROCAULON Nyl.; Lecanoromycetes, incertae sedis

Leprocaulon arbuscula (Nyl.) Nyl., in Hue, Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat., sér. 3, 4: 134 (1892)

Stereocaulon arbuscula (Nyl.) Nyl., Syn. Meth. Lich. 1(2): 253 (1860)

SA, QLD, NSW, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Leprocaulon microscopicum (Vill.) Gams ex D.Hawksw., Kl. Kryptogamenfl. 3: 113 (1967)

Stereocaulon quisquiliare (Leers) Hoffm., Deutschl.Fl.: 130 (1796)

Leprocaulon quisquiliare (Leers) M.Choisy, Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Soc. Bot. Lyon 19: 166 (1950)

WA, NT, SA, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Leprocaulon pseudoarbuscula (Asahina) I.M.Lamb & A.Ward, J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 38: 533 (1974)

NSW, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Shirley (1888b); Lamb & Ward (1974); Bratt & Cashin (1975); Filson & Rogers (1979); Elix & Streimann (1982); Richardson & Richardson (1982); Lumbsch (1988); Allen et al. (2001); Elix (2008b)

LEPROLOMA: See LEPRARIA

LEPTOGIUM(Ach.) S.F.Gray; Collemataceae

Leptogium asiaticum P.M.Jørg., Herzogia 2: 466 (1973)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Leptogium austroamericanum (Malme) C.W.Dodge, Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 20: 419 (1933)

NT, QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Leptogium azureum (Sw. ex Ach.) Mont., in Webb & Berthelot, Hist. Nat. Îles Canaries 3: 129 (1840)

CI, QLD, NSW, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Leptogium biloculare F.Wilson, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 28: 357 (1891) *

QLD, NSW, VIC, TAS

Leptogium brebissonii Mont., in Webb & Berthelot, Hist. Nat. Îles Canaries 3: 130 (1840)

Collema rugatum Hook.f. & Taylor, J. Bot. (Hooker) 3: 656 (1844)

NI, Extra-Aust.

Leptogium bullatulum Müll.Arg., Hedwigia 30: 47 (1891) *

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Leptogium caesium var. pichneum (Ach.) Vain., Ann. Acad. Sci. Fenn., Ser. A, 15(6): 40 (1921) *

Collema tremelloides var. pichneum Ach., Syn. Meth. Lich.: 343 (1814)

QLD

Leptogium chloromelum (Ach.) Nyl., Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 5: 333 (1857)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Leptogium cochleatum (Dicks.) P.M.Jørg. & P.James, Lichenologist 15: 113 (1983)

Leptogium tremelloides (L.) S.F.Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 1: 400 (1821)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Leptogium coralloideum (Meyen & Flot.) Vain., Ann. Acad. Sci. Fenn., Ser. A, 6(7): 110 (1915)

QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Leptogium corniculatum (Hoffm.) Minks, Flora, Jenaische Z. Naturwiss. 35: 353 (1873)

WA, Extra-Aust.

Leptogium corticola (Taylor) Tuck., in Lea, Cat. Pl. Cincinnati: 47 (1849)

Leptogium pulchellum (Ach.) Nyl., Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 5: 90 (1857)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Leptogium crispatellum Nyl., Lich. Nov. Zel.: 10 (1888)

HI, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Leptogium cyanescens (Rabenh.) Körb., Syst. Lich. Germ.: 420 (1855)

?Leptogium tremelloides f. isidiosa Müll.Arg., Flora 65: 295 (1882) [*]

?Leptogium tremelloides var. isidiosum (Müll.Arg.) F.Wilson, Proc. Roy. Soc. Victoria 5: 156 (1893)

NT, QLD, NSW, LHI, NI, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Leptogium enkarodes Verdon, Mycotaxon 37: 414 (1990) *

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Leptogium faciifictum Verdon, Mycotaxon 37: 416 (1990) *

QLD, NSW

Leptogium fallax Müll.Arg., Flora 65: 292 (1882)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Leptogium gelatinosum (With.) J.R.Laundon, Lichenologist 16: 219 (1984)

Leptogium scotinum (Ach.) Fr., Fl. Scand. 1: 293 (1836)

Leptogium sinuatum (Huds.) A.Massal., Mem. Lichenogr.: 88 (1853)

Leptogium lacerum (Räusch.) S.F.Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 1: 401 (1821); Australian records

Leptogium lichenoides (L.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 3: 136 (1924); Australian records

NSW, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Leptogium granulans Vain., Ann. Acad. Sci. Fenn., Ser. A, 15(6): 43 (1920)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Leptogium hypotrachynum Müll.Arg., Flora 64: 81 (1881)

QLD, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Leptogium javanicum Mont., Syll. Gen. Sp. Crypt.: 379 (1856)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Leptogium limbatum F.Wilson, Victorian Naturalist 6: 63 (1889) *

Leptogium inflexum var. limbatum (F.Wilson) F.Wilson, Proc. Roy. Soc. Victoria 5: 158 (1893)

Leptogium tremelloides var. limbatum (F.Wilson) Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 4: 87 (1896)

NSW, VIC, TAS

Leptogium marginellum (Sw.) S.F.Gray, Nat. Arr. Brit. Pl. 1: 401 (1821)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Leptogium menziesii (Sm.) Mont., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 3, 18: 313 (1852)

Leptogium burgessii Mont., in Webb & Berthelot, Hist. Nat. Îles Canaries 3: 130 (1840); Australian records

NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Leptogium moluccanum (Pers.) Vain., Étud. Class. Lich. Brésil 1: 223 (1890)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Leptogium pecten F.Wilson, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 28: 358 (1891) *

NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Leptogium pellobatum Verdon, Mycotaxon 37: 418 (1990) *

CI, QLD

Leptogium philorheuma F.Wilson, Proc. Roy. Soc. Victoria 5: 157 (1893) *

VIC, TAS

Leptogium phyllocarpum (Pers.) Mont., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 3, 10: 134 (1848) var. phyllocarpum

WA, CI, QLD, NSW, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Leptogium phyllocarpum var. turneri (Taylor) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 3: 150 (1924)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Leptogium poliophaeum Verdon, Mycotaxon 37: 420 (1990) *

CI, QLD

Leptogium propaguliferum Vain., Ann. Acad. Sci. Fenn., Ser. A, 15(6): 40 (1921)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Leptogium puberulum Hue, Deux. Exped. Antarct. Franc. (1908–10), Sci. Nat., Doc. Sci. 15 (1915)

HI, Extra-Aust.

Leptogium rogersii Verdon, Mycotaxon 37: 424 (1990) *

NSW, TAS

Leptogium tasmanicum F.Wilson, Pap. & Proc. Roy. Soc. Tasmania 1892: 144 (1893) *

VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Leptogium victorianum F.Wilson, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 28: 358 (1891) *

Leptogium chloromelum var. victorianum F.Wilson, Victorian Naturalist 6: 62 (1889)

VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Leptogium wilsonii Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 3: 160 (1924) *

Leptogium denticulatum F.Wilson, in Bailey, Bot. Bull. Dept. Agric., Queensland 7: 28 (1891) [*]

CI, QLD

Literature: Cheel (1904); Elix (1985, 2007e); Riedl (1988); Verdon (1992b, 2001); Kantvilas & Jarman (1999); McCarthy & Elix (2002); Øvstedal & Gremmen (2006)

LEPTOTREMA Mont. & Bosch; Graphidaceae

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Leptotrema wightii (Taylor) Müll.Arg., Flora 65: 499 (1882)

Thelotrema wightii (Taylor) Nyl., Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 5: 118 (1857)

Myriotrema wightii (Taylor) Hale, Mycotaxon 11: 135 (1980)

Endocarpon baileyi Stirt., Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. Victoria 17: 74 (1881) [*]

Leptotrema baileyi (Stirt.) Shirley, Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 6: 194 (1889)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Literature:Mangold et al. (2009)

LETROUITIA Hafellner & Bellem.; Letrouitiaceae

Letrouitia aureola (Tuck.) Hafellner & Bellem., Nova Hedwigia 35: 281 (1982)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Letrouitia bifera (Nyl.) Hafellner, Nova Hedwigia 35: 666 (1983)

Lopadium biferum (Nyl.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 4: 300 (1926)

QLD, LHI, NI, Extra-Aust.

Letrouitia corallina (Müll.Arg.) Hafellner, Nova Hedwigia 35: 669 (1983) *

Heterothecium vulpinum f. corallinum Müll.Arg., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 23: 393 (1891)

Lopadium vulpinum f. corallinum (Müll.Arg.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 4: 316 (1926)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Letrouitia coralloidea (Müll.Arg.) Hafellner, Nova Hedwigia 35: 671 (1981) *

Patellaria domingensis var. coralloidea Müll.Arg., Flora 65: 488 (1882)

Lecidea domingensis var. coralloidea (Müll.Arg.) Shirley, Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 6: 76 (1889)

Bombyliospora domingensis var. coralloidea (Müll.Arg.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 7: 52 (1930)

QLD, NSW, VIC?, Extra-Aust.

Letrouitia domingensis (Pers.) Hafellner & Bellem., Nova Hedwigia 35: 281 (1982)

Bombyliospora domingensis (Pers.) Zahlbr., in Wawra & Beck, Itin. Princ. S. Coburgi 2: 153 (1888)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Letrouitia flavocrocea (Nyl.) Hafellner & Bellem., Nova Hedwigia 35: 281 (1982)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Letrouitia hafellneri S.Y.Kondr. & Elix, Australas. Lichenol. 62: 16 (2008) *

QLD

Letrouitia leprolyta (Nyl.) Hafellner, Nova Hedwigia 35: 693 (1983)

NT, QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Letrouitia leprolytoides S.Y.Kondr. & Elix, Australas. Lichenol. 62: 17 (2008) *

NT, QLD, NSW

Letrouitia muralis Hafellner, Nova Hedwigia 35: 695 (1983)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Letrouitia parabola (Nyl.) R.Sant. & Hafellner, in Hafellner & Bellemère, Nova Hedwigia 35: 281 (1982)

Heterothecium parabolum (Nyl.) Müll.Arg., Rev. Mycol. (Toulouse) 9: 80 (1887)

Lopadium parabolum (Nyl.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 4: 309 (1926)

Heterothecium parabolum var. subvulpinum Müll.Arg., Flora 70: 338 (1887) [*]

Lecidea parabola var. subvulpina (Müll.Arg.) Shirley, Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 6: 184 (1889)

Lopadium parabolum var. subvulpinum (Müll.Arg.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 4: 309 (1926)

CI, QLD, Extra-Aust.

Letrouitia pseudomuralis Hafellner, Nova Hedwigia 35: 701 (1983)

NI, Extra-Aust.

Letrouitia sayeri (Müll.Arg.) Elix, Australas. Lichenol. 61: 23 (2007) *

Heterothecium sayeri Müll.Arg., Flora 70: 338 (1887)

Lecidea sayeri (Müll.Arg.) Shirley, Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 6: 184 (1889)

Lopadium sayeri (Müll.Arg.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 4: 313 (1926)

Letrouitia subvulpina (Nyl.) Hafellner, Nova Hedwigia 35: 705 (1983); Australian records

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Letrouitia transgressa (Malme) Hafellner & Bellem., in Hafellner, Nova Hedwigia 35: 710 (1983)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Letrouitia vulpina (Tuck.) Hafellner & Bellem., Nova Hedwigia 35: 281 (1982)

Lopadium vulpinum (Tuck.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 4: 316 (1926)

Heterothecium vulpinum (Tuck.) Tuck., Syn. N. Amer. Lich. 2: 57 (1888)

Heterothecium vulpinum var. glaucescens Müll.Arg., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 23: 393 (1891)

Lopadium vulpinum var. glaucescens (Müll.Arg.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 4: 316 (1926)

CI, NT, QLD, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Bailey (1881, 1891a, 1892, 1893); Müller (1882, 1887b, 1891b); Shirley (1889b); Cheel (1904); Hafellner (1981); Kärnefelt (1990); Elix (1994bb, 2007f, 2009k, 2010b); Allen et al. (2001); McCarthy & Elix (2002); Elix & Kondratyuk (2008)

LEUCODECTON A.Massal.; Graphidaceae

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Leucodecton albidulum (Nyl.) Mangold, in Mangold, Elix & Lumbsch, Fl. Australia 57: 654 (2009)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Leucodecton compunctellum (Nyl.) Frisch, in Frisch, Kalb & Grube, Biblioth. Lichenol. 92: 155 (2006)

Thelotrema elachistoteron Leight., Trans. Linn. Soc. London 27: 169 (1870)

Myriotrema elachistoteron (Leight.) Hale, Mycotaxon 11: 133 (1980) [*]

Anthracothecium oligosporum Müll.Arg., Flora 71: 48 (1888) [*]

Leptotrema oligosporum (Müll.Arg.) Patw. & Makhija, Bryologist 83: 368 (1980)

NT, QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Leucodecton glaucescens (Nyl.) Frisch, in Frisch, Kalb & Grube, Biblioth. Lichenol. 92: 164 (2006)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Leucodecton occultum (Eschw.) Frisch, in Frisch, Kalb & Grube, Biblioth. Lichenol. 92: 157 (2006)

Leptotrema compunctum (J.E.Sm. ex Ach.) Müll.Arg., Flora 71: 527 (1888)

Myriotrema compunctum (J.E.Sm. ex Ach.) Hale, Mycotaxon 11: 133 (1980)

NT, QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Leucodecton subcompunctum (Nyl.) A.Frisch, Biblioth. Lichenol. 92: 162 (2006)

Myriotrema subcompunctum (Nyl.) Hale, Mycotaxon 11: 135 (1980)

Leptotrema diffractum Müll.Arg., Hedwigia 30: 50 (1891) [*]

Leptotrema polycarpum Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 315 (1895) [*]

QLD, NSW, LHI, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Frisch (2006); Mangold et al. (2009)

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LICHENOMPHALIA Redhead, Lutzoni, Moncalvo & Vilgalys; Basidiomycota, Tricholomataceae

Lichenomphalia chromacea (Cleland) Redhead, Lutzoni, Moncalvo & Vilgalys, Mycotaxon 83: 37 (2002) *

Omphalina chromacea (Cleland) T.W.May & A.E.Wood, Mycotaxon 54: 148 (1995)

WA, SA, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Lichenomphalia tasmanica Kantvilas, in G.Kantvilas & S.J.Jarman, Kanunnah 5: 107 (2012) *

TAS

Lichenomphalia umbellifera (L. : Fr.) Redhead, Lutzoni, Moncalvo & Vilgalys, Mycotaxon 83: 38 (2002)

Omphalina umbellifera (L. : Fr.) Quél., Enchir. Fung.: 44 (1886)

Omphalina ericetorum (Pers. : Fr.) H.E.Bigelow, Mycologia 62: 13 (1970)

WA, SA, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Lumbsch & Ewers (1992); Kantvilas et al. (1993); Kantvilas (1994d); Kantvilas & Jarman (1999, 2012)

LICHINA C.Agardh; Lichinaceae

Lichina antarctica Cromb., J. Bot. 14: 21 (1876)

HI, Extra-Aust.

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Lichina confinis (O.F.Müll.) C.Agardh, Spec. Alg. 1: 105 (1821)

Lichina pygmaea var. intermedia C.Bab., in Hooker, Fl. Nov. Zel. 2: 311 (1855)

SA, NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Lichina minutissima Henssen, Lichenologist 5: 449 (1973) *

WA

Lichina tasmanica Henssen, Lichenologist 4: 94 (1969) *

TAS

Literature: Wilson (1891, 1893b); Dodge & Rudolph (1955); Henssen (1969, 1973); Weber (1969); Filson & Rogers (1979)

LITHOGRAPHA Nyl.; Trapeliaceae

Lithographa graphidioides (Cromb.) Imshaug ex Coppins & Fryday, Lichenologist 38: 94 (2006)

Lithographa subantarctica Hertel & Rambold, Biblioth. Lichenol. 38: 158 (1990)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Hertel & Rambold (1990); Coppins & Fryday (2006)

LITHOTHELIUM Müll.Arg.; Pyrenulaceae

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Lithothelium austropacificum P.M.McCarthy, Lichenologist 28: 290 (1996) *

LHI

Lithothelium decumbens (Müll.Arg.) Aptroot, Australas. Lichenol. 60: 36 (2007) *

Parathelium decumbens Müll.Arg., Hedwigia 32: 134 (1893)

Pyrenula decumbens (Müll.Arg.) Upreti, Nova Hedwigia 66: 568 (1998)

Pyrenula nitida (Weig.) Ach., Ges. Naturf. Freunde Berlin Mag. Neuesten Entdeck. Gesammten Naturk. 6: 21 (1814); some Australian records

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Lithothelium hieroglyphicum Aptroot, Australas. Lichenol. 60: 36 (2007) *

NSW

Lithothelium nanosporum (C.Knight) Aptroot, Australas. Lichenol. 60: 36 (2007) *

Trypethelium nanosporum C.Knight, in Bailey, Syn. Queensland Fl., Suppl. 1: 78 (1886)

Parmentaria microspora Müll.Arg., Flora 70: 427 (1887)

QLD

Lithothelium obtectum (Müll.Arg.) Aptroot, Biblioth. Lichenol. 44: 62 (1991)

CI, NT, QLD, LHI, Extra-Aust.

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Lithothelium quiescens P.M.McCarthy, Australas. Lichenol. 49: 7 (2001) *

CI

Literature: McCarthy (1996a, 2001j); Aptroot (2007, 2008, 2009c)

LOBARIA (Schreb.) Hoffm.; Lobariaceae

Lobaria discolor (Delise) Hue, Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat., sér. 4, 3: 23 (1901)

Sticta discolor Delise, Mém. Soc. Linn. Calvados [Normandie] 2: 136, tab. XVI, fig. 59 (1825) ["1822"]

Ricasolia hypoleuca Müll.Arg., Flora 65: 305 (1882) [*]

Sticta hypoleuca Müll.Arg., Flora 65: 305 (1882)

Lobaria asticta var. hypoleuca (Müll.Arg.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 3: 297 (1925)

Lobaria stictaeformis (Schaer.) Trevis., Lich. Veneta: 75 (1869); Australian records

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Lobaria hartmannii (Müll.Arg.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 3: 302 (1925) *

Ricasolia hartmannii Müll.Arg., Flora 66: 45 (1883)

QLD

Lobaria isidiophora Yoshim., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 34: 276 (1971)

QLD, NSW, ACT, Extra-Aust.

Lobaria patinifera (Taylor) Hue, Nouv. Arch. Mus. Hist. Nat., sér. 4, 3: 29 (1901)

NSW, NI, Extra-Aust.

Lobaria plurimiseptata (C.Knight) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 3: 309 (1925) *

Ricasolia plurimiseptata C.Knight, in Bailey, Syn. Queensland Fl. 2, Suppl.: 81 (1888)

QLD, NSW

Lobaria pseudoretigera Sipman, Biblioth. Lichenol. 88: 599 (2004)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Lobaria retigera (Bory) Trevis., Lich. Veneta: 75 (1869) var. retigera

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Lobaria retigera var. subisidiosa (Asahina) Yoshim., Misc. Bryol. Lichenol. 6: 135 (1974)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Lobaria rhaphispora (C.Knight) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 3: 319 (1925) *

Ricasolia rhaphispora C.Knight, in Bailey, Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 1: 151 (1884)

QLD

Lobaria scrobiculata (Scop.) DC., in Lamarck & de Candolle, Fl. Franç., 3rd edn, 2: 402 (1805)

NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Elix (2001a); Sipman (2004b); Galloway (2011)

LOBOTHALLIA (Clauzade & Cl.Roux) Hafellner; Megasporaceae

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Lobothallia radiosa (Hoffm.) Hafellner, Acta Bot. Malacitana 16: 138 (1991)

Lecanora radiosa (Hoffm.) Schaer., Enum. Crit. Lich. Eur.: 61 (1850)

Aspicilia radiosa (Hoffm.) Poelt & Leuckert, in Hermann et al., Willdenowia 7: 25 (1973)

SA, NSW, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Allen et al. (2001)

LOFLAMMIA Vězda; Pilocarpaceae

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Loflammia epiphylla (Fée) Lücking & Vězda, Phyton (Horn) 39: 141 (1999)

Loflammia flammea (Müll.Arg.) Vězda, Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 21: 216 (1986)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Loflammia gabrielis (Müll.Arg.) Vězda, Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 21: 216 (1986)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Santesson & Tibell (1988); Vězda & Kalb (1991); Lücking et al. (2001b)

LOGILVIA Vězda; Pilocarpaceae

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Logilvia gilva (Müll.Arg.) Vězda, Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 21: 216 (1986)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Kalb & Vězda (1994b)

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LOPADIUM Körb.; Pilocarpaceae?

Lopadium brisbanense (C.Knight) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 4: 300 (1926) *

Lecidea brisbanensis C.Knight, in Shirley, Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 6: 176 (1889)

QLD

Lopadium disciforme (Flot.) Poelt & Vězda, Bibloth. Lichenol. 16: 205 (1981)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Lopadium hepaticicola P.Döbbeler, Poelt & Vězda, Herzogia 7: 82 (1985), as hepaticola *

TAS

Lopadium lecanorellum A.Massal., Atti Reale Ist. Veneto Sci. Lett. Arti, ser. 3, 5: 262 (1860)

Lecidea hodgkinsoniae Kremp., Verh. K.K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien, B, 30: 341 (‘1880’) [1881] [*]

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Krempelhuber (1881); Shirley (1889b); Müller (1891b); Döbbeler et al. (1985); Kantvilas & James (1991)

LOPEZARIA: See MEGALARIA

LOXOSPORA A.Massal.; Sarrameanaceae

Loxospora lecanoriformis Lumbsch, A.W.Archer & Elix, Lichenologist 39: 509 (2007) *

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Loxospora solenospora (Müll.Arg.) Kantvilas, Herzogia 14: 36 (2000) *

Lecanora solenospora Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb.Boissier 1: 38 (1893)

Sarrameana tasmanica Vězda & Kantvilas, Lichenologist 20: 179 (1988) [*]

VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Müller (1893b); Vězda & Kantvilas (1988); Kantvilas et al. (1994); Farkas (1995); Kantvilas (2000b, 2004d); Lumbsch et al. (2007)

LYROMMA Bat. & H.Maia; Lyrommataceae

Lyromma nectandrae Bat. & H.Maia, Atas Inst. Micol. Univ. Fed. Pernambuco 2: 360 (1965)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Lücking et al. (2001b)

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M

MACENTINA: See PSOROGLAENA

MALCOLMIELLA Vězda; Pilocarpaceae

Malcolmiella cinereovirens Vězda var. isidiata Vězda, Lich. Rar. Exsicc. 27: [266] (1997) *

ACT

Literature: Vězda (1997)

MALMIDEA Kalb, Rivas-Plata & Lumbsch; Malmideaceae

Malmidea granifera (Ach.) Kalb, Rivas-Plata & Lumbsch, Biblioth. Lichenol. 106: 165 (2011)

Lecidea granifera (Ach.) Vain., Cat. Afr. Pl. Welwitsch 2(2): 424 (1901)

Lecidea aurigera Fée, Essai Crypt. Écorc.: 106 (1824)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Malmidea leptoloma (Müll.Arg.) Kalb & Lumbsch, Biblioth. Lichenol. 106: 165 (2011)

Lecidea leptoloma Müll.Arg., Flora 64: 518 (1881)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Malmidea piperis (Spreng.) Kalb, Rivas-Plata & Lumbsch, Biblioth. Lichenol. 106: 165 (2011)

Lecidea piperis (Spreng.) Nyl., Flora: 52: 121 (1869)

Malcolmiella piperis (Spreng.) Kalb & Lücking, Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 122: 43 (2000)

NT, Extra-Aust.

Malmidea subgranifera (Kalb & Elix) Kalb & Elix, Biblioth. Lichenol. 106: 166 (2011) *

Malcolmiella subgranifera Kalb & Elix, in Kalb, Lich. Neotrop. 13: [555] (2001)

QLD

Literature: Shirley (1889b, 1889c); Vězda (1997); Allen et al. (2001); Kalb (2001c); Kalb et al. (2011)

MANGOLDIA Lücking, Parnmen & Lumbsch; Graphidaceae

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Mangoldia atronitens (A.W.Archer) Lücking, Parnmen & Lumbsch, Phytotaxa 69: 4 (2012) *

Graphina atronitens A.W.Archer, Mycotaxon 77: 162 (2001) *

Thalloloma atronitens (A.W.Archer) A.W.Archer, Telopea 11: 77 (2005) *

NSW, NI, VIC

Mangoldia australiana Lücking, Parnmen & Lumbsch, Phytotaxa 69: 3 (2012) *

NSW

Literature: Galloway (2004); Archer (2001e, 2005b, 2009a); Lücking et al. (2012)

MARASMIELLUS Murrill; Basidiomycota, Tricholomataceae

Marasmiellus affixus (Berk.) Singer, Beih. Nova Hedwigia 44: 4 (1973) *

Agaricus affixus Berk., J. Bot. (Hooker) 7: 573 (1848)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Kantvilas & May (1995)

MARONEA A.Massal.; Fuscideaceae

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Maronea constans (Nyl.) Hepp, Flechten Eur.: [771] (1860)

SA, NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Filson & Rogers (1979); Kantvilas (1990a, 2001, 2004e)

MARONINA: See PROTOPARMELIA

MASSALONGIA Körb.; Massalongiaceae

Massalongia carnosa (Dicks.) Körb., Syst. Lich. Germ.: 109 (1855)

HI, NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Jørgensen & Elix (1988); Kantvilas (1994d); Elix & Streimann (1995); Øvstedal & Gremmen (2006)

MASTODIA Hook.f. & Harv.; Mastodiaceae

Mastodia tessellata (Hook.f. & Harv.) Hook.f. & Harv. ex Hook.f., in Hooker, Bot. Antarct. Voy. 1(1): 499 (1847)

Turgidosculum complicatulum (Nyl.) Kohlm. & E.Kohlm., Marine Mycology: Higher Fungi: 361 (1979)

Mastodia macquariensis C.W.Dodge, Nova Hedwigia 19: 439 (‘1970’) [1971] [*]

HI, TAS, MI, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Dodge (1948, 1971); Seppelt (1980, 1984); Selkirk et al. (1990); Kantvilas & Seppelt (1992); Øvstedal & Gremmen (2006)

MAZOSIA A.Massal.; Roccellaceae

Mazosia aptrootii Sipman, Nova Hedwigia 53: 257 (1991) *

QLD

Mazosia bambusae (Vain.) R.Sant., Symb. Bot. Upsal. 12(1): 121 (1952)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Mazosia melanophthalma (Müll.Arg.) R.Sant., Symb. Bot. Upsal. 12(1): 117 (1952)

CI, QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Mazosia ocellata (Nyl.) R.C.Harris, Some Florida Lichens: 43 (1990)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Mazosia paupercula (Müll.Arg.) R.Sant., Symb. Bot. Upsal. 12(1): 128 (1952)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Mazosia phyllosema (Nyl.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 2: 503 (1923)

CI, QLD, NSW, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Mazosia quadriseptata Kalb & Vězda, Bull. Soc. Linn. Provence 45: 239 (1994) *

QLD

Mazosia tomentifera Vězda & Lumbsch, in Lumbsch & Vězda, Nova Hedwigia 50: 250 (1990) *

QLD

Literature: Santesson (1952); Santesson & Tibell (1988); Vězda (1988a); Lumbsch & Vězda (1990); Sipman (1991); Kalb & Vězda (1994b); Lücking et al. (2001b); McCarthy et al. (2001b); McCarthy & Elix (2002); Sparrius (2004)

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MEGALARIA Hafellner; Megalariaceae

Megalaria bryophila (Müll.Arg.) Elix, Australas. Lichenol. 70: 8 (2012) *

Patellaria bryophila Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 1: 48 (1893)

Catillaria bryophila (Müll.Arg.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 4: 32 (1926)

NSW, VIC

Megalaria grossa (Pers. ex Nyl.) Hafellner, Beih. Nova Hedwigia 79: 302 (1984)

Catillaria grossa (Pers. ex Nyl.) Körb., Parerga Lich.: 478 (1865)

Catinaria grossa (Pers. ex Nyl.) Vain., Acta Soc. Fauna Fl. Fenn. 53: 143 (1922)

Catinaria leucoplaca (DC.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 2: 527 (1923); Australian records

WA, NSW, NI, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Megalaria laureri (Hepp ex Th.Fr.) Hafellner, in Nimis, Lichens of Italy: 429 (1993)

Catillaria laureri Hepp ex Th.Fr., in Arnold, Lich. Exsicc.: [353] (1867)

Catinaria laureri (Hepp ex Th.Fr.) Degel., Göteborgs Kungl. Vetensk. Samhälles Handl., Ser. B, Math. Naturvensk. Skr. 1(7): 12 (1941)

Catillaria intermixta (Nyl.) Arnold ex Glow., Verh. K.K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien, B, 20: 455 (1870); Australian records

?QLD, NSW, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Megalaria melaloma (C.Knight) Kantvilas, Muelleria 26(2): 67 (2008) *

Lecidea melaloma C.Knight, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, ser. 2, 2: 45 (1882)

Catillaria melaloma (C.Knight) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 4: 21 (1926)

?Patellaria biclipea Shirley, Pap. & Proc. Roy. Soc. Tasmania 1893: 217 (1894) [*]

?Megalospora biclipea (Shirley) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 4: 86 (1926)

Patellaea scutata Rodway, Pap. & Proc. Roy. Soc. Tasmania 1924: 23 (1925) [*]

Catillaria tasmanica Räsänen, Ann. Bot. Soc. Zool.-Bot. Fenn. “ Vanamo ” 20(3): 3 (1944) [*]

NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS

Megalaria melanotropa (Nyl.) D.J.Galloway, New Zealand J. Bot. 42: 115 (2004)

Lecidea melanotropa Nyl., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 9: 255 (1865)

Patellaria melanotropa (Nyl.) Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 4: 94 (1896)

Catillaria melanotropa (Nyl.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 4: 57 (1926)

Catillochroma melanotropa (Nyl.) Kalb, Biblioth. Lichenol. 95: 303 (2007)

NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Megalaria pulverea (Borrer) Hafellner & Schreiner, Biblioth. Lichenol. 45: 146 (1992)

Catillaria pulverea (Borrer) Lettau, Hedwigia 52: 136 (1912)

Catinaria pulverea (Borrer) Vězda & Poelt, in Poelt & Vězda, Biblioth. Lichenol.16: 363 (1981)

Catillochroma pulverea (Nyl.) Kalb, Biblioth. Lichenol. 95: 303 (2007)

VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Megalaria subtasmanica Kantvilas, Muelleria 26: 69 (2008) *

WA, TAS

Megalaria trachonoides (Nyl.) Kalb, Biblioth. Lichenol. 95: 312 (2007)

Catillaria trachonoides (Nyl.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 4: 80 (1926)

QLD, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Megalaria versicolor (Flot.) Kalb, Hafellner, Fryday & Lendemer, in Fryday & Lendemer, Lichenologist 42: 598 (2010)

Megalospora versicolor (Flot.) Zahlbr., in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 1, 1: 134 (1905)

Catinaria versicolor (Flot.) Sipman, Biblioth. Lichenol. 18: 172 (1983)

Lopezaria versicolor (Flot.) Kalb & Hafellner, in Kalb, Lich. Neotrop. 11: 2 [464] (1990)

NSW, NI, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Crombie (1880); Mueller (1887); Shirley (1894a); Cheel (1904); Jatta (1911); Sipman (1983); Hertel (1989a); Kantvilas & James (1991); Kantvilas et al. (1993, 1994); Galloway (2004); Kalb (2007); Elix (2007e, 2010b, 2012a); Kantvilas (2008b)

MEGALOBLASTENIA Sipman; Megalosporaceae

Megaloblastenia flavidoatra (Nyl.) Sipman, Biblioth. Lichenol. 18: 87 (1983)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Megaloblastenia marginiflexa (Hook.f. & Taylor) Sipman, Biblioth. Lichenol. 18: 89 (1983)

Megalospora marginiflexa (Hook.f. & Taylor) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 4: 88 (1926)

Blastenia endochromoides (Nyl.) Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 2, Append. 1: 69 (1894)

Blastenia consanguinea Müll.Arg., Rev. Mycol. (Toulouse) 9: 80 (1887); Australian record

NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Sipman (1983); Kantvilas (1988, 2008c)

MEGALOSPORA Meyen; Megalosporaceae

Megalospora atrorubicans (Nyl.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 4: 86 (1926) subsp. atrorubicans

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Megalospora atrorubicans subsp. australis Sipman, Biblioth. Lichenol. 18: 97 (1983)

QLD, NSW, LHI, Extra-Aust.

Megalospora australiensis (Müll.Arg.) Sipman, Biblioth. Lichenol. 18: 150 (1983) *

Patellaria australiensis Müll.Arg., Flora 65: 488 (1888)

Bombyliospora australiensis (Müll.Arg.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 7: 50 (1930)

Patellaria ventricosa Müll.Arg., Flora 65: 488 (1882) [*]

Lecidea ventricosa (Müll.Arg.) Shirley, Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 6: 174 (1889)

Bombyliospora ventricosa (Müll.Arg.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 7: 57 (1930)

Bombyliospora tuberculosa var. australica Räsänen, Suom. Elain-ja Kasvit. Seuran Van. Tiedon. Pöytäkirjat 3: 182 (1949) [*]

QLD, NSW

Megalospora disjuncta Sipman, Willdenowia 15: 559 (1986)

QLD, NSW, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Megalospora galactocarpa (Zahlbr.) Elix, Australas. Lichenol. 65: 21 (2009) *

Psorothecium taitense var. galactocarpum Zahlbr., Ann. Mycol. 2: 270 (1904)

Megalospora sulphurata var. galactocarpa (Zahlbr.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 4: 90 (1926)

Megalospora melanodermia var. galactocarpa (Zahlbr.) Kantvilas, Lichenologist 26: 362 (1994)

QLD, NSW

Megalospora gompholoma subsp. fuscolineata Sipman, Biblioth. Lichenol. 18: 103 (1983) *

Megalospora taylorii C.W.Dodge, Nova Hedwigia 19: 478 (‘1970’) [1971] [*]

VIC, TAS

Megalospora lopadioides Sipman, Biblioth. Lichenol. 18: 165 (1983) *

TAS, MI, Extra-Aust.

Megalospora melanodermia (Müll.Arg.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 4: 89 (1926) var. melanodermia *

Patellaria melanodermia Müll.Arg., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 23: 392 (1891)

Patellaria melaclinoides Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 4: 94 (1896) [*]

Catillaria melaclinoides (Müll.Arg.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 4: 20 (1926)

QLD, NSW

Megalospora melanodermia var. purpurea Elix, Australas. Lichenol. 65: 20 (2009) *

QLD

Megalospora occidentalis Kantvilas, Lichenologist 26: 351 (1994) *

WA

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Megalospora pauciseptata (Shirley) Kantvilas & Lumbsch, Austral. Syst. Bot. 25: 215 (2012) *

Heterothecium pauciseptatum Shirley, Pap. & Proc. Roy. Soc. Tasmania 1893: 218 (1894)

Lopadium pauciseptatum (Shirley) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 4: 309 (1926)

Austroblastenia pauciseptata (Shirley) Sipman, Biblioth. Lichenol. 18: 82 (1983)

VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Megalospora pulverata Kantvilas, Lichenologist 26: 355 (1994) *

Lecidea epiglauca Nyl., Lich. Nov. Zel.: 87 (1888); Australian records

Lecidea taitensis var. epiglauca Nyl., Lich. Nov. Zel.: 87 (1888); Australian records

NSW, VIC, TAS

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Megalospora pupa (Sipman) Kantvilas & Lumbsch, Austral. Syst. Bot. 25: 215 (2012)

Austroblastenia pupa Sipman, Biblioth. Lichenol. 18: 84 (1983)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Megalospora queenslandica Sipman, Biblioth. Lichenol. 18: 165 (1983) *

QLD

Megalospora reniformis (Shirley) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 4: 89 (1926) *

Lecidea reniformis Shirley, Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 6: 174 (1889)

QLD

Megalospora subtuberculosa (C.Knight) Sipman, Biblioth. Lichenol. 18: 123 (1983)

QLD, NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Megalospora sulphurata Meyen, in Meyen & Flotow, Nov. Actorum Acad. Caes. Leop.-Carol. Nat. Cur. 19, Suppl.: 228 (1843)

Biatora taitensis Mont., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 3, 10: 126 (1848)

Megalospora sulphurata var. campylospora (Stirt.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 4: 90 (1926); Australian records

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Megalospora tuberculosa (Fée) Sipman, Biblioth. Lichenol. 18: 156 (1983)

Bombyliospora tuberculosa (Fée) A.Massal., Ric. Auton. Lich. Crost.: 116 (1852)

Lecidea inflexa C.Knight ex F.M.Bailey, Syn. Queensland Fl., Suppl. 1: 74 (1886) [*]

Bombyliospora inflexa (C.Knight ex F.M.Bailey) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 7: 54 (1930)

Megalospora inflexa (C.Knight ex F.M.Bailey) Sipman, Biblioth. Lichenol. 18: 154 (1983)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Sipman (1983, 1986); Kantvilas (1988, 1994c, 2008c); Hafellner et al. (1989); Vězda (1989b); Allen et al. (2001); Morley & Gibson (2004); Elix (2007e, 2009o, 2010b); Kantvilas & Lumbsch (2012)

MEGALOTREMIS Aptroot; Monoblastiaceae

Megalotremis biocellata Aptroot, Biblioth. Lichenol. 44: 125 (1991) *

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Megalotremis verrucosa (Makhija & Patw.) Aptroot, Biblioth. Lichenol. 44: 126 (1991)

Anisomeridium verrucosum (Makhija & Patw.) R.C.Harris, More Florida Lichens: 151 (1995)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Aptroot (1991a)

MELANELIA Essl.; Parmeliaceae

Melanelia fuscosorediata (Essl.) Essl., Mycotaxon 7: 47 (1978) *

Parmelia fuscosorediata Essl., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 42: 68 (1977)

WA, SA, VIC

Melanelia pseudoglabra (Essl.) Essl., Mycotaxon 7: 48 (1978) *

Parmelia pseudoglabra Essl., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 42: 84 (1977)

NSW

Literature: Elix (1994k, 2006a, 2007a); Kantvilas & Jarman (1999); Kantvilas et al. (2002); Morley & Gibson (2004)

MELANELIXIA O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Divakar, Essl., D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch; Parmeliaceae

Melanelixia piliferella (Essl.) A.Crespo, Divakar & Elix, in Crespo et al., Taxon 59: 1750 (2010) *

Parmelia piliferella Essl., J. Hattori Bot. Lab. 42: 83 (1977)

Melanelia piliferella (Essl.) Essl., Mycotaxon 7: 48 (1978)

WA, NSW, ACT, VIC

Melanelixia subglabra (Räsänen) A.Crespo, Divakar & Elix, in Crespo et al., Taxon 59: 1750 (2010)

Parmelia subglabra (Räsänen) Essl., Bryologist 76: 307 (1973)

Melanelia subglabra (Räsänen) Essl., Mycotaxon 7: 48 (1978)

VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature:Elix (1994k, 2006a, 2007a); Kantvilas & Jarman (1999); Kantvilas et al. (2002)

MELANOPHLOEA P.James & Vězda; Thelocarpaceae

Melanophloea montana P.M.McCarthy, Australas. Lichenol. 62: 26 (2008) *

Thelenella montana (P.M.McCarthy) Aptroot, in A.Aptroot & F.Schumm, Lichenologist 44: 506 (2012)

QLD

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Melanophloea pacifica P.James & Vězda, Lichenologist 5: 89 (1971)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Thor (1995); McCarthy (2008b); McCarthy & Kantvilas (2009); Aptroot & Schumm (2012)

MELANOTHECA: See PYRENULA

MELANOTOPELIA Lumbsch & Mangold; Graphidaceae

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Melanotopelia rugosa (Kantvilas & Vězda) Lumbsch & Mangold, in Mangold et al., Lichenologist 40: 44 (2008) *

Topeliopsis rugosa Kantvilas & Vězda, Lichenologist 32: 351 (2000)

QLD, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Kantvilas & Vězda (2000); Kalb (2001b); Frisch (2006); Frisch & Kalb (2006a); Mangold et al. (2008, 2009)

MELANOTREMA A.Frisch; Graphidaceae

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Melanotrema columellatum Mangold, in Mangold, Elix & Lumbsch, Fl. Australia 57: 655 (2009)

Melanotrema meiospermoides (Hale.) A.Frisch, in Frisch & Kalb, Biblioth. Lichenol. 92: 393 (2006)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Melanotrema endomelaenum (Müll.Arg.) Mangold, in Mangold, Elix & Lumbsch, Fl. Australia 57: 655 (2009) *

Ocellularia endomelaena Müll.Arg., Hedwigia 32: 121 (1893)

QLD, NSW

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Melanotrema platystomum (Mont.) Frisch, in Frisch, Kalb & Grube, Biblioth. Lichenol. 92: 397 (2006)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Frisch & Kalb (2006b); Mangold et al. (2009)

MELASPILEA Nyl.; Melaspileaceae [Doubtfully lichenised]

Melaspilea asteriscus (Müll.Arg.) Müll.Arg., Mém. Soc. Phys. Hist. Nat. Genève 29(8): 20 (1887)

Melanographa asteriscus Müll.Arg., Flora 65: 519 (1882)

Graphis parmeliarum C.Knight, in Bailey, Syn. Queensland Fl. 2, Suppl.: 88 (1888) [*]

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Melaspilea congregans Müll.Arg., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 23: 397 (1891) *

QLD

Melaspilea congregantula Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 317 (1895) *

QLD

Melaspilea gemella (Eschw.) Nyl., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 5, 7: 344 (1867)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Melanographa leucina Müll.Arg., Flora 65: 516 (1882)

Melaspilea mangrovei Vrijmoed, K.D.Hyde & E.B.G.Jones, Mycol. Res. 100: 293 (1996) *

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Melaspilea microcarpa (Müll.Arg.) Müll.Arg., Mém. Soc. Phys. Hist. Nat. Genève 29(8): 19 (1887) *

Melanographa microcarpa Müll.Arg., Flora 65: 516 (1882)

NSW

Melaspilea opegraphoides Nyl., Acta Soc. Sci. Fenn. 7: 487 (1863)

QLD, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Melaspilea proximella (Nyl.) Nyl., in Norrlin, Not. Sällsk. Fauna Fl. Fenn. Förh. 13: 342 (1871–74)

AUST, Extra-Aust.

Melaspilea stellaris Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 317 (1895) *

QLD

Literature: Müller (1882, 1891b, 1895d); Bailey (1888, 1891a, 1891c, 1896); Shirley (1889b); Vrijmoed et al. (1996); Kantvilas & Coppins (1997b)

MENEGAZZIA A.Massal.; Parmeliaceae

Menegazzia abscondita Kantvilas, Lichenologist 44: 198 (2012) *

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Menegazzia aeneofusca (Müll.Arg.) R.Sant., Ark. Bot. 30A(11): 13 (1942) *

Parmelia aeneofusca Müll.Arg., Flora 66: 77 (1883)

Parmelia subbrunnea Stirt., Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 32: 80 (1879)

NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Menegazzia arthrotaxidis Kantvilas, Lichenologist 44: 202 (2012) *

TAS

Menegazzia bjerkeana Kantvilas, Lichenologist 44: 795 (2012) *

NSW

Menegazzia caesiopruinosa P.James, in Kantvilas & James, Lichenologist 19: 25 (1987) *

WA, SA, NSW, VIC, TAS

Menegazzia caliginosa P.James & D.J.Galloway, in Galloway, New Zealand J. Bot. 21: 194 (1983)

VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Menegazzia castanea P.James & D.J.Galloway, in Galloway, New Zealand J. Bot. 21: 194 (1983)

MI, Extra-Aust.

Menegazzia confusa P.James, in Kantvilas & James, Lichenologist 19: 26 (1987) *

NSW, VIC, TAS

Menegazzia conica P.James, in James & Galloway, Fl. Australia 54: 312 (1992) *

NSW

Menegazzia corrugata P.James, in James & Galloway, Fl. Australia 54: 312 (1992) *

Menegazzia bullata (Stirt.) Bitter, Hedwigia 40: 276 (1901); Australian records

TAS

Menegazzia elongata P.James, in James & Galloway, Fl. Australia 54: 312 (1992) *

TAS

Menegazzia endocrocea Kantvilas, in Lumbsch et al., Phytotaxa 18: 85 (2011) *

TAS

Menegazzia enteroxantha (Müll.Arg.) R.Sant., Ark. Bot. 30A(11): 12 (1942) *

Parmelia enteroxantha Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 4: 90 (1896)

NSW

Menegazzia eperforata P.James & D.J.Galloway, in Galloway, New Zealand J. Bot. 21: 194 (1983)

NSW, LHI, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Menegazzia fissicarpa P.James, in James & Galloway, Fl. Australia 54: 313 (1992) *

QLD, NSW

Menegazzia globulifera R.Sant., Ark. Bot. 30A(11): 30 (1942)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Menegazzia grandis P.James, in James & Galloway, Fl. Australia 54: 313 (1992) *

NSW

Menegazzia hypogymnioides Kantvilas, Lichenologist 44: 214 (2012) *

TAS

Menegazzia inactiva P.James & Kantvilas, in Kantvilas & James, Lichenologist 19: 25 (1987) *

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Menegazzia jamesii Louwhoff & Kantvilas, in Kantvilas & Louwhoff, Lichenologist 36: 104 (2004) *

VIC, TAS

Menegazzia kantvilasii P.James, in James & Galloway, Fl. Australia 54: 313 (1992) *

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Menegazzia lordhowensis Elix, Biblioth. Lichenol. 95: 174 (2007) *

LHI

Menegazzia minuta P.James & Kantvilas, in Kantvilas & James, Lichenologist 19: 24 (1987) *

TAS

Menegazzia myriotrema (Müll.Arg.) R.Sant., Ark. Bot. 30A(11): 13 (1942) *

Parmelia myriotrema Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 4: 91 (1896)

?Parmelia pertusa var. coskinodes F.Wilson, Pap. & Proc. Roy. Soc. Tasmania 1892: 175 (1893) [*]

Parmelia retipora Stirt., Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 32: 80 (1899) [*]

Menegazzia retipora (Stirt.) Bitter, Hedwigia 40: 172 (1901)]

Menegazzia prototypica P.James, in James & Galloway, Fl. Australia 54: 314 (1992) [*]

VIC, TAS

Menegazzia neozelandica (Zahlbr.) P.James, in James & Galloway, Fl. Australia 54: 313 (1992)

Menegazzia circumsorediata R.Sant., Ark. Bot. 30A(11): 14 (1942)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Menegazzia norstictica P.James, in James & Galloway, Fl. Australia 54: 313 (1992) *

WA, NSW, VIC, TAS

Menegazzia nothofagi (Zahlbr.) P.James & D.J.Galloway, in Galloway, New Zealand J. Bot. 21: 194 (1983)

NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Menegazzia platytrema (Müll.Arg.) R.Sant., Ark. Bot. 30A(11): 13 (1942) *

Parmelia platytrema Müll.Arg., Flora 70: 60 (1887)

Menegazzia fertilis P.James, in James & Galloway, Fl. Australia 54: 312 (1992) [*]

WA, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS

Menegazzia pertransita (Stirt.) R.Sant., Ark. Bot. 30A(11): 12 (1942)

Parmelia weindorferi Zahlbr., Ann. Mycol. 4: 489 (1906) [*]

Menegazzia weindorferi (Zahlbr.) R.Sant., Ark. Bot. 30A(11): 12 (1942)

Menegazzia weindorferi f. endocitrina (Hillmann) R.Sant., Ark. Bot. 30A(11): 12 (1942); Australian records

VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Menegazzia petraea Kantvilas, Lichenologist 44: 230 (2012) *

TAS

Menegazzia ramulicola Kantvilas, Lichenologist 44: 233 (2012) *

TAS

Menegazzia sanguinascens (Räsänen.) R.Sant., Ark. Bot. 30A(11): 28 (1942)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Menegazzia subbullata P.James & Kantvilas, in Kantvilas & James, Lichenologist 19: 25 (1987) *

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Menegazzia subpertusa P.James & D.J.Galloway, in Galloway, New Zealand J. Bot. 21: 195 (1983)

Menegazzia terebrata (Hoffm.) A.Massal., Neag. Lich.: 3 (1854); Australian records

Menegazzia magellanica R.Sant., Ark. Bot. 30A(11): 23 (1942); Australian records

Menegazzia sanguinascens (Räsänen) R.Sant., Ark. Bot. 30A(11): 28 (1942); Macquarie I. records

Menegazzia neozelandica (Zahlbr.) P.James, in James & Galloway, Fl. Australia 54: 313 (1992); Macquarie I. records

NSW, VIC, TAS, MI, Extra-Aust.

Menegazzia subtestacea Kantvilas, Lichenologist 44: 240 (2012) *

?Parmelia pertusa var. montana F.Wilson, Pap. & Proc. Roy. Soc. Tasmania 1892: 175 (1893) [*]

TAS

Menegazzia tarkinea Kantvilas, Lichenologist 44: 242 (2012) *

TAS

Menegazzia testacea P.James & D.J.Galloway, in Galloway, New Zealand J. Bot. 21: 195 (1983)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Menegazzia ultralucens P.James & D.J.Galloway, in Galloway, New Zealand J. Bot. 21: 195 (1983)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Dodge (1948); Dodge & Rudolph (1955); Filson (1981a); Selkirk et al. (1990); James & Galloway (1992); Elix (1993, 2007d, 2009p, 2012a); Louwhoff et al. (1997); Kantvilas & Jarman (1999); Allen et al. (2001); Bjerke (2004); Kantvilas & Louwhoff (2004); Lumbsch et al. (2011); Kantvilas (2012b, 2012d)

MERIDIANELIA Kantvilas & Lumbsch; Elixiaceae

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Meridianelia maccarthyana Kantvilas & Lumbsch, Lichenologist 41: 264 (2009) *

TAS

Literature:Kantvilas & Lumbsch (2009)

METUS D.J.Galloway & P.James; Cladoniaceae

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Metus conglomeratus (F.Wilson) D.J.Galloway & P.James, Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 44: 566 (1987) *

Pilophoron conglomeratum F.Wilson, Victorian Naturalist 6: 68 (1889)

QLD, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Kantvilas (1992b); Wedin (1997); Kantvilas & Jarman (1999)

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MICAREA Fr.; Pilocarpaceae

Micarea alabastrites (Nyl.) Coppins, in Topham & Walker, Lichenologist 14: 66 (1982)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Micarea almbornii Coppins, Lichenologist 31: 559 (1999)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Micarea assimilata (Nyl.) Coppins, Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 11: 114 (1983)

Lecidea assimilata Nyl., Lich. Scand.: 221 (1861)

NSW, ACT, Extra-Aust.

Micarea cinerea (Schaer.) Hedl., Kongl. Svenska Vetensk-Akad. Handl. 17: 81, 93 (1923)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Micarea deminuta Coppins, Biblioth. Lichenol. 58: 58 (1995)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Micarea denigrata (Fr.) Hedl., Bih. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk-Akad. Handl. 18(3): 78, 89 (1892)

Lecidea aniptiza Stirt., Trans. Glasgow Soc. Field Naturalists 4: 85 (1875)

NSW, ACT, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Micarea flagellispora Coppins & Kantvilas, Lichenologist 22: 281 (1990) *

VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Micarea incrassata Hedl., Bih. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk-Akad. Handl. 18(3): 82 (1892)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Micarea intersociella (Stirt.) Coppins, in Kantvilas & Elix, Bryologist 97: 302 (1994) *

Lecidea aniptiza f. intersociella Stirt., Trans. Glasgow Soc. Field Naturalists 4: 94 (1875)

TAS

Micarea isabellina Coppins & Kantvilas, Lichenologist 22: 284 (1990) *

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Micarea magellanica (Müll.Arg.) Fryday, Biblioth. Lichenol. 88: 138 (2004)

Micarea austroternaria Coppins & Kantvilas, Lichenologist 22: 277 (1990) [*]

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Micarea melaena (Nyl.) Hedl., Bih. Kongl. Svenska Vetensk-Akad. Handl. 18(3): 82 (1892)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Micarea melaenida (Nyl.) Coppins, Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist., Bot. 11(2): 154 (1983)

Tas, Extra-Aust.

Micarea aff. melanoloba (Nyl.) Coppins, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. 11: 156 (1983)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Micarea micrococca (Körb.) Gams ex Coppins, Checklist of Lichens of Great Britain and Ireland (UK): 86 (2002)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Micarea mutabilis Coppins & Kantvilas, Lichenologist 22: 286 (1990) *

VIC, TAS

Micarea nitschkeana (Lahm ex Rabenh.) Harm., Bull. Séanc. Soc. Sci. Nancy, sér. 2, 33: 64 ('1898') [1899]

NSW, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Micarea prasina Fr., Syst. Orb. Veg.: 256 (1825)

Catillaria prasina (Fr.) Th.Fr., Lichenogr. Scand. 2: 573 (1874)

QLD, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Micarea peliocarpa (Anzi) Coppins & R.Sant., in Coppins, Bull. Br. Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. 11: 169 (1983)

NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Micarea prasinella (Jatta) I.M.Lamb, Lilloa 26: 413 (1953) *

Biatorina prasinella Jatta, Boll. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1911: 257 (1911), as Biarotina

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Micarea turfosa (A.Massal.) DuRietz, Svensk. Bot. Tidskr. 17: 94 (1923)

HI, Extra-Aust.

Micarea viridileprosa Coppins & van den Boom, in van den Boom & Coppins, Lichenologist 33: 87 (2001)

VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Stirton (1875); Jatta (1911); Lamb (1953); Elix & Streimann (1982); Rambold (1989); Coppins & Kantvilas (1990); Vězda (1990); Kantvilas & Elix (1994); Jarman & Kantvilas (2001); Fryday (2004); Kantvilas & Jarman (2006, 2012); Øvstedal & Gremmen (2006); Kantvilas et al. (2008a); Elix et al. (2009a, 2010, 2012a); Coppins (2009); Elix (2012a)

MICROTHELIOPSIS Müll.Arg.; Microtheliopsidaceae

Microtheliopsis uleana Müll.Arg., Flora 73: 195 (1890)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Microtheliopsis uniseptata Herrera-Campos & Lücking, in R.Lücking, Fl. Neotropica Monogr. 103: 150 (2008)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Santesson & Tibell (1988); Lücking et al. (2001b); Lücking (2008)

MILTIDEA Stirt.; Miltideaceae

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Miltidea ceroplasta (C.Bab.) D.J.Galloway & Hafellner, in Hafellner, Beih. Nova Hedwigia 79: 308 (1984)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Lumbsch (1989b); Vězda (1989c); Kantvilas & James (1991); Kantvilas (2004b)

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MIRIQUIDICA Hertel & Rambold; Lecanoraceae

Miriquidica deusta (Stenham.) Hertel & Rambold, Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 23: 380 (1987)

NSW, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Miriquidica leucophaea (Flörke ex Rabenh.) Hertel & Rambold, Mitt. Bot. Staatssamml. München 23: 380 (1987)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Rambold (1989)

MONEROLECHIA Marbach; Physciaceae

Monerolechia badia (Fr.) Kalb, Biblioth. Lichenol. 88: 312 (2004)

Buellia badia (Fr.) A.Massal., Mem. Lichenogr.: 124 (1853)

Lecidea badia Fr., Syst. Orb. Veg. 1: 287 (1825)

Buellia turgescens (Nyl.) Tuck., Gen. Lich.: 185 (1872)

Amandinea turgescens (Nyl.) Marbach, Biblioth. Lichenol. 74: 109 (2000)

WA, QLD, NSW, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Elix & Kantvilas (1995); Sipman & Streimann (1998); Kalb (2004); Elix (2011p)

MONOBLASTIA Riddle; Monoblastiaceae

Monoblastia pellucida Aptroot, Bryologist 94: 406 (1991)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Literature: McCarthy (1994)

MULTICLAVULA R.H.Petersen; Clavariaceae

Multiclavula mucida (Fr.) R.H.Petersen, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 77: 212 (1967)

NSW, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Multiclavula vernalis (Schwein.) R.H.Petersen, Amer. Midl. Naturalist 77: 216 (1967)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Petersen & Kantvilas (1986); Kantvilas & Jarman (1999)

MUSAESPORA: See TRYPETHELIOPSIS

MYCOBILIMBIA Rehm; Lecideaceae. AND SEE BRYOBILIMBIA

Mycobilimbia meridionalis Kantvilas, in Kantvilas et al., Lichenologist 37: 255 (2005) *

TAS

Mycobilimbia subbyssoidea Øvstedal, in Øvstedal & Gremmen, Lichenologist 40: 237 (2008) *

HI

Literature: Kantvilas et al. (2005); Øvstedal & Gremmen (2008); Fryday et al. (2014)

MYCOBLASTUS Norman; Mycoblastaceae

Mycoblastus bryophilus Imshaug ex Kantvilas, Lichenologist 41: 157 (2009)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

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Mycoblastus campbellianus (Nyl.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 4: 3 (1926)

VIC, TAS, MI, Extra-Aust.

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Mycoblastus coniophorus (Elix & A.W.Archer) Kantvilas & Elix, in Kantvilas, Lichenologist 41: 163 (2009) *

Pertusaria coniophora Elix & A.W.Archer, in Elix et al., Mycotaxon 64: 20 (1997)

Pertusaria coniophorella Elix & A.W.Archer, Australas. Lichenol. 60: 21 (2007) [*]

NSW, VIC, TAS, MI, Extra-Aust.

Mycoblastus disporus (C.Knight) Kantvilas, Lichenologist 41: 166 (2009)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Mycoblastus dissimulans (Nyl.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 4: 3 (1926)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Mycoblastus kalioruber Kantvilas, Lichenologist 41: 170 (2009) *

VIC, TAS

Mycoblastus leprarioides Kantvilas & Elix, in Kantvilas, Lichenologist 41: 171 (2009) *

NSW, VIC

Mycoblastus sanguinarioides Kantvilas, Lichenologist 41: 172 (2009) *

VIC, TAS

Literature: Dodge (1948, 1971); Selkirk et al. (1990); Kantvilas et al. (2008a); Kantvilas (2009a); Elix (2009p, 2010b)

MYCOMICROTHELIA Keissl.; ?Trypetheliaceae

Mycomicrothelia exigua (Müll.Arg.) D.Hawksw., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 14: 99 (1985)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Mycomicrothelia lateralis Sipman, in Sipman & Aptroot, Lichenologist 37: 309 (2005) *

QLD, NI

Mycomicrothelia miculiformis (Nyl. ex Müll.Arg.) D.Hawksw., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 14: 99 (1985)

Microthelia miculiformis Nyl. ex Müll.Arg., Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 6: 417 (1885)

NT, QLD, Extra-Aust.

Mycomicrothelia minutula (Zahlbr.) D.Hawksw., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 14: 102 (1985)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Mycomicrothelia obovata (Stirt.) D.Hawksw., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 14: 106 (1985) *

Verrucaria obovata Stirt., Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. Victoria 17: 74 (1881)

Pyrenula obovata (Stirt.) Shirley, Lich. Fl. Queensland 4: 176 (1889)

Microthelia obovata (Stirt.) Müll.Arg., Rep. Australas. Assoc. Advancem. Sci. 1895: 454 (1895)

Microthelia brisbanensis Müll.Arg., Rep. Australas. Assoc. Advancem. Sci. 1895: 455 (1895) [*]

Microthelia alba Müll.Arg., Rep. Australas. Assoc. Advancem. Sci. 1895: 455 (1895) [*]

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Mycomicrothelia queenslandica (Müll.Arg.) Sipman, in Sipman & Aptroot, Lichenologist 37: 309 (2005) *

Microthelia queenslandica Müll.Arg., Rep. Australas. Assoc. Advancem. Sci. 1895: 455 (1895)

Ornatopyrenis queenslandica (Müll.Arg.) Aptroot, Biblioth. Lichenol. 44: 128 (1991) *

QLD, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Mycomicrothelia subfallens (Müll.Arg.) D.Hawksw., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 14: 111 (1985)

NT, QLD, Extra-Aust.

Mycomicrothelia thelena (Ach.) D.Hawksw., Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 14: 112 (1985)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Stirton (1881); Shirley (1889b); Bailey (1891c, 1895); Müller (1895c); Hawksworth (1985); Aptroot (1991a, 1995, 2009a); Sipman & Aptroot (2005)

MYCOPORELLUM Müll.Arg.; Mycoporaceae

Mycoporellum obscurum (Pers.) A.L.Sm., in Crombie & Smith, Monogr. Brit. Lich. 2: 350 (1911)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Mycoporellum perexiguum Müll.Arg., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 23: 399 (1891) *

Arthopyrenia perexigua (Müll.Arg.) Riedl, Sydowia 16: 225 (1963)

QLD

Literature: Bailey (1891a); Müller (1891b); Jatta (1911); Riedl (1961, 1963)

MYCOPOROPSIS Müll.Arg.; Dothidiomycetes, incertae sedis

Mycoporopsis sorenocarpa (C.Knight) Müll.Arg., Flora 68: 515 (1885) *

Mycoporum sorenocarpum C.Knight, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, ser. 2, 2: 40 (1882)

NSW

Literature:Knight (1882); Müller (1885)

MYCOPORUM Flot. ex Nyl.; Mycoporaceae

Mycoporum antecellens (Nyl.) R.C.Harris, More Florida Lichens: 67 (1995)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Mycoporum compositum (A.Massal.) R.C.Harris, in Egan, Bryologist 90: 164 (1987)

Mycoporum pycnocarpum Nyl., Flora 41: 38 (1858)

VIC, Extra-Aust.

Mycoporum eschweileri (Müll.Arg.) R.C.Harris, More Florida Lichens: 69 (1995)

Tomasellia eschweileri (Müll.Arg.) R.C.Harris, in Tucker & Harris, Bryologist 83: 19 (1980)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Mycoporum quercus (A.Massal.) Müll.Arg., Flora 65: 402 (1882)

Dermatina quercus (A.Massal.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 1: 551 (1922)

WA, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Müller (1893b); Richardson & Richardson (1982); Aptroot (1997); Owe-Larsson & Aptroot (2006);

MYELOCHROA (Asahina) Elix & Hale; Parmeliaceae

Myelochroa aurulenta (Tuck.) Elix & Hale, Mycotaxon 29: 240 (1987)

Parmelia aurulenta Tuck., Amer. J. Sci. Arts, ser. 2, 25: 424 (1858)

Parmelina aurulenta (Tuck.) Hale, Phytologia 28: 482 (1974)

QLD, NSW, LHI, Extra-Aust.

Myelochroa degelii (Hale) Elix & Hale, Mycotaxon 29: 240 (1987) *

Parmelia degelii Hale, in Hale & Kurokawa, Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 36: 170 (1964)

Parmelina degelii (Hale) Hale, Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 33: 25 (1976)

QLD

Myelochroa denegans (Nyl.) Elix & Hale, Mycotaxon 29: 240 (1987)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Elix (1994l); Louwhoff & Elix (1998)

MYELOCONIS P.M.McCarthy & Elix; Myeloconidaceae

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Myeloconis erumpens P.M.McCarthy & Elix, Lichenologist 28: 406 (1996)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Literature: McCarthy (2001a)

MYELORRHIZA Verdon & Elix; Cladoniaceae

Myelorrhiza antrea Verdon & Elix, Brunonia 9: 194 (1986) *

QLD

Myelorrhiza jenjiana Verdon & Elix, Brunonia 9: 196 (1986) *

QLD

Literature: Verdon (1992a)

MYRIOTREMA Fée; Graphidaceae

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Myriotrema album Fée, Essai Crypt. Écorc.: 104 (1824)

Ocellularia alba (Fée) Müll.Arg., Mém. Soc. Phys. Hist. Nat. Genève 29(8): 6 (1887)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Myriotrema clandestinum (Fée) Hale, Mycotaxon 11: 113 (1980)

Ocellularia terebratula (Nyl.) Müll.Arg., Mém. Soc. Phys. Hist. Nat. Genève 29(8): 12 (1887)

Myriotrema terebratulum (Nyl.) Hale, Mycotaxon 11: 135 (1980)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Myriotrema desquamans (Müll.Arg.) Hale, Mycotaxon 11: 133 (1980) *

Anthracothecium desquamans Müll.Arg., Flora 71: 48 (1888)

Leptotrema desquamans (Müll.Arg.) Patw. & Makhija, Bryologist 83: 368 (1980)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Myriotrema eminens (Hale) Hale, Mycotaxon 11: 133 (1980)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Myriotrema frustillatum Mangold, in Mangold, Elix & Lumbsch, Fl. Australia 57: 655 (2009) *

QLD, NSW

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Myriotrema glaucophaenum (Kremp.) Hale, Mycotaxon 11: 133 (1980)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Myriotrema microporum (Mont.) Hale, Bull. Brit. Mus. Nat. Hist. (Bot.) 8: 286 (1981)

NT, QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Myriotrema myrioporum (Tuck.) Hale, Mycotaxon 11: 134 (1980)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Myriotrema olivaceum Fée, Essai Crypt. Écorc. 1: xcii (1824)

NT, QLD, Extra-Aust.

Myriotrema phaeosporum (Nyl.) Hale, Mycotaxon 11: 134 (1980)

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Thelotrema phaeosporum Nyl., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 4, 11: 242 (1859)

Leptotrema phaeosporum (Nyl.) Müll.Arg., Flora 65: 499 (1882)

QLD, LHI, NI, Extra-Aust.

Myriotrema polytretum Hale, Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 8: 291 (1981)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Myriotrema protoalbum Hale, Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 8: 292 (1981)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Myriotrema rugiferum (Harm.) Hale, Mycotaxon 11: 135 (1980)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Myriotrema subconforme (Nyl.) Hale, Mycotaxon 11: 135 (1980)

NT, QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Myriotrema temperatum Mangold, in Mangold, Elix & Lumbsch, Fl. Australia 57: 655 (2009) *

QLD, NSW

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Myriotrema trypaneoides (Nyl.) Hale, Mycotaxon 11: 135 (1980)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Myriotrema viridialbum (Kremp.) Hale, Mycotaxon 11: 135 (1980)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Bailey (1881, 1891a); Stirton (1881); Müller (1882, 1888a, 1891a); Shirley (1889b, 1892); Weber (1971); Patwardhan & Makhija (1980); Elix (1985); Vězda (1994b); Allen et al. (2001); Mangold et al. (2006, 2008, 2009); Frisch (2006)

MYXOBILIMBIA: See BILIMBIA

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NADVORNIKIA Tibell; Graphidaceae

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Nadvornikia hawaiiensis (Tuck.) Tibell, Beih. Nova Hedwigia 79: 672 (1984)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Tibell (1987); Mangold et al. (2009)

NEOFUSCELIA: See XANTHOPARMELIA

NEOPHYLLIS F.Wilson; Sphaerophoraceae

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Neophyllis melacarpa (F.Wilson) F.Wilson, J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 28: 372 (1891) *

Phyllis melacarpa F.Wilson, Victorian Naturalist 6: 68 (1889)

Phyllopsora melacarpa (F.Wilson) Müll.Arg., Hedwigia 34: 28 (1894), as melanocarpa

Gymnoderma melacarpum (F.Wilson) Yoshim., J. Jap. Bot. 48: 287 (1973)

Psora dactylophylla Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 1: 35 (1893) [*]

Lecidea dactylophylla (Müll.Arg.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 3: 867 (1925)

NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Neophyllis pachyphylla (Müll.Arg.) Gotth.Schneid., Biblioth. Lichenol. 13: 168 (1979) *

Psora pachyphylla Müll.Arg., Flora 70: 319 (1887)

Lecidea pachyphylla (Müll.Arg.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 3: 888 (1925)

NSW, VIC

Literature: Filson (1992c)

NEPHROMAAch.; Nephromataceae

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Nephroma australe A.Rich., in Dumont d'Urville, Voy. Astrolabe, Bot. 1: 31 (1832)

Nephroma antarcticum (Wulfen) Nyl., Syn. Meth. Lich. 1(2): 317 (1860); Australian records

NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

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Nephroma cellulosum (Sm. ex Ach.) Ach., Lichenogr. Universalis: 523 (1810)

Nephroma cellulosum var. isidioferum J.S.Murray, Trans. Roy. Soc. New Zealand, Bot. 88: 385 (1960)

NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

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Nephroma helveticum Ach., Lichenogr. Universalis: 523 (1810)

Nephroma resupinatum f. papyraceum (Hoffm.) Ach., Lichenogr. Universalis: 522 (1810)

Nephromium tropicum Müll.Arg., Flora 66: 21 (1883) [*]

Nephroma tropicum (Müll.Arg.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 3: 442 (1925)

Nephroma laevigatum Ach., Syn. Meth. Lich.: 242 (1814); Australian records

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Nephroma rufum (C.Bab.) P.James, in Galloway, New Zealand J. Bot. 21: 195 (1983)

Nephroma helveticum var. rufum (C.Bab.) J.S.Murray, Trans. Roy. Soc. New Zealand, Bot. 88: 386 (1960)

QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Babington & Mitten (1859); Crombie (1880); Bailey (1881); Müller (1883a); Shirley (1889a, 1889c); Wilson (1893b); Murray (1960); Weber (1969, 1979); Bratt & Cashin (1975); Filson & Rogers (1979); Elix & Streimann (1982); Vězda (1985a); Elix (1987, 1989); White & James (1988); Kantvilas (1990a); Kantvilas & Elix (1987, 1989, 1992); Kantvilas & Jarman (1999); Louwhoff (2005, 2009a)

NEUROPOGON: See USNEA

NITIDOCHAPSA Parnmen, Lücking & Lumbsch; Graphidaceae

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Nitidochapsa leprieurii (Mont.) Parnmen, Lücking & Lumbsch, Bryologist 116: 131 (2013)

Chapsa leprieurii (Mont.) Frisch, in Frisch, Kalb & Grube, Biblioth. Lichenol. 92: 105 (2006)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Mangold et al. (2009); Parnmen et al. (2013a)

NORMANDINA Nyl.; Ascomycota, incertae sedis

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Normandina pulchella (Borrer) Nyl., Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 1, 4: 382 (1861)

Normandina jungermanniae Nyl., Mém. Soc. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg 3: 191 (1855)

WA, SA, QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Müller (1893b); Weber (1969); Bratt & Cashin (1975); Filson & Rogers (1979); Stevens (1979); Aptroot (1991b); Kantvilas et al. (1993); Kantvilas & Jarman (1999); Allen et al. (2001)

NOTOCLADONIA S.Hammer; Cladoniaceae

Notocladonia cochleata (Müll.Arg.) S.Hammer, Bryologist 106: 163 (2003) *

Ramalea cochleata Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 4: 88 (1896)

Thysanothecium hyalinum f. squamosulum F.Wilson, Proc. Roy. Soc. Victoria 5: 176 (1893) [*]

WA, QLD, NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Notocladonia undulata S.Hammer, Bryologist 106: 163 (2003) *

NSW, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Ratkowsky et al. (1989); Conran (1992); Hammer (2003a)

NOTOLECIDEA Hertel; Lecanoromycetes, incertae sedis

Notolecidea subcontinua (Nyl.) Hertel, Beih. Nova Hedwigia 79: 441 (1984)

HI, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Øvstedal & Gremmen (2006)

NOTOPARMELIA A.Crespo, Ferencova & Divakar; Parmeliaceae

Notoparmelia crowii (Elix) A.Crespo, Ferencova & Divakar, Lichenologist 46: 62 (2014) *

Parmelia crowii Elix, Mycotaxon 47: 116 (1993)

NSW

Notoparmelia cunninghamii (Cromb.) A.Crespo, Ferencova & Divakar, Lichenologist 46: 63 (2014) *

Parmelia cunninghamii Cromb., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 15: 228 (1876)

Parmelia brownii C.W.Dodge, Nova Hedwigia 19: 449 (‘1970’) [1971] [*]

WA, SA, NSW, VIC, TAS, MI

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Notoparmelia erumpens (Kurok.) A.Crespo, Ferencova & Divakar, Lichenologist 46: 63 (2014) *

Parmelia erumpens Kurok., Lich. Rar. Crit. Exsicc. 2: [74] (1969)

Parmelia tenuirima f. corallina Müll.Arg., Flora 66: 46 (1863) [*]

WA, SA, QLD, NSW, LHI, NI, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

"Parmelia" {Notoparmelia] protosignifera Elix & J.Johnst., Mycotaxon 31: 493 (1988) *

NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Notoparmelia protosulcata (Hale) A.Crespo, Ferencova & Divakar, Lichenologist 46: 63 (2014)

Parmelia protosulcata Hale, Mycotaxon 16: 162 (1982)

NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Notoparmelia pseudotenuirima (Gyeln.) A.Crespo, Ferencova & Divakar, Lichenologist 46: 63 (2014) *

Parmelia pseudotenuirima Gyeln., Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. 29: 289 (1931)

Parmelia tenuirima f. isidiosa Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 4: 90 (1896) [*]

Parmelia saxatilis (L.) Ach., Methodus: 204 (1803); Australian records

Parmelia saxatilis var. aizonii Delise, in Duby, Bot. Gall. 2(2): 602 (1830); Australian records

Parmelia saxatilis var. furfuracea Lindsay, Trans. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh 12: 227 (1859); Australian records

SA, NSW, VIC, ACT

Notoparmelia queenslandensis (Hale) A.Crespo, Ferencova & Divakar, Lichenologist 46: 63 (2014) *

Parmelia queenslandensis Hale, Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 66: 37 (1987)

QLD, NSW, LHI

Notoparmelia salcrambidiocarpa (Hale) A.Crespo, Ferencova & Divakar, Lichenologist 46: 63 (2014)

Parmelia salcrambidiocarpa Hale, Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 66: 38 (1987)

NSW, TAS, Extra-Aust.

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Notoparmelia signifera (Nyl.) A.Crespo, Ferencova & Divakar, Lichenologist 46: 63 (2014)

Parmelia signifera Nyl., Lich. Nov. Zel.: 25 (1888)

Parmelia omphalodes (L.) Ach., Lichenogr. Universalis: 469 (1810); Australian records

QLD, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, MI, Extra-Aust.

Notoparmelia tarkinensis (Elix & Kantvilas) A.Crespo, Ferencova & Divakar, Lichenologist 46: 63 (2014) *

Parmelia tarkinensis Elix & Kantvilas, Pap. & Proc. Roy. Soc. Tasmania 129: 64 (1995)

TAS

Notoparmelia tenuirima (Hook.f. & Taylor) A.Crespo, Ferencova & Divakar, Lichenologist 46: 63 (2014) *

Parmelia tenuirima Hook.f. & Taylor, J. Bot. (Hooker) 3: 645 (1844)

Parmelia tenuiscypha Taylor, J. Bot. (Hooker) 6: 175 (1847) [*]

WA, NSW, ACT, VIC, TAS, MI, Extra-Aust.

Notoparmelia testacea (Stirt.) , A.Crespo, Ferencova & Divakar, Lichenologist 46: 63 (2014)

Parmelia testacea Stirt., Scott. Naturalist (Perth) 4: 203 (1878)

VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Dodge (1948, 1971); Dodge & Rudolph (1955); Seppelt (1980); Filson (1981a); Elix & Streimann (1989); Selkirk et al. (1990); Elix (1994o; 2006a); Elix & Kantvilas (1995); Louwhoff et al. (1997); Louwhoff & Elix (1998); Kantvilas & Jarman (1999); Kantvilas et al. (2002); Crespo et al. (2014)

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OCELLULARIA Meyen & Flot.; Graphidaceae

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Ocellularia allosporoides (Nyl.) Patw. & C.Kulk., Kavaka 5: 5 (1977)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Ocellularia amplior (Nyl.) Redinger, Ark. Bot. 28A(8): 16 (1936)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Ocellularia andamanica (Nyl.) Tat.Matsumoto & Deguchi, Bryologist 102: 89 (1999)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Ocellularia arecae (Vain.) Hale, Mycotaxon 11: 136 (1980)

NT, QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Ocellularia asiatica (Vain.) Hale, Mycotaxon 11: 136 (1980)

Thelotrema polillense Vain., Ann. Acad. Sci. Fenn., Ser. A, 15(6): 180 (1921)

Ocellularia polillensis (Vain.) Hale, Bull. Brit. Mus. Nat. Hist. (Bot.) 8: 320 (1981)

Stegobolus polillensis (Vain.) A.Frisch, in Frisch & Kalb, Biblioth. Lichenol. 92: 476 (2006)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Ocellularia aurata (Tuck.) Hale, Mycotaxon 11: 136 (1980)

Ampliotrema auratum (Tuck.) Kalb, Biblioth. Lichenol. 88: 302 (2004), nom. inval.

Ampliotrema auratum (Tuck.) Kalb, in Frisch, Biblioth. Lichenol. 92: 82 (2006)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Ocellularia bahiana (Ach.) A.Frisch, in A.Frisch & Kalb, Biblioth. Lichenol. 92: 503 (2006)

Myriotrema bahianum (Ach.) Hale, Mycotaxon 11: 132 (1980)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Ocellularia baileyi Müll.Arg., Hedwigia 30: 51 (1891) *

Stegobolus carneopustulatus A.Frisch & Kalb, Biblioth. Lichenol. 92: 446 (2006) [*]

QLD

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Ocellularia berkeleyana (Mont.) Zahlbr., in Engler & Prantl, Nat. Pflanzenfam. 1(1): 118 (1905)

Thelotrema berkeleyanum (Mont.) Brusse, Mycotaxon 31: 547 (1988)

Stegobolus berkeleyanus Mont., in Hooker, London J. Bot. 4(3): 4 (1845) *

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Ocellularia bicuspidata (Müll.Arg.) Mangold, Elix & Lumbsch, Biblioth. Lichenol. 96: 195 (2007) *

Thelotrema bicuspidatum Müll.Arg., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 23: 395 (1891)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Ocellularia bonplandiae (Fée) Müll.Arg., Flora 65: 499 (1882)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Ocellularia cavata (Ach.) Müll.Arg., Flora 65: 499 (1882)

NT, QLD, Extra-Aust.

Ocellularia chiriquiensis (Hale) Hale, Mycotaxon 11: 136 (1980)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Ocellularia confluens (Kremp.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 2: 587 (1923)

Leptotrema nitidulum Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 315 (1895) [*]

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Ocellularia cruentata (Mont.) Hafellner & Magnes, in Magnes, Biblioth. Mycol. 165: 119 (1997)

Arthothelium puniceum Müll.Arg., Hedwigia 32: 133 (1893) [*]

Thelotrema puniceum (Müll. Arg.) Makhija & Patw., Tropical Bryol. 10: 205 (1995)

Chapsa punicea (Müll. Arg.) Cáceres & Lücking, in Cáceres, Libri Bot. 22: 54 (2007)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Ocellularia diacida Hale, Mycotaxon 7: 378 (1978)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Ocellularia domingensis (Fée) Müll.Arg., Flora 70: 398 (1887)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Ocellularia ecolumellata Mangold, in Mangold, Elix & Lumbsch, Fl. Australia 57: 655 (2009) *

QLD

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Ocellularia ecorticata Mangold, in Mangold, Elix & Lumbsch, Fl. Australia 57: 655 (2009) *

QLD, NSW

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Ocellularia emersa (Kremp.) Müll.Arg., Flora 69: 310 (1886)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Ocellularia eumorpha (Stirt.) Hale, Mycotaxon 11: 136 (1980)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Ocellularia exuta Hale, Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 8: 305 (1981)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Ocellularia fissa (Nyl.) Hale, Mycotaxon 11: 136 (1980)

Thelotrema trypethelioides C.Knight ex F.M.Bailey, Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 1: 151 (1884) [*]

Phaeotrema trypethelioides (C.Knight ex F.M.Bailey) Shirley, Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 6: 189 (1889)

Leptotrema fallax Müll.Arg., Flora. 70: 62 (1887) [*]

Stegobolus crassus (Müll.Arg.) A.Frisch, in Frisch & Kalb, Biblioth. Lichenol. 92: 448 (2006)

NT, QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Ocellularia fumosa (Ach.) Müll.Arg., Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 29(8): 7 (1887)

Ocellularia xantholeuca Müll.Arg., Hedwigia 30: 51 (1891) [*]

NT, QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Ocellularia gibberulosa (Müll.Arg.) Mangold, in Mangold, Elix & Lumbsch, Fl. Australia 57: 656 (2009)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Ocellularia inturgescens (Müll.Arg.) Mangold, in Mangold, Elix & Lumbsch, Fl. Australia 57: 656 (2009)

Thelotrema inturgescens Müll.Arg., Hedwigia 32: 131 (1893)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Ocellularia isidioalbula Mangold, in Mangold, Elix & Lumbsch, Fl. Australia 57: 656 (2009)

QLD

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Ocellularia kalbii (Müll.Arg.) Mangold, Elix & Lumbsch, Biblioth. Lichenol. 96: 198 (2007) *

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Ocellularia kurandensis Mangold, in Mangold, Elix & Lumbsch, Fl. Australia 57: 656 (2009) *

QLD

Ocellularia leucotylia (Nyl.) Müll.Arg., Hedwigia 30: 51 (1891)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Ocellularia massalongoi (Mont.) Hale, Mycotaxon 11: 137 (1980)

Thelotrema massalongoi (Mont.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 2: 624 (1923)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Ocellularia melanotremata Hale, Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 8: 314 (1981)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Ocellularia microstoma (Müll.Arg.) Hale, Mycotaxon 11: 134 (1980)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Ocellularia minutula Hale, Smithsonian Contr. Bot. 38: 24 (1978)

Myriotrema minutulum (Hale) Hale, Mycotaxon 11: 134 (1980)

NT, QLD, VIC, Extra-Aust.

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Ocellularia neopertusariiformis Hale, Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. 8: 315 (1981)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Ocellularia orthomastia (Kremp.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 2: 597 (1923)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Ocellularia papillata (Leight.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 2: 597 (1923)

Ocellularia viridipallens Müll.Arg., Flora 70: 397 (1887) [*]

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Ocellularia perforata (Leight.) Müll.Arg., Hedwigia 31: 284 (1892)

Ocellularia violacea Räsänen, Suom. Elain-ja Kasvit. Seuran Van. Tiedon. Pöytäkirjat 3: 184 (1949) [*]

Ocellularia violacea var. glauca Räsänen, Suom. Elain-ja Kasvit. Seuran Van. Tiedon. Pöytäkirjat 3: 185 (1949) [*]

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Ocellularia phaeotropa (Kremp.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 2: 598 (1923)

Ocellularia diffractella Müll.Arg., Hedwigia 30: 50 (1891) [*]

Ocellularia goniostoma Müll.Arg., Hedwigia 30: 51 (1891) [*]

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Ocellularia profunda (Stirt.) Mangold, Elix & Lumbsch, Biblioth. Lichenol. 96: 204 (2007) *

Ascidium profundum Stirt., Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. Victoria 17: 70 (1881)

Thelotrema profundum (Stirt.) Shirley, Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 6: 191 (1889)

Thelotrema megalosporum Müll.Arg., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 23: 395 (1891) [*]

Thelotrema endoxanthum Müll.Arg., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 23: 396 (1891) [*]

QLD, NSW

Ocellularia pyrenuloides Zahlbr., in Magnusson & Zahlbruckner, Ark. Bot. 31A(1): 46 (1943)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Ocellularia reticulata Mangold, in Mangold, Elix & Lumbsch, Fl. Australia 57: 656 (2009) *

QLD, NSW

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Ocellularia roseotecta Homchantara & Coppins, Lichenologist 34: 128 (2002)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Ocellularia schizostoma (Tuck.) Müll.Arg., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 23: 395 (1891)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Ocellularia subcavata (Nyl.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 2: 601 (1923)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Ocellularia tenuis (Hale) Hale, Mycotaxon 11: 138 (1980)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

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Ocellularia terebrata (Ach.) Müll.Arg., Mém. Soc. Phys. Genève 29(8): 7 (1887)

NT, QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Ocellularia thelotremoides (Leight.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 2: 603 (1924)

Thelotrema australiense Müll.Arg., Flora 70: 61 (1887) [*]

Thelotrema microphthalmum Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 314 (1895) [*]

Myriotrema microphthalmum (Müll.Arg.) Nagarkar & Hale, Mycotaxon 35: 440 (1989)

Thelotrema microporellum Nyl., in Triana & Planchon, Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot., sér. 4, 19: 327 (1863); Australian records

Ocellularia microporella (Nyl.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 2: 595 (1923); Australian records

Myriotrema microporellum (Nyl.) Hale, Mycotaxon 11: 134 (1980); Australian records

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Ocellularia turbinata Mangold, in Mangold, Elix & Lumbsch, Fl. Australia 57: 656 (2009) *

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

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Ocellularia wirthii Mangold, Elix & Lumbsch, Sauteria 15: 364 (2008)

NSW

Literature: Bailey (1884, 1891a, 1893, 1896); Shirley (1889b); Müller (1882, 1887b, 1888a, 1891a, 1891b, 1893a, 1893b, 1895d); Räsänen (1949); Elix (1985); Allen et al. (2001); Kalb (2004); Frisch (2006); Frisch & Kalb (2006b); Mangold et al. (2007b, 2008a, 2009)

OCHROLECHIA A.Massal.; Ochrolechiaceae

Ochrolechia africana Vain., Ann. Univ. Fenn. Aboensis, Ser. A, 2(3): 3 (1926)

WA, SA, QLD, LHI, ACT, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Ochrolechia androgyna (Hoffm.) Arnold, Flora 68: 236 (1885)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Ochrolechia blandior (Nyl.) Darb., Wiss. Ergebn. Schwedisch Sudpolarexpedit. 1901–1903, 4: 50 (1912)

VIC, Extra-Aust.

Ochrolechia frigida (Sw.) Lynge, Lich. Pl. Nov. Zemlya: 182 (1928)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Ochrolechia gyrophorica (A.W.Archer) A.W.Archer & Lumbsch, in Archer, Biblioth. Lichenol. 69: 224 (1997) *

Pertusaria gyrophorica A.W.Archer, Mycotaxon 44: 13 (1992)

NSW

Ochrolechia harmandii var. oceanica (Räsänen) Verseghy, Nova Hedwigia 1: 109 (1962)

LHI, Extra-Aust.

Ochrolechia insularis Kantvilas & Elix, in Lumbsch et al., Phytotaxa 18: 89 (2011) *

SA

Ochrolechia macrosperma (Müll.Arg.) R.W.Rogers, Muelleria 5: 33 (1982) *

Lecanora macrosperma Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 1: 40 (1893)

VIC

Ochrolechia neoisidiata Elix, Australas. Lichenol. 61: 22 (2007) *

NT, QLD

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Ochrolechia pallescens (L.) A.Massal., Nuovi Ann. Sci. Nat. 7: 212 (1853)

WA, SA, QLD, NSW, NI, ACT, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Ochrolechia parella (L.) A.Massal., Ric. Auton. Lich. Crost.: 32 (1852)

WA, QLD, VIC, TAS, MI, Extra-Aust.

Ochrolechia parella f. phloeoleuca (Nyl.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 5: 690 (1928)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Ochrolechia subathallina H.Magn., Acta Horti Gothob. 13: 252 (1940)

WA, SA, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Ochrolechia subpallescens Verseghy, Beih. Nova Hedwigia 1: 118 (1962)

WA, SA, QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Ochrolechia subrhodotropa (A.W.Archer) K.Schmitz & Lumbsch, in Schmitz et al., Acta. Bot. Fenn. 150: 160 (1994) *

Pertusaria subrhodotropa A.W.Archer, Mycotaxon 41: 244 (1991) [*]

WA

Ochrolechia tartarea (L.) A.Massal., Ric. Auton. Lich. Crost.: 30 (1852)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Ochrolechia turneri (Sm.) Hasselr., Svensk Bot. Tidskr. 39: 130 (1945)

Ochrolechia pallescens var. turneri (Sm.) Körb., Syst. Lich. Germ.: 149 (1855)

VIC, Extra-Aust.

Ochrolechia weymouthii Jatta, Boll. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1910: 225 (1911) *

TAS

Ochrolechia xanthostoma (Sommerf.) K.Schmitz & Lumbsch, in Schmitz et al., Acta Bot. Fenn. 150: 110 (1994)

Pertusaria xanthostoma (Sommerf.) Fr., Lichenogr. Eur. Reform.: 426 (1831)

Pertusaria tyloplaca Nyl., Compt. Rend. Hebd. Séances Acad. Sci. 83: 90 (1876); Australian record

TAS, MI, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Bailey (1881); Knight (1882); Shirley (1889b); Müller (1892a, 1893b); Stirton (1899a); Cheel (1904); Jatta (1911); Dodge (1948); Dodge & Rudolph (1955); Verseghy (1962); Filson & Rogers (1979); Elix & Streimann (1982); Richardson & Richardson (1982); Rogers (1982b); Kantvilas & Jarman (1988, 1991); Lumbsch (1989b); Archer (1991, 1992c, 1997); Schmitz et al. (1994); Sipman & Streimann (1998); Allen et al. (2001); Elix (2007f, 2009p, 2012a); Lumbsch et al. (2011)

OMPHALINA: See LICHENOMPHALIA

OPEGRAPHA Ach.; Roccellaceae

Opegrapha agelaeina Jatta, Boll. Soc. Bot. Ital. 1910: 259 (1911) *

VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Opegrapha agelaeoides Nyl., J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 9: 257 (1866)

TAS, Extra-Aust.

Opegrapha agelaeotera Vain., Bol. Soc. Brot., sér. 2, 6: 165 (1929)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Opegrapha apomelaena A.Massal., Verh. K.K. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien 21: 864 (1871)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Opegrapha arabica (Müll.Arg.) Vain., Cat. Welwitsch. Afr. Pl. 2: 422 (1901)

NT, Extra-Aust.

Opegrapha astraea Tuck., Lich. Calif.: 33 (1866)

Melanographa leucina Müll.Arg., Flora 65: 516 (1882) [*]

Melaspilea leucina (Müll.Arg.) Müll.Arg., Mém. Soc. Phys. Hist. Nat. Genève 29(8): 19 (1887)

Opegrapha leucina (Müll.Arg.) Shirley, Proc. Roy. Soc. Queensland 6: 195 (1889)

Opegrapha interveniens Müll.Arg., Hedwigia 30: 53 (1891) [*]

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Opegrapha atra Pers., Ann. Bot. (Usteri) 1: 30 (1794)

Opegrapha atra var. denigrata (Ach.) Schaer., Lich. Helv. Spic. 1: 48 (1823)

Opegrapha atra f. cerasi (Chev.) Arnold, Flora 67: 662 (1884)

VIC, Extra-Aust.

Opegrapha australiensis (Müll.Arg.) A.W.Archer, Telopea 10: 592 (2004) *

Diplogramma australiensis Müll.Arg., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 23: 400 (1891)

QLD

Opegrapha bonplandii Fée, Essai Crypt. Écorc.: 25 (1824)

QLD, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Opegrapha bonplandii var. abbreviata (Fée) Müll.Arg., Mém. Soc. Phys. Hist. Nat. Genève 29(8): 17 (1887)

AUST, Extra-Aust.

Opegrapha diaphoriza Nyl., Lich. Nov. Zel.: 114 (1888)

?Opegrapha macquariensis C.W.Dodge, Hedwigia 19: 440 (‘1970’) [1971] [*]

MI, Extra-Aust.

Opegrapha dimidiata Müll.Arg., Flora 65: 332 (1882)

NT, QLD, Extra-Aust.

Opegrapha ectolechiacearum Matzer & R.Sant., Mycol. Pap. 171: 66 (1996)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Opegrapha epiporina Matzer, Mycol. Pap. 171: 69 (1996)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Opegrapha filicina Mont., in Sagra, Hist. Phys. Cuba, Bot. Pl. Cell. 2: 184 (1842)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Opegrapha graphidiza Nyl., Bull. Soc. Linn. Normandie, sér. 2, 2: 517 (1868)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Opegrapha grossulina Müll.Arg., Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital. 23: 396 (1891) * [lichenicolous fungus (Ertz 2009)]

QLD

Opegrapha herbarum Mont., in Guillemin, Arch. Bot. 2: 302 (1833)

Opegrapha turneri Leight., Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 2, 13: 202 (1854)

WA, NSW, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Opegrapha intrusa Stirt., Trans. & Proc. Roy. Soc. Victoria 17: 73 (1881) *

QLD

Opegrapha lacteella Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 1: 55 (1893) *

VIC

Opegrapha lambinonii Sérus., Lejeunia, n.s., 90: 2 (1978)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Opegrapha leptocarpoides Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 2: 213 (1923) *

Opegrapha leptocarpa Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 317 (1895) [*]

VIC

Opegrapha leptoplacella (Müll.Arg.) Vězda, Folia Geobot. Phytotax. 2: 394 (1967)

Patellaria leptoplacella Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 4: 95 (1896)

Sagiolechia leptoplacella (Müll.Arg.) Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ. 2: 733 (1924)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Opegrapha luzonensis Sérus., Lichenologist 17: 19 (1985)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Opegrapha medusulina Nyl., Bol. Soc. Brot. 12: 104 (1895)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Opegrapha melanospila Mull.Arg., Flora 60: 474 (1877)

NSW, Extra-Aust.

Opegrapha megagonidia C.Knight, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, ser. 2, 2: 43 (1882) *

NSW

Opegrapha parasitica (A.Massal.) H.Olivier, Bull. Acad. Int. Géogr. Bot. 1906: xvi (1906)

Opegrapha persoonii Ach., Methodus: 17 (1803), nom. illeg.

VIC, Extra-Aust.

Opegrapha prosodea Ach., Methodus: 22 (1803)

VIC, Extra-Aust.

Opegrapha puiggarii Müll.Arg., Flora 63: 349 (1880)

QLD, NSW, Extra-Aust.

Opegrapha robusta Vain., Bot. Tidskr. 29: 137 (1909)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Opegrapha rufescens Pers., Ann. Bot. (Usteri) 1: 29 (1794)

Opegrapha siderella Ach., Methodus: 25 (1803)

Opegrapha contexta Stirt., Grevillea 3: 35 (1874)

QLD, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Opegrapha semiatra Müll.Arg., Flora 69: 312 (1886)

QLD, NI, Extra-Aust.

Opegrapha simplicior (Nyl.) Nyl., Bull. Soc. Linn. Normandie, sér. 2, 2: 94 (1868)

Opegrapha minutula Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 3: 317 (1895) [*]

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Opegrapha sororiella Müll.Arg., Proc. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh 11: 467 (1888)

NSW, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Opegrapha stellata C.Knight, Trans. & Proc. New Zealand Inst. 16: 403 (1883)

VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Opegrapha strigulae R.Sant. ex Matzer & R.Sant., Mycol. Pap. 171: 85 (1996)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Opegrapha subvulgata Nyl., Flora 52: 71 (1869)

NT, Extra-Aust.

Opegrapha varia Pers., Ann. Bot. (Usteri) 1: 30 (1794)

Opegrapha diaphora (Ach.) Ach., Methodus: 19 (1803)

QLD, VIC, Extra-Aust.

Opegrapha varia var. heterocarpa Müll.Arg., Flora 71: 512 (1888)

VIC, Extra-Aust.

Opegraphaaff.vegae R.Sant., Symb. Bot. Upsal. 12(1): 99 (1952)

CI, Extra-Aust.

Opegrapha viridis (Ach.) Behlen & Desberger, Naturgesch. Beschreib. Deutsch. Forst.-Kryptog.: 110 (1835)

QLD, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Opegrapha viridistellata Sérus., Lücking & Sparrius, Mycotaxon 104: 223 (2008)

QLD, Extra-Aust.

Opegrapha vulgata (Ach.) Ach., Methodus: 20 (1803)

Opegrapha vulgata var. parallela Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 1: 56 (1893) [*]

VIC, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Bailey (1881, 1891a, 1891c, 1893, 1896); Stirton (1881); Knight (1882); Shirley (1889b, 1894b); Müller (1891a, 1891b, 1893b, 1895d); Jatta (1911); Santesson (1952); Vězda (1967); Dodge (1971); Bratt & Cashin (1976); Santesson & Tibell (1988); Selkirk et al. (1990); Kantvilas & James (1991); Vězda & Kalb (1991); Kantvilas et al. (1994); Allen et al. (2001); Lücking et al. (2001b); McCarthy & Elix (2002); Diederich (2003); Archer (2004c); Morley & Gibson (2004); Elix (2006a); Sérusiaux et al. (2008); Ertz (2009); Kantvilas & Jarman (2012)

ORCEOLINA Hertel; Trapeliaceae

Orceolina kerguelensis (Tuck.) Hertel, Ber. Deutsch. Bot. Ges., NF 4: 182 (1970)

Urceolina kerguelensis Tuck., Bull. Torrey. Bot. Club 6: 58 (1875)

HI, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Dodge & Rudolph (1955); Øvstedal & Gremmen (2008)

ORCULARIA (Malme) Kalb & Giralt; Physciaceae

Orcularia elixii Kalb & Giralt, Phytotaxa 38: 56 (2011) *

NSW.

Orcularia insperata (Nyl) Kalb & Giralt, Phytotaxa 38: 56 (2011)

Lecanora insperata Nyl., Lich. Nov. Granat. 1: 443 (1863)

Amandinea insperata (Nyl.) H.Mayrhofer & Ropin, in Mayrhofer et al., Muelleria 12: 191 (1999)

Buellia endoleuca Müll.Arg., Bull. Herb. Boissier 1: 50 (1893) [*]

Rinodina metabolica (Ach.) Anzi, Comment. Soc. Crittog. Ital. 2(1): 10 (1864): Australian records p.p.

Rinodina metabolica var. phaeocarpa Müll.Arg., Rev. Mycol. (Toulouse) 10: 63 (1888): Australian record

QLD, VIC, TAS, Extra-Aust.

Literature:Mayrhofer et al. (1999); Kalb & Giralt (2011)

ORNATOPYRENIS: See MYCOMICROTHELIA

ORPHNIOSPORA Körb.; Fuscideaceae

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Orphniospora moriopsis (A.Massal.) D.Hawksw., Lichenologist 14: 135 (1982)

Buellia moriopsis (A.Massal.) Th.Fr., Lichenogr. Scand. 2: 606 (1874)

Buellia atrata (Sm.) Anzi, Cat. Lich. Sondr.: 87 (1860)

NSW, ACT, Extra-Aust.

Literature: Weber & Wetmore (1972); Rambold (1989); Hertel (1992); Kantvilas (2004e)

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