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Australian Biological Resources Study

Checklist of the Lichens of Australia and its Island Territories
Introduction | A–D | E–O | P–R | S–Z | Oceanic Islands | References
Hypogymnia turgidula (Bitter) Elix
  Brunonia 2: 238 (1980); Parmelia turgidula Bitter, Hedwigia 40: 246 (1901). T: no specific location, N.Z., undated, C.Knight s.n.; holo: W.  
  Thallus orbicular or spreading over twigs, to 8 cm wide, usually smaller, flat on substratum. Lobes inflated, 1–3.5 mm wide, somewhat broader within thallus (2–4 mm), crowded, contiguous, placodioid, dichotomous, esorediate, marginal lobes usually suberect, rarely extended. Upper surface shining, smooth, pale grey, occasionally exposing black lower surface along margins. Medulla relatively thick, hollow, rarely slightly brown adjacent to lower cortex. Lower surface dull, strongly wrinkled, rarely with perforations at apices, black to brown-black, fading to pale brown or whitish at apices. Apothecia common, 1.5–10 mm wide, shortly pedicellate; base not swollen; disc entire, narrow, shining, concave, pale yellow-brown to red-brown, finally ±flat, dull, darker brown; thalline exciple slightly wrinkled, not involute. Ascospores 7–8.5 × 4–5.5 µm. CHEMISTRY: cortex K+ yellow; medulla KC+ red, P-. Atranorin, chloroatranorin, physodic acid (major); 3-hydroxyphysodic acid, 2'-O-methylphysodic acid (minor); alectoronic acid (trace).
  On the ranges of south-eastern N.S.W., A.C.T. and Vic; grows on branches, twigs and rarely dead wood. Also in Macquarie Is. and New Zealand.  
  Elix (1992a)  

Checklist Index
Introduction | A–D | E–O | P–R | S–Z | Oceanic Islands | References

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